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Give Ijiem Their Course
On War ...
VOL. XLVI No. 14 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 10, 1936
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Four Amendments Beaten
In Session Containing
Is Defeated Twice
Veterans' Groups Back
Measure Which Gives
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9. - (P) -
Legislation to pay the soldiers' bonus
was steered past amendment stage
tonight in a surprise move which
brought grumblings in the House and
assured a quick vote tomorrow.
After five hours of debate had de-
veloped sharp disagreement over
methods of payment -an important
question but extraneous since the
bill leaves it open Chairman Mil-
ton Coughton (Dem. N. C.), of the
Ways and Means Committee de-
clined to stop work.
Instead, a roll call which Speaker
Byrns described to reporters as "the
damndest fool thing I ever heard of,"
was ordered to bring absent members
back to the floor.
Four Charges Defeated
Four amendments were proposed.
Two were beaten decisively, and two
were ruled out of order. When the
House adjourned, long after dusk,
the only motion pending before a
vote was one by Rep. Treadway (Rep.,
Mass.) to return the bill to com-
mittee with instructions to write in
a provision for paying the bonus
with relief funds.
The House voted twice against
Treadway's proposal in the form of
an amendment, defeating it first on
a standing vote 116 to 48 and again
on a teller vote 118 to 43.
Not so much as a single comma
was changed as the measure stood
tonight, with the powerful backing
of three veterans organizations.
* Provides Immediate Payment
It provides that veterans adjusted
service certificates shall be payable
at once, but offers a three per cent
interest inducement, until 1945, to
veterans who decline to cash them
The understanding of most House
members-including Democratic and
Republican leaders-was that amend-
ments were to have been postponed
until tomorrow. Many members de-
parted for dinner under the impres-
sion that none would be presented
to come up today.
During debate, as Representative
Vinson (Dem., Ky.) who introduced
the bill pleaded with his colleagues
not to "confuse the issue' by quar-
reling over methods of financing, that
question was laid squarely before the
Man 'Resembling' Bruno
Said To Have Been Seen
TRENTON, N. J., Jan. 9. - (P) -
Anthony M. Hauck Jr., prosecutor
of Hunterton County, disclosed to-
day that he is in possession of the
signed statement of a man who said
he saw a man and a woman, re-
sembling Bruno Richard Hauptmann
and his wife, Anna, near the Lind-
bergh Hopewell estate about 11
months before the kidnaping.
David Moore, the man who gave
Hauck the statement, also gave him
the names of corroborating wit-
nesses, all of whom are being
checked, Hauck said.
C. Lloyd Fisher, one of Haupt-
mann's attorneys, said he understood
Moore went to Flemington while
Hauptmann was in jail there and
could not identify the carpenter as
the man he had seen.
Hauptmann's case comes before the
Court of Pardons Saturday morning.
Shortly after Hauck's disclosure,
William Conklin, press representative
of Gov. Harold G. Hoffman, an-
nounced that the Governor had re-
ceived a letter about two weeks ago
rar ".T T Fa11rnr" and de-
Research Reveals Confidence
In U.S._Newspaper Advertising
5,000 People In 21 States
Are Questioned To Test
Pulse Of Public Opinion
NEW YORK, Jan. 9. --() - A
high degree of confidence that news-
paper advertising is reliable, found
in a wide cross-section of the Ameri-
can public, was reported today by
Charles C. Stech in an advertising
More than 5,000 persons from
coast to coast were asked 15 ques-
tions about newspaper advertising by
a corps of young women. The ques-
tions were put to oil field workers,
professors, radio announcers, physi-
cians, housewives, lawyers, bartend-
ers, beauty shop operators and many
21 States Covered
The survey covered 21 states and
122 occupations. Five hundred an-
swers came from California. Kansas,
Michigan, Illinois, Pennsylvania,
Oklahoma, Massachusetts, Ohio and
Wisconsin furnished more than 100
"To the question," Stech reports,
"which do you usually consider more
reliable, statements given out by
men elected to public office or ad-
vertisements in your daily newspa-
pers?" 85 per cent favor newspaper
Papers Favored Over Salesmen
"Answering the question, 'which
do you usually consider more re-
liable, claims and statements made
by salesmen or advertisements in
your daily newspaper?" 88 per cent
declared for newspaper advertising.
Even the majority of salesmen ques-
tioned agreed that newspaper adver-
tising was apt to be more reliable and
dependable than the average sales-
"Eighty per cent of those ques-
tioned asserted that in their opinion
advertisements make daily newspa-
pers more interesting.
"Eighty-four per cent said they get
helpful ideas from newspaper ad-
"To the question, 'Are you misled
John Gilbert Dies
After Heart Attack
i; your beliefs and purchases by the
advertisements in your daily news-
papFrs?' 59 per cent said no, 11 per
cent said rarely,' 26 per cent said
'occasionally' and 4 per cent an-
swered frequently.' These results
would indicate that the experiences
of the average consumer show a sub-
stantial confidence in newspaper ad-
"In answer to the question, 'Do
you feel that a concern which spends
money to advertise its brand is more
lkely to keep its product always up
to standard than a concern which
does not spend money to advertise its
product?' 85 per cent said yes, which
indicates one reason for the popu-
la ity of advertised brands."
Dems Is Given
Wins Out By Successively
Bidding Over Chicago
And San Francisco
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9. - (/P) -
After a spirited and almost unpre-
cedented "poker game," with table
stakes so high as to all but wipe out
the Party's deficit, the Democratic
National Committee late today picked
Philadelphia for its 1936 National
The Pennsylvania city, never be-
fore the scene of a Democratic con-
vention, won out over San Francisco
and Chicago when its representatives
finally waved a certified check for
$200,000. Then, to meet higher bids,
Philadelphia concessions estimated
to raise the total to between $250,000
and $300,000 were offered.
Party Chairman James A. Farley
announced that the national con-
clave would start June 23. The Re-
publican Party will meet in Cleve-
land beginning June 9.
Before the bidding started, Farley,
in opening the National Committee's
meeting, predicted a "campaign of
defamation" financed by the "largest
slush fund on record."
In presenting their case, Philadel-
phia's spokesmen stressed the fact
that Independence Hall and the Lib-
erty Bell are there.
"We'll ring anew the Liberty Bell,"
shouted Mrs. E. G. Miller, Pennsyl-
vania national committeewoman.
"This time not only for political free-
dom but economic freedom.",
High party officials said that they
expected President Roosevelt would
go to Philadelphia to accept re-
nomination much as he did when he
flew to Chicago to address the 1932
The "poker game" parlance was of-
fered by the bidders themselves as
the contest between cities became hot,
heavy and high-priced.
The Quaker City bid $200,000 be-
sides offering convention facilities
San Francisco went the bid better.
by $1,000; but other considerations
made it to no avail.
Chicago, with a $150,000 offer, was
soon left behind.
The last convention in Philadel-
phia was that in which the Republi-
cans 36 years ago nominated William
Long before the "poker game," the
National Committee adopted a reso-
lution indorsing President Roosevelt
and the New Deal. Only one loud,
booming "no" marked the vote.
i organ Tells
Financier Reveals That
U. S. Bought British War
Debts From Morgan's
Senate Planned To
Farm Aid Is
New Composite Plan To
Act As Successor To
Conference Of Farm
Force Disclosure Leaders Is CalledI
HOLLYWOOD, Jan. 9. - (P) -
The spectacular and tragic career of
John Gilbert, romantic idol of the
movies, ended suddenly today in
death from a heart attack.
The last half of his 38 years he
spent in Hollywood. Here he knew
the utlimate of success and failure,
in both his personal and professional
life. He was married four times; be-
loved by many women, and by turns
admired and sought after -then
alone and forgotten.
Despite his four marriages and his
friendship with many women -the
latest with glamorous Marlene Diet-
rich - Gilbert recently had declared
his love for Greta Garbo was "the
most real thing in my life."
When death came today, his only
companions were his doctor, a nurse
and two firemen. They stood beside
him in the bedroom of his mammoth,
silent home that stands in the hills
between Hollywood and the ocean.-
Their efforts at rescuscitation were
LOST BOY FOUND IN DESERT
INDIO, Calif., Jan. 9. -() -
Twelve-year-old Alfred Altman, of
Brooklyn, was found in Painted Can-
yon by sheriff's deputies today, ap-
parently none the worse for having
been lost since Tuesday afternoon.
Accounts Made Of Lloyd
George's Settlement Of
American Finance Battle
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9. -(P).-
Beating the Senate Munitions Com-
mittee to a punch, J. P. Morgan &
Co. revealed today that the United
States government took $294,000,000
of British war debts off its hands in
Senators investigating the com-
pany's handling of a $3,000,000,000
supply business for the Allies had
planned to force this disclosure. They
wanted1 to show that American tax-
payer's money was used to clear the
British obligations from the Morgan
But George Whitney, partner in the
banking house, took the offensive
with a declaration that the Treasury
took over the indebtedness because
it was about to be refunded and this
government wanted to issue a new
Liberty Loan without competing
against securities paying a higher in-
Tells Of Lloyd George Deal
Earlier Morgan had astonished the
committee with an amiable account
of how Lloyd George settled an in-
tense American rivalry for European
war business -in favor of the House
With the Morgan's already hold-
ing the prime commercial prize of
the war -the purchasing agreement
with Britain-and negotiating a sim-
ilar arrangement with France, com-
mittee correspondence showed how
William P. Bonbright & Co. made
active efforts to forestall the Mor-
gans and obtain the French agree-
As the rivalry approached a con-
flict, Bonbright's Paris branch cabled
the home office.
"English finance minister in Paris
conferring French minister of fi-
nance. Partner Morgan-Harjes &
Co. due. Remember English minister
of finance induced French minister of
finance to give Morgan-Harjes &
Co. business. Therefore must clinch
our bargain before partner pulls ace
British Helped In Loan
Morgan laughed loudly.
"What do you know of this, Mr.
"Well," he replied,- still chuckling,
"the British were intensely interested
in seeing that there was no competi-
tion between companies which held
agencies. They had great difficulties
in making adjustments.
"Lloyd George felt that it was
necessary to get things in one hand.
He told me so."
"You didn't need an ace up your
sleeve, did you Mr. Morgan," Senator
Arthur H. Vandenberg inquired.
"No," Morgan replied, laughing
again, "I didn't have an ace up my
sleeve and was glad I didn't have
to produce one."
To Be Held Today
More than 200 delegates from Ki-
Swanis Clubs located in various cities
and towns throughout the state will
convene today in the Union for their
annual state convention.
A short meeting was held at the
Union last night, but the conven-
tion proper will not get under way
until this morning. During the
course of the two-day convention the
delegates will hear speakers from
the individual clubs as well as the
report of the state president of the
It was estimated by officials in
charge that more than 60 clubs would
be represented at the meeting.
20 Houses Must Be
1 Dismantled By WPA
Edward C. Pardon, director of the
University building and grounds de-
partment, yesterday announced that
work of dismantling buildings on the
site of the new graduate school and
campanile and preparing the ground
Soil Conservation May Be
Utilized For Permanent
(Copyright, 1936, by Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9. -A com-
posite administration farm aid pro-
gram utilizing domestic allotment as.
a stop-gap and soil conservation for
permanent crop control took shape'
tonight amid growing dispute over the
form of AAA's successor.
Conferences of administration;
leaders, it was reported authoritative-
ly, have centered on such a plan, with
a final decision deferred pending to-
morrow's conference of 70 farm lead-
ers summoned to the capital by Sec-
The word given reporters after a
long White House conference was
that no proposal had been discarded,
and none agreed upon. Two Senate
Republicans introduced concrete leg-
islation while a Senate Democrat
urged currency expansion to support,
the farm crisis.
Other developments in the confu-
sion which still surrounded problems
created by Monday's Supreme Court
1. An open letter from George
N. Peek, former AAA administrator,
attacking reciprocal trade agreements
and agricultural production control.
2. A farm organization spokes-
man's private assertion that two pow-
erful farm groups would oppose any
plan for a constitutional amendment.
3. One Senate resolution propos-
ing an amendment permitting federal
regulation of agriculture; another to
permit quicker amendments.
4. A "three-way farm bill intro-
duced by Senator McNary of Oregon,
Republican leader, calling for export
debenture, domestic allotment, and
equalization fee plans.
5. A bill by Senator Cary (Rep.,
Wyo.), to provide for federal pur-
chase or lease of the 15,000,000 acres,
retiring them from production.
6. A secret meeting here of di-
rectors of the American Farm Bu-
reau Federation, with no conclusions
Some quarters believed the report
that administration favor was for
placing domestic allotments into ef-,
feet immediately, with long range soil
conservation, might offset some dis-
sension expected to be voiced tomor-
Under the domestic allotment pro-
gram, which could be swung into op-
eration with very little delay, the
government would pay farmers a cash
subsidy on that portion of their crops
grown for consumption in this coun-
try. There would be no restriction
Excise taxes on food products pos-
sibly corresponding to the invalidated
processing tax, might be enacted to
finance the payments.e
Expansion of the present soil con-
servation program to take submar-
ginal and barren land out of culti-
vation of cash crops was seen as a
means of achieving what production
control might be necessary.
University Is Now
Owner Of Sundries
University ownership of slightly
used building materials is growing
by leaps and bounds since wreckers
began to clear the site for the new
carillon and graduate school.
Although various wrecking com--
panies have bought the majority of
the formerly private residences, the
University has reserved at least one
apartment building, as well as the
foundations and other subterraneanI
portions of all buildings. As a result
it now possesses practically intactt
a large amount of bathroom fixtures,
kitchen equipment, plumbing, and
other appurtenances of the well-ap-
From the foundations have been
extracted several tons of cut redI
granite, part of which has been soldr
to the St. Andrew's Episcopal Church.I
Concrete blocks in large quantities1
will also be forthcomink.c
Still another by-product of the
wrecking operations is fire-wood fromI
the trees cut down. This will be
dried and devoted to the dormitoryt
Court Refuses Plea For
Sentence Stay; Woman
'HARRISON, Jan, 9.-(P)-A Clare
County circuit jury of 12 men con-
victed Mrs. Elizabeth Rowland to-
night on a charge of conspiring to
murder her two small daughters.'
Judge Ray Hart sentenced to serve
three anda half years in the De-
troit House of Correction, denying"
a stay of execution in order that at-
torneys might appeal.
Rising to receive sentence after her
attorney Joseph Naumes had moved
that the verdict be set aside as "not1
warranted by the evidence," Mrs.
Rowland protested vigorouslyto
Judge Hartz that she was innocent,
declaring tearfully she did not con-
spire to kill the children. "The plans
were made after my children left
home," she insisted. The jury de-
liberated six and a half hours.
"My conscience is clear," Mrs.
Rowland said to Judge Hart. Mr.
Belder (Prosecutor Theodore G.
Belder) has not done justice to me.
I didn't know what I was answering
when he questioned me after he got
me from my husband."
Her attorney had previously
claimed that she had been unfairly
tricked into incriminating state-
ments, pointing outthat 'the defen-
dant had a mental age of 11 years.
Ferrin Rowland, her husband,
hanged himself in his cell last fall
after confessing the murder of his
two step-daughters so that he and
his wife could "go places."
Reported Success Follows
Former Gains Made In
50,000 New Troops
Have Left Italy
Mussolini's Men Rumored
In Mutiny Against War
And I Duce
ADDIS ABABA, Jan..9. -(P)-
Ethiopia claimed a smashing victory
on the southern front Thursday, in
the wake of Wednesday's major suc-
cess in the north.
Officials in Rome admitted, mean-
while, that sudden stimulation of
troop movements to the war zone
was in response to urgent requests
from Marshall Pietro Badoglio, com-
mander of the expeditionary forces.
More than 50,000 fresh troops have
left Italian ports within the last few
Informed sources in Addis Ababa.
reporting the southern victory, said
a strong Italian push in the Dolo sec-
tor was thrown back in a far-flung
battle involving more than 100,000
Repulse Italian Drive
Ras Desta Demtu, Emperor Haile
Selassie's son-in-law and commander
of the southern armies, was reported
to have wired the government that
he had frustrated a fresh Italian
attempt to invade the rich Rift valley
west of Dolo.
Participating in the engagement
were 60,000 Ethiopian warriors
against 18,000 Italians and 25,000
Somalis, the report said.
Reports from Harar 'an Dessye
of victories by other Ethiopian chief-
tains in the same sctor were be-
lieved to have referred to 1-6iidents
of this same battle.
Troops of Dedjazbayenne Mered
were said to have surprised an Ital-
ian column, killing a number of So-
mali troops and capturing six tank,
six mchine guns and a radio post
It was announced at Harar that
warriors under the Fituari Taffal
had captured the Italian post of Ka-
rale after a bloody battle in which
many Italians, both white and na-
tive, were slain.
Heavy Rains Aid Natives
An official announcement at Addis
Ababa Thursday confirmed Wed-
nesday's report that the Fascist in-
vading northern army had aban-
doned the Tembien region west of
Makale in a "precipitous" fashion.
Heavy rains were understood to be
washing out roads and adding to the
enemy's discomfiture. The govern-
ment said the Italians abandoned one
tank and one truck "without resist-
Despite the flow of troops to East
Africa, Italy is keeping several regi-
ments along the French border, it
was disclosed Thursday. Fascist of-
-ficials professed no alarm, however,
over forthcoming French and British
naval maneuvers in the Mediterran-
Reports of Italian mutiny against
the war came from new sources. The
South Tyrol News Agency reported
in a dispatch .to Vi-na from Inns-
bruck that two Itaan soldiers were
killed and several wounded at Me-
rano when an officer fired on men
who refused to leave for East Africa
Mutineers Riot Against Duce
The rebels, it was said, tore down
pictures of Premier Mussolini and
thrust bayonets through him.
The same dispatch said 1,650 army
recruits had fled from the South
Tyrol to Austria and Germany to
escape service. A similar report was
published in Munich, and the Prop-
aganda Ministry in Berlin admitted
"a few may have arrived."
In Washington the Bureani of
Mines reported sharp increases in No-
vember exports of American gasoline
to Italy and her African colonies.
Shipmen directly to the war zone
of 109,716 barrels compared with 25,-
714 barrels in October and 78,284
barrels were sent to Italy, which re-
ceived no gasoline in October. The
report centered attention on Presi-
dent Roosevelt's demand that trade
with belligerents be held to normal
Approval Of Last Amendment
Is Discusse d By E. S. Brown
Dr. Stanton Sees Little Hope
In Chinese Student Movement
By FRED WARNER NEAL
Ratification of the Twenty-first
(Repeal) Amendment to the Consti-
tution - by state conventions which,
for the most part merely recorded
the dictates of the people rather than
being deliberative bodies - "will
serve as guide posts to future ac-
tion," according to Prof. Everett S.
Brown of the political science de-
In one of the first and most com-
plete surveys of the processes by
which America placed its stamp of
approval on the prohibition repeal
amendment, Professor Brown, writ-
ing in the December issueof the
American Political Science Review,
just out, describes the conventions
state by state and step by step. The
ratification of this amendment in the
spring of 1933 was the first in history
of the convention method. Approval
proponents of the theory of congres-
sional power, Professor Brown cites
former Attorney-General A. Palmer
Mitchell, and as the leading oppon-
ent, Rep. James A. Beck (Rep.-N. Y.)
and the late Senator Thomas J.
Walsh of Montana. Their argu-
ments, as told by Professor Brown,
centered around whether or not the
convention proceedure is a Federal
power, and if it is, whether or not
the Constitution meant to give Con-
gress direct governing power. The
opponents of Congressional regula-
tion, held in the words of Senator
Walsh, that "varying local condi-
tions made it necessary,- as well as
constitutional, for each common-
wealth to work out its own basis of
representation" in the ratifying con-
The latter view won out, Professor
Brown points out, and the states
By BERNARD WEISSMAN
The anti-foreign movement among'
Chinese students that twice in the'
past 20 years has repulsed incursions
on Chinese integrity won't meet the
same success in its present resistance
to the spread of Japanese influence,
Dr. John W. Stanton of the history
department declared last night.
He expressed the opinion that the
universities in North China will be
gradually put under Japanese dom-
ination until student patriotic riots
such as have been occurring in re-
cent weeks will no longer be possible.
At present, he explained, Chinese
students are allowed more freedom
to vent their feelings than even
American students, with the single
exception that the spreading of Com-
munist doctrines is not permitted.
Although student influence has
spread to other universities through-
out the country, and led to wide-
spread boycotts and cooperative ac-
tion by merchants and laborers, he
These riots in 1919, which were
carried on with unanimous enthus-
iasm by thousands of Chinese stu-
dents, led to the growth of a greater
On May 30, 1925, he continued, stu-
dents again took the lead, this time
in fighting against the handling of
strikes in the textile mills by Brit-
ish and Japanese interests.
This outbreak, originating in
Shankhai and also spreading swiftly
to other parts of China, led to the
Revolution of 1925 that swept Chiang
Kai Shek into control of the national
government, Dr. Stanton declared.
But Chiang's attitude has changed
to one favoring Japan since that time,