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May 30, 1936 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1936-05-30

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Johnston Sees
West' sRainfall
Irrigation Farmers Only
Group Assured Of Water
This Summer
That unpredictable and perverse
necessity of the western dirt farmer,
summer rainfall, may bring comfort
and full granaries or despair and
- dust to millions, but its regularity
can be little affected by such means
as shelter belts or lowland drainage,
Prof. C. T. Johnston, head of the de-
partment of geodesy and surveying,
declared yesterday.
In fact, the only western farmer
who can be reasonably certain of a
return for his labors is the one for
whom irrigation assures water, he
pointed out. These need have no
concern over the rainfall this summer,
he said, because heavy snows last
winter have already filled the reser-
voirs and canals.
Some Dust Storms Already
In the great plains region, which
lies between the mountain .sections
where irrigation is the ordinary
source of water and the Mississippi
valley, the fate of this year's crops
is still hanging in the balance, Profes-
sor ,Johnston asserted. Present evi-
dence such as the price of wheat and
the crop estimates tends to foretell
a good year with sufficient rain at
the proper times, but some reports of
local dust storms and arid conditions
paint a blacker side of the picture.
Passing from the prospects for
summer rainfall to the proposals for
its encouragement, Professor John-
ston termed impractical the tree
shelter belt plan advocated by va-
rious New Dealers. Although, he
agreed the objectives of the plan,
itended to increase western rainfall
and stop dust storms by catching with
n nation-wide belt of trees the mois-
tpre in the east-bound winds, is laud-
able, its proponents have overlooked
several things.
' First and most important of these,
he stated, is the extreme difficulty
or impossibility of getting more than
aZ isolated tree or two to grow on
the water supply of the great plains.
In order to support a large number
of trees the belt would have to be
located somewhere near the Missis-
sippi valley, in central Iowa or Mis-
souri. There, however, the farmers
could not afford to relegate large
areas of fertile land to trees, and the
shelter belt probably would be of little
use anyway.
Drainage Effects Exaggerated
Also, Professor Johnston declared,
the effect of draining swamps and
marshlands has been greatly exag-
gerated. Low-lying areas which tend
to accumulate water can always be
kept sufficiently moist, despite drain-
age, to raise crops, while the higher
portions from which water has
drained. naturally will, of course, feel
the lack of water as badly under na-
tural conditions as under man's culti-
vation, he added.
Nor does the removing . of such
water surfaces from the evaporating
action of the sun cause any great
change in the region's rainfall, in
Professor Johnston's opinion. Most
of the western rain, he pointed out,
is carried in from the Pacific Ocean,
and the total is little affected by local
marshes or ponds.
Farmlands Have Recovered
Another concept which Professor
Johnston believes greatly overrated
is that lasting and irreparable dam-
age has been done to western farm-

lands by the dust storms and drought,
Being director of the University's
Camp Davis in the Jackson Hole
country of Wyoming, he has frequent-
ly had opportunity to observe the
West. Two years ago, he reported,
western Iowa was a desert of dust,
but last year, when rain had come
in time for the growing season, the
entire state had resumed a brilliant
green color, and bumper crops were
Whether either of these two ex-
tremes or some intermediate condi-
tion will develop this summer cannot
be determined yet, he concluded, but
at least the irrigation farmers will
have good crops.

Brothers Jailed In Legion Flogging Case

-Associated Press Photo.
These three Lrothers: Glen, Ray and Clarence Ernest, are shown in
jail at Jackson, Mich., where they are held on charges of flogging Harley
Smith of Norvell for his efforts to withdraw his membership from the
Black Legion. Ray Ernest, former Jackson state prison guard, has been
named as brigadier-general of the hooded organization.
Recorder's Ofice Solves Part
O Problems With Unique Chart

Appeal Made
To Motorists
By Fitzgerald
LANSING, May 29.- UP) -A public
appeal to motorists for cautious driv-
ing during the Memorial Day week-
end came from the office of Governor
Fitzgerald today.
"We need the help of every person
who gets behind a wheel," the gov-
ernor's appeal read.
"Drive safely. Above all, check
the desiregfor greater speed which
seems to grip the person newly freed
from work and headed for play. An
hour more of driving time is well
spent, if it saves a single human life
and injury.
"Keep in mind the other fellow,
who looks forward to his fishing, his
golfing, his swimming and his camp-
ing, with just as much relish as you
do. Don't rob him of his pleasure
by involving him in an accident by
considering his safety, you likewise
will be protecting yourself and those
who ride with you.
"I earnestly hope Michigan can
set a new record in highway safety
during this 1936 vacation season."
The Governor pointed out Me-
norial Day opens the summer sea-
son of heavy traffic and thousands
of motorists will be thronging to re-
270 Deaths Foreseen
As Toll Of Holiday
CHICAGO, May 29. - (P) - Statis-
ticians of the National Safety Council
estimated today - on the basis of past
experience - a traffic death list of 270
persons for the nation's week end
holiday, and authorities in many com-
munities pleaded with motorists to
"slow down" to save as many of the
potential victims as possible.
The incident of Memorial Day-
always one of the black days of the
year in motor casualties-on a Satur-
day caused the statisticians to add
29 to the number of deaths past rec-
ords indicated might be expected.
Saturdays ordinarily have 35 per cent
more accidents than other week days,
they said.
R. L. Forney, chief statistician of
the Council and actuary for the Me-
morial Day calculations, estimated
that the "double day off" period would
send 20,000,000 of the 22,500,000 cars
registered in the nation rolling over
the highways Saturday and Sunday.
Engraved $
0 oCards & Plates 1.65
City's Lowest Prices on Printing.
308 North Main Street - Dial 2-1013

(Continued from Page 4)
Communion; 9:30 a.m., Church
School; 11 a.m., Kindergarten; 11
a.m. morning prayer and sermon by
The Reverend Frederick W. Leach.I
First Congregational Church, Sun-
10:30 a.m., Service of worship and
religious education. Mr. Heaps will
speak on "Good News for the World,"
concluding the monthly series. Pro-
fessor Slosson will give the lecture, his
subject being "Masaryk, Champion of
Liberalism." This is the concluding
lecture of the year.
Church of Christ (Disciples) Sun-
10:45 a.m., Morning worship, Rev.
Fred Cowin, Minister.
12 noon, Students' Bible class, H. L.
Pickerill, leader.
5:30 p.m. The guild will meet at the
church and go for a picnic supper
and program to the bluff across Hu-
ron River. Transportation will be
provided. Because of the approach-
ing examinations Sunday will be the
last day for regular meetings. The
evening program will seek to evaluate
the work of the year and will also
consider the program for next fall.
First Presbyterian Church, Sunday:
10:45 a.m., Morning worship with
sermon by the minister, William P.
Lemon, D.D., "The Religion of a Pa-
St. Paul's Lutheran Church- Sun-
9:30 a.m. Church school.
10:30 a.m., Confirmation service. A
class of 22 children and adults will
be received into church membership
by Holy Baptism and the rite of Con-
The usual service in German has
been omitted this Sunday, neither will
there be any student meeting in the
Unitarian Church, Sunday:
11 a.m., "The Church in War Time"

--a panel discussion by Prof. A. H.
White and Prof. R. W. Sellars. Liber-
al Students Union will hold their
annual picnic. Cars leave church at
1 p.m.
Whittenore Gro-up
Returns From Trip
Six graduates of the department of
landscape design under the direction
of Prof. Harlow O. Whittemore, chair-
man of the department, returned re-
cently from a trip through the south-
ern part of the country during which
they visited many of the old colonial


ML'mber of

and Georgian estates and some of
the large state and national parks.
Each year a tour is sponsored by
this department mainly for graduate
students but open to others who are
free to go. This year the trip, lasting
ten days, cevered Virginia with ex-
cursions through the Blue Ridge Na-
tional Park, the Shenandoah National
Park, and the Shenandoah Valley.
State and Liberty
Watch Repairing!

All Students Are Touched
By Office In Multiplicity
Of Functions
Because they had so many duties
they couldn't keep track of them in
any previously known manner, and
because staff members of the Re-
corder's Office are ingenious, they
have contrived a huge chart noting'
all their functions. When completed
it will contain a record of the months
and the tasks that must be done in
these months.
The office acts as a "handy-man"
for the School of Forestry and Con-
servation, the College of Literature,
Science and the Arts, the School of
Music, the School of Education, the
College of Architecture and the Ex-
tension Division.
The huge chart is not the only
means which has been utilized to help
ease the office's multitude of tasks.
A "lingo" has also grown up. For
example, on theachartrwas the nota-
tion "pack peanut bags" which meant
that the bags containing all the neces-
sary paraphernalia for each of the
thousands of students who are to reg-
ister at the beginning of each semes-
ter must be filled. Also noticed was
"weed the flower garden"-in other
words, sort out the various colored
cards which signify registrations in
the different colleges. There are, in-
cidentally, 45 different departments
in which a student can concentrate.
Another important duty of the
office is furnishing transcripts. For-
merly these were furnished only as
a reference when a student changed
schools. Now, however, business
houses, relief agencies, banks, chain
stores and, in one case, a garbage dis-
posal company have requested these
75 Medical Books
Added To Library
A group of 75 old medical books.
one of the most important recent
additions to the Library, has been
presented to the University. These
old and rare volumes, a gift of the
late Dr. LeRoy Crummer, '93, increase
to more than 1,000 the total of books
which have been donated from Dr.
Crummer's library since his death in
Of this group there are 10 books
which are printed before 1501, tech-
nically known as incunabula. Twenty
years ago the University had only
19 of these; now the Old and Rare
Book Section of the General Library
has almost 250.
Mrs. Myrtle Crummer Ingram, his
widow, has indicated that there are
still a few more books which the Uni-
versity will receive in the near future,
Dr. William Bishop, Librarian, de-

transcripts so as to check up on the
graduates' college records.
Among other duties are the fur-
nishing of lists of honor students to
the various honor societies, furnish-
ing records, lists of seniors, postingj
discipline notices, recording grades
and handling registration. And there
are more new functions cropping up
each week.
?newspaper Warns
Drinking Drivers
TULSA, Okla., May 29.--U)-This
item appeared on page one of the
Tulsa Tribune today:;
"Memorial Day celebrators:
"The Tribune requests that per-
sons who intend to mix liquor with
automobiles in Memorial Day cele-
brations kindly leave typed obituaries
and photographs or one column cuts
with the city editor before beginning
the day's observance. The clearing
of the accident stories thus will be
facilitated for the city news staff."


. I NStJR,
The very name commands that we look back and
review events. We express esteem for those who have
given their lives in our nation's wars . . . and we
harbor fervent hopes that it will not be necessary to
add other names to this honorable but deplorable list.
On this day, too, we reminisce about personal and
community affairs and, in the name of good citizen-
ship, we should vow to conduct ourselves for the good
of all . . . so that we always can "look back" with
Ann Arbor Savings
& Commerial Bank




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