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April 26, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-04-26

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The Weather
Fair today and tomorrow;
slightly cooler tonight.

L

43a1

Akop
Uattg

Editorials
The Way To Income
Redistribution .
France Votes
On Peace V&. War..

VOL. XLVI No. 145 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 26, 1936

PRICE 5 CENTS

Status Quo
Is Rejected

He Dreamed Of This Nearly 40 Years Ago

By

Parley

300 Students In Various
Sections Weigh Defects
Of Present Society
Slosson Supported
In League Debate
Approval Granted To Art
Freedom, Sex Education
And State In Business
By FRED WARNER NEAL
University students, if the opin-
ions expressed by more than 300 of
them at the Spring Parley sections
yesterday in the Union are any indi-
cation, refuse to accept the status quo
in politics, economics, education, mor-
als and religion and they are anx-
ious to plan for the future.
A definite liberal attitude on the
part of both students and the faculty
panels prevailed at the Parley and
panaceas advocated by radicals in
former years were absent. The tone
of all meetings was that "the exist-
ing order has many defects, we don't
know what to do about the future,
but we want to work together to
learn." Faculty men, rather than be-
ing harassed by student questions,
played more the part of counsellors
and freely expressed their views.
The general session of the
Spring Parley will convene att10
a.m. today in the Union for its
final meeting in an attempt to
correlate all discussion that took
place Friday and Saturday.
The conviction expressed in the
section on the state and its economic
system was, in a word, that govern-
ment control of business should be
extended. In the international rela-
tions group, the students backed Prof.
Preston W. Slosson of the history
department against Prof. Joseph R.
Hayden of the political science de-
partment that the United States
should join the League of Nations.
Academic freedom was firmly upheld
and the present marking 'system here
was assailed in the meeting on the
University. Freedom for art, whether
or not it is considered propaganda,
was urged by the family group, and
the religion section, with an air of
agnosticism prevailing, decided that
religion has failed in its social re-
sponsibilities.
Consider Economics
Questions at the government eco-
nomics section, which attracted the
largest audience, were addressed
mainly to Prof. Max Handman of the
economics department, who, advo-
cating changes in capitalism, declared
that they should come through rigid
control of investments, the monetary
system and the price structure. To
those students who felt that control
by a collectivist state is more desir-
able than "lack of control under our
present economic system," Professor
Handman asserted that under a to-
talitarian state civil liberties are non-
existent. Capitalism can be made to
function effectively, he said, adding
that it "will be and is being changed
at the present time."
Emphasis Middle Class
Emphasis on the middle class was
stressed by Prof. Harold M. Dorr of
the political science department, who,
holding that the Farmer-Labor party
at the present time is not likely to
succeed because of division of in-
terests among farmers and workers,
said that there is no real division of
class interests in either Republican or
Democratic ranks. "The government
of this country is still largely made
up of the middle class element," Pro-
fessor Dorr declared, holding that a
"twoparty system is imperative under
our legislative order."'
Professor Slosson, in his debate on

the League with Professor Hayden,
was backed by Prof. John Dawson of
the Law School, who asserted that
(Continued on Page 8)
'Glass Boot' May
Save Miner s Feet
HALIFAX, N. S., April 25. - (P)-
A "glass boot," developed in Cincin-
nati, O., was being used today to save
the feet of Charles Alfred Scadding,
rescued from Moose River Gold Mine
after 10 days entombment alive.
His friend, Dr. D. E. Robertson, who

The Lamont-Hussey Observatory shown above, situated in the
of Bloemfonetin, Orange Free State, South Africa, is operated by
University in connection with the study of double stars in the south
hemisphere.
Lanont-Hussey Observatory--
Fruition Of Generosity, Visi

city
the
fern
on

Project Of University Was
Conceived For Studying
'Double -Stars'
By PAUL D. JACOBS
"The fruition of one man's gen-
erosity and another's vision." In
these words the Lamont expedition
to South Africa was once character-
ized by a regent of the University.
Old manuscripts, written in the
hand of Prof. R.H. Curtiss, one-time
director of the University Observa-
tory, who died in 1929, and carefully
preserved in the Observatory files,
give graphic testament to the some-
what romantic and checkered evolu-
tion of the Lamont-Hussey Observa-
tory of the University of Michigan.
The dream of such a project was
born before the turn of the present
century, when the desirability of
studying double stars in southern
skies became apparent to Prof. Wil-
liam J. Hussey, who at that time was
serving as instructor in mathematics
and astronomy at the University.
Receives Appointment
In 1895, Professor Hussey received
an appointment to the Lick Observa-
tory in Southern California, where,
in collaboration with Dr. Robert G.
Aitken, hlediscovered approximately
4000 double stars.
It is known definitely that the de-
sirability of sending a large telescope
to the southern hemisphere for the
measurement of double stars and for
the extension of the double star sur-
very to the south celestial pole was
discussed by Professor Hussey and
Mr. Lamont, Secretary of Commerce
under Hoover, at the Lick Observa-
tory, when these two Michigan alumni
renewed their friendship of college
days.
Jour'neys To Australia
A year later, with thought of this
southern expedition in mind, Profes-
sor Hussey journeyed to Australia
where he examined advantageous ob-
servation sites. While there, his first
discoveries of far southern double
stars, ten in number, were made from
a station on Mt. Canobolas, in New
South Wales.
In reality, a double star is a system
of two stars, each one revolving about
the other. The distance between two
such stars may be well over four bil-
lion miles, but when viewed through
Italian Army Ready
For Another Rush
Italy's army in Northern Ethi-
opia prepared Saturday for its next
push toward Addis Ababa and
claimed complete occupation of the
rea around Lake Tana, in which
Great Britain is vitally interested be-
cause of the course of the Blue Nile,
flowing through Egypt and the An-
glo-Egyptian Sudan.
An authoritative Italian-Senator
Roberto Forges Davanzati - warned
Britain, meanwhile, in a newspaper
article that "not only in the Medi-
terranean but also in the Alps and
Africa itself, within a few weeks, we
shall have a huge military force
which has annihilated Ethiopian
resistance."
Roosevelt To Accept
Nomination June 27
PHILADELPHIA, April 25. - (IP) -
President Roosevelt will accept th
renomination, which the Democratic
renomination, which the aoinGFC
is expected to give him, in an outdoo
demonstration the night of Saturday

a telescope they seem to be part of
of the same stellar body. The prob-
Ilem in relation to double stars is one
of determining the properties of each
star independent of the other. The
sky in the southern hemisphere is es-
pecially well suited to such determin-
ations, since that portion of the sky
contains so many examples of this
phenomenon.
Professor Hussey had to leave un-
finished his portion of the Lick Ob-
servatory double star survey, when
he returned to the University of
Michigan in 1905 to assume the di-
retcorship of the Detroit Observatory.
It was with regret that Professor Hus-
sey severed his professional associa-
tion with Dr. Aitken, at the Lick Ob-
servatory, but he was compensated
(Continued on Page 8)
Abbott's Place
May Be Taken
By E. Shields
His Name, Suggested For
Position Of Democratic
National Committeeman
Speculation ran high last night as
to whom will succeed the dead Ho-
ratio J. Abbott as Democratic Na-
tional Committeeman, while condol-
ences from city, state and nation
continued to pour into the Abbott
home here.
The name of former Regent Ed-
mund C. Shields of Lansing was sug-
gested along with George Burke of
Ann Arbor, Rep. Prentiss Brown of
'St. Ignace and John J, O'Brien, for-
mer director of state WPA activities.
Mr. Shields is former coordinator of
federal activities here. He was a
close friend of Abbott and of former-
Governor William A. Comstock, but
did not take 'sides in the Abbott pat-
ronage disputes.
Among the hundreds of expressions
of regret at Abbott's death were those
from Postmaster-General James A.
Farley, the United States Depart-
ment of Labor, President Ruthven,
prominent Democrats everywhere and
even from Republicans. Governor
Fitzgerald and former-Governor Fred
W. Green of Ionia were among those
paying tribute to Abbott.
"Ann Arbor has lost a valuable cit-
izen in the death of Horatio Abbott,"
President Ruthven declared.
"Horatio Abbott was always a loyal
Democrat," Farley said. 'The Mich-
igan Democratic party has sustained
a great loss."
Green said that "Abbott was a hard,
clean fighter, a feared and respected
opponent."
Funeral services for Abbott will be
held at 2:30 p.m. tomorrow at the
Methodist church, and burial will be
made in the Washtenaw Memorial
Park.

HigherWages"
Are Advocated
By Roosevelt
Philosophy Of President
Embraces More Income
For Farming Groups
'We're On Our Way
Toward This Goal'
Is Inclined To Minimize
Seriousness Of Federal
Debt Burden
NEW YORK, April 25. - () -
After hitting directly at Republican
critics, President Roosevelt tonight
expounded a political philosophy of
"higher wages for workers, more in-
come for farmers."
Facing more directly toward the
oncoming presidential campaign thanI
in any of his recent speeches, Mr.
Roosevelt asserted before a Thomas
Jefferson dinner sponsored by the'
National Democratic Club that even
though the objective he mentioned
could not be obtained in a month, or
a year, "We are on our way -very
definitely on our way."
High wages and increased farm
income, he said, would mean "more
goods produced, more and better food
eaten, fewer unemployed and lower
taxes."
"That is my economic and social
philosophy, and, incidentally, my po-
litical philosophy as well," he said
at the conclusion of his address. "I
believe from the bottom of my heart
that it is the philosophy of the 1936,
America.";
Speaking in a frankly political vein,
the President at the outset urged the
re-election of Governor Herbert Leh-;
man of New York, a Roosevelt friend
of many years.
Strikes At Republicans
At intervals, the Chief Executive
struck back at Republican and other
critics. He referred once to a 1932
campaign statement made by Her-
~bert 1Hooer in Madison Square Gar-
den here, saying: "By the way, every
time I come to New York I look for
that grass which was to be growing in
the City steets."
Twice, he referred to "individuals
who are "never satisfied," once in con-
nection with a "newly organized brain
trust -not mine." Again, in reply-
ing to what he termed compaints
"about the current cost of rebuild-
ing America, about the burden on
future generations," he said:
Balances Deficit With Income
"I tell them that whereas the deficit
of the Federal government this year
is about three billion dollars, the
national income of the people of
the United States has risen from
thirty-five billions in the year 1932
to sixty-five billions in the year 1936,
and I tell them further that the
only burden we need to fear is the
burden our children would have to
bear if we failed to take these meas-
ures today.
"Building national income, distrib-
uting it more widely means not only
the bettering of conditions of life but
the end of, and insurance against, in
dividual and national deficits tomor-
row."
The President devoted the main
portion of his address to building to-
ward the exposition of his social,
economic and "political philosophy"
of increased wages and more income
for farmers.

Fisk University
President Will
Talk At Church
Jubilee Singers Will Lead
Songs At Congregational
Church Meeting Tonight
Dr. Thomas E. Jones, President of
Fisk University, who is accompanying
the Fisk Jubilee Negro singers on
their concert tour, and Prof. Preston
Slosson of the history department
will be included as speakers on the
regular worship service of the Con-
gregational Church at 10:30 a.m. to-
day.
Dr. Jones will also speak again at
the Congregational student fellow-
ship meeting at 6 p.m. tonight, and
the Fisk Jubilee singers will lead the
group in the singing of Negro spirit-
uals.
Speaks On Prayer
At the morning service of the First
Methodist Church, to be held at
10:45 a.m., the Rev. C. W. Brashares
will preach on the subject, "Teach
Me to Pray." Dr. E. W. Blakeman
will lead a discussion at noon in
Stalker Hall on "The Meaning of
the Oxford Oath." At 6 p.m. is the
Wesleyan Guild meeting. A discus-
sion on the topic "Our Tomorrow-
What Shall We Make of It?" will be
led by Herbert Soper.
The Westminster young people's
forum of the First Presbyterian
Church will meet at 9:45 a.m. with
Prof. Howard McClusky of the edu-
cation school as the leaders for this
week. The morning worship is at
10:45 a.m. The Rev. Norman W.
Kunkel will speak on "Youth Raises
Its Voice." The discussion for the
supper meeting of the Westminster
Guild at 6 p.m. is "Tomorrow's World
-What Shall We Make of It?" Miss
Rose Perrin will lead this discussion.
Considers Altruism
The Unitarian Church will hold its
morning service at 11 a.m. The Rev.
H. P. Marley will speak on the topic,
"Altruism." The annual meeting of
the Church will be held at 6:30 p.m.
at which Prof. Ralph Sawyer will act
as toastmaster.
The morning prayer and sermon of
the St. Andrew's Episcopal Church is
at 11 a.m. The Rev. Henry Lewis
will preach. The regular student
meeting will be held at 7 p.m. at
Harris Hall with Prof. Robert B. Hall
of the geography department the
speaker of the evening.
The morning service of the Church
of Christ (Disciples) will be held at
10:45 a.m. The Rev. Fred Cowin will
deliver the sermon. H. L. Pockerill,
(continued on Page 3
Michigan Nine
Takes 3=2 Win
From Badgers
Lerner Scores In Ninth On
Larson's Blow; Visitors
Outhit Wolverines
By FRED DE LANO
Capt. Berger Larson yesterday gave
Michigan its second Big Ten diamond
victory in as many starts when he
drove first baseman Joe Lerner across
the plate in the last of the ninth in-
ning to defeat Wisconsin, 3-2, before
1500 opening day fans at Ferry Field.
Scoring the winning run was a
great comeback for Lerner, as in the
eighth he had let the Badgers tie
the score at two-all with a wild throw
to third. Heyer had scampered home

on the play.
Wolverines Are Outhit
The visiting Wisconsin club outhit
the Wolverines six to five but could
not produce more than one safe hit
in an inning. This ability to keep
the hits scattered,' coupled with his
striking out of 11 Wisconsin men'
made Larson master of the situation
throughout the game. Steve Ron-
done, Badger catcher, was the hitting
stair of the game with a double and

olverine Track Team
Wins Two Relay Titles,
Three Individual Places

________________________________________ I'

Professor Finds Spring
Parley Tot) Popular
The very students who came to
hear members of the facul tynalep
hear members of the faculty panel at
the Spring Parley Friday kept one
of the panel members, Prof. Bruce
Donaldson of the fine arts division,
from being present.
Professor Donaldson arrived late.
The north lounge of the Union was
crowded. He tried to get in one en-
trance and couldnot. He tried an-
other, managed to get in the door,
but once inside, found it impossible
to worm his way to the front.
He gave it up and, resignedly, stood
in the back of the room and listened
to the discussion in which he was
supposed to participate.
Tax Bill Section
Lacking B a s i s
In Constitution
Administration Pilots Fear
Clashes With House As
AdjournmentDelays
WASHINGTON, April 25. - (A) -
The constitutionality of one phase
of the $803,000,000 tax bill was ques-
tioned in the Senate Finance Com-
mittee today as administration pilots
sought to avoid clashes with the
House that might delay adjournment
of Congress until late in June.
Senator Bailey (Dem., N.C.), in-
jected the Constitutional issue into
the Finance Committee's tax studies
in, connection with provisions in the
Housebill for special treatment for
debt-ridden corporations. Chairman
Harrison (Dem., Miss), immediately
jumped to their defense.
"My own opinion," Harrison told
reporters, "is that it is merely a ques-
tion of classification, and Congress
certainly has the right to classify
these rates of taxes and give certain
credits to debt-burdened corpora-
tion."
The bill, now being debated by the
House, would provide a flat 22 per-
cent rate on income which corpora-
tions are required by contract to ap-
ply to debts. A corporation without
contract but nevertheless compelled
to use earnings to retire obligations,
likewise would have the 22% per cent
rate, but it could not obtain the rate
on an amount in any one year great-
er than one-fifth of its standing debt.
The major feature of the bill is de-
signed to induce corporations to dis-
tribute more of their profits among
stockholders by applying a tax to
corporate income graduated accord-
ing to percentages withheld from
distribution. The present exemption
of dividends from the 4 per cent
normal income tax also would be
withdrawn.
The Finance Committee arranged
to begin open hearings on the bill
Thursday - the day the House hopes
to pass it - probably with Secretary
Morgenthau as the first witness. The
House was in recess today.
The House Appropriation bill, con-
taining the new $1,500,000,000 relief
fund, into shape next week to follow
the tax bill to the floor.,
The Senate, which cleared away
197 bills yesterday, planned to use
the next week for consideration of
other secondary legislation.
Dorothy S. Gies
Is To Receive
Columbia Gift

Dorothy S. Gies, '36, was awarded
one of the 40 graduate residence
scholarships to Columbia University
for next year, it was announced this
week by Frank W. Fackenthal, sec-
retary.
Miss Gies plans to unlertake grad-
uate studies in the field of Nineteenth
Century English literature. She ha
won two minor and two freshman
Hopwood Awards for poetry and pros
ri r l-ti hrv,-or h0r_ ,na i ba

Places Third In Two-Mile
Relay, First In Mile And
Four-MileRelays
Competition Today
Shatters 4 Records
Stoller Places Second To
Owens In Broad Jump
And 100-Meter Dash
FRANKLIN FIELD, PHILADEL-
PHIA, April 25. - (P) - Michigan's
track team climaxed its return to
competition in the historic Penn Re-
lays today by capturing two relay
crowns, in the mile and four-mile
events, while placing third in the two-
mile relay. Individual entries also
added places in the 100-meters invi-
tational dash, broad jump and javel-
in.
Led by the mile team of Frank
Aikens, Harvey Patton, Bob Osgood
and Stan Birleson, undefeated in two
seasons of competition together, each
of the 15-man squad entered in the
Relays by Coach Charles Hoyt
brought in points.
Summaries in the events in
which Michigan entries placed
in the Penn Relays yesterday will
be found on page five. No team
title is awarded in the eastern
track and field classic.
Individual place winners today in-
cluded Sam Stoller, who twice fin-
ished second to Jesse Owens of Ohio
State, in the 100-meters dash and
in the broad jump, and Leonard
Dworsky, who took third in the javel-
in. They joined Walter Stone, win-
ner in the steeplechse _ yetsra,
John Townsend in the shot put and
Widmer Etchells in the discuss as
point winners.
Four records were shattered today
for the benefit of a crowd of 40,000
fans, making a total of five new
marks for the carnival. The Universi-
ty of Michigan, victorious here for
the first time in 23 years, joined Ohio
State and Texas in collecting two ma-
jor relay championships apiece.
Manhattan's triumph in the dis-
tance medley yesterday and Har-
vard's conquest of Cornell in the shut-
tle hurdles relay this afternoon saved
the east from being shut out but
not from absorbing its worst beating
in the history of the meet.
Jesse Owens hung up a double vic-
tory as his contribution to the west's
surge for talented performances. The
sensational Negro breezed to victory
over Sam Stoller of Michigan in the
final of the 100 meters invitation
sprint by four feet, setting a new
carnival mark of 10.5 seconds after
equalling the old record of 10.6, set
last year by Eulace Peacock, in the
trials. With Peacock out of action,
the result of an injury yesterday,
Owens was not hard-pressed and
contented himself with declaring only
23 feet, 5/8 inch to win the broad
jump.
Baton Passing Important
Michigan celebrated its comeback
to the victors' heights by romping
off with the classic one-mile relay
championship and then lifting the
four-mile crown. The Wolverines
last were triumphant in the Penn
meet in 1913, when they captured
two-mile honors.
Only Manhattan, the eastern fa-
vorite, and Syracuse, anchored by
the famous Eddie O'Brien, national
400 meters champions, met Michi-
gan's challenge in the mile. The
Wolverines won chiefly' because of
their superior skill at passing the
baton. Twice Manhattan lost hard-
won advantages at the take-off, with
the result that Michigan's anchor
man, Stanley Birleson, hung on to a

six-yard margin over Manhattan's
Bill Wolff all the way to the tape.
O'Brien, too far back to be a men-
I ace, overtook Wolff on the back-
stretch with a great spurt but then
y faded and jogged in third.
s Michigan's time of 3:18.4 was more
- than two seconds slower than Man-
hattan's 1935 winning time.
- Victory Harks Back To 1908
h In landing the four-mile title,
s Michigan's milers picked up where
a they left off with a six-year winning
e streak away back in 1908. The Wol-
k verineG wre- phnsed 'nal +hp 1TOby

At one point, he stressed food con-
sumption. If New York's 7,000,000
people could afford the bread, meat,
milk, vegetables and other necessities
that their "health and decent living
call for," he said, the crop produc-
tion of 3,000,000 more acres of good
crop land would be needed.
"I propose," he added, "to continue
the fight for more and better homes."
I XT ! f IEA7'C1 ] ir CWTA 71

[1.111 t1 11J aiill iy ┬▒uV
Into Its New Modernistic Plant

By ROBERT WEEKS
Yesterday was moving day for the
Ann Arbor Daily News and it involved
moving eight Linotype machines, va-
rious stereotyping equipment and
reams of filed material such as old
papers, from Ann and Main streets to
their new building at Huron and S.
Division streets. Although the new
building contains new furniture and
most of the equipment is new, there
were still quantities of things to be

The latest in the architectural field
as well as in the publishing field has
been utilized in the construction of
the new plant, according to Arthur
W. Stace, editor of the paper. Inno.
vations from the architectural stand-
point are the write tile press room, the
acoustic ceilings, shower bath for
printers and technicians, and the in-
direct lighting fixtures which have
incorporated in them outlets for the
air conditioning system.
d raaftiCt 4 fnfif~ o f. ...t

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