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December 06, 1935 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1935-12-06

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The Weather
Lower Michigan cloudy, local
rain or snoW today, probably


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Usefulness As Well As Honor . .
Poor, Poor Benito ...
Hostilities In Ethiopia ..



It aly Will
Seek Final
Plans For Decisive Battle
To Untangle European
Diplomatic Deadlock
Report Badoglio
Has 'Free Hand'
Fascists Racing Against
Oil Embargo, Oncoming
Rainy Season
ROVLE, Dec. 5. -- (A') - Italy's Af-
rican army plans to untangle the Eu-
ropean crisis by forcing a decisive
battle from Ethiopia and then con-
fronting Geneva with a war settle-
ment signed by Emperor Haile Selas-
sie, informed circles reported tonight.
Friends said Marshal Pietro Ba-
doglio, new Italian commander-in-
chief in Africa, had demanded and
obtained an "absolutely free hand" to
pursue such a course.
Thus hopes were entertained at
Rome that a, big, swift victory over
Ethiopia might solve Premier Mus-
solini's pressing problems.
It is a race against time to win
before rains bog down the armies or
an oil embargo might spread the
war to Europe, the sources declared.
Fascist forces let it be known that
an oil embargo would mean war on a
broader section.
Peace If Selassie Surrenders
Diplomats who know what the
British and the French governments
are discussing said peace is possible
as soon as and if Badoglio can smash
the Ethiopians and give Il Duce Haile
Selassie's signature to reasonable
peace terms.
They confirmed the assertions of
government spokesmen that Premier
Mussolini intends to take what he
wants in Ethiopia. They dreaded the
possibility, they said, of what some
have called the probability of war in
Peace "suggestions," which Pre-
mier Pierre Laval is said to have sent
to Premier Mussolini, were disclosed
authoritatively. ,
The proposals, which also were
understood to have been entered into
by Great Britain, do not constitute
a fixed plan for peace, it was stated,
but are designed to head off complete
rejection by Il Duce until a final plan
can be adopted at the Conference
Saturday in Paris between Laval and
Sir Samuel Hoare, Britain's Foreign
Outline Peace Suggestions
Laval's suggestions were said to in-
clude :
1-Cession to Ethiopia by Italy of
a seaport in Eritrea.
2-A slight modification of the
Northern Ethiopian and Eritrean
frontier, leaving Ethiopia in control
of its holy city of Aksum -now oc-
cupied by Italy.
3-The granting to Italy of Ethi-
opian territory south of eight de-
grees latitude, including Ogaden
Province, and west td 38 or 40 degrees
east longitude.
4-The remainder of Ethiopia to be
absolutely independent.
From Addis Ababa came the report
that an Ethiopian army marching
northward in Gojjam Province, near
Lake Tana, was attacked today by
Italian airplanes.
It was said the Ethiopian com-
mander, Ras Imeru, was wounded
in the assault near Dabat, a town 50

miles north of Lake Tana.
Great Britain is deeply concerned.
over any military operations in the
vicinity of Lake Tana. The lake is
the source of the Nile River, which
flows through the Anglo-Egyptian
Sudan and Egypt.
Tie freshman engineering college
elections were incorrectly reported in
yesterday's Daily. The following stu-
dents were elected to tae various
President, Robert A. Emmett; vice-
president, Urbane W. Hird; secretary,
Charles T. Evans, Jr.; treasurer, Wil-
liam Everhard, Jr.; Honor Council
representatives, George L. McCain,
Jr., and Dale A. Kroeger.
The election was supervised by
Howard W. Underwood, Jr., '36E, and
John F. Ingold, '37E, with the assist-
ance of Prof. A. D. Moore of the en-
gineering college.

Elections In England Leave A
Temporary Cabinet' In Wake

Heneman Sees Recent Vot
As Break With Tradition
Comments On Cabinet
Because the recent national elec-
tion in England broke with long-
established tradition in more than a
half a dozen instances, its "unusual
and interesting" aspects overshadow
speculation about the formation of a
permanent cabine~t, Dr. Harlow J.
Heneman of the political science de-
partment pointed out yesterday.
The national government,4headed
by Stanley Baldwin, won 240 more
seats in the House of Commons than
its combined opposition and is now
functioning with only a "temporary
cabinet," Dr. Heneman said. The
probable explanation of this, he be-
lieves, is that Prime Minister Bald-
win wishes to wait for the interna-
tional crisis to ease before taking any
steps which may entail domestic re-
The National Government, in giv-
ing two cabinet posts to the National
Labor party, which only won eight
seats in the Commons, "wants to
maintain the fiction that it is a na-
tional non-partisan government in-
stead of a Conservative government,"
Dr. Heneman said. Stating that it
is unusual for any party to have one-
Cinema League
Offers German
Movie Tonight
'Maedchen In Uniform' Is
One Of Best Movies, Says
Professor Reichart
"Maedchen In Uniform," German
motion picture starring Hertha
Thiele, will be shown tonight and
Saturday at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre by the Art Cinema League
as its fifth presentation this year.
The picture has been highly praised
by -critics everywhere, and recently
received favorable comment from
Prof. Walter A. Reichart of the Ger-
man department here.
"'Maedchen In Uniform' is one
of the outstanding pictures of recent
years, and it is well worth seeing, not
only for German students but for
anyone looking for an unusual pic-
Tells Theme Of Picture
"The star, Hertha Thiele, is a
highly sensitive girl and the whole
production deals withaa problemyou
don't see in American movies, - that
of girls who are denied opportunity
to express themselves in a large and
confined group living in a boarding
The German picture is to be shown
tonight and Saturday evening at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre by the
Art Cinema League. It is the story of
young girls living under the rigid
supervision of the school's headmis-
tress, Emilia Unda.
Hertha Thiele, now under contract
with Hollywood, characterizes a stu-
dent under Miss Unda. The picture
was made, directed and written by
women. There are no men in it.
Most Of Cast Novices
There are more than 100 women
and girls in the cast, recruited from!
many parts of Germany. Most of
them were not actresses before their
appearances in "Maedchen in Uni-
form," as it was the objective of
the directors, Christa Winsloe, the
author, and Leontine Sagan, formerly
known as the "The Eva LeGallienne
of South America," to avoid the use
of typed personalities and extras who
would detract from the authenticity
of the production .
"With Hollywood, the tendency is

to treat such a theme like a farce
comedy and to make it much too
light." Professor Reichart said in
comparing the German picture with
American productions of similar
type. "It is basically a serious drama
dealing with the very unhappy life of
this young girl, (Hertha Thiele).
"German movies, and "Maedchen
in Uniform" especially, cater, in a
sense, to a more discerning group."
Deadline For Senior
Pictures Is Extended
The deadline for senior pictures
for the 1936 Michiganensian has
been extended to Dec. 15, it was
announced yesterday by Robert
Thomas. ~'36, 'Ensign business

fourth of its members in the cabinet
- as is the case with the National
Labor party - Dr. Heneman pointed
out that the national government is
composed of four parties - Conserv-
ative, Liberal National, National La-
bor and National -- dominated by the
The two Nationai Laborites in the
cabinet were not even reelected to
Parliament. They are former Prime
Minister Ramsay MacDonald and his
son, Malcolm. They will probably be
seated in the Commons by running in
some safe district, from which the
elected members will be prevailed
upon to resign, Dr. Henemnan stated,
although he cited the possibility that
they may be elevated to the peerage.
The membership of the new House
of Commons is: the national govern-
ment- Conservatives 364 seats, Lib
eral Nationals 32, National Labor 81
and Nationals 3; the opposition -
Laborites 154 seats, Liberals 17, Inde-
pendent Liberals 4, Independent La-
bor Party 4, Independents 4 and

Dismissal Of
'Do Spears
s Attempted
Badaer Football Captain
Admits Passing Petition
Among Teammates
e. ents Satisfied
With Coach's Work
90 Percent Of Team Back
Gridl Mentor; Dissatisfied
Members Were Reserves
MILWAUKEE, Dec. 5. - (') - The
Milwaukee Sentinel said tonight that
Captain-elect John Golemgeske of
the University of Wisconsin football
team had made a futile attempt to
have Dr. Clarence W. Spears removed

Hull, Hoare Warn Japan
Against Aggression11n
China; Caution Ii Duce

Communists 1. as head grid coach.
Despite the large majority of the Golenigeske circulated a petition
government, Dr. Heneman called at- among members of his squad, the
tention to the fact that the variation Sentinel said, asking that Spears be
in the total popular vote was not replaced, and was ready to give the
wide. Because of peculiarities of thep 't.D oe
British elective system, he said, the Meanwell when fraternity brothers
total vote for the national govern- persuaded Golemgeske to destroy it.
ment was 11,570,000, and the total Golemgeske am eroy eta
vote for the opposition 9,930,000. Golemgeske is a member of Delta
Each government seat in Parliament Kappa Epsilon.
represents 27,000 popular votes, he The Sentinel quoted Harold Wilkie,
explained, while each seat of the president of the university's Board of
opposition represents 54,000 votes. Regents, as saying:
One of the most outstanding things "As far as the Board of Regents is
about the- election in the opinion of concerned, Spears will be at Wiscon-
Dr. Heneman, is that for the first sin in the capacity of football coach
time in history, a candidate of the next season. There never has been
Communist Party - W. Gallacher of any question as to his capability
West Fife, in Scotland--was elected raised before the Regents, and I
to Parliament. He defeated a La- don't think there will be."
borite in his constituency. The newspaper said Golemgeske
Another unusual fact was that the first denied circulating the petitions,
speaker of the House was opposed, al- and later admitted he did circulate
though reelected two to one in his them to learn how the players felt
constituency. Rarely, if ever, Dr. about their coach.
Heneman said, is the reelection of "I found about 90 per cent of the
the speaker - a supposedly non-par- players were behind him 100 per cent,
tisan individual - contested. In this and the only dissatisfied ones were a
case, he explained, a Labor candidate number of reserves," the Sentinel
(Continued on Page 2) quoted Golemgeske.
Conditions in the university ath-
Adam s Secures letic department have been unsettled
eS e for some time, but approached a crisis
FOftduring the football season in which
First Edition the Badgers won only one of eight
Rare Volum e Dr. Spears refused to comment,
Golemgeske could not be reached, and
Dr. Meanwell was in Ohio.

Clements Library Director
' Ends Search For Paine's
'Common Sense'

Washington Voices Strong
Disapproval Of China's
Autonomy Movement
Asks All Nations
To Respect Pacts
Hull Refers To Nine-Power
Treaty Guaranteeing An
Open DoorPolicy
WASHINGTON, Dec. 5. - () -
Japan and the rest of the world were
notified tonight by Secretary Hull
that the United States government
does not look with equanimity upon
the autonomy movement in North
In a formal statement, which fol-
lowed close upon a sharper and even
more pointed warning to Japan in
the British House of Commons, the
Secretary of State called upon "all
nations" to respect existing treaties.
Hull did not mention the name of
Japan, which generally has been
credited with encouraging the move
to seperate the North China provinces
from the Nanking government, but
his meaning was clear. His equally
obvious reference also was to the
nine-power treaty. With Japan, the
United States and Great Britain
among its signatories, this pact guar-
antees both China's territorial and
administrative integrity and the
maintenance of the open door to
foreign trade.
Wide speculation accompanied
Hull's statement.
This perhaps coincidental concert
of statements immediately recalled
that Sir Ronald Lindsay, the British
ambassador, has discussed the Sino-
Japanes crisis with Hull recentl.1
Rumors that there might be some
joint action in the Far East, however,
have gone unconfirmed.
Hull's statement labelled as in re-
sponse to inquiries by newspapermen,
cited the extensive American interests
in North China, as well as this gov-
ernment's treaty obligations.
"The American government," he
said, "is therefore closely observing
what is happening there."
He described this as a "political
struggle which is unusual in charac-
ter and which may have far reaching
Premier Saves
Cabinet's Life
By Concessions
Laval's Acceptance With
'Minor Reservations' Is
Announced By Leftists
PARIS, Dec. 5. -UPA) -Premier
Pierre Laval today accepted the de-
mands of the Radical Socialists for
action against the semi-military
forces, thus saving the life of his
The Premier's acceptance "with
minor reservations" was announced
by Edouard Herriot, former Premier
and leader of the demanding Leftists.
He made the announcement after a1
conference with Laval.
There was an immediate softening
of the Radical Socialist hostility to-
ward the cabinet indicated after the
conference, the Leftists had renewed,
their attack on the "political troops"
in a heated debate in the Chamber of;
Deputies earlier in the day.
There was a spirited counter attack
by the parties under fire.
The realignment of political power
behind the Premier was regarded by

observers as giving Laval freedom to
carry through his peace negotiations
with Premier Mussolini as well as his
economic readjustments of the gov-
Amid a tumult of shouted insults
and banging desk tops, Moderate
deputies accused Communists and
Socialists of violence, and demanded
disbandment of the Left wing Red
Shirts if the Rightist, Nationalistic

Not Slander If Mayor
Calls Man 'Bum, Faker'
NEW YORK,Dec. 5. - W) -Ruling
that the words "bum" and "faker"
are not slanderous, Supreme Court
Justice Philip J. McCook dismissed
today the $50,000 slander suit brought
against Mayor LaGuardia by Charles
Shankroff, real estate broker.
Shankroff, in his complaint, said
the mayor had uttered the words in
addressing him during a board of
estimate hearing.
Justice McCook said the word
"bum" did not import a crime, pun-
ishable offense or moral turpitude.
"Faker," he said, is not slanderous
nor was either used so as to apply to
Shankroff in his business or profes-
Liquor Prices
To Be Reduced
For Christmas
State Control Commission
Will Dump 9,780 Cases
Of Scotch Whiskey
LANSING, Dec. 5.- UP)-The state
liquor control commission prepared
today to dump 9,780 cases of Scotch
whiskey on the holiday market at bar-
gain prices.
Chairman John S. McDonald an-
nounced the price of 16 brands will
be cut 30 per cent between Dec. 11
and Dec. 31 in an effort to move them
from state liquor store shelves.
The list of brands includes many
which are the favorites of connois-
seurs. McDonald said most of the
stock, which he values at approxi-
mately $350,000, was bought in the
early days of the commission.
Stores will display placards carry-
ing the list of bargain brands and
their prices. Ed Stevens, commis-
sion auditor, explained the commis-
sion will allow the cut by accepting
15 per cent gross profit instead of
the customary 45 per cent.
The chairman explained the bar-
gain sale by saying the commission
is anxious to liquidate slow-moving
stocks and reinvest the money in best
Decision to reduce prices on Scotch
whisky followed closely the commis-
sion's sale of its $386,000 light wine
inventory to the De Luxe Distilled
Products corporation of Lansing. The
contract of sale was formally ap-
proved by the commission yesterday.
Next Congress
Plans Revision
Of Wealth Tax
Senator George Indicates
Morgenthan Is Studying
Tax Legislation
WARM SPRINGS, Ga., Dec. 5. -,
(P) - The inclusion of tax revision in
the program of President Roosevelt
for the approaching session of Con-
gress to correct any injustices found
in the new "wealth tax" bill appeared
definite today.
Sen. George, (Dem. Ga.,) member
of the finance committee, and one of
the callers at the Little White House,
indicated Secretary Morgenthau is
studying the tax legislation passed in
the closing hours of the last session.
The Senator said he believed some
recommendations were in prospect on

the readjustment of the new grad-
uated corporation levy, but he with-
held any details
As for general tax legislation, Sen-
ator George said he saw none in
sight, but added that if the Supreme
Court ruled out the processing taxes
of AAA, "it will bring us very close
to a manufacturer's sales tax to meet
the situation."
He emphasized he was speaking for
himself on this. While the President

Foreign Secretary Claims
Great Britain Is Forced
To SupportEmbargo
Warships To Leave
For 'Maneuvers'
Appeals To Italy Not To
Regard League Support
As 'Sinister Motive'
LONDON, Dec. 5.-- (VP)- A warn-
ing to Japan against aggression in
China and a new and open peace ap-
peal to Italy to end aggression in
Ethiopia were coupled today in a
stirring pronouncement by Sir Sam-
uel Hoare, foreign secretary, before
the House of Commons.
Tonight these highlights emerged
from a crowded London day:
1-Taking cognizance of the North
China autonomy trouble, the Foreign
Secretary politely warned Japan that
her relations with other powers may
suffer unless her position is clarified
2-The significance of coming An-
glo-French conversations, in Paris
this weekend was magnified by dec-
larations that Britain is doing its
utmost to restore peace between Italy,
Ethiopia and the League before oil
sanctions are effective.
Ready For Collective Action
3-Declaring both Britain and the
League to be pledged in principle to
the oil embargo, Hoare said, however,
that the United Kingdom "shall be
be prepared to take our share of
whatever collective action is deter-
mined" at the League sanctions com-
mittee meeting Dec. 12.
4-The battle er isers Hood and
Renown and four destroyers, which
steamed to Gilbraltar at the height
of Italo-British tension, will leave
this week for "normal" maneuvers in
the Atlantic. Others will go when
they return, but authoritative sources
said the maneuver had no political
significance and did not mean actual
withdrawal of the warships from the
Cites 'Unfortunate' Events
Turning to the Far East, Sir Sam-
uel said:
"I can only regard it as unfortunate
that events should have taken place,
which, whatever the actual truth of
the matter may be, lend color to the
belief that Japanese influence is ex-
erted to share Chinese internal po-
litical developments and administra-
tive arrangements.
"Anything which tends to create
this belief can only do harm to the
prestige of Japan and hamper de-
velopments, which we all desire, for
the friendliest mutual relations be-
tween Japan and her neighbors and
He referred to the "so-called auto-
nomy movement in North China" as
a serious cloud on the Chinese hori-
zon. This, together with reports of
the activities of Japanese agents and
recent movements of Japanese troops
have caused Great Britain "consider-
able anxiety," Hoare added.
Denies Attempt to Weaken Duce
Paving the way for the Paris meet-
ing, which, informed observers agreed,
was called to but the stamp of Anglo-
French approval on a plan for peace
negotiations, the British Foreign Sec-
retary openlydisavowed any desire to
weaken the position of Il Duce or to
destroy Fascism.
"We have no wish to humiliate
Italy nor to weaken Italy," he de-
clared. "Indeed, we are most anxious
to see a strong Italy in this world
- an Italy that is strong morally,
politically, socially, and that is able
to contribute to the world invaluable
"I appeal once again to Signor Mus-
solini and his fellow countrymen to
dismiss entirely from their minds the

suspicion that we have sinister mo-
tives behind our support of the
League. We have none ..."
Sphinx Initiates
Eleven New Men
After taking the neophytes on their
traditional hay-rack ride, Sphinx,

Socony Will Erect
Refinery In Naples

After years of search, Dr. Randolph
G. Adams, director of the Clements NEW YORK, Dec. 5. - (A) - J. A.
Librry, ast eek ecurd Brownt, chairman of the executive
Library, last week secured a first committee of the Socony-Vacuum Oil
edition copy of Thomas Paine's Co., Inc., said today that a large re-
"Common Sense," published in 1776, finery would be constructed by its
the book which is credited with hav- Italian subsidiary at Naples and that
ing so fired the imagination of the this was in keeping with a plan an-
I nounced last July. The refinery will
American people that it introduced to not be put into operation before the
them the idea of revolution. spring of 1937, he said.
Although the library already owns Brown's statement was in response
more than 15 copies of "Common to inquiries as to whether the con-
Sense," the newly acquired volume is struction of this refinery, understood
especially valuable since it is a first to cost several million dollars,was
edition, and thus adds considerably connected with proposals to place an
to the importance of the collection of embargo on shipments of oil to Italy.
Americana, Dr. Adams said. He explained that the plan was
"Common Sense"' is not only of developed as result of a change in the
great importance and historical value, Italian tariff in 1933, and long before
but it also rates highly among the the outbreak of Italo-Ethiopian hos-
literature in the field of political phil tilities or the discussion of sanctions.
osophy. Paine was a noted writer in
the revolutionary period and wrote PHYSICIAN SENTENCED
many important and significant LANSING, Dec. 5.--(A)-Dr. Er-
treatises on politics. nest G. Bellinger, prominent Lansing
Beside discussing revolution in his physician, faced two years proba-
book Paine outlined 'the origin and tion and the loss of his rights to sell
design of government in general, with narcotics today for his circuit court
specific reference to the English con- conviction of having failed to record
stitution, and treated the contemp- sales of narcotics. Circuit Judge Le-
drary status of American affairs, and land W. Carr pronounced the sen-
the ability of Americans to support tence yesterday, ordering Bellinger
a government of their own. to pay $50 costs of court.
Swinburne Collection Grows
With New Gift Of Rare Booksl
Many valuable gifts have been Kerr, "an artist absorbed in a lyrical
given to the University General Li- ecstasy, a writer of absolute and un-
brary, but few are more significant adulterated poetry constantly revolt-
than that presented by Lowell Kerr, ing against established practices."
'23, according to Miss Ella Hymans, Of great importance is the manu-
curator of rare books. Forty-seven script poem, written in Swinburne's
volumes of Swinburne's works and hand, entitled "Death." Another work
Swinburneana, five manuscript pieces is the volume published in 1861 in
written by Swinburne, and six other Florence while Swinburne was in-that
volumes comprise the entire gift city, called "Il Canzoniere di Dante
which places the collection of the Alighieri," which also contains Swin-
General Library on the noted English burne's bookplate.

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