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January 25, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-01-25

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The Weather
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Editorials
Is Wax
inevitable?aa

VOL. XLVI No. 87 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

City

Still

Cramming Students Overlook
Essentials, Says Prof. Meyer

In Grip Of
ColdWave
Predicted Relief Fails To'
Materialize, But Milder
Weather Seen For Today
Barometer Rising;
Average 2.6 Above
No Snowfall Is Recorded
In Last 24 Hours; 9
Below In Pontiac
Predicted relief from the record
two-day cold wave which has swept
over Ann Arbor and the entire Mid-
West, leaving in its wake death and
suffering, failed to materialize yester-
day as near and below zero tempera-
tures continued throughout the day.
However, a slowly rising barometer
which stood at 29.36 at seven p.m.
yesterday, indicated a possibility of
fair weather today, and rising tem-
peratures are predicted.
The highest temperature yesterday
of 9.8 degrees above zero and the low-
est of 4.5 below varied but little from
the range of the day before, while
the average of 2.6 above was just 1.3
degrees over that of Wednesday. The
University Observatory Weather Bu-
reau recorded a temperature of six
degrees above at seven p.m. and 2.2
above at 10:40 p.m. yesterday.
No snow-fall has been recorded by
the weather bureau in the last 24
hours, but a depth of 3.5 inches of
snow remained on the ground last
night.
Throughout the state temperatures
well below zero prevailed. Such mer-
curial extremes as 16 below, at Sault
Ste. Marie, and nine below at Pontiac,
were typical last night. In North-
ern Michigan rural highways were
blocked by record snows, and trunk-
line highways were in hazardous con-
dition.
Neutrality Bill
Problems Need
Outside Advice
Little Progress Reported
As Hull And Committee,
Meet For Discussion
WASHINGTON, Jan. 24. - (P) -
Neutrality legislation ran into such
congressional snags today that out-
side advice was decided upon in an
effort to bring agreement before ex-
piration of the temporary act, Feb. 29.
Difficulties met in the House
were minor, but a protracted meet-
ing between the Senate foreign rela-
tions committee and Secretary of
State Hull produced little evidence
of progress.
"We are as far from agreement as
ever," insisted Senator Johnson,
(Rep., Calif.), who is leading a fight
to strike out of the bill any provisions
he believes might threaten freedom
of the seas.
Johnson was not mollified by an
attempt of Chairman Pittman (Dem.,
Nev.), to meet his objections part way.
Pittman proposed an amendment spe-
cifying that regardless of steps taken
to preserve neutrality, the government
should not relinquish its right to pro-
tect its commerce in any waters.
It was tentatively decided to in-
vite Edwin N. Borchard of Yale Uni-
versity, and possibly John Bassett
Moore, international law expert, to
counsel the committee on the legis-

lation. The possibility of public hear-
ings arose, although Pittman frowned
on such delay as likely to prevent
any legislation this session.
While the committee has spent
most of its time discussing the admin-
istration neutrality bill, introduced
in the Senate by Pittman and in the
House by Rep. McReynolds (Dem.,
Tenn.) hearings will be given some
members of the munitions committee
Monday on some measures of their
own.
New York Faced
By Building Strike
NEW YORK, Jan. 24. - (P) - A
citywide strike Feb. 1 of building ser-
vice employees was ordered today by
union leaders as elevators remained

Points Out That Reviewers
Stress Unimportant And
Unrelated Facts
By RALPH W. HURD
"Cram Week," a semi-annual tra-
dition of University of Michigan stu-
dents, begins tomorrow. One of the
few campus events in which all un-
dergraduates participate, "Cram
Week" will be celebrated by much
creaking and groaning of cobwebby
brain tissue.
By the first exam most undergrad-
uate craniums will be oiled and
greased and "warmed up" for action.
The primary issue facing students
today, however, is the question of how
best to prepare for those exams, how
to reduce costs and maximize ef-
ficiency.
Considering this problem, Dr.
George Meyer of the psychology de-
partment has come to the conclusion
that the major "faux pas" of student
crammers is their tendency to con-
centrate on isolated details and to
neglect an organization of essentials.
Students tend to stock their brains
with a mass of unrelated, unorgan-
ized and unimportant facts, he point-
ed out, and when it comes to writing
the exam these facts prove wholly
useless unless the instructor has hap-
pened to include on the test the ex-.
act clues necessary for their recall.
Tests of the efficiency of methods
used by students in preparation for
examinations have been made by Dr.
Meyer here at, the University, and
his results have shown that study-
ing for meaning instead of facts, for
the general instead of the particular,
gives the student a more complete
mastery of the subject and enables
him to retain what he has learned
for a longer period of time.
The subjects of Dr. Meyer's ex-
periment, most of them students in
introductory psychology courses, were,
divided into four groups, each of
which studied for a different type of
test (essay, completion, multiple-
i choice and true-false). Each group
spent the same amount of time in
preparation. The students preparing
for essays commonly made para-
graph summaries, maps and other
devices designed to give a general
organization to the material studied.
The groups preparing for the other
types of tests, on the other hand,
Fellowes Will
Lead Service
For KingHere
A memorial service to the late King
George V will be held at 11 a.m. today
at St. Andrew's Church in Ann Arbor.
The preacher will be the Rev. Edmund
H. Fellowes, Canon of St. Georges'
Chapel, at Windsor, England.
The Rev. Fellowes was a personal
friend of the King, and has resided
within the walls of historic Windsor
Castle for the past 35 years.
Besides being a clergyman of the
English Church, the Reverend Fel-
lowes is an organist and choir-master
of some note, having published sev-
eral works of 'church music and of-
ficiated at the musical portion of the
ceremonies at the funerals of both
Queen Victoria and Edward VII.
In this morning's service, Dr. Fel-
lowes will pay tribute to the career
and personality of George V, and
will give a rendition of some of the
music which will be sung at the fu-
neral of the deceased monarch.

commonly used such methods as un-
derlining of words and phrases, list-
ings of dates, names and places, and
the taking of random notes which
had no organization - all designed
to give some knowledge of isolated de-
tails of the material.
When tested with all four types of
tests one day after their last learn-
ing period and then again five weeks
later, the results of the group which
had concentrated on organization
compared favorably with the results
of the other groups on the objec-
tive tests requiring only a knowl-
edge of details (multiple-choice, true-
false and completion); and they
proved definitely superior on the es-
say test. They proved superior both
when the tests were scored for the
facts which they contained and when
they were rated for the organization
of the material presented.
Since the majority of final ex-
Pminations given in the University
are of the essay type, the conclusion
is unavoidable that studying for
meaning and organization should be
the policy of all students during the
next few weeks, Dr. Meyer concluded.
Ozie Powell Is
Wounded After
Allered Attach
Police Strike Scottsboro
Defendant; Declare He
Knifed Officer
BIRMINGHAM, Ala., Jan. 24. - (P)
- Ozie Powell, one of the nine Negro
defendants in the Scottsboro attack1
case, was wounded today after he al-I
iegedly attacked an officer with a
knife near Cullmna, Ala.
The incident occurred as the nine
Negro defendants were being trans-
ferred here from Decatur, Ala., where
Heywood Patterson, one of them, was
convicted yesterday and sentenced to
75 years' imprisonment.
The nine Negroes are accused of at-
tacking Mrs. Victoria Price and Ruby
Bates, white women of Huntsville,
Ala., aboard a freight train near
Scottsboro, Ala., in March, 1931.
Questioned at the hospital, Powl
said he "bought that knife from a
delivery boy in the Decatur jail for
30 cents."
The Negro, shivering and quaking
as officers questioned him, identified
the delivery boy only as "Ernest, a
Negro."
The officer, Deputy Sheriff Edgar
Blolock, was taken to a Cullman Hos-
pital with a deep gash in his throat,
His condition was not considered ser-
ious.
At the county hospital here, where
Powell was brought, attendants said
the Negro was not shot as first re-
ported, but had been "knocked on the
liead." They said his condition was
not necessarily dangerous.
Gov. Bibb Graves. ni a telephone
conversation with Sheriff Fred Mc-
Duff, of Jefferson County, (Birming-
ham), instructed the Sheriff to see
that the Negro "is protected at all
costs." He sent state highway pa-
trolmen to augment the county forces.
Although physicians said the Negro
apparently had been struck on the
nead, Blalock said the Negro was shot
by Sheriff J. Street Sandlin, of Mor-
gan County, when Powell attacked
Blalock. After Powell was taken
to the hospital here, the eight other
Negro defendants were taken to the
Jefferson County jail.

Varsity Wins
Tank Match
From State"
Wolverines Swamp Foes,
58-26; Kasley Takes 2
First Places

New Premier
Succeeds To
Laval's Post
Albert Sarraut Hurriedly
Forms Cabinet To Stem
PoliticalBickering
Will Draft Program
Defending Finances,

House Thunders
Disapproval Of
Bonus Bill Veto

Chinese

Sef uses

11oughton Wiins
Hockey Tilt,

3-2

Opponents Score 2 Goals
In Last Period To Win
First Of 2-Game Series
A last-period rally by Michigan
Tech defeated the Wolverine puck-
sters 3 to 2 last night at Houghton,
but the Maize and Blue swimming
team came through with an over-
whelming victory over Michigan
State to the tune of 58 to 26.
By GEORGE J. ANDROS
EAST LANSING, Jan. 24. -(Spe-
cial to The Daily) -Michigan's Var-
sity swimming team overwhelmed
Michigan State here tonight, 58 to
26. But 500 rabid Spartan fans found
plenty of opportunity to cheer when
Bill Bell gave State its first win in a
dual meet with the Wolverines in
ten years.
Bell, a sophomore from Lansing
swimming his first race of varsity
competition, beat Mark McCarty,
lone Michigan entry and also a soph-
omore, by two feet in the 100-yard
free-style event. His time of 46.4 was
good considering the odd length of
the 30-yard local pool.
Coach Matt Mann's Wolverines
won every other race of the meet with
the exception of the 50-yard free-
style with ease. In the short sprint,
Michigan's Ruby Keeler had to come
from behind to defeat Ed McNamara
of State. Dick Blake of Michigan
also came up fast to gain a tie for
second with McNamara.
Three pool records were lowered
by Michigan's natators in tonight's
win. Jack Kasley lowered the mark
in the 200-yard breast-stroke by 11.8
(Continued on Page 2)
HOUGHTON, Jan. 24.-(P)-
Michigan Tech scored two goals in a
last period rally tonight to defeat
he University of Michigan hockey
eam, 3 to 2, in the first of a two-
'ame series here.
The second game will be played
Saturday night.
McCarthy of Tech took Stack's
pass to score the first goal with less
than two minutes left in the opener.
Berryman and Heyliger tallied in the
second period to give the Wolverines
a two to one lead.
Both of the engineers' goals in the
last session came after Shalek was
knocked cold by a flying puck which
,aught him on the side of the head.
McCarthy scored first on Abb's pass
and Pelto tallied the puncher on Mc-
Lean's assist.
Shalek had 20 stops and Cameppel
of Tech 30.
Supreme Court
Judoe Excused
By Fraternity
Vandevanter' s Prank Of
55 Years Ago Officially
Forgotten'
CHICAGO, Jan. 24.- (MP)- A col-
lege prank committed 55 years ago
by Justice Willis Vandevanter, of the
United States Supreme Court, was
officially "forgotten" today by the fra-
ternity which expelled him for it.
The offense, so old no one could
remember just what it was, was ad-
judged "trivial" and he is again a
brother of Sigma Chi.
The justice, who became a member
of Beta Theta Pi as soon as Sigma
Chi dropped him in 1881, accepted
the reinstatement "in the same kindly
and fraternal spirit" in which it was
offered, Chester W. Cleveland, editor
of the Sigma Chi magazine, disclosed.
It came about as a result of ef-
forts of John S. McMillin, Roche Har-
bor, Mich., who pledged the future
jurist and initiated him.
McMillin held Vandevanter had

been wronged in his expulsion, which
followed "schoolboy disagreement."
Also, editor Cleveland said, it was
embarrassing for the fraternity to
issue a directory carrying the name
of a Supreme Court justice, and op-

Cabinet Gives
To Radicals
Election

Advantage
In Coming

PARIS, Jan. 24. -(OP) - Premier
Albert Sarraut hastily formed the
one-hundred-first cabinet of the
Third French Republic today to keep'
peace among France's bickering po-
litical forces until the spring elec-
tions.
The successor to Pierre Laval post-
poned his appearance in the Cham-
ber of Deputies, however, until next
Thursday, to be certain he would not
be overthrown before President Al-
bert Lebrun and two of his ministers,
Pierre-Etienne Flandin and Fran-
cois Pietri could attend the Windsor
funeral of King George V, of England.
Sarraut's cabinet will meet Sun-
day to draft a program to "defend
our finances and the country's se-
curity." Selection of Marcel Reg-
nier, as minister of finance, indicated
a continuation of Laval's policy of
non-devaluation of the franc.
Choice of Flandin as foreign min-
ister, however, alarmed some Na-
tionalists. They feared his well-
known admiration for the British
would cause him to swing toward that
nation, thus upsetting Laval's nice
balance between Italy and England.
Sarraut, a veteran of the Radical-
Socialist Party which was largely re-
sponsible for the Laval Cabinet's col-
lapse, had served briefly as Premier
before.
He took over himself the Interior
Ministry, which controls election ma-
chinery and funds.
His cabinet, slightly more leftist:
than that of Laval, apparently will'
give the Radicals an advantage in
the forthcoming elections, provided it
lasts that long. Most of the mem-
bers are also deputies, with a few of
Laval's ministers remaining.
En route to the Elysee Palace to
present his ministers to President
Lebrun, M. Sarraut eliminated Louis
Jackuinot from his job as under-
secretary of war and changed the
title of Maxence Bible from under-
secretary of justice to undersecretary
of labor.
Woman Gets Release
From Surprise Wedding
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 24. - (R) -
Mrs. Marie Flynn Riker, who testi-
fied that she took brandy to bolster
her spirits for an airplane ride and
"came to" married to Edwin J. Tier-
ney, Hollywood dance director, was
granted an annulment today.
She told of an airplane trip with
her sister, Kitty O'Dare, film ac-
tress, and Franklin Stevens, Jr., to
celebrate the marriage of Miss
O'Dare and Stevens.
"They gave me brandy to steady
my nerves," she said. "And that's
all I remember."
"I told the taxi driver to take my
sister to the license bureau and have
her married to Tierney," she said.
"It was just an idea that came into
my mind."

Leg Amputation,
But DiesHappily
DETROIT, Jan. 24. - Chan Hong
Jim, 52-year oldaDetroit Chinese, died
in Eloise Hospital today because he
wanted to ascend to the haven of
his ancestral spirits with both legs.
Chan, who lived at 8944 Charlevoix
St., for the past several days had
steadfastly refused to allow doctors to
amputate his gangerene-infected
foot.
Instead, he preferred death, be-
cause he believed that his spirit
would not be cordially received by
his ancestral shades unless he died a
whole man. He rejected the plead-
ings of both medical scientists and
clergymen that he save his life by al-
lowing them to remove his foot, be-
cause he thought he would be a crip-
ple for all eternity if he permitted his
body to be mutilated in life.
Chan died at 2:40 p.m. yesterday,
happy that death came in the way
he wished.
Italians Report
4,000 Captured
' In Great Battle
Ethiopian Dispatch Holds
1,700 Fascist Soldiers
Killed, 8,000 Taken
(By The Associated Press)
Italian newspaper dispatches said
Friday night 8,000 Ethiopians were
killed and 4,000 captured in a great
battle on the Ethiopian northern
front.
An official Ethiopian announce--
ment, however, said -the Italians had
lost 1,700 soldiers, while 8,000 ha
been taken prisoner.
The League of Nations council ad -
journed at Geneva without offering
any plan to terminate hostilities. Ex-
perts, however, will consider the ef-
fectiveness of the present sanctions
against Italy next Wednesday, and
oil experts will meet February third
to discuss possible application of an
oil embargo.
Premier Mussolini warned League
members that they must be indivi-
dually responsible for their actions
against Italy. The agreement by
which Britain, France, Greece, Tur-
key and Jugo-Slavia decided to join
forces in the event of an unpro-
voked Italian attack was called by
Il Duce "a danger to European peace."
He said the signatory nations im-
properly had based their negotiations
for Mediterranean security on an "ar-
bitrary and non existent hypothesis"
of Italian attack, and he complained
that the arrangements had been made
outside the League Covenant.
An Exchange Telegraph dispatch
from Nairobi to London said it was
stated authoritatively that 380 native
Italian troops had deserted across
the border of Kenya colony and had
laid down their arms. The deserters,
the dispatch added, were interned
near Isiolo.

Plan Supported By All
Michigan Representatives
Except Mapes
Two-Decade Battle
FinallyNears End
Even Senators Supporting
Administration Approve
Of Legislation
WASHINGTON, Jan. 24.-(P) -
The House thundered a 324 to 61 dis-
approval of President Roosevelt's
hand-penned -veto of the immediate
payment bonus bill today and rushed
it to the Senate, where an equally
hostile reception apparently awaited
it.
Even senators who almost unvary-
ingly support the administration an-
nounced that they would vote to over-
ride when the veto is taken Monday.
Not a single leader ventured a predic-
tion that the President would be sus-
tained.
Michigan's representatives voted:
For overriding - Democrats: Pren-
;iss M. Brown, John D. Dingell, John
esinski, Louis Rabaut, George G.
Sadowski; Republican: Fred L. Craw-
ord, George A. Dondero, Albert J.
Engel, Verner W. Main, Earl C. Mich-
mner, Jesse P. Wolcott, Roy O. Wood-
,uff.
Against overriding: Carl E. Mapes,
lepublican.
Long Battle Nears End
Thus a final chapter in the legis-
:ative history of the bonus - a Con-
;ressional storm signal for nearly two
lecades; a subject for veto by every
?resident since Harding -would be
dlosed.
But even as the Fiouse swiftly, and
,oisterously scuttled the veto disre-
arding the President's principal as-
ertion that his "convictions" were
is "impelling" as when he vetoed the
nflationary Patman bonus bill last
ear, the possibility of new taxes
o finance the baby-bond cas pay-
,-ent plan took the sag. It be-
ame a principal topic of off-the-
record congressional discussion.
Mr. Roosevelt gave no definite
nkling of his present views on that
ouchy issue in his 200-word veto mes-
sage, penned in his own handwriting,
breaking a quarter - of - a - century
precedent.
But from the White House came in-
dications that he intended to do some
writing tomorrow night, and there was
speculation that the subject matter
might be new levies.
Text Of Message
The text of the veto message fol-
lows:
"To the House of Representatives:
"I return herewith, without my ap-
proval, H. R. Bill 9870 entitled 'An
act to provide for the immediate pay-
ment of World War adjusted service
certificates, for the cancellation of
unpaid interest accrued on loans se-
cured by such certificates and for
other purposes.'
"On May 22, 1935, in disapproving
a bill to pay the bonus in full imme-
diately instead of in 1945, I gave in
person to a joint session of the Con-
gress complete and explicit reasons
for my action.
"The bill I now return differs from
last year's bill in only two important
respects: First, it eliminates the is-
suance of unsecured paper currency
to make the payments required and
substitutes interest-bearing bonds,
which, however, may be converted
into cash for face value at any time;
second, it adds $263,000,000 to the
total payments by forgiving interest
after Oct. 1, 1931, on amounts bor-
rowed.
"In all other respects, the circum-

stances, arguments and facts remain
essentially the same as those fully
covered and explained by me only
eight months ago.
"I respectfully refer the members
of the Senate and of the House of
Representatives to every word of what
I said then.
GUFFEY BILL TESTED
BAY CITY, Jan. 24.-(P)-The
Consolidated Coal Co. of Saginaw
attacked the constitutionality of the
(I,,riiffTAr-f.'1,i o,a inoa. ccit fiIP

Dr. Sheldon Doubts Success
Of New Hay Fever Treatment

Modern Music 'Beautiful, Six
Times Beautiful -.Molinari

T,

By ROBERT CUMMINS
The hopes of thousands of suf-
ferers from allergic complaints -
asthma, hay fever, hives, and eczema
- that the recent investigations of
staff physicians of Abington Mem-
orial Hospital in Philadelphia have
at last led to a successful treatment
for them rest on dubious grounds, ac-
cording to Dr. John M. Sheldon of
the allergy clinic in the University
Hospital.
Dr. Harry B. Wilmer, medcial di-
rector of the Abington Memorial Hos-
pital, has described the discovery as
commensurate in importance with the
discovery of insulin for diabetics,
press reports say.
Allergic complaints were traced to

mone of the suprarenal gland is the
simple method which the Philadel-
phia physicians believe will prove
Successful.
One fact which does not dove-
tail with this report at all, Dr. Shel-
don declared, and brings doubt upon
the reported success of the discovery,
is the good evidence that some asth-
matics have diabetes, and some di-
abetics have asthma.
"Remembering this, it is difficult
to understand what Dr. Wilmer
means when he says allergic com-
plaints were traced to a condition
:irectly opposite to that existing in
diabetes," he pointed out.
"The incidence of asthma in dia-
betics," Dr. Sheldon continued, "is as
;ould be expected of the population

By MARY JANE CLARK i
The ultra-modern symphony mu-:
sic, abhorred by your classicist, isi
"beautiful, beautiful, beautiful- six
times beautiful," in the opinion of
Signor Bernardino Molinari, guest'
conductoi' of the Detroit Symphonyi
Orchestra.+
Signor Molinari's concert in Hill
Auditorium last night contained such+
startling numbers as the "Symphony
of the Seasons" and the "Pines of
Rome," and in prasing the new
trends, he said of himself and his
country: "Prokofieff? Stravinsky?I
Respich? Ah, the moderns -we
think they are beautiful, beautiful,
beautiful-six times beautiful."
Signor Molinari is particularly
pleased with the music of Igor Stra-
vinclrv and-xx hn ,-c, 4t Romp.

in America, all the public schools and
colleges have active departments, but
in addition, in contrast to this coun-
try, the State finances separate con-
servatories "of music in every city.
The faculties are exceptionally super-
ior, he said, and are headed by men
of recognized genius. Respighi,
whose symphonic poem, "The Pines
of Rome," made up the final quarter
of the program last night, is situated
at the conservatory in Rome.
After the concert many people
were anxious to find out which sec-
tion represented spring and which
autumn, which summer and which
winter, in the Malipiero Symphony
of the Seasons. One person insisted
he had felt winter throughout the
entire work, while another face-
ti -i l C' I 1OVI ,lr~r 4that the , .m n~

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