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November 10, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-11-10

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The Weather

C, 4 i r

Bk igan

~~&tdir

Editorials
An Important
English Decision ...
Rfegretful
Reminders, 3l And 4..

Generally fair and colder to-
day and tomorrow.

VOL. XLVII No. 38 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOV. 10, 1936
-

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Green Sees
Lasting Split
With C.I. o.'
Lewis' Refusal To Discuss
Conciliation Regarded As
Move For Separation t
Industrial Unionists
Snub A.F.L. Head
Debate On Reinstatement
Is Postponed By Garment
Workers' Uniont
NEW YORK, Nov. 9.-()-William
Green, president of the American
Federation of Labor, said today the
Committee for Industrial Organiza-
tion had "closed the door" for peace
between itself and the Federation and
predicted that shortly the C.I.O.!
would announce itself formally as a
rival organization to the Federation.
Green, in New York, to attend a
private dinner, commented to news-
men in a press conference on the re-
fusal of John L. Lewis, chairman oft
the C.I.O., to confer with him on the
organization peace move and said:s
"It is one of the closing steps in
a deliberate plan and policy originat-
ed (by the C...) in the beginning to
set up a rival organization to the
American Federation of Labor.
"I predict that the next step will
be the calling of a formal conference
at which a rival organization headed
by Lewis will be formally launched."
Green announced he had sent the
following telegram to Lewis in an-
swer to Lewis's refusal to confer:
"I accept your latest telegram as a
stated refusal of the organizations
holding memberships in the Commit-
tee for Industrial Organization to ap-
point a committee to meet with the
committee of the Executive Council
which has been standing ready to
confer since Oct. 8 for the purpose
of exploring the possibilities of re-1
cnciliation and of seeking a formulae
which might be applied for the solu-
tion of the existing differences." s
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.- P)-De-
laying until tomorrow determinationt
whether to seek reinsta teent in the
American Federation of Labor, the
Executive Board of International
Ladies' Garment Workers Union To-
day urged a Constitutional amend-
ment giving Congress power "to leg-
islate for the protection and ad-
vancement" of wage earners.e
The Union was ousted from the
A.F. of L. for its connection with the
Committee for Industrial Organiza-
tion, headed by John L. Lewis, United
Mine Workers president.
Tax On Iowant
Chain Stores
Found Invalid
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.-(MP-The
old liberal-conservative lineup in the
Supreme Court was manifested anew
today as it declared unconstitutional
a section of an Iowa chain store tax
imposing a graduated levy on gross
receipts.
That ruling, one of 20 issued in the
first opinion session of the new term'
found Justices Brandeis and Cardozo
dissenting. Their colleague, Justice
Stone, was absent because of illness,
but he usually has lined up with
them.
The Iowa case was decided in the
light of a 1935 ruling holding un-
constitutional the 1930 Kentucky tax

on the sales of retail merchants.
Stone joined his two liberal col-
leagues in dissenting from that opin-
ion.
Chief Justice Hughes and Justice
Roberts, whohold the balance of
power, voted in the Iowa case with
their conservative colleagues, Van
Devanter, McReynolds, Sutherland
and Butler.
Hughes announced from the bench
that Stone, ill with dysentery, had
not participated in any of the opin-
ions or orders made public today.
It was explained unofficially, how-
ever, that if any cases argued dur-
ing the next two weeks of his ab-
sense produce a tie vote, his opinion
would determine the issue. All of to-
day's decisions were unanimous ex-
cept two and they were to 2 and
6 to 1.
No Word Received
Of Missing Student,
No word has been received yet con-
cerning the whereabouts of Woodrow

Impromptu Carillon
Performance Given
For Pres. Ruthven
Ten thousand students paused
about noon yesterday and decided the
music was from the carillon tower,
and went about their business as "Old
Black Joe" and then the "Victors"
were played on the bells.
Those persons on campus who knew
that Wilmot Pratt, 25-year-old caril-
lonneur was in New Jersey on his
honeymoon, wondered who was doing
the playing.
The facts-revealed by a careful
investigation by the Daily are these:
President Ruthven wanted to hear
how the bells sounded now that they
are all completed and plans are be-
ing made for the first recital on i
them, so Prof. Earl V. Moore of the
music school climbed through the
stacks of limestone blocks and cement
mixers and offered an informal con- -
-ert. He played only the two melo-
dies mentioned, and last night pro-
nounced the music "highly satisfac-
tory."
At present the clock mechanism to
be used in playing the hourly chimes
is being adjusted, according to Pro-
fessor Moore.
Stonework on the tower has now1
reached the eighth floor, two floors!
below -the bell chamber. Inside the
tower practice rooms are being built
and the stairway to the ninth floor is
being lined with tile.
Congressional
Trend Called
Most Important1
Prof. Pollock Terms Dem.
Gains In House, Senate
Very Significant
The chief significance of the recent
national election is not to be read in
the light of the Presidential election,
but in the trend evidenced in the
House of Representatives and Senatet
elections, Prof. James K. Pollock of
the political science department told
an audience of nearly 150 persons'
Sunday in the Union ballroom. Pro-
fessor Pollock's address, an analysis
of the recent election., was, the, first.
of the Union Sunday Forum series.
"The Democratic increase in the!
House of Representatives and the
Senate is the most significant aspect
of the election. It indicates wide-
spread support," Professor Pollock
explained," and the division of the
American people into liberals and:
conservatives."
The Roosevelt landslide was not
unfortunate, he said, for "it fixes re-
sponsibility more definitely than any
time in a long period of years.
"I look upon the election as a great
popular movement. It was not as the
one in Jackson's time, when it was!
a protest movement. This is a land-
slide of support," he said.
"Franklin D. Roosevelt succeeded
in doingwhat Theodore Roosevelt
attempted to do. He combined the
urban workers and the agrarian fac-
tion. The election didn't bring about
a class division, as some have said.
It was the coming-of-age of the city
dwellers, but it was not dominated
by them," Professor Pollock said.
He pointed out that with three-
fourthsofmthe statesin their cn-
trol, the Democrats should "by their
own power be able to enact a consti-
tutional amendment."
"The campaign was directed on the
Democratic side with consummate
skill by James A. Farley. If both
sides are organized as well, as they
should be, then there would be no
The Republicans should give a

good deal more thought to their lead-
ers. I don't believe it did the Re-
publican campaign any good to have
Al Smith and Jim Reed going around
speaking for the Republican party."
Professor Pollock quoted Alfred E.
Smith as saying "what this country
needs is a constructive, not a destruc-
tive" program after his defeat, in
the Presidential election in 1928, and,
(Continued on Page 2)
G.M.C. Distributes
$10,000,000 Bonus,
NEW YORK, Nov. 9.-(R)-A wage
boost of 5 cents an hour and a
Christmas disbursement of $10,000,-
000 for employes was announced to-
day by General Motors Corp. Along
with a "year-end" dividend of $1.50
a share on the common stock.
The pay increase, affecting more
than 200,000 employes in the United
States, was to take effect immediate-
ly, the company announced.
Of the wage adjustment, a state-
ment by Alfred P. Sloan, Jr., presi-
dent, said :

Dr. E. E. Day
Elected New
Cornell Head
Former Dean At Michigan
To Succeed Dr. Farrand
Next Spring
Committee Makes
Unanimous Choice
Prominent Finance Expert
To Become University's
Fifth President
Dr. Edmund Ezra Day, first dean of
the University School of Business Ad-
ministration, has been named the
next president of Cornell University,
it was made known yesterday. Dr.
Day, at present director of the social
science programs of the Rockefeller
Foundation, will succeed Dr. Livings-
ton Farrand who retires in June.
Dr. Day became affiliated with the
University in 1922 as professor of
economics and organizer of the busi-
ness administration school. He was
also appointed to the office of dean
of administration, a position now ex-
tint, once held by President Ruth-
yen. In 1925 he was made director of
the Bureau of Business Research or-
ganized in that year.
He remained at Michigan until
1927, leaving to become associated!
with the Laura Spelman Rockefeller
Memorial in New York City.
A graduate of Harvard and Dart-
mouth universities, he was succes-
sively instructor, assistant professor,
and professor of economics at Har-
vard from 1910 to 1922. Since he
joined the Rockefeller Foundation in
1928 his advice as an economist has
been frequently solicited by the gov-
ernment. He was one of 'two repre-
sentatives of the United States on
the preparatory commission of ex-
perts for the world monetary and ec-
onomic conference in 1932-33.
The announcement of Dr. Day's
electionsand acceptance bywthe board
of, trustees of Cornell was mad.e
public after the board's regular au-
tumn meeting. At the election the
trustees followed the unanimous
recommendation of a joint commit-
tee of the faculty and trustees.
Dr. Day has devoted much of his
energy to public service, acting as
statistician for the division of plan-
ning and statistics of the United
States Shipping Board for seven
months during the World War.
Dr. Day will be Cornell's fifth
president. No date has been set for
his inauguration.
Under his direction the .social sci-
ences program of the Rockefeller
Foundation has devoted itself to three
major fields of study: social security,
international relations, and public
administration.
Theatre Group
Plans 'Yeoman
Of The Guard'
"The Yeoman of the Guard," a Gil-
bert and Sullivan opera, will be the
first production of the current year
to be jointly offered by the School of
Music and Play Production. The
opera will be given during Thanks-
giving week, Nov. 25-28 including four

evening performances and one mat-
inee on Saturday.
The production will be under the
direction of Prof. Arthur Hackett of
the School of Music and Valentine B.
Windt of Play Production.
Differing from previous produc-
tions, the method of choosing the cast
will enable any student on the cam-
pus to try out for the opera. All those
desiring to try out have been re-
quested by the directors to report to
the Laboratory Theatre any after-
noon or telephone.
The selection of "Yeoman of the
Guard" was made by a group of stu-
dents after eliminating all previously
given Gilbert and Sullivan operas.
The selection was then approved by
a committee from Play Production
and the School of Music.
'Council To Present
Armistice Program
The four faculty members of the
Peace Council last night urged at-
tendance at the Armistice Day pro-
I gram tomorow in Lvdia9 Me~ndels-~

F.D.R. Vows
Short Hours,
Adequate Pay
'Unmistakable Mandate,'
Spys President, Viewing
Election Results
Amendments Chief
Discussion Topic
Andrews Says N. Y. Under
Stress Because Of Other
States' Low Standards
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.-()-In-
terpreting the election as an!
"unmistakable mandate," President
Roosevelt today recommended a
broad program of labor legislation by
the states and pledged Federal re-
enforcement "when problems assume
an interstate or a national character."
In a letter read to the Third Na-
tional Conference on Labor Legisla-
tion, he enumerated "reasonably short
working hours" and "adequate an-
nual incomes" among desired objec-
tives.
No mention of the Supreme Court
was made; but the court's action on
legislation like NRA, the Guffey Act
and the New York Wage Law-aimed
at similar objectives - entered into
the discussions among the delegates.
Should the projected Federal and
state efforts fall athwart the Supreme
Court, it was generally assumed, in
view of the Democratic platform, that
a constitutional amendment would be
sought. The desirability of recom-
mending one at once received some
consideration in the private discus-
sions.
Under the guidance of Secretary
Perkins, who called the conference,
committees set about studying wage
and hour and other problems. Elm-
er F. Andrews, state industrial com-
missioner for New York and head of
the Committee on Hours, was one
who believed some sort of Federal
hour regulation imperative.
"In a state with advanced social
legislation like New York," he said,
"the manufacturers feel the stress of
competition from states with lower
standards. The problem has cer-
tainly to be attacked from the na-
tional viewpoint. Those of us work-
ing for these purposes in New York
have been holding up for a while to
be guided by what the Federal gov-
ernment does."
Dr. Van Slyke Wins
Medal For Research
Dr. Donald Dexter VanSlyke, a
graduate of the University of Mich-
igan and a member of the Rockefeller
Institute staff for Medical Research
was yesterday awarded the Philip A.
Conne gold medal of the Chemists
{ Club of New York for this year.
Thenmedal, founded by Mrs. Philip
A. Conne in memory of her husband,
is given annually "for systematic and
painstaking work of immense im-
portance to clinical medicine." Dr.
VanSlayke was awarded the medal in
recognition of work in blood analysis
and gasometric micro-analysis and
of his research on respiratory and
renal reactions, diabetes and nephri-
tis.

Student Directory
On Sale Tomorrow
The Student Directory will be on
sale Wednesday in front of the Li-
brary, in the Engineering Arch, in
front of Angell Hall, at the League,
the Union and at all the book stores,
according to Lloyd Strickland, '37,
business manager of the Directory.
The Directory, which will sell for
50 cents, will contain the names, tele-
phone numbers, home and Ann Arbor
addresses of students. Faculty mem-
bers will be listed with their tele-
phone numbers, Ann Arbor addresses
and the positions they hold in the
University.
Disaoreement
Halts Coastal=
StrikeParley
Ships Tied Up In Honolului
Will Be Provided With
Crews By Union
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 9.-()-
Disagreement over release of strike-
bound ships in Hawaii arose today to
halt temporarily attempts at resum-i
ing negotiations to settle the Pacific
Coast's general maritime strike.
More than 150 vessels remained
tied-up in coast ports, where 37,000
union maritime workers are on strike.
Unions claimed 213 ships and 16,986
men were idle through sympathy
walkouts in Eastern and Gulf ports.
Employers disputed the latter fig-
ures.
The coast unions' joint policy com-
mittee, reverting to a former plan of
permitting vessels to return to home
ports, notified union officials in Hon-
olulu, where 600 travelers are ma-
rooned, to furnish crews for seven
ships tied up there.
The often-delayed Federal investi-
gation of the maritime situation by
the United States Maritime Commis-
sion was postponed for the fourth
time by Rear Admiral Harry G. Ham-
let, commission representative.
Hamlet, pointing to developments
which he described as "encouraging"
toward settlement of the strike, said
he did not want to be in the position
of hampering negotiations.
Other sources said renewal of the
hearing might lead to further clashes
between union and employer counsel,
such as that of a week ago when the
union representatives walked out pro-
testing Hamlet had allowed "contro-
versial issues" to be brought in.
KETCHIKAN, Alaska, Nov. 9.-(A')
-The pinch of the maritime strike
was felt by shoppers here today when
stores rationed eggs and vegetables
from nearly exhausted supplies. Mer-
chants estimated all perishables
would be exhausted in two days.
Journalism Group
To Meet In Dallas
IMembers of Sigma Delta Chi, na-
tional professional journalism fra-
ternity, will hold their annual con
vention in Dallas, Texas, Thursday
through Sunday of this week.
Marshall D. Shulman, '37, presi-
dent of the Michigan chapter, will
leave today to attend as a delegate.
The Michigan chapter was founded
in 1910, and is the fourth oldest in the
fraternity.

Rebel Forces Still
RepeledOutsi~de
SGates Of Capi~tal
Insurgent Advance Brings
Crowd Welcomes Band Army Within 500 Yards
nd Gdders t Depot Of Madid Proper
Michigan's ill-fatedinvasionofEthe m sy et
East ended Sunday afternoon when Lnijasy iees
the train bearing the football squad
53 U.S. Refugees
and the Varsity band was met at the g
debot by a school-spirited crowd of
more than 200.. Clain Blu's Statement
The emotional intensity of the
awaiting crowd increased considerab- Has No Effect Upon
ly by two anti-climactic fast freight Enlish Ne li
trains which roared by the depot be- -_______
fore the special train arrived at 3:14

1.

p.m., 34 minutes late. The band as-
sembled and played "The Victors",
and "Varsity" as soon as they got out
of the 10-car special and the team,
which had traveled in the last of the
10 coaches, became assimilated in the
crowd before many fans had noticed5
it.
The large crowd that turned outC
despite Michigan's defeat was con-
sidered by many as another mani-!
festation of a new school spirit thatF
does not look to victories for itsf
raison d'etre.
David Drysdale
Chosen Leader
Of Soph Prom
Washtenaw Party Members
Given Jobs On 'Advice'
Of Men's Council
David Drysdale, a member of Deltat
Kappa Epsilon, was appointed chair-
man of the Soph Prom committee
as selections for sophomore class1
committees were announced lastt
night by Wallace Hook, Alpha Delta
Phi, president of the sophomore class.
Two positions on the Soph Promr
committee were given to members of
the Washtenaw party after Hook, at
member of the State Street Party,1
was advised by the Men's Couixcil to1
give two jobs on the committee to
them.
He was advised to do this after thet
Washtenaw party had accused thet
State St. party of illegal campaign-
ing in the recent sophomore election
in which the State Street party took
every office. The sophomores from3
Washtenaw given positions on thet
committee were Frederick Rein-
heimer, Phi Kappa Sigma, and Rob-
ert Vanderpyl, Theta Chi.
Vincent Butterly, Delta Tau Delta,
was chosen chairman of the execu-
tive committee, Waldo Abbot, Chi
Psi, chairman of the finance com-
mittee, and Edward MacKenzie,
Alpha Delta Phi, was selected to head
'the publicity committee.
Other members of the committee
named were Richard Fox, Chi Phi,
Roberta Bain, Jordan Hall, Nelson
Lindenfeld, independent and Harry
Swan, Zeta Psi..
The executive committee will con-
sist of, besides Butterly, John Cos-
tello, Alpha Tau Omega, LaVerne
Burns, Phi Sigma Kappa, Charles
Coleman, Sigma Alpha Mu and Doug-
las Hayes, Sigma Phi.
On the finance committee with
Abbot will be John Thompson, Delta
Upsilon, Dorothy Arnold, Alpha Ep-
silon Phi, Maurice Hoffman, Pi
Lambda Phi and John Bulkeley, Sig-
ma Chi.
Eugene Snyder, independent and
June Laing, Jordan Hall, will serve
on the publicity committee with Mac-
Kenzie.

MADRID, Nov. 9.-()--Spanish
insurgents, sweeping all resistance
before them in an avalanche of steel,
drove to within 500 yards of Madrid
proper tonight.
Their powerful assault was checked
by Government defenders within 500
yards of the Angel Gate and Toledo
Bridge leading into the streets of the
Capital
The attack came down the Portu-
gal highroad through Carabanchel
Bajo after deadly artillery fire and
four air raids had driven the govern-
ment forces back two miles.
Officials of the Madrid morgue said
30 shell-torn bodies had been carted
in following the mid-day air bom-
bardment in addition to the bodies of
25 'others executed by government
firing squads Sunday night.
The swiftly advancing insurgents
attacked the exhausted troops of the
government forces in Moncloa and
the University city area in the north-
west, and at Vallecas in the south-
west.
Nervous government militia and
street guards in Madrid kept up a
day-long rain of slugs on every build-
ing where Fascist snipers were
thought to be hiding.
MADRID, Nov. 9.--R)-Fifty-three
Americans tonight were sheltered in
the United States embassy, the doors
of which were opened again for
American citizens as the Spanish civil
conflict raged around the Capital.
Thirty-one of these were from the
United States, eight from Puerto
Rico, and 14 from the Philippine
Islands.
One hundred and twelve American
citizens, including Filipinos and Puer-
to Ricans, still remained outside of
the embassy but many of these were
expected to seek its shelter shortly.
LONDON, Nov. 9-(')-French
Premier Leon Blum's expressed wish
to aid the Spanish government will
have no effect on Britain's neutrality
stand, informed persons declared to-
night.
In some quarters the belief was ex-
pressed Blum's declaration repre-
sented "mere internal politics."
Press Group
To Meet Here
November 12
Michigan editors and publishers
will meet here Nov. 12, 13 and 14
for the 18th annual meeting of the
University Press Club of Michigan.
Paul Scott Mowrer, managing ed-
itor of the Chicago Daily News, Chet
Shafer, humorist, and Herold Rein-
ecke, of the United States Bureau of
Itnvestigation, are among the speak-
rs who will be brought to Ann Arbor
for the three day meeting, according
to the department of journalism.
Members of the faculty will also
address the meeting. Among these
are Prof. Roy H. Holmes of the soci-
ology department, Prof. Preston W.
Slosson of the history department,
Prof. Joseph R. Hayden of the polit-
[cal science department, and Dr. He-
ber D. Curtis of the University Ob-
3ervatories.
A trip through the Publications
3uilding on Maynard Street, the
building in which The Daily is pub-
lished, is also included in the pro-
gram.
A play by Prof. John L. Brumm, of
the journalism department will be
given for those attending the meet-
ng Friday night by Play Production.
It will be presented in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre and will be fol-
lowed by a reception.
The Northwestern-Michigan foot-
ball game Saturday will conclude the
program.
Hutchins To Head

American Jew Will Not Become
Crisis Scapegoat, Blumer Says

By ROBERT PERLMAN
There is little likelihood that the
American Jew will become a national
scapegoat if a crisis should arise,
Prof. Herbert Blumer of the so-
ciology department of the University
of Chicago said in an interview yes-
terday. Professor Blumer, who isy
teaching here on semester leave, ex-
panded.on his address given Sunday
evening before 50 Hillel Independents
at the Hillel Foundation.
Professor Blumer based his con-
clusion on the belief that anti-Se-
mitism is not deeply enough rooted in
American culture to become a for-
midable force. Pointing to the grow-
ing concern of many American Jews
over their future fate in view of the
German situation, he asserted that
there are everywhere echoes among
Jews of their apprehension for the fu-
ture. Some of them would welcome
fascism as a means of protection,
;ome are indifferent to this angle and
a third group is fearful of their place
under a fascistic regime.

majority, second, a sense of being
threatened and third, an inner con-
flict in a people as a result of which
they have a feeling of self-accusation
and guilt. When this situation arises
the mass may create a scapegoat
either out of a group directly attack-
ing them or they may turn to a
scapegoat symbol already existent in
their culture.
Racial prejudice, of which anti-
Semitism is only one expression, was
analyzed by Professor Blumer as "the
attitude which develops when one
ethnic group comes into competition
with another ethnic group which it
considers inferior." He cited the ex-
ample of the Southern whites who
think the Negro is "all right in his
place" but who becomes an object of
antagonism when he tries to rise
above his "place."
In outlining the history of Ameri-
can scapegoats, Professor Blumer
showed that the "foreigner" held the
first place on the East coast, just as
the Negro in the South and the ec-
onomically competitive Japanese on

i
1

.-.

Class Election
Of Seniors Set
For Tomorrow
Senior class elections will be held
from 3 to 5 p.m. tomorrow and all
candidates must have their names
and eligibility slips in the Dean of
Student's office by 4:30 p.m. today,
according to Miller Sherwood, '37,
president of the Men's Council.
Rules governing this election and
future class elections were issued. by
the council last week. They are:
1. Posters and signs may be placed
on University bulletin boards, such as
those in the League and Union and
similar recreational centers sponsored

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