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October 15, 1936 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-10-15

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1936 Member 1937
ssoCited Colle6iate Press
Distributors of
Colegide Di6est
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session by the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of
republication of all other matter herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptionrs during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
Representatives: National Advertising Service, Inc., 420
Madison Ave., New York City; 400 N. Michigan Ave.,
Chicago, Ill.
Board of Editors
George Andros Jewel Wuerfe HRichard Hershey
Ralph W. Hurd Robert Cummins Clinton B. Conger
Departmental Boards
Publication Department: Elsie A. Pierce. Chairman;
James Boozer, Arnold S. Daniels, Joseph Mattes, Tuure
Tenander, Robert Weeks.
Reportorial Department: Fred Warner Neal, Chairman;
Ralph Hurd, William E. Shackleton, William Spaller.
Editorial Department: Marshall D. Shulman, Chairman;
Robert Cummins, William J. Lichtenwanger, Willard
F. Martinson, Chester M. Thalman, James V. Doll,
Mary Sage Montague.
Wire Editors: Clinton B. Conger, Richard G. Hershey,
associates; I. S. Silverman.
Sports Department: George J. Andros, Chairman; Fred
DeLano and Fred Buesser, associates, Raymond Good-
man, Carl Gerstacker, Clayton Hepler, Richard La-
Women's Department: Jewel Wuerfel, Chairman: Eliza-
beth M. Anderson, Elizabeth Bingham, Helen Douglas,
Margaret Hdmilton, Barbara J. Lovell, Katherine
Moore, Betty Strickroot, Theresa Swab.
Business Department
Departmental Managers
Jack Staple, Accounts Manager; Richard Croushore, Na-
tional Advertising and Circulation Manager; Don J.
Wilsher,. Contracts Manager; Ernest A. Jones, Local
Advertising Manager; Norman Steinberg, Service
Manager; Herbert Falender, Publications and Class-
ified Advertising Manager.
For The
Band®. ..
THE MEMBERS of the band re-
ceive no compensation for their
many hours of work each week during the foot-
ball season and afterwards. (Not even Univer-
sity credit).
If you believe that they deserve a trip to
Philadelphia as partial compensation;
If you would like to see Michigan represented
on the field at Philadelphia by one of the best
bands in the country:

first meeting of the year tonight at the Union.
Duing the past several years, its program has
been sensible and realistic, and under the guid-
ance of campus leaders, it will continue to
shape local public opinion this year. We judge
it worthy of your cooperation.
As Others See It
Minimum Wages
(From the New York Times)
THE SUPREME COURT refused yesterday to
reconsider its decision of last June holding
unconstitutional the New York State Minimum
Wage Law, and one element of uncertainty has
now been removed from a situation which had
caused confusion.
The Minimum Wage Law came before the
State Court of Appeals last March and was held
to be unconstitutional by a four-to-three deci-
sion. In this decision the State court relied upon
an earlier decision of the Supreme Court itself,
given in 1923 in the Adkins case, involving a min-
imum wage law enacted in the District of Co-
lumbia. The majority of the State court found
"no material difference" between the new New
York law and the old District law and declared
that it considered itself "bound" by the 1923
decision. Appeal was thereupon taken to the
Supreme Court.
In the five-to-four decision which was handed
down last June the Supreme Court held that it
must accept the State court's interpretation of
a State law, and observed that the State court
had interpreted the law as being in conflict
with the Adkins decision. But the majority of
five justices said that "no application had been
made for reconsideration of the constitutional
decision" in the original Adkins case, and also
that "the validity of the principles upon which
the (Adkins) decision rests had not been chal-
lenged." These comments encouraged the State
of New York to ask for a rehearing of the case,
in order to determine whether or not the prin-
ciples of the Adkins case were "actually reaf-
firmed and declared still to be the law of the
land." In this proceeding the States of Illinois
and Massachusetts associated themselves with
New York. But to their appeal for reconsidera-
tion of the case the Supreme Court has now
given its refusal.
As matters stand, the future of minimum-wage
legislation for women and children has now been
referred back to the people. It is possible, of
course, that a new law might be written in this
state the constitutionality of which would be
upheld by the present membership of the court.
But the outlook here is not promising, consider-
ing the care which went into the preparation
of the invalidated law and the efforts being made
to accommodate it to the 1923 decision. In these
circumstances the action of the court can
scarcely fail to lend great impetus for a con-
stitutional amendment which would give the
states unquestioned power to enact legislation
of this kind. Governor Landon has declared
himself to be in favor of such action, provided
it is necessary. The Democratic party took the
same position in the platform it wrote at Phil-
Letters published in this column should not be
construedsas expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous contributions will be disregarded.
The names of communicants will, however, be regarded
as confidential upon request. Contributors are asked
to be brief, the editors reserving the right to condense
all letters of more than 300 words and to accept or
reject letters upon the criteria of general editorial
importance and interest to the, campus.
To the Editor:
Votes for Thomas:
1932 ...................nearly 900,000
1928 ....................about 275,000
Toujours gai, Mehitabel, toujours gal!
Seven And Two

To the Editor:
In a recent speech in Jackson Senator Van-
denberg severely criticized President Roosevelt
for suggesting to Congress some time ago that
needed bills be passed even if they were of doubt-
ful constitutionality. After pronouncing the us-
ual encomium on the Supreme Court the Sen-
ator inferred that the President by this sugges-
tion "attacks our fundamental rights and all
things dear to us." He seems to think it is easy
to tell whether a law is constitutional or not
before it is passed. If that is true Gov. Landon
must be a man of small capacity, for he has had.
eight of the simple laws of Kansas declared
null and void, while only nine of the vastly more
complex federal laws were so declared.
But neither Gov. Landon or President Roose-
velt can be called enemies of constitutional
government "and fundamental rights" etc. on
this ground, since no one knows whether a law
is constitutional or not until the court decides.
We know that the court has reversed itself
(Knox vs. Lee, 12 Wallace 457). We are certain
that many times it has not been immune from
the sentiments and political influences of the
day (Ex parte McCardle, 7 Wallace 506). Fur-i
thermore, the court is constantly shifting its
stand, giving different interpretations. (Dart-
mouth College vs. Woodward, 4 Wheat 518-
Charles River Bridge vs. Warren Bridge, 11 Pet.
420). A change of only one judge might make
a liberal court conservative. No one can tell
how the court will act before it does act. It is
made of human beings and "the constitution is
what the judges say it'is."
What kind of a government would we have
tLn f - _ __ _A ;t, +% 0 _ .fL...:

" ~ By Bonth Williams
THIS AFTERNOON the football team, includ-
ing its retinue and your columnist, will em-1
bark for the stronghold of the rough and ruggedj
men of Bernie Bierman in the far reaches of1
Northern Minnesbta. Just what will transpireI
there is beyond the knowledge of any man.
There are several who have been very definite in
their beliefs, however, including a Sigma Nu
yearling, Dave Altick, who is giving 2 points and
2-1 against Michigan.
There is, despite all the trumpetry, a lot of
reason to believe that the Wolverines are going
to find themselves this Saturday. Nebraska did
Minnesota no good in that classic battle last
week, and when you put the fact together with
the improved Michigan offense of this week's
practice, throw in the added incentive of tradi-
tional rivalry, and sprinkle lightly with Gopher
let down, you come out with a messy page of
figures which reads "no more than 14 points,"
sez I.
Nothing could make me any happier than to
sit up in the Minneapolis press box Saturday and
write the story of how an inspired Michigan team
pulled the biggest upset of the football season
when they out-charged, out-tackled and out-
smarted a great Minnesota machine. How they
handed the rampant Gophers their first defeat
in 19 starts to slam the door of the hall of fame
in their faces when all they need was one more
game to tie the modern record established at
Notre Dame by the late Knute Rockne.
How this same Michigan team, rated as the
door mat, the set-up in the Conference, rose up
in a display of sheer guts and outfought the
great machine which had humbled Washington's
Huskies and the great Nebraska eleven.
'D BE HAPPY not just because Michigan won
a ball game and beat a great team, but be-
cause it would vindicate Kip and the Michigan
system. Because it would show up the stupid
dolts who write letters telling what they think
is wrong with the football team. Dolts who see
five football games a year and pretend to be
analytical experts. Dolts who think they know
just how the whole thing should be done, know
how poor the blocking and tackling is, know just
what play to call with third and five, and don't
know enough to keep their fool mouths shut.
I'd be happy because it would show them up
for the ignorant simpletons they are. It would
prove them wrong as nothing else could. Their
front of professional observer would fall away,
and reveal them exactly as what they are: People
who watch five games a year and read the papers,.
Probably Michigan won't be able to beat Min-
nesota. On the records they certainly shouldn't.
But you can't ever tell what king football will do.
And Saturday afternoon when I'm picking
splinters out of the Press box and eating the
Minnesota publicity office's free coffee and hot
dogs, I'll be hoping that I can write the kind
of a lead that every sports writer hopes for-
sensational, emotional, packed with punch, the
punch of dramatic upset-"Michigan's band of
fighting fools, rated as hog fodder for the Min-
nesota Gophers, pulled the biggest upset . .."
THE MERCY KILLING press sensations of a
few months ago inspired The Crime of Doc-
tor Forbes. Though the subject is grim, it makes
a rather novel movie scenario. A young doctor,
the protege of an older physician, falls in love
with his sponsor's beautiful young wife. The
older doctor is fatally injured on a scientific
quest-he is slowly dying in torture. After his
death an autopsy is performed which proves an
overdose of an opiate killed him. From this
point on the story takes on some unusual angles.

This production is an average program pic-
ture-the kind which is made to fill in the gaps
between more expensive productions. It's only
object is to provide entertainment. And though
The Crime of Doctor Forbes is exaggerated and
weak in spots, it succeeds in being pretty fair
Thank You Jeeves is a bit of Mr. P. G. Wode-
house's English humor. But despite this fact
the Ann Arbor audience seemed to think it
highly amusing. It is of course, exceedingly light
and unbelievable. But it is funny.
An English gentleman, and his gentleman's
gentleman, Jeeves, run through a few reels mis-
taking a gang of racketeers for Scotland Yards,
believing the beautiful and virtuous heroine to
be the criminal. There are trap doors, twentieth
century dueling, an American Negro saxophone
player, and Arthur Treacher as Jeeves. The
result is a short, inconsequential, entertaining
program feature.
The double feature program is a menace to
the motion picture industry. It necessitates
cheap productions and cut rates to exhibitors.
It is the thing which blocks the path of more
truly worthwhile features. Ordinarily, a double
feature program is an ordeal to sit through, but
I think you will find the Majestic's bill of fare
exceptional; the variation between its two pic-
tures makes a fairly well-balanced program.

(Recital Monday Evening, Oct. 19)
raises a golden voice to light the
heavens of music," "A voice of super-1
human thrill. Sheer magic," "A tri-R
umph . . . unsurpassed power and
richness, majesty and beauty," "One1
of the greatest singers of this or any1
other day"-Such are a few of the
verbal bouquets flung at the feet of
Kirsten Flagstad during the last year
and a half by an enthusiastic army
of critics. Now, superlatives as ap-
plied to prima donnas are scarcely to
be considered unusual or entirely ver-
acious-when lavished by press
agents. But critics, unlike advertis-
ing men, do not make their living by
inflating personalities. So when the
music critics of America forsake,en
masse, their accustomedair of cal-
loused ennui and engage in a dis-
play of verbal pyrotechnics to the
glory of me. Flagstad, there must
be a reason. Unquestionably. this
reason lies mainly in the sheer ex-
cellence of Flagstad's musical ability.
But her triumph at the Metropolitan
during the season of 1934-35 was all
the more astounding because it was
unheralded and unexpected.
Born in Oslo, into a family of ac-
complished musicians, the child Kirs-
ten received the usual musical train-
ing in piano and theoretical subjects,
and after the age of 10 often amused
herself by learning various opera-
tic roles, which habit led her parents
to give her vocal training. At the
age of 18 she acquired the opportuni-
ty of making her operatic debut when
the conductor of the Oslo Opera held
an audition to select a girl to play
the part of Nuri in D'Albert's Tief-
land. Kirsten learned the part in two
days, won the audition, gave a suc-
cessful performance, acquired other
roles, and gradually gained a repu-
tation which finally crossed the Baltic
and made her known in Germany. In
the summer of 1933 she sang the part
of the Third Norn in the Ring at Bay-
reuth, and returned there in 1934 to
do Sieglinde in Die Walkuere. Having
attracted the attention of the Met-
ropolitan Opera scout, an audition
was arranged for her with Giulio
Gatti-Casazza, then approaching his
last year as Director at the Metro-
politan, and Artur Bodansky, con-
ductor of German opera at that insti-
tution. They were so impressed by
her performance that she was im-
mediately signed up for the leading
soprano Wagnerian roles for the fol-
lowing season.
Nevertheless, her arrival in this
country a few months later attracted
no attention. The Times, on the fate-
ful morning of Feb. 2, 1935, carried
only her picture together with a shor
notice of her debut that afternoon
as Sieglinde in Die Walkuere; no
claims, extravagant or otherwise
were made for her ability. Thus th(
audience which gathered that after.
noon was totally unprepared for th
remarkable performance which
greeted them. The writer can stil
remember the tumultuous applaus
which climaxed the performance an
which threatened to tear his rado
asunder with its vibrations. It is
probably to his discredit, but to him
the memorable thing about that per
formance was not the fineness o
Flagstad's voice, or, of course, he:
superb acting; to him, sitting wit
ears glued to the radio (thanks t
t Listerine!) and eyes to the score
the thing most noticeable was th
extreme and unusual accuracy wit
which the singer sang her part.
(If you think opera singers alway
sing the right note at the right time
try following one with a score some
time). But probably Flagstad'

greatest single triumph occurred th
following week when, according t
one critic, "Isolde lived on the stag
of the Metropolftan for the first tim
in a generation." In re-creating
Wagner's greatest feminine role, he
voice, technique, and powers of in
terpretation were granted their full
est scope for expression. And, vowed
the critics, not only was the part o
Isolde played as it had never been
played before, but Flagstad's per
formance so inspired Lauritz Melch-
ior, the Tristan, that his performance
surpassed all previous ones. And s
on, down through the cast.

HIDDEN away behind store build- d
ings, nestling in alleys, almost a
touching fraternities unaware of their s
existence, are the living quarters of a p
small number of students who by
their ingenuity and resourcefulness t
have solved their rooming problem. v
On their own completely they have a
transformed barns, garages, old de- f
lapidated houses into student apart- e
ments more or less comfortable, but '
rentless. Lacking rugs, furniture, PI
and other conveniences life is some- a
times difficult for them but they do f
not go home.
Not many of the students throng-
ing the diagonal are aware that a
stone's throw from one end is a small
gray house which until two years ago
had .been sitting in its removed po-
sition, unoccupied, for 10 years. Wind ]
whistled through the paneless win-
dows and made the shreds of hang- w
ing wallpaper rustle. Rain seeped in w
through the roof. Rats ran through d
the rooms and in the walls. To the I
average it was merely an undis- S
tinguished building of some sort, but li
to the student who came upon it, not t
entirely by accident, it was alive with t
possibilities. -
One of a small element of the stu- f
dent body that in spite of its per-
ennial "broke" condition never con-r
siders going home, he did not carea
that it was filthy and vulnerable tox
the weather. The principle thing was s
to get permission to occupy the prop-v
erty. That accomplished, then to getn
the roof fixed, and beg, buy, borrow, t
or acquire a bed, a table, and a stove.1
Other necessities would follow by easyI
stages. Permission was given by thee
owner. The student sold honey fromr
door to door until he had the price of :
enough tarpaper for the roof. Then
he mustered his friends and in ank
afternoon a new roof was laid. In thea
discovery of an afternoon this stu-r
dent eliminated rent charges for thei
rest of his university career.C
One can generalize. The techniquet
is that of the "marginal eye," spy-t
*ing out a room from unlikelyenvir-
onments, places that could not pos-
sibly command any rent. A half-
mile north of campus another stu-
dent out strolling with a roving eyet
spied a carriage house next to an,
unoccupied estate. It was exactly
what he wanted. Investigating tax1
receipts he reached the owner in
Minnesota and persuaded her that he7
could live in the building. Since .then
he has utilized materials at hand, and1
1 persuaded stoves and tables from1
their owners for small sums. He lives]
I quite comfortably in his spacious
t room whose roof hides the gables and
1 makes it easier for the cooking stove
) to heat the quarters. His total out-
lay has been a little less than the cost
e of an ordinary room for a semester,
- but he will live rentless for the next
e two or three years.
h There is f a tradition of student
l "jungle" life that may or may not be
e true. At any rate the enterprising
d student makes no distinctions when
o it comes to getting a roof to put over
s his head. It is reported that at one
n time a houseboat on the Huron Riv-
-er provided the living quarters for a
" student. The idea commends itself
r for its practical nature. All that is
h needed is a boat .. .
One can stroll the college section1
of the town at random. There is on
e North State a likely looking barn
that might bear investigating. An
oil station on Huron occupies only
s part of an old house. There are two
stories of unoccupied rooms. Surely
- argument should prevail here. A place
s on East Washington has been partly
e razed by fire, but the first floor should
o be amenable to treatment. Further
e from campus, a mile to be exact,
e across from the electric plant near
g the Huron is an old delapidated house
r which should make any student of
- the proper qualifications tremble for

- very joy. It will be torn down in a
d year or so, but in the meantime.
f why should it not be lived in? Out
n Geddes is a small home that is mys-
- teriously unoccupied and that is the
- subject of much speculation. Sooner
e or later some person will persuade
o therowner to give permission to live
e There are cooperative ventures in
- marginal living. Such a one is a
[1 cooperative house whose members
d face winter evenings dressed like
a esquimoes, because there is no cen-
Ed tral heating plant, who declare their
t aversion for tomatoes and stuffed
g peppers, because some vegetables
Y, can unfortunately be bought cheap-
l y in quantities. Basements furnish
it inspirations to some and can be most
y comfortably arranged. Garages, heat-
r ed garages, are sometimes pearls of
a great price, although the searching
e student may meet a rebuff as did

ie the other day. The professor
ho owned the heated garage loft
clared that the idea was ridiculous
ad abusrd. Apparently the profes-
>r had never been forced to ex-
At all events one is forced to admire
he survival value of these students
ho refuse to be intimidated because
weekly check from home is not
rthcoming. Are you about to be
victed for non-payment of your
eekly rent? Buckle up your belt,
t on your hiking shoes, set out
nd search. You should be able to
nd a roof.
AST WEEK the tempo of the Eu-
ropean descent into Hell under-
ent an acceleration, sending the
orld into another attack of the
iplomatic jitters. The cause once
pore was the struggle in Spain. The
panish cauldron bubbled over a
sttle, and almost scalded some of
hose who have edged too close in
heir anxiety to see it stirred prop-
rly. Nations, it seems, unlike chil-
ren, never learn from burning their
ingers to keep away from fire.
It was to be expected, after the
Nuremberg speech and the present
nti-Soviet campaign in the Italian
ress that the Russian bear would
oon turn on its tormenters. So last
week's ultimatum by Russia should
iot have come as a surprise. Never-
heless, although Portugal was mere-
y "insulted," the suddenness of the
Eussian action seems to have fright-
mned the fascist countries, if only
nomentarily. Spokesmen for Ger-
nany and Italy later intimated that
t was only a Russian feint, for the
ear, they believe, is still too young
and awkward for a real fight. We
night suggest a course for dictators
in Kipling's observations on the ways
Af the "bear that walks like a man."
Our foreign correspondence prize
this week goes to Frank Kluckhohn
f the New York Times for his eu-
phemistic treatment of Spanish rebel
activity. We recommend it to cer-
tain American newspaper publishers
whose reporters sometimes find it
difficult to describe adequately the
fascist method of rescuing Spain
from the chaos and disorder of the
present "Communist" regime in Ma-
drid. According to Kluckhohn: "It
works out very well in practice. In-
surgent troops kill the ringleaders of
the Left forces as soon as they cap-
ture any town. Then they leave the
place in peace for about a Week,
during which agents investigate. Fi-
nally they start rounding up those
who supported the Loyalist cause or
who are suspected of having done
so. These persons are led to ceme-
teries, where they are shot in groups
of about twenty throughout several
days and nights.
"In the long run Franco and his
aides are convinced, this is the best
way of bulwarking their movement
. . Perhaps Franco's attitude that
the 4,000,000 who voted Leftist in the
Spanish election last February were
all "Communists" may be a bit exag-
gerated, but he is a' man who looks
for broad issues rather than par-
ticulars and goes at the work of elim-
ination with a will. Dulce et decor-
um est pro patria eliminare.
The money whirl goes around and
around with only Germany still
clinging to the good ship gold, now
that the Italian cabinet has approved
Mussolini's proposal for devaluing
the lire. The Voelkischer Beobachter,
Hitler's newspaper, announces that
Germany too is now ready to talk
over the situation, "Not because it is
especially necessary for Germany's
economic condition, but because she
wishes to contribute to the general
economic stability of the world, which
cannot be accomplished without Ger-
many's participation in world trade."
The Germans shy at devaluation, re-

membering the horror of the infla-
tion of '24, but now that all foreign
countries have eased their economic
strain through devaluation, it seems
impossible that the already difficult
process of barter can provide Ger-
many with the necessary foodstuffs
for the coming winter in the face of
greater competition abroad, unless
the demands of rearmament are re-
duced or monetary devaluation is re-
sorted to.
Chiang Kai-Shek had another talk
with the Japanese last week. While
details of the meeting were kept
secret, it is likely that proposals for
development of Chinese economic re-
sources and for Chinese cooperation
with Japan in the combatting of alien
agitational activity in China were
discussed. Possibly political and mil-
itary advisers were placed at the
disposal of China for the more rapid
achievement of these ends.
Two Die As Plane
Crashes At Britton
ADRIAN, Oct. 14.-P)-An ama-
teur pilot and his passenger, a
Lenawee county deputy sheriff, were
killed today when their plane crashed
in a field near Britton while they
were aiding a hunt for two Detroit

A Bit Of Clever Ingenuity
Solves The Housing Problem

If you like amateur shows;


. perhaps you will be responsive when ap-
proached on the campus today by salesmen pro-
moting the Amateur Night Benefit Show to be
given next Tuesday.
The Local


Movement. .

LAST NIGHT Charles P. Taft in
his speech at the Union con-
demned President Roosevelt for not carrying out
a 1932 platform pledge in regard to national de-
fense. That pledge called for a survey by a com-
mittee of civilians of all the facts related to an
adequate national defense.
Since the President took office, Mr. Taft said,
expenditures for arms per year have gone up 66
per cent. Yet, he said, all of these expenditures
have been made without any sort of a plan
as to what constitutes an adequate national de-
fense. He said -that Landon would probably call
that survey "when" elected.
However as Oswald Garrison Vilard, Gerald
P. Nye, and many peace organizations have con-
tinually emphasized, we must decide just what
our national defense is going to protect before
we can determine its adequacy.
Shall our national defense protect foreig
investments of American business men? Shall
it protect the "open door" in China? Shall it
protect "freedom of the seas" in respect to trad-
ing with belligerent nations in time of war and
travelling by Americans in war zones? Shall it
protect all, some, or none of our island posses-
sions? Shall it protect the Latin American coun-
tries in accordance with the Monroe Doctrine?
Or, shall it merely protect the mainland of
the United States from invasion?
"Protect," it must be realized, means the will-
ingness to go to war if what we are protecting
is stepped on.
It is obvious that each of the above policies
demands a different type of "national defense."
However, the determination of the exact limits
of "national defense" is but a small part in the
fight for peace. We must insure that, when pres-
sure is brought by interested groups upon public
opinion, that opinion shall have been sufficiently
Fn m i,,arbu-.fin1a e -,,,. tie of

But many singers have held th
praise of critics and public for a sea
son, only to lose their hold and fa]
back into oblivion. Flagstad increase
hers. Last year she not only sanga
full season at the Met, but fulfille
the demands of an extensive concer
tour,-always with the "Standing
Room Only" sign out. -(Incidentally
Ann Arbor is to be no exception; Dr
Sink reports this year's the larges
advance sale of tickets in the histor
of the C. U. series, and that seats fo
the first concert will soon be at
premium.) This summer she mad
a number of appearances in Europ
returning to America a few week
ago to fulfill other concert engage
ments before beginning her thir
season at the Metropolitan. Anr
Arbor is fortunate, not only in being
able to hear Mme. Flagstad, but i
being able to hear her at the begin
ning of the season, when her voice i
apt to be at its freshest; last year th
single discordant note in the critics
nap~ fa .ic w cth ament tha


main lovely in quieter passages; with
a flexible technique fully capable of
transmitting the eloquence of Wag-
ner's musical speech; with the his-
trionic insight and ability necessary
for a true Wagnerian interpretation;
and, last of all, with an appearance
at once youthful, dignified, and
charming. Wagner, when casting
the original Bayreuth performane of

is clear. The representatives of the people in a
democratic government must concentrate on the
promotion of the people's interests, rather than
trying to smell out the thoughts underneath the
,.,,,__..___' ,A , _,7--I ,

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