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May 05, 1936 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1936-05-05

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The Weather
Cloudy and unsettled today;
somewhat warmer; gentle

ig r

-.Lfr, 6

at t!j

If Not, Throw Them Out...
Simple Things...

VOL. XLVI No. 152
Experts Study
Morgenthau 's
Deficit Threat
Speculation Rampant Over
Prediction By Secretary
Of 6 BillionShortage
Income Is Greater
Than Was Expected
Current Rate Of Receipts
Is Higher Than Treasury
Head Had_ Anticipated
WASHINGTON, May 4. - (P) -
Washington today indulged in specu-
lation upon the eventual accuracy of
treasury's budget estimates, with Sec-
retary Mgenthau's recent predic-
tion of , $ ,000,000 deficit for the
cuxrent isa year the center of
Ten months of the current fiscal
year have elapsed and the totals
of receipts and expenditures for that
period show a monthly rate of income
and outgo, which, if continued until
July 1 would result in a deficit well
below the figure cited by the treasury
In addition, Morgenthau's state-
ment, made last week before the Sen-
ate finance committee, presupposed
full payment of the bonus by July 1,
while latest estimates today were that,
on a basis of applications received
and progress made in preparations for
payment, some 71 to 72 per cent of
the expected total would be paid out
this fiscal year.
At the treasury, it was revealed
that the cabinet officer's figures were
based upon estimates of receipts and
expenditures made in December.
These he revised to allow for loss of
revenue from processing taxes and
the cost of the bonus.
The following table gives a skele-
tonized view of the situation:
December Budget Estimates
Receipts ...... . .......$4,410,793,946
Expenditures ..........7,645,301,338
Morgenthau Estimates
Expenditures .......9,882,301,338
Deficit..... . . . ........ 5,966,607,392
Actual For Ten Months
Receipts .. . ........... $3,330,624,000
Expenditures.......... 5,967,997,515
Deficit ............ . .. 2,637,372,665
Deducting from the estimated total
to be spent in the full fiscal year, the
$5,967,997,515 spent in ten months,
$3,914, 303,823 would remain to be
spent in the next two months. Sub-
tracting from the latter the expected
cost of the bonus, $2,237,000,000, would
leave $1,677,303,823 to be spent in the
usual ways in two months.
End Third Day
Of Questioning
In Karpis Sift
Government Said T [ave
'Airtight Case' Against
Public Enemy
ST. PAUI,, May 4. -(/Py Alvin
Karpis was subjected to his third day
of almost continuous questioning to-
day as District Attorney George F.
Sullivan announced the government
had "an airtight case" and would
ask that bail be set at $400,000 when
the outlaw is arraigned on kidnaping

In explanation of what he said
he believed was an unprecedented bail
demand, Sullivan called Karpis "one
of the most desperate characters
in the history of the nation." He
added he was prepared to arraign
Karpis continually since he was
rushed here by airplane Saturday
morning from New Orleans where he
was seized the night before after a
three-year hunt.
His questioners did not disclose re-
sults of their efforts or when they
expected to complete the task.
U. S. agents said Karpis was quizzed
concerning the $100,000 ransom kid-
naping of William Hamm, Jr., a brew-
ing company head. The abduction of
Edward G. Bremer for whose release
$200,000 was paid, as well as nearly a
score of other crimes. Among them
were two holdups- a $30,000 payroll
holdup in South St. Paul and the
$112,000 Third Northwestern National
Bank robbery in Minneapolis. Four
persons were killed in the two crimes.
No 'Gloomy Sunday'
For Thefi 'rco-m r



.. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. . ... . ... .. .. .. ..

Students Say "Yes" When Asked Sherwood And'
If TheyWould Fight In Defrmse s Receive

Roosevelt Is
1N d V 1.i~ b

Americans Remain


Poll For Student Opinion
Finds Majority Hostile
To League Of Nations
If. war were declared tomorrow
would you enlist for the defense of
your country?
To this question, asked of 60 stu-
dents, selected at random by The
Daily's reporters, 56 students replied
"yes," three said "no" and one de-
clared that he was undecided.
Two other questions were asked
these students - "Do you believe that
maintaining a large army is the best
means of preventing war?" and "Do
you believe that the United States
should join the League of Nations?"
Only one third responded affirma-
tively to the second question, while
41 answered that they believed that
large armies were merely an incentive
for more wars. Again, two-thirds of
the students were opposed to the
United States' joining the League of
A typical answer to the first ques-
tion was given by Kenneth Mayne,
'39. "If my political and social rights
were endangered as they surely would
be by such an act of aggression on
the part of other nations, I would not
hesitate to fight for those rights." On
the opposing side was another stu-
dent, who answered, "I should not
fight under any conditions, for was
is not justifiable and is merely legal-
ized murder."
Another dissenting opinion was
that of Allan Hayes, '37, who said,
"no," because every war by propa-
ganda is converted into a defensive
war by the mere playing on the
sympathies of the people." How-
ever, practically all of those who an-
swered that they would fight insisted
that they must be sure that it was
purely a defensive war.
In answering the second question,
Lawrence McKay, '38, stated, "I'm
afraid large armies and navies are
necessary, for diplomacy doesn't
seem to have accomplished anything;
and human nature is against it." Karl
Kuehne, '39, laconically replied, "Yes,
the money might as well go into that
as well as anything else the govern-
ment does." Still another student,
Walter Cramer, '38SM, answered that
at the present time preparedness wasi
the best means of keeping peace, but
C hemtists Have ot
Time As They Join
Fire Eaters' Ranks
"What's on the fire today?"
No idle query, that, members of
Prof. D. W. ("blow 'em down") Mc-
Cready's chemical engineering class
on fuels and furnaces learned this
last week end of hot and cold mem-
Very serious business, in fact. Eight
hours of it for each and every mem-
bcr. Occasion for the continuous
question was the University Power-
house "run" through which Professor
McCready bulldozes his charges every
To answer that question the gases
emanating from the boiler firebeds
were put through a caustic ordeal by
rather caustically tongued analysts,
the array of meters which grace or
condemn t h job of boiler tending
were scrutinized from all possible
angles, and the roal that burns in
the furnaces that heat the steam that
generates the electricity that lights
the lights was sampled with an avid-
ity and dirtiness which only engineers
could attain.
And the trouble is, despairing stu-
dents predict, no two will have the
same idea of what was on the fire
when the time comes to settle that

he qualified his answer by saying
"However, a more suitable means
could be established if the present sit-
uation of world chaos could be rem-
Another student, on the other side
of the controversy, replied empha-
tically, "No. The race between coun-
tries for armament supremacy can
be likened to two children. One child
flaunts his greater strength in the
face of the other. The inevitable re-
sult is bitter enmity. Heavy arma-
ments are not a means, but are rath-
er a deterrence to harmony among
Hayes said in reply to this ques-
tion, "No. Large armies and navies
are constructed in the spirit of war.
As wealth is conductive to spending,

Pulitzei Titles
'Idio s Delight, 'Honey
In The Horn' Are Named
BeIs In Drama, Novel
Robeirt Coffin Wins

Ini Marylan 1n Legation Despite

Award For Verse
Ielix Morley, Parker Are I
Awarded Prizes For Best
Editorial Writing

so the feeling of strength is con- NEW YORK, May 4.- UP) --Robert
ducive to fighting." E. Sherwood's "Idiot's Delight" to-
Opinion was divided as to whether night was awarded the 1936 Pulitzer
the United States should join the Pruze for the best drama by an Amer-
League of Nations. Some said they ican authoi presented during the
believed the nation should keep out current season.
of foreign entangling alliances, al- The prize for the most distinguished
though they did admit that "if the novel published during 1935 by an
world were farther along in its think- American author was awarded to
ing, membership in the League would "Honey in the Horn" by Harold L.
be a good thing. Davis.
Others advocated membership, be- Other awards in letters were:
cause they termed it "the only sincere History - "The Constitutional His-
attempt in the world today to settle tory of the United States" by Andrew
disputes by arbitration." Another re- Hunninglhami McLaughlin,
plied "yes," saying "Some form of Biography - "The Thought and
peaceful negotiation, like the League, Character of William James" by
is not only necessary but inevitable Ralph Barton Perry.
if ordered society is to exist." Verse - -"Strange Holiness" by Rob-
John Vlachos, '38E, was another ert P. Tristram Coffin.
(Continued on Page 2)
--__otine_ __nag_2Each of the awards carried with it
a cash prize of $1,000.
Faculty Plan The five prizes in journalism were
as follows:
Luncheon FIor For the most distinguished and
k iW i IU n liUJJU , i i1' n d Ui


Page Thursday
Bond Committee, Peace
Council Are Tof Met j
Ton iht At Union

meror srous 1
medal valued
Rapids, Iowa
sade against
ernment "int
For disting
eign corresp
$500 awarded
Barber of th

___his reports o
Members of the faculty will enter- For disting
tain Kirby Page, famous author and there were tw
publicist, at a luncheon meeting prizes of $50
Thursday noon at the Union, it was editor of th
announced yesterday by Dr. Edward to George B
W. Blakeman, counsellor of religion. I of the Scrip:
Mr. Page is to introduce Earl George For a dist
Lansbury, former British labor party reporter's w
leader, who is to speak Thursday at Lamtu en D. L;
4 p.m. at the Lydia Mendelssohn Tines. for h.;
Theatre on "Ways to Peace." ing that th
The lecture is jointly sponsored by leaving the
the University Peace Council and the Englanl.
local chapter of the Emergency Peace To a nIws
Campaign. Although 50 members (Minn.) Dai
of the faculty are being invited to against corr
the luncheon as a representative ment in St. R
group, others who are interested Washingto
may make arrangements through Dr. cnt: Webb M
Blaketnan's cffice. Association
Election of officers for the Pe'ace Italo-Ethiopi
Council will take place at a meeting of the Provi
at 8 p.m. today at the Union, it was his correspon,
announced yesterday by Alice B. ay G.;ayd
Brigham, '36, secretary. for his series
A meeting of the Peace Bond Com- fn o a too
mittee, which is to start the sle ol
non-negotiable peace bonds Thu~rs-I
day in Ann Arbor is to precede the j o 'i
meeting of the University Peace Coun-
cil at 7:30 p.m. today, it was an-
nounced by Julian Orr, '37, chairman InV e
of the committee.-
William Padgett, alias "Short "
llayden, was arraigned in circuit m
court today on a charge of murd-r l
fcr the slaying of Officer Clifford V/ait I
"Sid" Stang in a hold-up here in1
March, 1935, and pleaded not guilty. y PY [
Arthur C. Lehman was appointed his
attorney, and the case was postponed WASHING
indefinitely when Padgett requested Franeis E.
more time to establish his where- sharp words

pu crt service, a goi
d at $500 to the Cedar
a, Gazette, for its cru-
corruption and misgov-
the State of Iowa."
guished service as a for-
ondent, a cash prize of
d posthumously to Will
he Chicago Tribune for
f the war in Ethiopia.
uished editorial writing,
wo awards, carrying cash
0 each; to Felix Morley,
Washington Post, and
. Parker, editor-in-chief
ps-Howard newspapers.
inguished example of a
ork, $1,000 in cash to
,yman of the New York
is exclusive story reveal-
e Lindbergh family was
United States to live in
spaper : to the St. Paul,
1y News for its campaign
uption and misgovern-
n or foreign correspond-
liller of the United Press
for his reports of the
an war; Ashmun Brown
dence (R. I.) Journal for
ndence from Washington;
den of the Detroit News
of political articles writ-
r of the country.
)nly Hoax
Anugrily During
''r Quiz On Plan
ETON, May 4. .- (/') - Dr.
Townsend tonight had
for the House committee

Primary Shows 6 To 1
Majority Over Colonel
Henry Breckenridge
President Assured
Of 16_Delegates
Democratic Forces Feel
Confident; Believe Win
Is Last Step To Victory
BALTIMORE, May 4. --(/P) - Pres-
dent Roosevelt was conceded to
Maryland Democratic Presidential
referential primary by more than
six to one tonight over his opponent,
'ol. Henry Breckenridge, anti-New
Deal candidate.
The returns were unofficial and in-
omplete, but the Roosevelt lead was
so great that there was no doubt as
o the final outcome. Returns from
,153 of the state's 1,433 polling places
rave the President 82,630 and Colonel
Breckenridge 15,151. The vote for an
uninstructed national convention del-
gation was 1,288.
Roosevelt won 54,560 votes from
Baltimore's 685 polling places, while
Breckenridge had 8,555 and unin-
tructed delegates 675. From 568 of
748 polling places in the counties,
Roosevelt had 38,070 ballots, Brecken-
idge 6,596 and uninstructed dele-
gates 613. The returns were slow in
oming in, election officials said.
Roosevelt's victory means that he
.s assured Maryland's 16 votes in the
-oming national convention in Phil-
delphia. The vote was hailed by
Democrats in Washington as "defi-
iitely indicating" the Eastern senti-
nent toward Roosevelt and the New
"This is the last step toward vic-
ory," one Democrat close to the
President said. "We have nothing
o fear, either in the convention or
in the election."
With Maryland assured, Roosevelt
now has "carried" practically every
state in which a presidential pri-
nary has been held. He has received
far more votes in the Democratic bal-
lots than any Republican running on
the G.O.P. ticket.
Student Fined
For Too Much
Noise In Show
Robert B. Colten, '39, of Detroit,
was arrested last night by police on
the complaint of the Michigan The-
atre management, and fined $5 and
$7.50 costs or ten days in jail for dis-
orderly conduct in a public place.
He was brought into court late last
night and tried by Judge Jay H.
Payne, after Robert Allen, assistant
manager, said a woman patron at the
theatre had left complaining that
Colten wasusing a noisemaker. Ushers
finally located Colten and a com-
panion, Leslie J. Trigg, '39E, as the
students who were making the dis-
turbance, and Allen took them to
police headquarters and signed the
formal complaint. Trigg was released
but left the station only after threats
to arrest him on a charge of loitering.
Judge Payne settled the case last
night in order to save Colten the em-
barrassment of a night in jail, but
Colten, after calling his roommate,
announced that he would not pay the
fine, and elected to go to jail. His
roommate, however, came to the sta-
tion and secured his release by agree-
ing to pay the fine and costs today.

Evacuation Orders

Meeting Of Board Set
For 8 A.M., May 16
The Board in Control of Student
Publications will hold its meeting
for the appointment of managing
editor and business manager of
The Michigan Daily, The Summer
Michigan Daily, the Michiganen-
sian, and the Gargoyle, and busi-
ness manager of the Summer Di-
rectoray, at 8 a.m., rather than at
2:30 p.m. as previously announced,
May 16, 1936.
Each applicant for a position is
requested to file nine copies of his
letter of application with the'
Auditor of Student PublicationsI
not later than May 9, 1936, forp
the use of the members of the"
Board. Carbon copies, if legible,r
will be satisfactory. Each lettert
should state facts as to the ap-
plicant's experience upon the pub-f
lication or elsewhere, so far as1
they may have any bearing upon1
his qualifications for the positionI
sought, and other facts which thet
applicant may deem relevant.-
Business Manager, Board
In Control Of Student Pub-
Phi Beta Kappa
Inducts 57 Intof
Group At Union'
Regent Beal Is Initiated;t
Members To Be Feted At
Regent Junius E. Beal of Ann Ar-
bor and 57 Michigan students were
initiated into Phi Beta Kappa, Mon-
day, and will be feted at the chapter's
annual banquet at 6:30 p.m. today
at the Union.
Prof. Campbell Bonner, chairman
of the Greek department, delivered
the principal address. His subject
was "Distinction and Standards."
A custom of the chapter is to have
two students offer speeches of ac-
ceptance at this affair. Winifred
Bell, '36, former chairman of the Ju-
diciary Council gave the response
for the women and Harvey Patton,
Jr., '37, star track man, represented
the men.
Regent Beal, who was graduated
from the University in 1882 and who
has been a member of the Board of
Regents for 28 years, has the longest
record of service of any elective of-
Student membership to Phi Beta
Kappa necessitates a 2.5 scholastic
average for juniors.
The initiation banquet has been an
annual affair since the origination of
the University Chapter in 1907. The
official banquet was omitted during
the years 1917 and 1918 because of
war difficulties.
Members of other Phi Beta Kappa
chapters in town or any members who
have not received notices may pur-
chase tickets at the door. The price
of the dinner is $1.
WASHINGTON, May 1. - (/P) -
Major General Johnson Hagood, com-
manding the Sixth Army Corps Area
at Chicago, was ordered home tonight
to await retirement.

Van Engert And Assistants
Hold Ethiopian Mission
Against Bandit Attacks
Minister Is Urged
To Leave By Hull
Italians Occupy Outskirts
Of Addis Ababa; Capital
Stricken With Riots
WASHINGTON, May 4. -(MP) -
Defenders of the American legation
at Addis Ababa for three riotous days
hung grimly to their post tonight de-
spite state department instructions to
abandon the diplomatic mission and
take shelter at the British legation.
Upon receipt of an urgent message
from Secretary Hull to abandon the
legation in the interest of safety, the
American Minister Cornelius Van H.
Engert notified the state department
that he felt the mission should not
be evacuated except as a last resort.
Earlier, the British legation had ad-
vised, through London and the state
department, that it would be unable
to send soldiers and guns from its
own guard to aid in defense of the
American legation.
British Offer Convoy
The British offered, however to send
a military convoy to assist in the
evacuation of the remaining occu-
pants of the American legation. Sec-
retary Hull "urged" Engert to aban-
don his valiant defense of the inade-
quately fortified American diplomatic
In a message radioed direct t
Washington at 3:00 a.m., May 5, Ethi-
opian time (8:00 p.m. May 4, E.S.T.
Engert said:
"The night has so far been excep-
tionally calm and we all feelwe
should not evacuate.
"British legation has so far not
got in touch with me but if after con-
sultation with officers we would pre-
sumably accompany convoy, I con-
sider that there is no alternative, I
shall not hesitate to act in accord-
ance with your suggestion."
(By the Associated Press)
Fifteen Thousand native Italian
troops camped outside the limits of
Addis Ababa Monday night as Ameri-
can officials in Washington ordered
the evacuation of their legation with- .
in the riot-stricken capital.
The arrival of Italian troops in the
suburbs of Emperor Haile Selassie's
principal city was reported in Rome
by a reliable military source.
Cordell Hull, United States Secre-
tary of State, ordered the evacua-
tion of the legation after the British
Foreign Office received word from its
minister that he was unable to spare
a detachment of guards to assist in
the defense of the American head-
Beat Off Attack
A valiant little band of Americans,
determined to fight it out, was be-
sieged in the legation in Addis Ababa
Monday by murderous Ethiopian war-
They beat off one attack, despite
their scanty arms, but the Minister-
Resident, a diplomat turned fighter,
reported late in the day that the sit-
uation was "growing worse."
In a later message, however, the
minister advised Washington: "Feel
confident we can at least hold out un-
til tomorrow as situation has not
changed for worse this afternoon ow-
ing to rain, even slightly improved.
My staff behaving splendidly despite
great strain."
Sends Appeal For Help
He sent an appeal to Washington,
nearly halfway around the world, for
help from the garrisoned British le-
gation, only four miles away. The
appeal was transmitted to London
and the British government promised

The besieged legation advised how-
ever, "British legation apparently un-
able to get in touch with us."
Two native servants in the legation
were wounded Monday morning when
a surprise assault on it was beaten
The little band of Americans, in a
plight almost unprecedented in mod-
ern times, includes Cornelius Van H.'
Engert, the Minister-Resident, and
his wife; two vice-consuls, four Amer-
ican navy radio operators; two Amer-


abouts at the time of the
He was returned to Wa
County Jail without bond.

Modern Drama Is Influenced
By Poetic Method, Pole
By ELSIE A. PIERCE come pure music, to 'wed hisz
The most potent force influencing his ideas'."
contemporary drama is the growing Although plays dealing w
importance of poetry in the theatre, rent sociological problems
Reginald Pole, distinguished English prime importance in awakeni
actor and lecturer, who will deliver a lie realization of the faults
series of four lectures here during the ciety, he pointed out that su
five-week Dramatic Season, said in can not have permanent va
an interview here yesterday. this merely on the basis of th
"The use of verse form in the drama tinence to contemporary p
is becoming of tremendous value," Mr. but "They must have huma
Pole maintained, "and is becoming as well."
more and more pronounced in the He particularly praised the
plays of Maxwell Anderson, among Clifford Odets, characterizin
them "Elizabeth the Queen," "Mary one of the most promising
of Scotland," and his current pro- playwrights of today "who
duction,"Winterset," and those of shows a poignant and great
duti n, ,, ' standing of the social crisis."

killing. which tomorrow will open its ques-
shtenaw tioning of the co-founder of the old
age pension plan.
--- Retorting to a remark by Chairman
Bell (Dem., Mo.), of the investigating
committee chai'actei'izing a, proposed
caravan to carry 10 million Townsend
petition signatures to the capital as
ays "a cruel hoax upon the aged and
infirm," Townsend said:
"The only hoax I know in relation
words to to the Townsend plan is the Bell in-
vestigating committee."
ith cur- The elderly California physician
are of was closeted today with Sheridan
ing pub- Downey, his personal counsel, as he
of so-I prepared for his long-awaited appear-
ch plays aice before the committee.
lue with Chairman Bell and his investigating
heir per- group held a prolonged closed session
roblems, late today to outline the course of
n verity their examination of the doctor which

Famous Churchill Downs Scene
Of A Thousand Varied Grafts
By FRED BUESSER to let you use his makeshift ladder
If you want to stand jammed into I standing against the fence. When
an aggressive, milling throng packed your gaze turns to the figure of the
20 deep against a 12-foot steel fence guard only a few feet away, the boy
xp ....-.in,-lo 11Y'npr

work of
g him as
g young
se work
t under-

they regard as the high point ofte
six weeks inquiry.
A a tioiiiic .Contest

and glimpse through a periscope for
five hours, you pay $2.35 and buy an
admission ticket. If you want to see}
the Kentucky Derby you pay 35 cents.
Crazy, topsy-turvy Louisville is like
that at Derby time. Hotel rooms re-
tail at fifteen dollars per night and
you have to plank down three night's
rent no matter how long you stay, but
if you are fortunate enough you will
gather your group about you on any
floor of any hotel and sing college
songs until you sing the right song
Pf te ri htidoor and you are invited

explains, "oh, we 'uns is partners.
It'll cost you a dime."
The stables behind the backstretch
of Churchill Downs is where the real
color of the Derby is to be found. Crap
games galore, faro, three card monte,
and chuck-a-luck occupied most of
the crowd which had begun to gather
here the night before the day of
days. Vendors, vieing with each other
in selling suspicious looking food-
stuffs concocted by perspiring mam-
mies, added to the picture as the
crowd swelled with the approach of

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