100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

March 16, 1937 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-03-16

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


The Weather
Cioudy, continued cold today:
tomorrow becoming unsettled,
slowly rising temperature.

L r e

A& A6F
4iltr
4t g an

Datt

Editorials

Little Flower vs. BrowN Shirt . .
Things To Come.

VOL. XLVII No. 118 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 16, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

RobinsonHas
Compromise
OnCourtPlan
Democratic Senate Leader1
Favors An Amendment
After Bill's Passage
Proposal May Add
To Senate Support
WASHINGTON, March 15.-("Y)-
Sen. Joseph T. Robinson of Arkansas,
the Democratic leader, produced to-
night the first compromise suggestion
to emanate from the administration
side of the turbulent debate over
President Roosevelt's court reorgani-
zation bill.
After predicting the passage of the
Roosevelt measure before the session
closes, he held out the possibility
that at the same time, a constitu-,
tional amendment may be proposed
to the states, of a nature still to be
determined.
Leaders Favor Amendment
While Robinson would not discuss
its possible contents, it became evi-
dent that some administration lead
ers were favorably disposed toward
an amendment offered today by Sen.
George-. W. Norris (Ind., Neb.) to
limit the terms of federal judges,
including those of the Supreme Court,
to nine years.
Some administration backers of
the President's proposal to increase
the Supreme Court to a maximum of
15 justices if incumbents over 70
years of age do not retire expressed
the thought that the Robinson sug-
gestion for an amendment might in-
crease the support of the White
House measure.
They expressed hope it might make
a favorable impression among those
senators-roughly a third of the Sen-
ate-who have not yet committed
themselves on the issue and some of
whom are backing constitutional
amendments.
Expect Congress Approval
"There is no inconsistency in the
President's proposal and in certain
amendments to the constitution that
have been proposed,' Robinson said
in a statement carefully dictated to
reporters.
"I expect the plan of the Presi-
dent will be approved by the Con-
gress. It is by no means certain that
amendments will not also be con-
sidered by the two Houses of Con-
gress for submission to the states.
"Certain amendments that have
been proposed would undoubtedly be
received by the public with favor.
These amendments, however, do not
have direct relationship to the in-
crease in the Supreme Court mem-
bership which is contemplated by
the President's plan.
"The latte ris gaining ground
steadily and I believe will be passed
by both houses during the present
session."
Train Hits Car;
Two Killed, 20
Others Injured
INDIANAPOLIS, March 15.-(I)-'
A railroad fireman and engineer were
injured fatally and 20 other persons
were hurt, two critically, when a
seven-coach Big Four passenger train
plunged from its tracks after crash-
ing into an automobile late today at
New Augusta, Ind., 10 miles north-

west of here.
Although the coaches weaved diz-
zily during the quarter-mile which
the train traveled after the impact,
they remained upright.
Miles Noggle, 43, of Indianapolis,
fireman of the locomotive, was
crushed fatally when the, engine ov-
erturned. E. J. Andrews of Kanka-
kee, Ill., the engineer, died a few
hours after being admitted to the
Methodist Hospital here. Andrews
was scalded by escaping steam.
Warren Adair of Indianapolis, a
traveling fierman, was also riding in
the locomotive cab and likewise re-
ceived severe burns from the steam.
Hospital physicians described his con-
dition as "fair."
Federal Theatre
Accepts Prize Play

Child Labor Struggle Continues
In Face Of Defeat In New York

Proposed Amendment In
1924; Must Overcome
PowerfulOpposition
By TUURE TENANDER
Despite the defeat of the proposed
Child Labor amendment to the Fed-
eral Constitution in the New York
Assembly last week, three states have
already added their names to the
growing list ratifying the proposal
that may someday be a part of the
supreme law of the United States.
For 13 years the issue that has
transcended traditional party lines
has been before the states, and when
Kansas a few weeks ago decided to
ratify the proposed amendment, it
became the 28th state to place its
name on the roll. Kansas was no
easy victory for the proponents of
the ban on child labor, for on five
previous occasions Alf M. Landon's
home state had rejected it.
Proposed In 1924
The amendment was proposed by
Rep. L M. Foster of Ohio in 1924
after Congress had failed to get
child labor legislation past the ju-
diciary. "Following two decisions of
the Supreme Court which held in-
valid attempts of Congress to regu-
late child labor through its powers
over commerce and taxation, respec-
tively," Prof. Everett S. Brown of the
political science department said yes-
terday, "the Child Labor Amendment
was proposed by Congress in 1924.
"Despite the seemingly popular de-
mand for this amendment," Profes-
sor Brown said, "there was no rush
on the part of the state legislatures
to ratify it. On the contrary, by Feb.
1, 1925, 13 state legislatures had
taken adverse action and others did
so later, leading to the-belief that
the amendment had been defeated."
Arkansas First To Ratify
Arkansas, on June 28, 1924, be-
came the first state to ratify and
was followed in 1925 by California,
Arizona and Wisconsin. Two years
then elapsed until Montana approved
a resolution of ratifying in February.
1927.
In 1933, only six states had rati-
fied and 32 had rejected the amend-
'merit. However, in the latter part of
(Continued on Page 2)
Gen. Johnson
Terms Hitler,
'War, Danger'
Former Chieftain Of NRA'
Denounces Communism
And Fascism
NEW YORK, March 15.-()-
Hugh S. Johnson, in a speech pre-
pared for delivery before thousands
in a Madison Square Garden dem-
onstration against Nazism, said to-
night "Adolf Hitler and his imme-
diate staff of Nazipathics have be-]
come a sort of monster, threatening
the peace of the world."
But, said the former NRA ad-
ministrator, they menaced peace
"only a little more than Stalin and
his crew of primitives."
"There is," he added, "little that
seems normal or human about eith-
er.,
"There is no great difference," he
went on, "between the totalitarian
state of Hitler and the Empire of the
Kaiser, except the cut of the mus-
tache of supreme authority."
"This country," he said,. "does not
presume to tell other peoples how
they should be governed, but we have
a right to stand here on our shores
and tell other peoples how we will not
be governed."
Johnson attacked communism as
heatedly as fascism, saying:

"Since the day the Kaiser tore up
the scrap of paper which was his
solemn obligation to defend Belgium
and not attack her, there is not one
of these fascist or communist powers,
that has not repudiated its most sol-
emn agreements under the plea cf
necessity."
Township Officers
May Get Increases
LANSING, March 15.-(P)-The
House of the Legislature passed and
sent to the Senate tonight compan-
ion bills permitting salary increases
for township officers and members
of county boards of supervisors. This
legislation permits maximum pay of

To Lecture Tonight

MRS. MARTIN JOHNSON
Mrs. ,Johnson's
Talk To Include
Motion Pictures
Famous Woman Explorer
Will Give Final Program
Of SeriesToday
Mrs. Martin Johnson, widow of the
famous explorer whose 26-year part-
nership with her was ended by a
tragic airplane crash in December,
will present the last of the season's
Oratorical Association lectures at 8:15
p.m. today in Hill Auidtorium.
Mrs. Johnson will present a mo-
tion picture, "Jungle Depths of Bor-
neo," taken on their last trip of ex-
ploration together. She will give a
20-minute introductory talk before
the picture is shown. George Tilton,
photographer on the Borneo ex-
pedition, will describe the pictures.
Mrs. Johnson left a Los Angeles
hospital three weeks ago and has
been lecturing since March 1. She
will give her talk from a wheel chair.
The Johnsons were originally sched-
uled to appear here together.
The Johnsons lived in Borneo a
year during the making of the pic-
ture. They brought back many un-
usual camera "shots" which make up
the picture to be shown here. In
more than 20 years as motion picture
explorers they recorded hundreds of
thousands of feet of wild animals in
remote places.
More Italians
Claimed Taken
By Loyalists
MADRID, March 15.-(P)-The
government's war communique to-
night asserted 58 more Italian sol-
diers had been captured by govern-
ment troops in the Guadalajara sec-
tor, making a tdtal of 266 Italians
taken since Insurgent Generalissimo
Francisco Franco began his drive
northeast of Madrid.
Most of the Italian prisoners have
been brought to Madrid, the com-
munique said.
It announced that two insurgent
airplanes had been shot down near
Guadalajara as airforces of the two
armies clashed in late afternoon ac-
tivity.
The Madrid newspapers published
what they said was a proclamation
issued to his troops by the Italian
General Annibale Bergonzoli at Sal-
amanca Feb. 2. The alleged procla-
mation contained the following pas-
sage addressed tohis corporals.
1"Who can reproach you, o little-
great commander, if when the battle
is over you, too, at the head of your
victorious unit feel somewhat a little
corporal, like Napoleon; a corporal
like Vittorio Emanuele II (the mili-
tant king under whom Italy was
united), a corporal of honor like
Benito Mussolini.
"On foot or on cars, with musket
or bomb, with machine-gun or artil-
lery, with tank or flame-thrower,
with squadron or battalion, with you

State AcademyI
Will Meet Here
March 18-20
Sciences, Arts And LettersI
Will Be Represented In
Annuialt Convention
Prof. Lee R. Dice I
To Direct Meeting
Workers and students in a wide
array of man's scientific, artistic and C
literary endeavours will gather hereE
Thursday, Friday and Saturday forf
the forty-second annual meeting ofa
the Michigan Academy of Science.-
Arts and Letters.n
The meeting, which is expected to
draw more than 400 residents of thev
state as well as many visitors fromc
other states, will include 14 sectionsn
on subjects from anthropology toc
zoology. All section meetings will bev
open to the public.a
Dice Is President
Prof. Lee R. Dice, curator of thet
mammal division, Museum of Zoolo-
gy, is president of the Academy for
the 1937 session, and Prof. Leigh J.1
Young of the forestry school is act-c
ing as secretary. Other officers are
Prof. J. 0. Veatch of Michigan State
College, vice-president, E. C. Pro-v
phet of Michigan State College, treas-t
urer, Prof. Alfred H. Stockard of the
zoology department, editor and Dr.
William W. Bishop, librarian. v
Features of the three-day meeting
will be the annual reception at 8 p.m.,r
Thursday in the University Museums
and the annual dinner for members
at 6:30 a.m., Friday, in the Union.r
To Open Thursdaya
An address on "Some Inherited
Variations of North American Mice"l
will be given by Professor Dice after
the dinner Friday night. This talk
will be illustrated by slides and mo-
tion pictures.
Opening of the Academy will take
place at 2 p.m., Thursday, with the
first meeting of the anthropology sec-
tion under the chairmanship of Dr.
James B. Griffin of the anthropology
department. The section will con-
vene in Room 3024, University Mu-
seums.
Further meetings of the antiro.
(Continued on Page 2)
Storms Cause
Earhart Flight
Postponement'
Pro jected 27,000 Mile
Jaunt Around Equator
.uffers New Delay
OAKLAND, Cal., March 15.-()-
Stormy weather, the bane of fliersk
everywhere, caused a second post-
ponement today in the start of Ame-J
lia Earhart's projected 27,000-mileJ
world-girdling flight.
Between 500 and 600 miles west-
ward, directly on the 2,400-mile route
to Honolulu, centered the same storm
area that caused a delay in the flight
yesterday.
E. H. Bowie, U. S. Weather Bureau
official, said the depression area was
moving westward "very, very slowly,"'
while winds probably varying from
35 to 50 miles an hour howled in its
center.'
"It would be impossible for Miss'

Earhart to go through or above that
area in a heavily loaded plane," said
Bowie.
"She should wait until the condi-
tion is completely cleared up which
may not be until Wednesday."
The same storm area caused post-
ponement of the flight of the Pan
American seaplane Hawaii clipper
Honolulu enroute to Manila, and the
start of a survey plane for Australia.
Delaying of the flight, which will
take Miss Earhart around the world
as close as feasible to the equator,
found the famous aviatrix ready in
every respect for the adventure, on
which she seeks data that might be
used in new commercial air routes.
"Miss Earhart's plane is ready to'
go," said her husband, George Pal-
mer Putnam. "She's packed. All
that remains to be done is to arrange
some lunch and fill the vacuum bot-
tles."
Mother Leaves Baby
In Carr During Movie
Means of action against Mrs. Glad

Higher Taxes
For Balancing
BudgetUrged
Eccles Says Wage Raises
Not In Public's Interest
At Present Time
Plans To Continue
'Easy Money' Rates
WASHINGTON, March 15.-(P)-
Chairman Marriner S. Eccles of the
Federal Reserve Board called tonight
for "A prompt balancing of the fed-
sral budget" through the imposition
of higher income and proits taxes if
necessary.
In a statement, Eccles detailed his
views on prices and credit, pledging
continuance of the board's "easy
money" policy and said that in-
creased wages and shorter hours
which restrict production "are not
at this time in the interest of the
public in general or in the real in-
terest of the workers themselves."
Officials said the statement was
issued to put an end to various mis-
eading rumors regarding the Board's
credit policies.,
'Monopolistic Practices'
(A slump in government bonds,
which developed last Friday, was at-
tributed by some officials here to
would become tighter. The selling
"dopesters" predictions that money
wage of last Friday was followed to-
day by widening losses in the govern-
ment bond list, dispatches from New
York said.)
Eccles said today that with large
numbers of people still unemployed
any move to tighten money rates
"would not only be anti-social but
uneconomic."
He attributed sharp price rises re-
cently to "non-monetary factors,"
including foreign armament de-
mands, strikes, and "monopolistic
practices by certain groups both in
industry and organized labor."
Expand Production
Eccles declared that "the upward
spiral of wages and prices into infla-
tionary price levels can be as disas-
trous as the downward spiral of de-
flation."
He said that the remedy for price
inflation was a broad expansion of
production rather than a tightening
of money rates.
"Under present conditions of ac-
celerating recovery," he added, "a
continuing easy money policy to be
successful in achieving and main-
taining a balanced recovery must be
accompanied by a prompt balancing
of the federal budget and the sub-
sequent retirement of public debt."
The reserve board chief said he
was not in favor of budget balancing
at the expense of "the destitute and
the unemployed" but added he did
sanction the volume of relief and at
the same time bring the budget into
balance."
Duke May ]Buy
U.S. Dwelling
In Near Future
PARIS, March 15.-(P)-A confer-
ence somewhere in France between
the Duke of Windsor, Mrs. Walhis
Warfield Simpson and Sumner D.
Parker of Baltimore, Md., at which
the former king of England and Mrs.
Simpson may consider purchase of
an American home, tonight appeared
a possibility of the near future.

Parker, landing from a trans-At-
lantic liner at Cherbourg today, as-
serted he was negotiating with the
Duke for sale of an estate at Brook-
landville, Md., and indicated the
transaction was near completion.'
Parker and his wife left Cherbourg
by automobile for Paris and tonight
were stopping somewhere in the prov-
inces, but friends expected them to
arrive here tomorrow for a three-
week stay to continue the negotia-
tions.
Truck Drivers' Strike
Ties Up Freight Here
Transportation of factory products
between Ann Arbor and Detroit by
truck was stopped yesterday by a
strike of truck drivers carrying into
and out of Detroit.
All freight intended for the inter-
City Trucking Co. for transportation
to Detroit had been halted by the
strike. This company handles truck
shipments for the Hoover Ball Co.
the King-Seeley Corp., Ann Arbor

'ants Injunction

-Associated Press Photo
Circuit Judge Allan Campbell
(above) granted Chrysier Motors
an injunction yesterday against the
5,000 sit-down strikers who have
cccupied the corporatio'n's plants
eight days.
Bishop To Give
Fifth Guidance
Lecture Today
Profession Of Librarian
Is Subject; Dean Griffin
To SpeakThursday
Dr. William W. Bishop, University
librarian and director of the library
science department, will give the next
lecture in the vocational guidance se-
ries sponsored by the literary college
at 4:15 p.m. today in Room 1025 An-
gell Hall.
Dr. Bishop will address students on
"Library Science as a Profession." At
the conclusion of the lecture students
will be given an opportunity to ask
questions on the subject.
Dr. Bishop will be the fifth lecturer
in the series, which is designed to
give students in the literary college
an opportunity to become acquainted
with a number of leading professions,
as well as with the facilities availabl
in the University professional and
business schools. Dean Clare E. Grif-
fin of the School of Business Admin-
istration will speak on present day
opportunities in the field of business
at 4:15 p.m. Thursday, also in Room
1025 Angell Hall.
Henderson Due
Here On April l
For Conference

DETROIT, March 15.-()-The
United Automobile Workers of Amer-
ca abandoned tonight a plan to have
5,000 sit-down strikers holding Chry-
sler Corp. automobile plants here for
the eighth day to vote on obeying a
court injunction ordering them to
leave.
Homer Martin, union president
who flew here from the national ex-
ecutive's meeting in Cleveland, made
the announcement at a U.A.W.A.
rally. The injunction, issued in cir-
cuit court today, ordered the strikers
to evacuate the premises by 9 a.m.
Wednesday.
No Discussion Of Plans
Circuit Judge Allan Campbell, act-
ing on petition of the Chrysler Corp.
against the strikers and officials of
the United Automobile Workers of
America and the Committee for In-
dustrial Organization, ordered the
men to evacuate the plants by 9 a.m.
Wednesday and fixed a penalty of
$10,000,000 to be levied . on their
"lands, goods and chattels" for fail-
ure to comply.
"We did not put the men in the
plants and we are not going to take
them out," Martin told the meeting.
"We are not going to vote on that
question."
It had been said earlier that the
strikers themselves would vote to-
night upon whether they would obey
the injunction,
Martin and other union leaders r
wouldnot discuss twhat plans they
were making in a series of confer-
ences. Maurice Sugar, attorney for
the UAWA, said the :union president
hurried back to Detroit primarily
to consult with his legal advisor.
Obey Court Orders
Gov. Frank Murphy, opening a
meeting with prosecutors of four
Michigan industrial counties and
representatives of the national guard
at Lansing this afternoon, said:
"There should be no wilful disobe-
dience of court orders nor defiance of
public authority."
Homer Martin, UAWA, president,
attending an executive board mheet-
ing of the union at Cleveland, said
the decision on vacating the plants
is "up to the 5,000 strikers who are in
them." Martin is a defendant in the
injunction suit, as is John L. Lewis,
CIO chieftain.
Union shop stewards planned for a
vote by the strikers in the Dodge,
Chrysler, Plymouth and De Sota divi-
sion plants tonight. The buildings
were occupied a week ago to enforce
demands for recognition of the
UAWA as sole collective bargaining
agency for the corporation's 67,000
employes.
Negotiations Continue
The strike and its effects have left
60,000 Chrysler workers, and 19,400
employes of the Briggs Manufactur-
ing Co., body producers, idle. Other
automotive strikes in progress have
affected more than 10,000 employes
of the Hudson Motor Car Co. here,
some 2,200 Reo Motor Car Co. work-
ers at Lansing and several hundred
Bohn Alumninum Co. employes in
Detroit.
UAWA negotiations with Chrysler
executives continued, in downtown
offices occupied by the corporation
since strikers took over its adminis-
tration, despite the injunction.
STRIKE AT STATLER
DETROIT, March 15.-()-Serv-
ice employes of the Hotel Statler, one
of Detroit's largest hostelries, Struck
late today, inconveniencing .800
guests.
On other labor fronts, 3,000 drivers
(Continued on Page 2)
Marooned By A Strike,
Lily Tries One Herself
DETROIT, March 15.-(P)-Lily
Pons, songbird of opera, screen and
radio, marooned on the 12th floor
of a downtown hotel by a strike,

tried out the sit-down tecinique
herself tonight.
When photographers asked her to
pose as a dancer-she has a dancing

UAW Officials
Abandon Plan
To Hold Vote
On Evacuation
Chrysler Strikers Facing
Fine Of $10,000,000 If
Not Out Wednesday
Gov. Murphy Talks
With Prosecutors

Robert Henderson, director of the
Dramatic Festival which is schedtled
to open here May 17, has announced
that he will be in Ann Arbor April
1 to confer with the Festival com-
mittee.
He will then proceed to New York
City to complete negotiations for the
Festival program. At present Mr.E
Henderson is engaged in directing a
Shakespeare's "Merchant of Venice"
in Hollywood, Calif.I
Although none of the plays for
principles of the coming Festival have9
been announced, it is understood that
the season already includes one of
the three outstanding hits of the cur-
rent New York season. It is also,
understood that the list of stars will
include several Hollywood personal-
ities.
Economists Agree
On Director's Plan'
NEW YORK, March 15.-(P)-
Leading economists and bankers to-
night hailed with satisfaction the
proposals of Federal Reserve Board
Chairman Marriner S. Eccles to bal-
ance the federal budget but were
less enthusiastic about the methods
proposed.
Col. Leonard P. Ayres, vice-presi-
dent of the Cleveland Trust Co., and
one of the country's widely known
economists, said :
"Chairman Eccles is right in asking
that steps be taken to balance the
federal budget. But if it is to be
done, it will require a lowering of
expenditures and not merely an in-
crease in taxation.
Seymour Harris, associate profes-
sor of the economics department,
Harvard University, said:
"I agree that balancing the budget

"They Too Arise," the prize-win-
ning play by Arthur A. Miller, '38,
was accepted in its present form for
production in Detroit by Fred E.

i

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan