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January 15, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-01-15

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The Weather
Rain turning to snow today;
much colder; with fresh winds.

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f9tr t!3an

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at t1ij

Editorials
Have You The Mgney,
Honey? . . .
Make Justice Just.,

VOL. XLVI No. 78 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Rhineland
Rearming
Is Feared
See Franco-British Pact
As Cause Of Possible
German Retaliation
British Diplomatic
Trick IsSuspected
Italy May Avoid League
Council Session Jan. 20;
Sweden Files Protest
(By The Associated Press)
The shadow of Adolf Hitler - a
shadow that makes Frenchmen jit-
tery - was projected Tuesday into
the Italo-Ethiopian scene.
French newspapers expressed fear
that recent German attacks on the
Franco-British mutual aid agreement
foreshadowed German fortification of
the demilitarized Rhineland.
The reports reached London and
immediately afterward a defense sub-
committee of the cabinet met.
Diplomatic circles in Paris, how-
ever, eyed the reports with some
skepticism. The opinion was put for-
ward that the German "fear" may
have been raised as a part of the gov-
ernment campaign to have parlia-
ment ratify the Franco-British mu-
tual assistance pact.
While Sweden formally protested
to Italy against the bombing of a
Swedish ambulance unit, the Ethi-
opian governnent asserted young
children were killed or wounded when
bombs wrecked a church during a
Fascist air raid on the town of Sa-
kota.
Ten others were blinded by gas
bombs, the communique added.
Italy officially denied rumors of
peace moves by asserting "nothing
positive .can be done now at Gen-
eva."
She is uncertain whether she will
be represented at ameeting of the
League council Jan. 20. Geneva
sources expressed belief a proposed
oil embargo may be dropped because
present sanctions are so effective.
The French fleet prepared to sail
Wednesday for maneuvers in the
Mediterranean and the remnant of
Britain's home fleet departed for a
cruise near Gibraltar.
Japan's Wish
For Equality
Dooms Parley
London Conference May
Continue But Hope Of
Success Is Slight
LONDON, Jan. 14.-(P)-Inter-
national naval limitation, initiated
in Washington in 1922 and the only
successful form of disarmament grow-
ing from the World War, neared the
end of its trail tonight.
A five-power conference, called to
renew limitations because the Wash-
ington and London treaties expire
at the end of this year, has been
shipwrecked over Japan's insistence
upon a fleet equal to Great Britain's
and the United States'.
The conference's breakdown, a

Japanese spokesman said tonight, is
due "not to the adamant opposition
of the Japanese but to the adamant
opposition of other delegations to the
Japanese proposition.
"We would be quite willing to leave
observers behind (when Japan with-
draws from the conference) depend-
ing upon the nature of the invitation
given them.
"It is our earnest desire not to make
international feeling any worse. We
do not think our withdrawal will
mean a building race, unless the at-
mosphere of naval competition is
created by others. We do not intend
to start one."
Senior lass Dues
Payment To Begin
Senior class dues may be paid to-
day to members of the financial com-
mittee who will be at a desk in the
lobby of Angell Hall. It has been
annunced by Robert R. Sullivan,

College Woman After Husband,
Not Learning, FiguresProve'
80 Per Cent Marry Three or other where they will be competing
with men, but the fact is that 80 per
Years After Graduation,) cent of all the ambitious co-eds turn
Forget About Careers out to be housewives. Very often,
the Stewart Howe report says, women
By ELSIE A. PEIRCE in the arts and music continue to
dabble in their musical instruction

Women students who are always
denying emphatically the accusation
that their primary motive in coming
to college is to land some eligible
young bachelor are either hypocrites,
or else they just don't know the real
facts.
The truth of the matter, according
to statistics compiled by the Stewart
Howe Alumni Service, is that 80 per
cent of college women marry within
three years after graduation, and that
what's more 82 out of every hundred
college women who are graduates of a
co-educational university marry men
from their own university.
Few Wait More Than 6 Years
Thus when a fortune teller with
a pack of cards predicts that a co-ed
will be married within three years
after graduation, she will be correct
four-fifths of the time, and, even
better, if she says the co-ed will surely
be married after a six-year deadline,
she's not going by the cards; she's
basing her predictions on cold fact.
The statistics show that only 2 per
cent of women graduates are left
in the ranks of the single women,
after they have been out of college six
years. Thus, assuming that the aver-
age age for women at graduation is
21 years, only two per cent of the
women can be classified as old maids,
when they are 27.
After two more years have passed,
however, there is such an infinitesi-
mal number of them left unmarried,
that the total is not even one per
cent.
Housewives In The End
While they are in college, the
women seem to labor under the de-
lusion that they are preparing them-
selves for 0 career, but if they are
here for that purpose, they should
be studying home-making, and do-
mestic science. They all seem to be
ambitious to get ahead in some field
$1,000 Awards
Will Be Given
To Librarians
Carnegie Foundation Help
Also Makes Scholarships
Available To Students E
The department of library sciencel
of the University will offer for the
year 1936-1937 two fellowships of
$1,000 each, as a result of a grant of
the Carnegie Corporation of Newt
York, it was announced yesterday by
William W. Bishop, Universitylibrar-
ian.
The fellowships will be available to
"exceptionally qualified students who
are eligible for candidacy for the de-
gree of Master of Arts in Library
Science." Applications must be filed
with the librarian before May 1,
1936.
Four scholarships will also be of-t
fered to first-year full-time students
in library science of the value of
$500 each. Candidates for these
scholarships must meet all the re-
quirements for admission to the de-
partment and should also submit
references, it was announced.
The selections for both fellowships
and scholarships will be made by the
faculty of the department of library
science who will make nominations
to the University authorities.
As a further result of the grant by
the Carnegie Foundation, similar fel-
lowships and scholarships are ex-
pected to be offered for the year 1937-
1938. Also special lectures and other
activities willgbencarried on by a por-
tion of the grant.
Ruthven' s LegI
Much Better,
Doctor States

The condition of President Alex-
ander G. Ruthven, who fractured
his leg Dec. 31 when he fell on the
icy steps in the rear of his residence,
was described as being "very satisfac-
tory" by officials at the University
Hospital last night.
Dr. A. C. Kerlikowski, chief resi-
dent physician of the hospital, who
is attending Dr. Ruthven, stated that
the president was "getting along very
well, no operation is contemplated."
How long President Ruthven will

or in their writing or painting, but
the cases are rare where a college
woman continues to employ the
knowledge she has attained in college
for any goal but amusement or men-
tal stimulation.
Rave An Affinity
The survey goes on to show that
masculine and feminine Greek letter
societies have an affinity for each
other, for it was found that in the
majority of cases, sorority women
marry fraternity men.
Since statisticians have figured out
averages for every other group, it
was logical that the Stewart Howe
Service should compile figures on the
average college-trained women. They
found that 10 years after graduation
she is married and in most cases to
a fraternity man from her own col-
lege, who has a better-than-average
occupation, and she has two children.,
Although they compiled no definite
statistics on whether marriages be-i
tween college men and women are
more permanent than those between
people who did not have a higher
education, they did find that there
were very few divorces recorded in
their records.
Four-Day Run
Of 'Ruddigore
BeginsToday
Seeley And Sisson Share
Honors In Gilbert And
Sullivan Operetta
The Gilbert and Sullivan operetta,
"Ruddigore," the combined offering
of Play Production, the School ofI
Music, and the department of phys-
ical education, will open a four-day
run at 8:30 p.m. today in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre,
Jean Seeley, '36, will play the partc
of the leading lady, Rose Maybud, in
tonight's performance, and on alter-c
nate nights, Clarawanda Sisson,
'36SM, will have this role. Maurice,
Gerow, '36, and Warren Foster will
alternate in the role of Richardt
Dauntless, with Gerow playing the
part in the opening performance.a
' Frederick Shaffmaster, 36, will have
the leading role of Robin Oakapplej
the baronet of the house of Murga-
troyd, which has been cursed by thes
witches, so that every baronet must
commit one evil deed a day in order
to live. He and Richard Dauntless
are rivals for the hand of Rose May-
bud.
Character parts will be taken by
Jane Rogers as Dame Hannah, and
Henry Austin, '36, as Despard Murga-
troyd, who is the baronet at the
opening of the operetta, though he
is laterfound to be an usurper. Mar-
guerite Creighton, '37, plays the role
of Mad Margaret, Adam is played by
Ralph Bell, '36, and the part of Sir
Roderick Murgatroyd is taken by
Curtis Flowers, '37.
In addition, there will be a chorus
of 40 voices to play the roles of the
corps of professional bridesmaids the
old baronets reincarnated, and the
witches.
Prof. David Mattern will conduct
a student orchestra of 30 members,
and Valentine B. Windt, director of
Play Production, is in charge of the
production. The dance choruses have
been trained by Miss Ruth Bloomer
of the department of physical educa-
tion.
The sets were designed by Oren
Parker, Grad., and the costumes were
designed by James V. Doll, and ex-
ecuted by Mrs. Anna Doll.
Tickets for the production are
priced at 75 and 50 cents for the eve-
ning performances, and 75, 50, and 35

cents for the matinee, which will be
held at 2:30 p.m. Saturday.
Scandal:May Bring
Student Expulsions
MEMPHIS, Tenn., Jan. 14. - (IP)
- A campus scandal at Southwestern
College was investigated today by a
faculty and student committee.
Dean A. Theodore Johnson said,
"We are going to take action as soon

Construction
Of Cyclotron
egins Soon
Aton-Sinashing Machine
Capable Of Producing
Synthetic Radium
Product Useful In
Cancer Treatment
Physics Department Plans
To Begin Work Feb. 1;
Cost Will Be_$25,000
Construction on the University's
$25,000 cyclotron, atom-smashing
machine, which produces synthetic
radium, will begin on or about Feb.
1, Prof. Harrison M. Randall, chair-
man of the physics department, an-
nounced yesterday.
This machine, the money for the
construction of which is an anony-
mous gift, will be capable of produc-
ing synthetic radium, which is ex-
pected to contain all the curative
properties of the original radium sub-
stance, Professor Randall said.
The material produced by the cy-
clotron, according to physicists, will
be produced at a comparatively low
cost and can be easily employed in
the treatment of cancer and other
forms of medical cure without the
danger to which the patient is ex-
posed in natural radium treatments.
Superior To Radium
In one respect the new product is
expected to prove superior to the real
radium. Whereas the latter has a
ceaseless radio activity, thus render-
ing it extremely dangerous for medi-
cal practice, the synthetic creation
is characterized by its ability to re-
tain its radio activity from periods
of a few hours to several days, Pro-
fessor Randall pointed out.
The process by which the manu-
facture of the new radium will take
place after the cyclotron is construct-
ed, is one of high voltage electrifica-
tion of "dutrons," a form of heavy
water revolving in a vacuum.
Invention Of Italian
Professor Randall said that work
on the new machine will start as soon
as Prof. James M. Cork of the physics
department returns from California.
Professor Cork has been working with
Prof. Ernest M. Lawrence, University
of California physicist, to whom the
credit for the invention of the cyclo-
tron has been given.
The discovery of the possibility of
atom bombardment was made about
two years ago by Prof. Enrico Fermi
of Rome, who was a visiting profes-
sor at the University during the last
summer session, Irene Curie, daugh-
ter of the illustrious discoverers of
radium, Madam Marie Curie, and
her husband, M. Joliet.
Rep. Main Avoids
Townsend Mention
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14.--(6P) -
Representative Main (Rep., Mich.),
recently elected on a platform fa-
voring the Townsend Old Age Pen-
sion Plan made no direct mention of
that proposal in his maiden speech
today to the House.
He did say: "Now that we are face
to face with the fact that no great
forward step in social legislation can
be taken without a constitutional
amendment, we are all derelicts if we
do not proceed at once to prepare the
way for the sovereign people to say

whether they want those changes
written into the fundamental law."

Hauptmann's
Reprieve Is
SeenLikely
U. S. Circuit Court Denies
Writ Of Habeas Corpus,
Stay Of Execution
Reprieve Will Be
CG ranted -Wilentz
Report Defense Lawyers
Expecting Governor To
Act At Any Moment
TRENTON, N. J., Jan. 14.- (P) -
Counsel for Bruno Richard Haupt-
mann, turned back in an eleventh
hour appeal to the Federal Court,
was reported on reliable authority
tonight "expecting an executive re-
prieve within 24 hours," while one
member of the staff announced "they
had no assurances" of such action.
As the possibility of a reprieve
Frederick A. Pope of defense counsel
said, "I couldn't find the governor
tonight," and C. Lloyd Fisher, chief
defense attorney, said Gov. Harold
G. Hoffman had given "no assurances
to them" he would delay the execu-
tion set for Friday night
But coupled with the report from
a source close to the defense attorneys
that they anticipated an early re-
prieve, was the statement earlier of
Atty.-Gen. David T. Wilentz that he
had been "reliably informed" that the
governor would act in behalf of the
man condemned to die for the Lind-
bergh baby kidnap-murder.
Circuit Court Acts
TRENTON, N. J., Jan. 14. - (AP) -
A writ of habeas corpus and stay of
execution both were denied Bruno
Richard Hauptmann by United States
Circuit Judge J. Warren Davis to-
night.
With this action, one of the defense
attorneys who would not permit use
of his name, declared:
"This is the end."
Neil Burkinshaw, who pleaded for
the habeas corpus writ before Judge
Davis, said:
"The only possibility in the world
is the United States Supreme Court."
Hauptmann awaits execution Fri-
day night, barring a reprieve from
Gov. Harold G. Hoffman or success-
ful last minute court move.
As to action by himself now, Judge
Davis said:
"This would seem to me to be sheer
inexcusable judicial egotism on my
part."
Attorneys Commended
He commended attorneys on both
sides for their zeal, and said that
"every remedy known to law has been
used to save this prisoner from elec-
trocution."
"If the prisoner goes to the elec-
tric chair, he cannot blame counsel,"
the Judge proceeded.
"What is complained of here took
place before the eyes of Justice Tren-
chard, one of the most conscientious
and fair gentlemen of the State."
The writ application was signed by
Hauptmann himself. Attorneys went
to his death cell shortly before going
to the court building to obtain his
signatureas required by law.
It was one of the final legal steps
remaining to halt the execution.
As the attorneys acted, however,
Attorney General Wilentz said he
had been "reliably informed" that
Gov. Harold G. Hoffman would grant
Hauptmann a reprieve. He told mem-
bers of the Legislative Appropriations
Committee this, adding that if such
action were taken, he would need ad-

ditional funds to fight the case for
the State.

Does The Music
Go Down, 'Round?
'No!' Says Slawsk y
"The music does not go down and
'round," insisted Mr. Slawsky of the
physics department. "I'm only a
short man, and I do not long to create
any controversy, but ," he continued,
"it's all wrong. I disagree with the
song writer, a certain psychology pro-
fessor, and especially with those per-
sons who sing that thing."
"No, no music, no sound, nor any-
thing like it comes out here, there or
anyplace." Then, to completely over-
throw the popular theory, he added,
"it's only the wave lengths which
emerge, that is condensations and
rarefications of air."
Mr. Slawsky does admit, however,
that when you push the first valve
down, the air column is shorted and
the sound, or the wave lengths to be
correct, are made shorter causing a
higher tone. He believes it was mere-
ly coincidence that the words to the
song are somewhat correct, that when
you push the last valve down, the
music goes down, 'round, below.
New Michigan
Technic Deals
In Aeronautics
Pictures Of Army Planes
And Article By Wallace
Feature Current Issue
The Michigan Technic, campus
magazine of the engineering college,
will start the new year today with
its presentation for campus sale of
an issue dedicated largely to aero-
nautical developments.
Eye-arresting pictures of a number
of Army airplanes going "up and
over" in a full backward somersault,
with a long trail of smoke marking
the curve of their passage through
the air, are included in the maga-
zine along with an article by Francis
Wallace, '36E, on "Flying by Instru-
ments and Radio."
Wallace is a full-fledged transport
pilot, and is president of the engi-
neering council. His article goes
through the "whole works" of blind
flying, from the training required of
pilots to a description of the intricate
devices and methods by which such
flying is accomplished.
Supplementing the pictures of the
planes laying down a circular smoke-
screen, the magazine also features a
full-page picture of four B-12 Mar-
tin Bombers in flight formation. The
bombers were built by Martin for
General Headquarters of the United
States Army Air Corps, and represent
the latest developments in this type
of plane.
An article by Prof. A. H. White,
head of the department of chemical
and metallurgical engineering, en-
titled "BSE plus X Equals Job" con-
tinues the Technic series of advice
by engineering faculty members on
the best methods of obtaining jobs.
The significance of Professor hWite's
title lies in the addition of an un-
known quantity - "x" - which must
be added to the engineering student's
college degree in order to secure em-
ployment. Professor White's article
is devoted to the solving of "x."
Presented in the "Spotlight" de-
partment of the Technic are Law-
rence David, '36E, Charles Marsch-
ner, '36E, and George Atherton, '36E.
Debate Squad
Try-Outs Will

Be Held Today
Try-outs for the Varsity men's de-
bating squad will be held today for
all candidates whether they have
been on the squad before or not, ac-
cording to A. E. Secord, debating
coach.
The preliminary try-out will con-
sist of a two-minute argumentative
speech on any phase of this question:
"Resolved: That Congress Should
Have the Power by a Two-thirds
Vote to Override Decisions of the Su-
preme Court Declaring Acts of Con-
gress Unconstitutional."
This represents a real opportunity
for a large number of men to partici-
pate in debate, Mr. Secord said, since
28 collegiate debates have been sched-
uled for the men during the second
semester. Those trying out are asked
to come at 4 p.m. today to Room 4203
Angell Hall, prepared to give their
talk.

See Bonus
Vote Soon
In Senate
'Baby Bond' Measure Is
Given Okay By Senate
Finance Committee
Morgenthau Warns
Of Great Expense
Sen. James Couzens Is
One Of Two Opposing
Compromise Bill
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14. - () -
The compromise "baby bond' Bonus
Bill was swept toward a Senate vote
today over testimony by Secretary
Henry Morgenthau, Jr., that its pas-
sage might increase to a $11,300,000,-
000 "minimum" the necessary Treas-
ury financing in the next 171/2 months.
Morgenthau privately told the Sen-
ate Finance Committee, just before
it approved the proposed substitute
for the House Bill by a 15 to 2 vote,
that the measure might require a
$2,000,000,000 money-raising opera-
tion.
Won't Be Bound By Secrecy
Senator James Couzens, of Mich-
igan, quoted him as listing these
other amounts which the Treasury
might have to raise to meet its obli-
gations before June 30, 1937, the end
of the next fiscal year: $5,800,000,000
for refunding outstanding obliga-
tions; $2,000,000,000 possibly to be
needed for relief (and not included
in the new budget); and $1,500,000,-
000 which President Roosevelt esti-
mated as next year's deficit.
Saying he would not be bound
by secrecy which Morgenthau and
Chairman Pat Harrison, (Dem.,
Miss.) imposed upon themselves after
the executive committee session,
Couzens also quoted Morgenthau as
saying that the public debt might
reach $35,500,000,000 by the end of
the next financial year.
Gerry Opposes Bi
Only Couzens and Senator Peter
Gerry, (Dem., R. I.), voted against
a favorable report on the bill which
Harrison said he hoped to get before
the Senate when it reconvenes Thurs-
day. Administration leaders predict-
ed that it would be enacted into law
this month.
Couzens was the only one of eight
committeemen who will be up for re-
election next November to oppose the
report. After he had disclosed Mor-
genthau's testimony, Administration
leaders were quick to explain that the
$11,300,000,000 figure Morgenthau
mentioned did not involve all "new
money" raising, since it included the
$5,800,000,000 in refunding opera-
tions.
Michigan Gets
Old Documents
Of Ex-Regent
More Than 3,500 Papers
Of Gen. Spaulding, Civil
War Soldier,_Received
More than 3,500 documents of the
late General Oliver Lyman Spauld-
ing, one-time regent of the University,
congressman, assistant secretary of
the United States Treasury Depart-
ment and Civil War soldier, have

-ome into the possession of the Bu-
reau of University Archives, Prof.
Lewis G. VanderVelde of the history
department, its secretary, announced
yesterday.
The documents - letters, diaries,
political notes and war communica-
tions-throw much light on many
heretofore hidden incidents in Mich-
igan history, Professor VanderVelde
said'. The material is also being used
by the University's state history com-
mission, of which the archives bureau
is a branch.
General Spaulding was a regent
from 1858 to 1864. From 1867 to
1871 he served Michigan as secretary
of state, from 1881 to 1883 he was
in the House of Representatives, and
during various periods from 1875 to
1897 he was assistant secretary of
the treasury in President Cleveland's
administration.
Although, according to Miss Eliza-
beth Sparks, who does the real re-
search work for the Bureau of Uni-
versity Archives, the Spaulding ma-
terial contains little of value regard-

Echoes Of Baird Carillon Even
Now Reach As Far As London

Because Henry
representative of
Clements Library,
the proposed Bair(
with surprise thato
he discovered that
"big bell" he had
over his British ra
at Loughborough fi
of Michigan.
So Mr. Stevens
in America, Dr. Ra
director of the C
wanting to know
about. He wrote:
Hears Br
"You may be in
that on New Year
Broadcasting Corp

Stevens, London London representative, letting him in
the William L. on the secret. The bell which Mr.
did not know of Stevens heard was one of those which'
d Carillon, it was is being cast for the $65,000 carillon,
on New Year's eve to be built here this summer out of
the chimes of the funds donated by Charles Baird, a
heard broadcast University graduate and the first ath-
dio had been cast letic director here.
for the University Have Cast Famous Bells
The Loughborough foundry, owned
wrote to his boss and operated by the John Taylor Co.,
ndolph G. Adams, has cast bells for the famous carillons
Clements Library, of the world, among which that of
what it was all the University will take its place. The
University's carillon will be the third
oadcast biggest in the world, having 53 bells
nterested to learn and a complete chromatic range of
's Eve the British four and one-half, octaves. It will
oration broadcast weigh 60 tons.

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