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December 13, 1936 - Image 14

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1936-12-13

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Cause For War
In Spain Seen
As Feudalism
Handman'Says Revolution
Last Link In Economic
Business Resentful
Primo de Rivera Called
By King To Form Army
(Continued from Page 1)
his Machiavellian tendency dispensed
with him,-but the antagonized middle
class gave sufficient evidence of its
attitude in the municipal election of
1931 which returned such an ever-
whelming republican contingent that
the king and royal household fled
the country two days afterward.
"Up till iow the only participants
in the republican campaign was the
middle class (the bourgeosie and the
bureaucracy) and the labor group -
the army occasionally flirted with re-
publicanism and the present leader
of the rebellion, General Franco as
one of the chief opponents of the king,
had to flee the country to France
where he was befriended by the dep-
uty Leon Blum, leader of the Social-
1st party, against the action of the
French government," it was explained
by Professor Handman.
Peasants Obtain Land
"The declaration of the Republic
brought into prominence another ec-
onomic group which until then had
been inarticulate, the peasants. One
of the first activities of the repub-
lican regime was the solution of the
agrarian problem, a knotty problem
in Spain for many centuries. Land
for peasants was immediately obtain-
able only from the estates of the
king, church, and the large land-
owners, whose holdings were primar-
ily concentrated on the plateau of
Castille and Andalusia. The plateau
of Central Spain is the place of
Spain's most serious economic prob-
lem and the geographical center of
Spanish feudalism as embodied in the
Spanish nobility. The region is the
heart of Spain. Here is found Span-
ish grandeur and Spanish misery.
"The whole area is so predomi-
nantly rural that with the exception
of Madrid, Seville and Granada, there
is not a city of as much as 50,000
inhabitants in the entire region.
Villages and small towns dominate
the landscape. Landlocked and
thoughtlockad, poor, conservative and
romantic, the land of Don Quixote.
it took a revolution to wake up its
charming and sleepy population.
Once awakened, its resentment flared
up against the symbol of authority,
the landowner and the church, and
it quickly made common cause with
labor and listened eagerly , to its
spokesmen. The business communi-
ty and its conservative labor allies,
became frightened at the Franken-
stein work which they had conjured
and tried to put the brakes on.
Threatened By Oligarchy
"The landed aristocracy and the
devout bourgeosie attempted a com-
mon front against the peasants and
their labor allies. The whole re-
publican scheme seemed in danger
and many of the middle-class and
bureaucratic initiators of the Repub-
lic were ready to ditch the democratic
aspects of it for an oligarchic control
in the hands of the people of property
and education. There was even talk
of the return of the King. Confronted
with that danger, the labor elements
were brought closer together and the
peasants joining with them were will-
ing to go the limit, particularly so
since the Agrarian Reforms had not

brought them much of what they had
hoped for.
"The control of the Republic grad-
ually, and by default of the other
elements, drifted into the hands of
labor - Caballero's Union General de
Trabaj adores - and under the pres-
sure of fear of a return of the old
regime and the demands of its peas-
ant and labor followers, it drifted
more and more into the radical
measures, such as confiscation of the
property of the enemies and the Re-
Rebellion Is International
Where the money came from in
order to finance the attack on the
labor government will probably re-
main a mystery to the unititiated for
ssome time to come, Professor Hand-
man believes. It' soon became ap-
parent that the Franco rebellion had
taken on an international aspect with
foreign powers backing him for one
reason or another and while the
Labor government was debating, the
seasoned troops of Franco with the
mysterious supplies, of ammunition
and money swept everything before
them, since they were fighting de-
fenseless peasants.
"As the rebellion dragged on, how-
ever, the Labor government has de-1
veloped an army and it also is ob-
taining mysterious military and fi-
nancial support and the situation is
a stalemate.
"Tine, however, works for the La-
bo. government, 'because Franco's
hold upon his conquered population

World's Third Largest Carillon Now A Part Of The University

Daily Pioneer
In Newspaper
Charity Drives
first Goodfellow Edition
Published[ In Ann Arbor
21 Years Ago
[915 D rive A Success
First Goodfellow Drive
Sought Contributions In
Money AndClothing
The Michigan Daily qualifies as a
>ieneer in the now widely adopted
ewspaper-sponsorship of charhy
rives, an inspection of Daily files of
11 years ago reveals.
In the yellowing pages of the Dec.
) 1915, edition of The Daily, the
irst Goodfellow editor wrote: "All
.roups on campus are asked to com-
.unicate with the Goodfellow Editor
mmediately and to tell to what ex-
ent they will help in making this
Thristmas a merry one for Ann Ar-
or's families and 'kiddies.' Prompt-
iess is important so that duplica-
ion oi interest may be avoided."
The first Goodfellow drive evident-
y met with as much success as its re-
.irth did last year, for two days
ater, on Dec. 11, the Goodfellow ed-
or had this to say:
"Organizations and individuals all
ver the entire campus have taken
p the Goodfellow movement which
ias been inaugurated under the aus-
ices of The Michigan Daily and it
)romises to be one of the most far-
eaching enterprises ever undertaken
>y the student body."
Unlike the Goodfellow drive of 1935
>ut similar to this year's, the 1915
3oodfellows campaigned for both
nonetary and clothing contributions.
Autos," The Daily announced, "will
All at every fraternity and sorority
n town this afternoon to call for
.ooks, old clothes and other useful
r ticles which will be distributed
mong the needy under the auspices
f the Federated Charities of Ann
Most sororities would pledge to
lothe one needy boy or girl (usually
girl?, while the more ambitious
nes took over the clothing of a whole
To pledge money the subscriber
;as asked to telephone The Daily or
wo anonymously-hs ed numbers
rTinted at the top of the first page.
)ne anonymously-hs ed numbr was
hat of the Alpiia Delta Phi house,
:here pledges were i,.tructe( toan-
wer every call, "GodfCellow speak-
na." The seeond anonymously-list-
Ad number was that of T. Hawley
rapping, now general secretary of
;hp Alumni Association and former
'fanaging editor of The Daily and
nember of the Board in Control of
itudent Publications. More than $100
vas collected by this method.
Mr. Tapping, as a member of the
Owls, an all-campus senior honorary
society which secretly instigated the
Goodfellow drive, was responsible for
'fringing the Goodfellow idea to Ann
Arbor. He h participated prev-
ously in a newspaper-sponsored
harity drive as an employe of the
?eoria, Ill., Transcript.
Owls was founded in 1863 as a so-
iety to aid the widows and orphans
if soldiers killed in the Civil War,
md its sponsorship of the first Good-
:ellow drive in 1916 was in the way
f an incidental project. Owls be-
tame extinct following the World
The same Daily which announced
he 1915 Goodfellow drive heralded
the coming of Ruth Chatterton in
'Daddy Long Legs" to the Whitney
Theatre. The majestic Theatre was

;urrently advertising "The only and
Jriginal Dr. Royal Raceford, The
Human Dynamo, and famous dem-
onstrator of the X-ray, wireless, and
other sensational experiments."
Today's drive, although an im-
provement over the Owls-inspired
3nterprise, proves to Mr. Tapping the
Ldage, "There's nothing new in the
Big Crowd Attends
Interfaith Meeting
(Continued from Page 2)
away as paternal love becomes ex-
cessive, he declared.
The ideal state, Professor Chang
stated, was built upon the family
and the family upon individuals
bound together by filial love. The
feudal lords were as fathers to their
subjects, the emperors fathers of the
lords, and God the first father of all
in this conception.
Democracy, he said, is one of the
fundamentals of Christian Utopias.
This does not necessarily mean po-
litical democracy, Professor Slosson
cautioned. In all the Christian ideal
societies, he explained, the individual
man is of immeasurable importance;
the humblest slave is as important as
the mightiest emperor. The social
order must make provisions for all
kinds of men, Professor Slosson
pointed out.
Love as the basis of social rela-

Nearing completion, the Burton Memorial Tower and
the Charles A. Baird Carillon housed in its bell chamber
will assume an important place in the Michigan tradition.
As President Ruthven said at the formal dedication re-

cently, "every time the bells sound over campus, city or
countryside some soul will be cheered, encouraged, and
uplifted." The tower and carillon are the realization of a
dream of Marion Leroy Burton, president of the University,

-Courtesy Ann Arbor Daily News.
who died in office Feb. 18, 1925. The bells are the gift
of Charles A. Baird, '95, Kansas City attorney. The tower
was constructed through contributions of alumni and
public-spirited citizens of Ann Arbor.

Self-Supporting Women Helped Miss Lloyd, Kraus Merry Christmas For Everyone,
B Goodfellow Funds Last YearPraise Goodfellow Ann Arbor Community Fund Aim
y Drive For Needy

"A Ma Crv bhi-ie1-n, for everyone",

Women working their way through
school often encounter difficulty
either because of physical strain or'
because they do not have sufficient
time for their school work, Miss Alice
Lloyd, dean of women, said yesterday.
In these emergencies financial aid
often means the difference between+
staying in school or going home, Miss
Lloyd explained, because frequently a
small amount will take care of a
crisis that has arisen endangering
a woman's chances of getting an edu-
One quarter of the money earned
by the sale cf Goodfellow editions of
The Daily will be turned over to the
Dean of Students Office and to the
office of the Dean of Women, Miss
Lloyd said, and this will be divided
between them in proportion to the
number of men and women students
on campus. The money is put into

cause of over-work or who are in (Continued from Page 1) is the motto of the 12 agencies of
ill-health without the means for ob- -.is
taning special medical attention. to issue a special Christmas edition, the Ann Arbor Community Fund
Women who are supporting them -tisseaseilCrsmseiin
sesby waitingo table or wah- the proceeds of which are to be used whose program to provide toys and
s to bring Christmas cheer to needy food for every underprivileged child
ing dishes often return to school after
an ilnes bute return ntyet scale and destitue families, should meet in the city is now in full swing.
a illness but return not yet capable with the enthusiastic approval of stu- A varied program of special Christ-
of taking over the burdens of their'dents and faculty. With generous mAs activities has been arranged by
board work. In one case of this na- support, the Goodfellow Edition the agcies.heencarrngedEby
Lure in which a girl suffered from ashudpoieaubtnalfd the agencies. The Social Service Ex-
bren lnewhtheagiF ugaeer $m0a should provide a substantial fund change will act as a clearing house of 1
broken leg, the Fund gave her $50 that will permit many, through giv- the distribution of baskets and other
so that she would not have to wvait ing and receiving, to enjoy more fully articles, the Family Welfare Bureau
on table until her leg had healed, the spirit of the Christmas Season. aile he mily Welae Bure
Miss Lloyd declared Edward H. Kraus. will handle money received in Ther1
Another woman was advised to Daily's Goodfellow Drive, and otherI
have a tuberculosis test taken at the The Goodfellow Campaign for agencies will redecorate toys and dis-r
hospital but was unable to afford the fud saslni tdn nepie tribute gifts to the persons on their1
5 fee. Miss Lloydlearned of the funds is a splendid student enterpise. lists and present special Christmas
{5 fe. issLlont eareddd F The funds which go to the Family pris
:ease and the student was aided. Fi-~iWlaeBra r diitrdi parties.
1 ic d e sudwon1 vho eeWelfare Bureau are administered in "All in all, no child and few of their i
nancial aid to women who need a careful, intelligent fashion for a 'l nal ocidadfwo hi
glasses but cannot afford them, is a nume fies, in cora parents will miss a true and merry
another frequent emergency which great numb to the old campus custom of giving Christmas, if the Community Fund
the Student Goodwill Fund with its 'to hol ampked cidre Evy agencies can help it. One of the
(',- nrffp mo s,ibiph totakecare,---------------- -y ------- a ew ---------i Y-ar most extensive undertakings of any

Mrs. Gordon W. Brevoort, manager
of the Bureau, and Mrs. J. W. Brad-
The Social Service Exchange will
act as a clearing house for all who
wish to give baskets, thus avoiding
duplication and providing better dis-
tribution. Anyone wishing to give
a basket or make any other contribu-
tion should call the Exchange which
has a carefully investigated list of
needy families. The Exchange will
tell the donors the name of a family
that has not been taken care of and
that family will then be checked off
the list.
The Salvation Army will distribute
100 baskets consisting of complete
Christmas dinners, and will assist in
distributing baskets from other don-
The Michigan Children's Aid,
which provides foster home care for


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