THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, MARCH 8, 1937
[HE MICHIGAN DAILY
Editor's Mailbasket Overflows;
Letters Cover Peace, Judges, Dues
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Board of Editors
MANAGING EDITOR L................ESIE A. PIERCE
ASSOCIATE EDITOR ..........FRED WARNER NEAL
ASSOCIATE EDITOR.......MARSHALL D. SHULMAN
George -Andros Jewel Wuerfel Rtchard Hershey
Ralph W. Hurd Robert Cummins
Publication Department: Elsie 'A.rPierce, Chairman;
James Boozer, Arnold S. Daniels, Joseph Mattes, Tuure
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man, William Spaller, Richard G. Hershey.
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beth M.Anderson, Elizabeth Bingham, Helen Eouglas,
Margaret Hamilton, Barbara J. Lovell, Katherine
Moore, Betty Strickroot, Theresa Swab.
BUSINESS MANAGER ................JOHN R. PARK
ASSOCIATE BUSINESS MANAGER . WILLIAM BARNDT
WOMEN'S BUSINESS MANAGER.......JEAN KEINATH.
BUSINESS ASSISTANTS: Ed Macal, Phl Buchen, Tracy
Buckwalter, Marshal Sampson.,Robert Lodge, Bill
Newman, Leonard Seigelrnaa, Richard Knowe,
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Women's Business Assistants: Margaret Ferries, Jane
Eteiner, Nancy Cassidy, Stephanie Parfet, Marion
Baxter, L. Adasko, G. Lehman, Betsy Crawford, Betty
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Michlinski, Evalyn Tripp.
iack ,Staple, Accounts Manager: Richard Croushore. Na-
tional Advertising and Circulation Manager; Don J.
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Aivertising Manager; Norman Steinberg, Service
ins aer;Ierbert Falender, Publications and Class-
hie T dvertising Manager.UE
NIGHT EDITOR: TUURE TENANDER
Youth And Fascism
Zoologists, Etc., 4n R The Court
To the Editor:
The table below is derived from the names in
The Daily of March 3, of faculty signers of a
petition against the President's proposed court
changes. Without commenting on the body of
the petition, I wish to call attention to the groups
represented by the signers:
Physical science departments ......12
Natural science departments ......24
Medical and pharmacology schools . 6
Sub-Total ................49 or 62%.
Social Science Departments......10 or 12.6%
Literature, Languages, Music .......9
Deans of colleges and schools . 4
One wonders (1) Whether this sample can be
taken as representative of faculty opinion in the
light of the disproportionate number of scientists
signing; (2) Whether opinions of zoologists, bot-
anists, geologists, chemists, engineers, etc. should
be given equal weight with those of sociologists,
political scientists, economists, historians, etc.
Ready For The Front Line
To the Editor:
So the Peace Council wants to put on a real
demonstration! They want a sit-down strike-
to get their names in the paper. Isn't it surpris-
ing what these would-be politicians and B.M.-
O.C.'s will do for a little publicity? They want us
all to get out on the mall and shout-and
refuse to go to classes for a day as a protest
Of course I am only a freshman, but still I can
not see just what good a demonstration will do.
We are not going to have a war unless some
other nation threatens our rights and liberties,
and, in the case that one does, we will all be out
fighting. All the demonstrations in the world
are not going to make any difference what-
I like to have a day off as well as anyone else,
but I am not going to take part in any such
foolishness. When my country needs my help,
I will be out in the front line with the rest of
you fellows-and I won't be "griping" about it!
More Of Class Dufes
To the Editor:
After Thursday's letter by R.H.N. inquiring
abot class dues it has become necessary to clear
up several popular fallacies concerning their
collection, especially for the Sophomore class
which is making its assessment at this time.
It may interest R.H.N. and others who are in
doubt to know that the assessment of class dues
is authorized by Assistant Dean Rea and the
collection is supervised almost entirely by him.
All funds are turned over to his office and no ex-
penditures can be made without his consent.
The sophomore class finance committee must
collect $35 to pay for the class page in the 'En-
sian. At the same time the class is expected to
contribute a like sum to a fund which will
be used to keep the class intact upon graduation.
After all expenses had been paid last year $30.60
remained in this fund.
Members of the class who have wondered why
the surplus realized from the Soph Prom is not
being used for these purposes may be interested
to know that this money was turned over to the
Dormitory Fund by the Prom Committee.
Since these obligations must be met the fi-
nance committee does not believe it is asking
too much by imposing an assessment of 25 cents
on each member of the class.
-S. M. Low, Treasurer,
Class of '39.
To the Editr:
It will be only a few short weeks till we will be
regarding spacious lawns and leafing trees on
our beautiful campus with a great inner satisfac-
tion and we will point with pride at the natural
beauties of our University.
Are a very small fraction of inconsiderate stu-
dents going to permit their thoughtlessness to
wreak irreparable damage upon this nature's
wonderland which is our campus? Surely this
"word in time" will make even he who is most
unappreciative of nature take heed and hesitate
before he again commits that heinous sin against
Michigan tradition, commonly known as "trail-
blazing." This thoughtless and very inconsid-
erate habit that many students have of dis-
regarding the usual routes of travel by way of
the sidewalks and tramping across the lawns in
any direction which happens to suit their needs
or fancies not only saves them little time ulti-
mately but obviously will inevitably result in de-
tracting immeasurably from the aesthetic apr
pearance of our campus.
perhaps it would be wise for not only iresh-
matics and physics "in a Nordic sense" cannot
but have discouraged any quest for knowledge,
if the exile of 2,000 scholars and professors had
not already done so.
Thomas Mann, probably the greatest living
German writer, in his letter to the University
of Bonn (translated in the Nation: March 6)
has this to say about the responsibility of the
universities for what has happened to them-
selve and to Germanv:
men, but also members of all other classes to
determine the whereabouts of their Michigan
Handbooks (distributed to them by the SCA in
their first year) and to reread the list of Mich-
igan traditions. In particular note Number Four
of this group which I will reproduce for the
benefit of those who are unable to find their
Handbooks: "Stay on the campus walks: trail-
blazing is not fashionable."
79 Faculty Members' Letter
To the Editor:
Most Honorable 79 Citizens: I, too, am a cit-
izen, but I am not mortified by admitting that I
can answer you directly because I have been in-
fluenced by University education and faculty
members. In fact, I should see only a half-
bluff, a fashionable horse play, in any apology
for my being at a University-or, if I were a
professor, for being a faculty man. Intelligence
is the very essence of good citizenship.
1. The destruction of the historic indepen-
dence of the Court: My dear people, if-as your
second point of objection definitely states-the
President's proposal seeks to have Congress make
a law that "would amount to an amending of the
Constitution," then, if the proposal would be in
amendment form, where is the sense in alarming
the many silk-lined pockets by prophesying the
destruction of the independence of the Supreme
Court? Do you mean that, if the SupremeCourt
should be reformed, that then, if President
Woodrow Wilson were living today, he could no
longer declare that "The masters of the govern-
ment of the United States are the combined
capitalists and manufacturers of the United
States?" Perhaps you do. There is much to be
said for it.
2. Yur fifth objection reiterates: the pro-
posal would enable the President to control the
Supreme Court. If I were President I should
consult legal advice as to my winning a libel suit.
(I think the word "enable" is the saving virtue.)
Here you not only have a closed eye policy on
the fact that "In virtually every case (where
Presidents "packed," or "unpacked," or "re-
packed" the Court) the justice so appointed
failed to do his "duty" and settled down to be
a judge and not a partisan,"-but you also ex-
press your lack of appreciation of or faith in
the intelligence of other American citizens, if
not of yourselves, and in the intelligence and
integrity of two-thirds of our senators and a
majority of our representatives. To think of such
a thing!-it seems like substantiating evidence
for the words of the late President Wilson.
But this is not .all. You are also seemingly
ignoring the fact that we have come to the
impasse where "the Court of the United States
guarantees the right to pay women and chil
dren starvation wages." (This I have on high
authority.) Still, this is not all. You completely
ignore the proposition that the adoption of the
President's proposal does not invalidate nor fore-
stall the proposal of those who advocate the hon-
est to goodness cross my heart constitutional
method of amendment. How true it'is! Age
brings such a tragic loss in the sense of the value
of time for those men, mothers, sweethearts,
and children who earn their bread above star-
vation by the sweat of their brow.
And this is not all. When you speak of the
independence of the Court, you tend to gloss over
the fact that in our "national history the inter-
pretation (of constitutional provisions, e.g., com-
merce clause, "freedom of contract," and "due
process") has varied according to the motives
and viewpoints, political and economic, of the
successive dominant groups." (Remember, there
is not a bit of disagreement about the undesir-
ability of a definitely or even substantially biased
Court). Why, you even prefer to overlook that
which every political scientist knows for a fact:
That men are not machines: That on the most
fundamental issues (the vague clauses concern-
ing commerce, contract, due process) the judge's
"answer will be governed by his social and eco-
nomic philosophy which in turn will depend upon
his early environment and education and his
business or professional associations." For ex-
ample, you would dismiss as humbug the follow-
ing principle expressed by Mr. Justice Stone: "It
is difficult to imagine any grounds, other than
our own personal economic predilections, for
saying that the contract of employment is any
the less an appropriate subject of legislation than
are scores of others in dealing with which this
Court has held that legislatures may curtail indi-
vidual freedom in the public interest."
And this is not all. You cannot see the value
of "new blood" because you refuse to distinguish
between the Supreme Court and the Constitu-
tion: You refuse to countenance the fact that
President Roosevelt's proposal is in essence di-
rectly for the purpose of- preserving the doctrine
of Judicial Review-by extracting the tremen-
dous Power of Legislation which has accrued to
the Court. You cannot see, perhaps because at
bottom you do not trust the judicial power, but
rather legislative power in judicial hands. (There
is no objection to the inevitable amount of "do
and must legislate," but to the tremendous legis-
lative power (policy determination) which one
can readily see by combining two facts: (1) Sii
of the twelve most important "New Deal" laws
were validated or voided by 5-4 decisions, and
two more by 6-3 decisions. (2) "It is ridiculous
to say that a statute is void beyond reasonable
doubt when 4 judges or even 3 believe it to be
Just a word about your third and fourth ob-
jections: "arbitrary age limit of 70 years," be-
sides being fully false by itself, is in direct and
cnmnlt e nntradiction to "inerease the mom-
By TUURE TENANDER
1OSEPH SCHMIDT, tenor who has
created quite a stir in European
musical circles, at least according to
theepublicity agents' releases, will
Imake his American debut tomorrow
night on the General Motors Con-
cert. This will be the first time that
Mr. Schmidt confronts an American
audience and those American critics
who have heard him sing in Europe
predict that Mr. Schmidt will score
in this country. Over NBC-WWJ at
Charles E. Funk, conductor of the
Li terary Digest's Lexicographer's
Chair, will endeavor to give a real
academic definition of the word
"swing," as used in a musical sense,
on Benay Venuta's program at 8 p.m.
today over CKLW. If Charles E. is
like the rest of the Funks, the defini-
tion will have to be taken with a
grain of salt in view of the happen-
ings of last November. The Digest's
representative will also interview Gil-
bert Seldes, author, on the same
Bryan Field, ace track announcer,
will be on the Mutual-CKLW net-
work at 3:30 p.m. today to describe
the running of the Widener Chal-
lenge Cup race at Hialeah. We don't
claim to know anything about horses
but we would like to predict some-
thing just once. So, if the track is
fast, we'll put our money on Finance.
If the track is slow, watch Whopper.
If neither of these nags comes
through, we promise to retire from
the turf forever.
H OWARD BARLOW will include on1
the "Music of the Theatre" pro-
gram, at 2 p.m. tomorrow over CBS,
selections from Gilbert and Sullivan's
"Iolanthe," "Love Has Wings" from
"Sari," "Stein Song" from "The
Prince of Pilsen," and "Beautiful
Lady" from "The Pink Lady." An
hour later, over the same network,
the New York Philharmonic Sym-
phony will be heard on its regular
Sunday afternoon program. Tomor-
row's broadcast will feature many
works of Wagner.
Myra Hess, English pianist, will be
the guest soloist on the Ford Sunday
Evening hour at 9 p.m. tomorrow over
CBS. "La Traviata" will be broad-
cast by Metropolitan at 2 p.m. today
Martha Raye, the woman whose
oral cavity of rather large dimensions
always makes us think of Joe E.
Brown, will- be a guest star, along
with Adolph Menjou, on Maestro Ben
Bernie's show at 9 p.m. Tuesday over
NBC-WXYZ. Incidentally this is one
of the last opportunities to hear Ben's
regular orchestra for he is disbanding
"all the lads" after more than a de-
cade in the band business. Bernie
plans to devote his time to the movies
and simply use a pic.kup orchestra
for his broadcasts. The Ol' Maestro
is doing one last good deed for the
boys before he leaves them-he is try-
ing to find jobs for every member
of his orchestra with some other
TUESDAY EVENING may mark the
broadcast of one of the most sig-
nificant political speeches of the
year. At 10:30 p.m. on that day.
President Roosevelt will give one of
his homey talks to the people of the
United States and whi) no official
statement has been made as to the
subject of the President's message
it is very likely that the Suprem
Court issue will providetthe essential
topic. The broadcast will be carried
by NBC, CBS and MBS.
Richard Crooks, tenor, will serve
in the role of featured soloist on the
Voice of Firestone over NBC-WWJ
at 8:30 p.m. Monday. Grace Moore;
soprano, will offer . selections from
"Madame Butterfly" on the Lux Ra-
dio Theatre at 9 p.m. Monday over
Tommy Dorsey continues sustain-
ing on both Mutual and Columbia.
Bunny Berrigan has left Tommy
after his short stay and formed an-
other swing group which can be
caught quite often during the week.
Incidentally Berrigan is the trumpet
man heard on the recent Dorsey re-
leases on Victor for he was with the
band when they recorded 20 sides in
the latter part of January. Isham
Jones is stillat the Hotel Lincoln
and broadcasts over CBS. Bobby
Jones, the former Casa Loma first
trumpeter who quit that group with
the stated intention of going into
business, is now in the first chair
for Jones. John Carlson, Isham's
standby on the trumpet in the old
days, is now playing with Gus Arn-
heim and is doing his usual fine job.
And while we're on the subject of
trumpet men, George Thow, who sev-
eral years ago bolted Jones' band to
join the Dorsey* Brothers, now has
left Jimmy Dorsey to do commercial
work on the West Coast.
(FOUNT BASTE, alternately good
' and bad, has left the William
Penn in Pittsburgh. Dick Stabile
followed the Count into the spot.
Woody Herman is listed often on Mu-
tual but seldom comes through. We
heard Shep Fields the other night.
He was down to his usual standard.
SATURDAY, MARCH 6, 1937
VOL. XLVII No. 110
Pesident and Mrs. Ruthven will be
at home to faculty members, towns-
people, and their friends on Sunday
afternoon, March 7, from 4 to 6 p.m.
To the Members of the University
Council: The meeting of the Univer-
sity Council for March 8 has been
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary.
To Dean, Recorders, and "Non-
Quota" Students from Foreign
By action of the Regents Feb. 26
the records correspondence, inter-
views, etc., involved in the relations
of 'non-quota foreign students to the
United States Government under the
Immigration Act were transferred
from the Business Office of the
University to the office of Prof. J.
Raleigh Nelson. Counselor to For-
eign Students, Room 9, University
Hall. Therefore, all persons, students
or others, having business of this na-
ture to transact with the University
should see Professor Nelson rather
than, as has been the case in the past,
representatives of the Business Of-
Shirley W. Smith.
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Today is the
last day for the election of courses
for credit in this College.
Students in the College of Liter-
ature, Science, and the Arts: A meet-
ing will be held on Tuesday, March 9,
at 4:15 p.m. in Room 1025 Angell
Hall for students in the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts and
others interested in future work in
education. The meeting will be ad-
dressed by Dean J. B. Edmonson of
the School of Education. The next
meeting, in the vocational series de-
signed to give information concern-
ing the nature of and preparation for
the various professions, to be held on
March 11, will be addressed by Dean
A. C. Furstenberg of the Medical
School of Education, Changes of
Elections: No course may be elected
for credit after Saturday, March 6.
Students enrolled in this school must
report all changes of elections at
the Registrar's Office, Room 4,
Membership in a class does not
,ease nor begin until all changes
have been thus officially registered.
Arrangements made with the in-
structors are not official changes,
Marsh and Mandlebaum Scholar-
ships for 1937-38: Students in the
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts may now file applications
for the above scholarships, on blanks.
to be obtained in the office of the
Dean of the College, 1210 Angell Hall.
Applications must be returned to the
same office before noon on Saturday,
Uarch 6. Awards will be announced
in April or May.
Social Chairmen for fraternities,
sororities and other student organi-
zations are reminded that all party
requests must be filed in the office
of the Dean of Students for Dean
Bursley's approval on the londay
'efore the event of which approval is
Fraternities and Sororities are re-
minded that only a member of the
University Senate and his wife, or
persons selected from a list submit-
ed to the Dean of Students by the
>rganization at the beginning of the
year may be used as chaperons for
social events. Additions to the ap-
proved list which any house desires
to make must be acted upon by Dean
Bursley prior to their use as chaper-
Extra Curricular Activities: Man-
agers and chairmen of extra curricu-
lar activities are reminded that they
should submit to the Chairman of
the Committee on Student Affairs,
Room 2, University Hall, a complete
list of gl students who wish to par-
ticipate in their respective enterprises
during the second semester, in order
that their eligibility for such activi-
ties may be checked. The name
should be presented on blank forms
to be obtained in Room 2.
'Notice to Seniors L.S.&A.: Seniors
wishing to pay their one dollar dues
before the final list of names is hand-
ed into the Senior Announcement
Committee will have their last op-
portunity Tuesday and Wednesday,
March 9 and 10.
A table will be set up in Angell
Hall on these two days for that pur-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.
Monday. March 8, at 3 p m. in Room
Carillon Recital: Wilmot F. Pratt,
University Carillonneur, will give a
recital on the Charles Baird Carillon
in the Burton Memorial Tower, Sun-
day afternoon, March 7, at 4:15 p.m.
University Lecture: Prof. Max
Wertheimer, of the University in
Exile, will lecture on the subject,
"On the Psychology of Thinking,' on
Friday, March 12, at 4:15 p.m., in
Natural Science Auditorium. The
public is cordially invited.
An Exhibition of Chinese Art, in--
cluding ancient bronzes, pottery and
peasant paintings, sponsored by the
Institute of Fine Arts, at the Archi-
tectural building. Open daily from 9
to 5 p. m. except Sunday through the
months of February and March. The
public is cordially invited.
Exhibition, Architectural Building:
The Annual Big Ten Exhibit, estab-
lished to foster student interest in
art in the Big Ten Universities and
to provide an opportunity for student
artists to exhibit their work, is now
being shown in the third floor Exhi-
bition Room of the Architectural
Building. Open daily from 9 to 5
p.m. excepting Sunday, until March
10. The public is cordially invited.
S.C.A. Members and Friends: There
will be a party and dance at Lane
Hall from 9 to 12 this evening. Ja-
cobs and his Wolverines will furnish
Rendezvous Men: There will be a
party and dance at Lane Hall tonight
from 9-12. Jacobs and his Wolver-
ines will furnish the music.
Metallurgical Group Meeting: Dr.
H. B. Vincent, Research Chemist of.
the Department of Engineering Re-
search, will be the speaker at the
MetallurgicalGroup Meeting on
Tuesday, March 9, at :15 p.m. in
Room 4215 E. Eng. Bldg. His subject
will be "Routine Control Analysis
by the Spectograph."
Geological Journal Club Meeting:
The Club will meet in Room 3065
Natural Science Building at 7 p.m.
on Wednesday, March 10, 1937. Top-
ic: "The Origin of Salt Domes and
Their Gypsum and Anhydrite Caps,"
by R. Northup and N. Rockwood.
Deutscher Verein: The regular
meeting will be held Tuesday, March
9, at 8 p.m. at the Michigan League.
The program will include the show-
ing of the film "Hans und Moritz"
and the singing of German songs.
Members of the Verein are urged to
be present. The meeting is open to
all who are interested.
Interfraternity Council: All second
semester sophomores who wish o try
out for the Council lower staff, report
on Monday, at 5 p.m. in Room 306
of the Michigan Union.
The Graduate Outing Club: Meet
at Lane Hall Sunday, March 7 at 2:30
p.m. for a hike, and baseball at the
Lutheran Student Club: Tryouts
for the Lutheran A Capella Choir
will be continued on Sunday from
3:30 to 4:30 p.m. Mr. Roozboom will
continue rehearsal for the ladies'
division at 4:30 p.m. and at 4:45 p.M.
for the main choir.
Rev. Sylvester Michelfelder of
Toledo will be the speaker on Sun-
day evening. Rev. Michelfelder will
show pictures and tell about "the Lu-
theran tour he conducted through
Europe. Fellowship and supper hour
at 5:30 p.m.; Forum hour at 6:30 p.m.
Eyeryone is cordially invited.
Reservations for the Twentieth An-
niversary Banquethon March 14
should be made immediately by tele-
phoning Marguerite Groomes at
8534 or Alta Haab at 6969.
They Too Arise, Hopwood award
winner, 1936, is to be presented at
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
March 12 and 13. Tickets are now on
sale at the Hillel Foundation until
the opening of the box-office.
Hillel Foundation: The first Pop-
concert this semester will be held at
the Foundation Sunday, March 7, at
2:30 p.m. Everyone is invited.
Zeta Tau Alpha Alumnae will meet
Monday, March 8, at 8 p.m. at Cou-
zens Hall. Hostesses will be Carol
Soverhill and Dorothy Seiferlein.
The Monday Evening Drama Sec-
IGNIFICANT in the light of cur-
rent movements among American
students is the statement made here last week by
Prince Hubertus Loewenstein, of the suppressed
German Catholic Center Party, to the effect that
probably the strongest anti-Nazi sentiment in
Germany today exists among the students.
It seems that teie situation has reversed itself
cQmpletely since Hitler's coming to power. Then
the students as a group were the most enthusias-
tic supporters of National Socialism. They were
its most fanatical street fighters.
But fou-r years under Hitler's sway seems to
have changed their minds.
The main reason for youth's support of. Nazi-
ismn in the first place was not belief in its doc-
trines so much as disgust with the existing sys-
tem. They were the unwanted generation. The
professions were overcrowded; and jobs of even
the meanest sort were unobtainable. For this
they blamed the existing order; "Das System"
became the symbol upon which youth vented its
The appeal of National Socialism to national-
ism and patriotism as well as its loud denuncia-
tion of the post-war treatment of Germany and
determination to "free Ger'many of the shackles
of Versailles" were the deciding points which
swung student opinion behind Naziism.
In America, of late, what with the introduc-
tion of "loyalty oaths," the trend of student
thought in several universities seems to have
taken a reactionary turn. The recent forma-
tion of the Louisiana Coalition of Patriotic So-
cieties, which has been attacking many liberal
educators, is but one example.
A short time ago at North Dakota State Col-
lege, 1,200 students held a mass meeting to pro-
test against the adoption by the state legislature
of a bill making military training optional. Their
right to join the R.O.T.C. not being threatened
by the elimination of compulsory military train-
ing, this "protest" can only be construed as an
attempt to force the remainder of the students
to conform to their will.
Youth has always been susceptible to the
jingo's talk of "patriotism." Youth has almost
invariably followed the bugle and wild national-
ism with blind devotion.
To such willing tools in the hands of militarism
and nationalism, the case of the German student
should provide sufficient illustration as to where
they are being led.
The history of Germany in the past few years
has shown that youth has more to lose than
to gain from reaction and fascism. As Prince
Loewenstein pointed out, the amount of time
which the student must devote to military drill
is but one of the forces that has pushed youth
into the anti-Nazi camp in Germany.
RPe-Mrq fiereis the neesity of a wuldbnih
Make-Up Final Examinations
German 1, 2 and 31 will be given
iiCafirrnvAla h11a 0a m