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October 09, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-10-09

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The Weather

Generally fair, somewhat
warmer today; tomorrow some-
what unsettled.

Y

i t

gatt

Regretful Reminder No. 2 .. .
The Farm Problem... .

Editorials

VOL. XLVII No. 11 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCT. 9, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Fascists Gain
New Foothold
Near Madrid
Stronghold In Northwest
Falls After Fortnight Of
Heavy Fighting
Intervention Hope
Voiced In Capital
Threat To Destroy City Is
Made As Franco's Lines
Are Drawn Closer
CEBRFROS, Spain, Oct. 8.-()-
Fascist soldiers drove Gen. Julio Man-
Gada's government troops out of Na-
valperal, their mountain redoubt
northwest of Madrid, in a final bloody
push today which crowned two weeks
of constant attacks.]
The last surge started at dawn,
when over 1,500 bombs were dropped
on government lines in front of Na-
valpera, which is 45 miles northwest
of Madrid and about 10 miles north
of Cebreros.
A squadron of insurgent bombers
came and went "with terrible reg-
ularity," authoritative sources said,
dropping their loads and then re-
turning to fascist-held Avila for more.
Insurgent artillery shelled the vil-
lage as the bombing planes swooped
low, machine-gunning the govern-
ment soldiers.
The defending artillery squads
stuck to their field pieces, but their
fire was "weaker than that of the
fascists.
General Mangada's armored train,
endeavoring to silence the insurgent
guns, sent barrage after barrage into
their lines.
Hand-to-Hand Struggle;
When the shelling and bombing
ceased, the fascists, who were re-
ported to be mostly brawny moors,
leaped to the assault and a bitter
hand-to-hand struggle ensued.
The government militiamen were
slowly driven from the lines they had
held for close to three months.
Their retreat was orderly, fascist
officers said. The number of gov-
ernment casualties was not known.
MADRID, Oct. 8.-(j')-The gov-
ernment fought the handicaps of
weather as well as insurgent attacks
tonight while taking new drastic
measures to protect the city.
Fighting in several sectors, par-
ticularly in north and central Spain,
was severely hampered for both sides
by penetrating cold and rain. In
many places cannon bogged into deep
mud and were extricated by long
teams of mules.
Supplies Needed
The government appealed again
for more blankets and warm clothing
for the militia in the Guadarrama
Mountains as the cold intensified.
Russia's ultimatum it would inter-
cede openly on the Madrid govern-
ment's behalf if other signatories to
the European "hands off Spain" pact
did not cease supplying arms to the
fascists, bolstered government hopes
for outside aid.
Its expectation of favorable action,
voiced in official circles, received
heavy editorial support.
"Once the powers realize the folly
of non-intervention," the newspaper
El Sol declared, "the government's
victory will be but a matter of hours."

BURGOS, Spain, Oct. 8.-(,')-
Fascist leaders tonight threatened
"to blow Madrid to pieces" unless it
surrenders to the insurgent legions
almost within shelling distance of the
capital.
"We recommend that the civil pop-
ulation do everything in its power
to makethe government surrender,
read circulars showered on Madrid
from fascist warplanes.
"The greater the resistance the
greater will be the attack," they read.
"Madrid will be bombarded, intensely
from both land and air."
Madrid Boxed
Fascist lines tonight boxed Madrid
on three sides with only the eastern
sector open.
Some units of the troops on the'
southern side were almost within
shelling distance of the capital.
Steadily the southern and bottom
side of the box was stretched longer
past Madrid. The strategy then was,
to march troops on this line due
north, completely boxing the capital.
The insurgent juggernaut under
Gen. Francisco Franco rolled swiftly.

Legislators To Attempt RevisionI
Of General Property Tax System

Stason Of Law School To
Assist In Drafting Of
Proposed Measures
A definite attempt to rehabilitate
the property tax structure of the
State of Michigan in order to mod-
ernize it and to make it more equit-
able will be made during the next
session of the state legislature, Prof.
E. Bythe Stason of the Law School
said yesterday.
Vernon Brown, member of the
State House of Representatives from
the second district of Ingham county,
and chairman of the sub-committee
on general taxation of the legislative
council, was here the early part of=
this week conferring with Professor
Stason regarding the drafting of
some of the bills which will be
brought before the legislature during
the session beginning in January.
The legislative council is composed
of members of both houses who de-
vote their time between sessions of
the legislature to the study of prob-I
lems that are likely to arise at the
coming session.
One of the most significant of the
Swedish Flier
Off For France
After Crash
Rescue Ship Will Arrive
At La Rochelle Tuesday;
Plane Is Abandoned j

proposed statutes to revise the prop-
erty tax structure of the state, ac-
cording to Professor Stason, will be
a bill enabling the state to hold tax
sales in order to get rid of some of
the property now possessed by the
state because of delinquency in the
payments of taxes on such property.
The 1935 session of the legislature
passed a bill that made the publish-
ing of descriptions of the property to
be placed on sale by the state un-
necessary. This law was ruled un-
constitutional by the Supreme Court
of Michigan last May. Another law
must therefore be passed, Professor
Stason said, in order to make tax
sales legal.
"A change is also proposed in the
system of assessment of property,"
Professor Stason continued. "At
present," he said, "property is as-
sessed at its cash value, but it is the
desire of the sub-committee to base
the assessments partially on the rev-
enue-producing capacity of the prop-
erty." Also,. Professor Stason added,
some dissatisfaction has been voiced
regarding the system of assessment
review by township boards. A bill
advocating county boards of review
will be proposed before the next ses-
sion.
'Provisions will also be attempted
so that the state can make what are
called "scavenger sales," Professor
Stason said. "Because of moratorium
legislation during the depression
years and the Supreme Court's de-
cision this spring, no tax sales have
been held in this state since May,
1931. Consequently, much of the
property cannot bring an amount at
a tax sale equal to the accumulated
taxes on it. The state wishes to dis-
pose of some of this property to the

VALENTIA, Irish Free State, Oct. 'highest bidder, regardless of whetherI
8.-W)-Cheated of victory but unin- I the price comes up to the amount of
jured, Kurt Bjorkvall, 31, Sweden's (Continued on Page 2)
Trans-Atlantic flier, was enroute to-
night to La Rochelle, France, aboard anufacturers
the French trawler Imbrin.
Bjorkvall abandoned his big red Tol H od 2-Da
and blue Bellanca plane to choppy
seas, 100 miles off the west coast of
Ireland, where he was rescued-yes- M eetin H ere
terday after being forced down 1,
000 miles short of his goal on the
4,500-mile hop from Floyd Bennett 100 Representatives Will
Field, New York, to Stockholm. Attend OSession
[ The Imbrin, which spotted Bjork- pening
vall's plane wallowing on a moonlit Of Industrial Conference
sea late yesterday, set out for its
home French port after the crew had More than 100 representatives of
failed in attempt to salvage the plane. Michigan manufacturing concerns
News to Stockholm of the flier's are expected to attend the opening
safety brought tears of joyful reliefI session today of the Industrial Con-
to his widowed mother, Mrs. Hanna ference on , Education and Research
Bjorkvall, and to Maud Dickson, theE
pretty 18-year-old Swedish girl whom which opens a two-day meeting at
Bjorkvall, just before his take-off, the Union.
said was his fiancee. Training of college men for indus-
Capt. Jean Marie Dillic of the Im- try and a conference on research will
brin wirelessed the vessel's owners feature the meeting today. Delegates
that Bjorkvall was tired and "not ! at the morning session will hear ad-
eating." dresses by Prof. H. C. Anderson,
The ship, he wirelessed, would con- chairman of the department of me-
tinue its fishing, and probably arrive chanical engineering of the engineer-
in La Rochelle Tuesday morning. ing college, and F. M. Zeder, vice-
A crowd of 10,000 had waited in chairman of the board of the Chry-
vain for Bjorkvall at a Stockholm sler Corporation.
airport. Prof. A. E. White, director of the

Final E f fort
Is Prepared
y Candidates
Roosevelt Opens Swing
Through Middle West;
En Route To Omaha
Kansan Plans New
Assault On Budget
President's Program Not
Definite; Knox Starts
CampaignIn East
Aiming to be seen and heard by
thousands upon whose votes the pres-
idential election may turn, President
Roosevelt and Governor Landon are
back at active road canpaigning to-
day in the Central West. '
The President scheduled the first
of a long series of train stops at Du-
buque, Ia., this morning. He is en-
route to Omaha, Neb., where he will
speak tomorrow night. Accompany-
ing him are Secretary Wallace and
several western Democratic senators.
Landon will open up in Chicago to-
night with another attack on New
Deal budgetary policies. Like Roose-
velt in Washington, he spent much of
the time before his departure from
Topeka yesterday in last-minute
preparations.
Pending the expected clashes be-
tween them, political attention dwelt
meanwhile on the activity of other
prominent party figures. Col. Frank
Knox, Republican vice-presidential
nominee, said in Delaware that New
Deal leaders were raising a "smoke
screen" against his insistence that
present government policies endanger
insurance and savings accounts.
With the passenger list swelled by
an increased number of reporters
and photographres, and a larger of-
ficial party, the Roosevelt train was
the longest since he took office.
Officials said while his St. Paul
program was indefinite, the President
probably would make a speech at the
tSate Capital and motor to Minneap-
olis, just across the Mississippi river.
There was some talk of conferences
with political advisers from the state,
where the Democratic candidates for
governor and senator withdrew with
an announcement to solidify Demo-
cratic and Farmer Labor support be-
hind Mr. Roosevelt.
Dean Receive
Life For Black
LegionKilling
DETROIT, Oct. 8.-UP)-Dayton
Dean, stocky, talkative two-gun killer
whose lurid disclosures of Black Le-
gion terrorism aided the state's fight
to stamp out the hooded night-riders,
received a life term for murder today
from a circuit judge who called
Dean's victim "a martyr to the cause
of civil and religious liberties."
Dean had pleaded guilty to shoot-
ing Charles A. Poole, young WPA
worker, on a lonely country road last
May 12 on order of a Black Legion
superior officer after false gossip that
Poole beat his wife, an expectant
mother.
Seven other Black Legion members
who were convicted of first degree
murder for the Poole killing will
receive mandatory life sentences to-
morrow. Four convicted of second
degree murder will be sentenced Sat-
urday.
The prejudice against certain ra-
cial and religious groups, which the

Black Legion was charged with bor-
rowing from the Ku Klux Klan, was
denounced today by Judge Joseph A..
Moynihan who termed the killing of
Poole "a sad commentary on our form
of civilization."

Prof. Earl V. M~oore (seated at piano) and J. Fred Lawton
Pep Meetin Tonight Features
Lawton, Moore, YostAnd Band

"Varsity," in a manner of speak-
ing, will be rewritten tonight, 25
years after its original composition
when Prof. Earl V. Moore and J.
Fred Lawton enact on the stage of
hill Auditorium in'three scenes the
circumstances that accompanied
their creation of this famous Michi-
gan song.
On this Varsity Night "program
which will also serve as a pep meet-
ing for the Indiana game tomorrow,
Regent James O. Murfin of Detroit
will speak as one of the men who

first recognized the possibilities in
"Varsity."
Michigan's Varsity Band under the
direction of Prof. William Revelli
and the Varsity Men's Glee Club
under the direction of Prof. David
Mattern will provide the program
with musical entertainment,, accord-
ing to the Men's Council.
The program will begin at 8 p.m.
and will last about 45 minutes, Miller
Sherwood, '37, president of the Men's
Council said.

Co-Authors Of 'Varsity' To 'Re-Write' It Tonight

_ i

$135,000 Bond
Issue Will Be
Voted On Today
Voters of Ann Arbor will go to thea
polls today to approve or reject the,
$135,000 bond issue for a new school
on the north side of the city, and to
vote on the proposal for increasing
the tax limitation of the school dis-
trict.
A large crowd is expected to visit
the polls because of the interest'
created last week by the many argu-
ments for and against the expansion
of the school plant.
If the proposals pass, $135,000
worth of negotiable bonds to be re-
tired within five years will be issued
to build and equip an elementary
school in the fifth ward. Also the
tax limitation will be increased be-
yond the limit imposed on local tax-
ing units by the state constitution.
This would mean an additional levy
of not- more than a mill for the next
five years.
Only taxpayers may vote on the
bond issue, but parents of childreni
who are listed on the school census
may vote on the tax limitation pro-
poral.
If the proposal is approved, it will
mean abandoning the present Don-
ovan School. The plot of land where
it is now located will be turned into
a park.
A I F F _ "r onnrmo

department of engineering research;
R. A. Hayward, president of the Kal-
amazoo Vegetable Parchment Co.,
and J. H. Hunt, director of the new
devices section of General Motors
Corporation, will speak at the after-
noon session.
Alex Dow, of Detroit, president
of the Detroit Edison Co., will speak
at a dinner at 6:30 p.m. on "National
Defense," and special laboratory
demonstrations will be held tomor-
row morning.
FARM PAYMENTS
WASHINGTON, Oct. 8.-(-)-To
"Avoid possible deficits," the AAAj
said tonight, initial, payments to
farmers who participated in this
year's soil conservation program will
be limited to 90 per cent.

Franklin Pictures "
Silly Sort Of Life
In Ammonia World
A hypothetical world where nitro-
gen replaced oxygen and ammonia
substituted for water was laughingly
depicted yesterday by Dr. E. C.
Franklin of Stanford University to
point a lecture on ammonia given by
him in the Chemistry Building.
In this world, vwhose existence, Dr.
Franklin emphasized, could not be
belied by any known chemical or
physical principles, inhalation dur-
ing breathing would draw inhapure
supply of nitrogen, and exhalation
to remove waste gases would be
unnecessary. Instead of carbonated
water there would be carbonated
ammonia, except that the carbon
dioxide for the carbonation would no
longer be an oxide but a nitride.
Alcohol, too, would be of an ammon-
iacal nature, and in place of the one
generally palatable alcohol which the
indulger now knows under various
disguises there would be two alco-
hols containing potentialities for bev-
erage use.
As examples, he pointed out, garlic
corresponds to many perfumes after
these substitutions have been made,
and the distinguishable odor of the
skunk is akin to other perfumes hav-
ing their oxygen changed to nitrogen.
No difference whatever, he noted,
would be made in the aroma of rotten
eggs, and the gas responsible for that
aroma probably would become a
widespread cooking medium in a
worl dwhere oxygen was eliminated.
Brucker Files
Suit In Answer
T1o Hook Claim
IRON RIVER, Oct. 8.-(/)-Com-
ing here from Iron Mountain Wilber
M. Brucker, Republican nominee for
U. S. Senator, reiterated the state-
ment he made in Iron Mountain earl-
ier in the evening, that he would file
a law suit Friday in Ironwood against
Congressman Frank E. Hook, of that
city, as his answer to Hook's charge
that Brucker was affiliated with the
Black Legion.
Brucker, denying emphatically any
sort of affiliation with the Black Le-
gion, said he was absolutely opposed
to the principles attributed to that
organization and said that during his
active work in the American Legion,
"the only legion to which I ever be-
longed," I fought tooth and nail
against the Ku Klux Klan when i1

Choral Union
Racketeers Are
HitB Moore,
Moore Says Many Students
Join Union For Tickets;
Tryouts Still Open.
Assurance that all persons interest-
ed in joining the Choral Union will
be given tryouts was given yestrday
by Earl V. Moore of the School of
Music. At the same time, Professor
Moore stated that for many of the
tryouts, joining the Choral Union is
little more than a "racket."
One of the difficulties of organiz-
ing the Chorus, Professor Moore said,
is the problem of weeding out those
persons who are trying to join for
the sole purpose of getting free tick-
ets to the Choral Union concerts.
That this situation does exist, he
added, is evidenced by the fact that
after the last concert in the spring, a
large number always drops out of
the chorus. It is for this reason that
all last year's attendance records are
being checked so that these persons
may be kept off the Chorus this year.
Professor Moore emphasized the
fact that no section of the Chorus
has been closed to tryouts permanent-
ly. In answer to letters received by
The Daily complaining about the
manner in which the tryouts are be-'
ing conducted, Professor Moore ex-
plained that certain sections of the
Chorus, the soprano in particular,
will accept no tryouts for a short
time because they are overcrowded.
When the other sections have be-
come larger, he said, the crowded
sections will again be opened, and all
tryouts will be given a chance before
the list of the Chorus is assembled.
_Professor Moore expects that the
Chorus will be smaller this year than
last, when it included 400 persons
while the number of tryouts this year
is larger than it has been for a num
ber of years. A new system of num
t bering tryouts was inaugurated yes
terday to prevent the congestion
which has occurred during the las
few daXs, and this is expected to save
students the time wasted waiting in
line, Moore, said.
World Court Elects
s Dr. Manley ludson

Intervention
Not Certain,
Says Russian
Government
Workers Demand Planes
And Bombs For Spanish
Comrades, 'Not Butter'
Britain Concerned
Over Soviet Threat
Communist Motives Are
Assailed By Germany;
Crisis MayDevelop
MOSCOW, Oct. 8-(A)-(-The Krem-
lin, informed sources said tonight,
has not yet decided to send munitions
into Spain to aid the Spanish gov-
ernment against the fascist insur-
gents.
Nevertheless, reliableuinformants
said, the Kremlin was under consid-
erable pressure and having difficuty
restraining a wave of sympathy for
Spain which has developed during
the last three months.
The government continued mass
meetings of workers for donations to
be sent to Spanish women and chil-
dren, but in many quarters "airplanes
and not apples, bombs and not but-
ter," were demanded for the Spanish
"popular front."
The Government tonight denied it
had acted precipitately in issuing an
ultimatum to abandon the neutrality
pact unless Germany, Italy and Por-
tugal ceased actively aiding the Span-
ish insurgents.
The government spokesman said
the ultimatum had been decided upon
only after the situation became "in-
tolerable" through continued inter-
vention onbehalf of the fascists in
direct violation of neutrality.
Soviet officials placed full blame
"for the failure of the agreement" on
the lack of "backbone of England and
France" which the officials said they
hoped had been stiffened by the ulti-
matum.
LONDON, Oct.8-(/P)-British
officials labored tonight to quiet Rus-
sia's outburst against Germany, Italy,
and Portugal, in which the Soviet
government charged those countries
with aiding the Spanish insurgents
in violation of the neutrality pact.
If the three countries named by
Russia should report at Friday's ses-
sion of the neutrality committee in
London, many persons believed, one
of the gravest crises since Germany
defied the Locarno pact might be
created.
British Anxious
British officials expressed greatest
anxiety lest the Russian ultimatum
might result in a showdown fight be-
tween fascism and .communism in
European countries.
Recriminations at Friday's session,
government leaders feajred, might
make a wreck of the committe which
Britain and France worked so long
to set up.
The "premature publicity" given
Russia's charges outside the commit-
tee sessions plainly angered British
officials, who said the pact signatories
were pledged from the beginning to
'work privately.
The Russian ultimatum, delivered
to signatroies Wednesday, declared
Russia would abandon the neutrality
pact unless Germany, Italy and
Portugal ceased aiding the Spanish
insurgents.
Soviet Bluffing?

If the Soviet government is only
"bluffing,"dinformed observers said,
a long and bitter period of diplo-
matic bickering was ahead.
On the other hand, if the Kremlin
meant business, it was said, and in-
tended to back up the Spanish Madrid
1 government with guns and planes,
Europe was "dangerously near the
brink."
e Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden
abruptly closed his Monaco vacation
and hurried homeward to take the
r diplomatic helm of his country.
- He was to confer Friday with
France's Socialist Premier Leon
Blum in Paris, on possible concerted
action if a crisis should arise.
t The Rome government remained
e discreetly silent on the Russian ul-
timatum today, with informed circles
denying that Premier Mussolini had
violated the non-interference act at
any time since Italy signed.
BERLIN, Oct. 8.-(A")-The Ger-
1 man foreign office tonight attacked

Love Wings Over Jordan Hall;
A Bath Towel ForFlying Suitor

By ELSIE ROXBOROUGII
Love will find a way! Even if it
has to use wings.
Particularly is this so when the
male partner is a Deke with ex-I
travagant ideas and the son of the
president of the Stinson Aircraft
company's airport.
Thus is explained the airplane,
which circles Mosher-Jordan Hall
weekly, and the response which it
elicits-a bath towel waved frantical-
ly from a window.
The amorous aviator is Bernard
De Weese, '34, and the waver of the

these flying spells getting the best
of him, he telephones Miss Bryce,
and in no time at all, he's away up
high, far over her head, while she
hangs out of a Jordan Hall window,
vigorously waving her bath towel,
lest he be dispirited in thinking
his aerial prowess unappreciated.
Recently De Weese executed a dar-
ing "left wing over," much to Miss
Bryce's horror and chagrin. Fear-
fully she grabbed up her favorite
bath towel and rushed to the screen
-but in vain. It would not budge,
and there was her future dodging
around sideways amid the clouds.

the Soviet Demarche in London as
GENEVA, Oct. 8.-(/P)-Dr. Man- an attempt to save a "comintern
ley 0. Hudson, profe sor of inter- venture" in Spain.
nationna lw a tHrvaird University A foreign office statement said that

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