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January 16, 1937 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-01-16

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SATURDAY, JAN. 16, 1937


First Biological
Station Springs
Rapid Growth From Log
Cabin Stage Described
By Professor LaRue
The development of the University
Biological Station at Douglas Lak
from a single log cabin to a complete
community with modern equipment
was described yesterday by Prof
George R. LaRue of the department
of zoology, director of the station
as officials of the University Summe;
Session issued first bulletins an-
nouncing the station as a regular
feature of this year's Summer Ses-
"The Station was created in 1909,"
Professor LaRue said, "after a report
requesting it had been presented by
Prof. Jacob Reighard of the depart-
ment of zoology, and Prof. George
P. Burns of the department of bot-
any. These men, it was explained,
were interested in getting a place for
summer work in the biological sci-
ences away from the campus, and
especially a place where field work
could be done. At the same time the
department of surveying in the Col-
lege of Engineering - had negotiated
with Colonel Bogardus of Pellston
for the purchase of the Bogardus
tract, of 1,700 acres, in northern
Michigan for a summer surveying
camp. Part of this land was given
over for the Biological. Station."
Camp First Was Cabin
The original faculty of the sta-
tion included Professors Reighard
and Burns and two assistants. The
enrollment was 13. The only physical
plant of the camp consisted of a
single log cabin, to which doors,
windows, and a roof had to be added,
and this building served as a lab-
oratory and general headquarters.
Tents were set up for living quarters,
and the biologists took their meals
at the dining tent operated by the
surveying camp.
"Now," Professor LaRue continued,
"the Station has about 130 buildings
and an average enrollment of about
100. Last summer there were 56
men and 49 women, of whom 79 were
students in the Graduate School. The
Station has completely equipped cab-
ins for living quarters, all of them
having concrete floors, screens, stoves,
beds and mattresses. Besides this, in
the commisary there is an electric
range and bake oven, electric refrig-
erators, an electric . dish-washer, a
mixer, and a potato-parer. Living
conditions at the camp are not a
Location Called Ideal
The camp is especialiy suited for
field work in the natural sciences, it
was explained. It has an. ideal lo-
cation, Professor LaRue stated, be-
cause its situation is in the northern
hardwood and coniferous regions,
thus providing a variety of habitats
for species to be studied. Numerous
surrounding lakes each have their
own characteristics, and beside this,
he said, the camp is situated close to
other areas of interest to biologists,
such as the Sleeping Bear dunes and
Wilderness Park.
"The fact that the students at
the camp are always in some sort of
contact with what they are studying
gives the camp perhaps some ad-
antage over studies on the campus,"
Professor LaRue added, "for students
and professors are not separated im-
mediately after classes are over. Al-
so the climate at Douglas Lake is
generally fair and mild, very fa-
vorable to field work."
Courses Interest Biologists
The faculty of the camp consists
of 15 members, seven professors from
the University and six visiting pro-

fessors who have been on the staff
for several years and are acquainted
with the Station and its curriculum
of courses, he said. Besides these,
there are also a physician and dean
of women to help carry on the pro-
giam. Courses at the Station are
of main interest to students who are
majoring in biology or who are in-
terested in biological research. Most
of these students are candidates for
First copies of the Biological Sta-
tion announcement describing its
program of studies were published
yesterday and are ready for distribu-
tion this week by the administration
of the Summer Session. Application
for admission to the courses should
be made to the director of the Station
before April 15.
Student Is Slightly
Hurt As Car Skids
Peter Johnson, '38E, 20 years old,
Canal Zone, suffered minor facial in-
juries when he was struck at noon
yesterday near the home of President
Alexander G. Ruthven on South Uni-
versity Ave. by a car driven by How-
ard Efner, 618 Spring St.
Johnson was hit and knocked to
the curb as he was crossing from the
North side of the street to the South
side. Efner was driving about 20
miles per hour and slid into the stu-

Huge Fascist Demonstration Salutes hitler Emissary


ibcock Receives
Honorary Degree,

- Associate: ?ress Photo
This was the scene at the railroad station in Rome when Merman Wilhelm Goering, Nazi air minister,j
arrived to be greeted by Premier Mussolini of Italy, during a huge Fascist demonstration of Italo-German
friendship. Left to right: Goering; Mussolini's daughter, wife of Count Ciano; Mussolini; Count Ciano,
and Goering's wife. While Gocring's visit was hailed as "unofficial" it was said in political circles he was
expecting to seek an explanation concerning the effect of the Italo-British Mediterranean agreement on
the Italo-German accord.

The Rev. Allen J. Babcock, for the
past eight years assistant pastor
of St. Thomas Catholic Church in.
charge of St. Mary's chapel for Cath-
cnic students of the University, left'
yesterday to assume his new duties '
as vice rector of the North American
College in Rome.
At the farewell reception held
rhursday night in St. Thomas school
auditorium for Father Babcock, the
honorary degree of doctor of laws was
:onferred on him by the University
of Detroit.
he eye in surrealism. Demons for
the modern man, are no less real
han electrons; we see the shadow
;f both flitting across the screen of
visible reality. Surrealism makes us
conscious of this fact; it arranges the
necessary apparatus. Before we can
become sane again we must remove
the greatest of all hallucinations-
the belief that we are sane now."
Critic Defends Surrealism
Surrealism has several places of
origin. "It is an international move-
ment," Professor Slusser said, "with
adherents in France, Germany, Italy,
Holland and even America. One of
the most important painters associat-
ed with the movement is the German,
Paul Klee, whose work, from a fan-
tasy all his own, has real aesthetic
significance. Both he and the Ital-
ian, Giorgio de Chirico, had achieved
prominence before the surrealist
movement was formally recognized,
The works of Pierre Roy and Salvador
Dali show very astonishing crafts-
"What the future of surrealism is
to be, nobody knows," he concluded.
"Post-impressionism is not yet
finished, and there are rumhbles of
various proletarian art movements on
the horizon. The odd part about
surrealism is that many or most of
adherents profess themselves to be
communists. The work which they
produce is doubtless subversive
enough, but it is intelligible only to
the extreme aesthetes. It probably
performs the function of puncturing
some of the high-flying pretensions
of post-impressionism, but with no
really first-rate talents at its disposal,
its contribution seems destined to be
a negative rather than positive one."




Council Hears Of New plant's operations held last night in
City Water Softenerla special meeting of the Council.
I It is expected that work on the
Processes of the local water soften- plant will begin in the early spring.
ing plant soon to be constructed that Advertising for bids for the construc-
will remove the iron from city water tion of the plant will be held in a
were explained last night to the City short time so that work may be start-
Council by Louis Ayres, consulting ed without delay when the weather
engineer, at the discussion of the permits it.

Surrealism-- What Is It Doing?
Only Protesting, Slusser Says

Surrealism-the art movement
that is causing discussion among
critics at present as the result of its
exhibit in the Museum of Modern'
Art this month-is probably only a
natural protest against established
conventions in art and not the open-
ing of a new art era, Prof. Jean P.
Slusser of the College of Architecture
said yesterday.
"Surrealism is more an 'art po-
litical' movement than a strictly aes-
thetic one," Professor Slusser stated.
"It follows a period of unsual aes-
theticism and seems to represent a
reaction against the assumptions and
conventions of the latter. There was
the post-impressionist period of the
early part of the century, which
largely ruled out content in art and
laid principal stress on design. Post-

impressionist paintings had a com-
plex and closely reasoned formal
structure, with almost no human sub-
ject-matter or content."
This was followed by the Dada
movement, during the war and post-
war periods. This was chiefly a lit-
erary movement and attempt to dis-
credit excessive rationality in art. It
brought back into the arts qualities
of fantasy, humor, and, in general,
irrationality and spontaneity. These
had been almost totally lacking in
the works of the post-impressionist
"Surrealism," Professor Slusser
continued, "though it has been on
the scene for several years, has
achieved its main value as a protest;
it has produced little of genuine ar-

have joined hands with the newer
psychologists in exploring the con-
tents of dreams. Their pictures, often
based on dream material, or freely:
associated imagery, proclaim the im-
portance of the sub-conscious."
Origin Is International
Most of the objections to surreaiism
are based on the sudden emphasis
given it in the New York show, it!
was explained. It is thought by many
critics trivial, and lacking in design,
without sufficient universality of'
meaning. On the other hand, Lewis
Mumford, prominent critic for the
New Yorker, has taken an attitude
of defense for it during the transitory
period when it is making its first im-
pressions. He says:
"It would be absurd to dismiss
surrealism as crazy. It may be our
civilization that is crazy. Has it notI
used all the powers of rational in-
tellect, all the hard discipline of the
practical world to universalize an
empire of meaningless war, and to
turn whole states into Fascist mad-





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