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September 24, 1935 - Image 31

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1935-09-24

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SEPTEMBER 24, 1935



Will Finance
New Building
Pfans For Erecting Social
Center And Offices For
Graduate School Matde
Structure Will Be
In Back Of League
J onor Formerly Assistedl
In Archaeology Research
Work ForUniversity
Plans for a new building to house
the offices of the Graduate School
and to provide a center for graduate
students are being submitted to the
Board of Governors of the Horace H
Rackham fund, which allotted $1,-
000,000 for the new structure.
A total of $5,000,000 was given to
the Board of Regents for the support
of the Graduate School, which hence-
forth will be officially known as the
Horace H. Rackham School of Grad-
uate Studies.
The new home of the Graduate
School will be one block north of the
campus, adjacent to the Michigan
League building. No definite plan for
the building has been decided upon,
but in addition to having two audi-
toriums, rooms for the various so-
cieties of graduate students will prob-
ably also be provided.
Gift Ttals $5,000,000
The gift was made irom the Horace
H. and Mary Rackham Fund and
comprises half of the $10,000,000
trust fund which was provided for by
the late 'capitalist, one of the orig-
Inal partners of Henry Ford, and
which he directed should be spent
for the "benefit of humanity."
The bulk of the fund, $4,000,000,
will be an endowment for the grad-
uate school, and the income from the
endowment will be used to support
special investigators in research, to
provide scholarships and fellowships
and to meet other expenses of re-
Although this was the largest gift
from the fund, prior to his death in
June, Mr. Rackham made possible
the University's archaeological studies
in Egypt and the Philippines besides
assisting other University projects.
Dr. Mark S. Knapp, director of the
Rackham fund, stated that heretofore
smaller grants had been made to
the University hospital and also for
other research projects, but that such
projects had been of necessity limited
in scope because of the smallness and
time limit of the grant. "Now the
endowment will provide money for
projects which may require three or
five years to be completed," Dr.
Knapp declared.
Donor Once Ford Partner
The governing board of trustees
for the foundation is composed of
President Ruthven; Dean Clarence
S. Yoakum, graduate school; Dr.
Mark S. Knapp, director of the Rack-
ham fund; and Bryson D. Horton,
member of the Rackham board.
In commenting on the grant, Pres-
ident Ruthven stated that "this is
without doubt one of the great con-
tributions to higher education in the
United States and one of the most
important gifts ever made to the
University of Michigan. With the f a-
cilities now provided the research pro-

gram will be materially enlarged and
better coordinated and the University
will be able to plan certain long time
investigations which have hitherto
had to be avoided because of the un-
certainty of support."
Mr. Rackham was an original as-
sociate of the Ford Motor Company
and was graduated from the Leslie,
Mich., High School. Later he went
to Detroit to read law in an office
and sometime after was admitted to
the bar. He first became associated
with the University in 1920 through
the archaeology department.
Rackham Worked In Egypt
His first gift was made in that year
for the work of the University ex-
peditions in Egypt and in the Philip-
pines. Later he bought Greek manu-
scripts and certain biblical and an-
cient oriental manuscripts for the Li-
The trustees of the fund who have
contributed more than $300,000 to
the University since Rackham's death
are Mrs. Rackham, Frederick G. Rol-


f ill Make Graduate School

One Of Country's


Complete Map Of University Campus And Buildings
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will be erected north and adjacent to the Michigan League Building. The enclosed square marks the spot
where the building will bb erected,
Le DeteCtor, Pschologiss' Gi TIo
Police, May e elp ToWaryWies
_"C HOUSE c Ax

Gargoyle Cuts
Rates By Half,
Adds Features
Campus Humor 1magazine
Will Have Yearly Price
Of 50 Cents
Plans to continue the Michigan
Gargoyle in its position as one of
the leading humor publications of
the country were announced yester-
day by Don Miller, '36, editor. Novel
treatment of feature material and
new departments will be included in
the first issue, which will make its
apearance Oct. 9.
Throughout the magazine, foot-
ball will be the general theme of the
first issue. Inspired by the success
of the April issue's cover which de-
picted prominent University officials,
the editors plan a similar treatment
of the coaching staff. Editor Miller
also promises a double page of "un-
usual" pictures of the 1935 grid squad.
An article by Harry Kipke is tenta-
tively scheduled for Oct. 9 release.
A new department, "Going Places,"
will be styled after the New Yorker's
columns. It will be devoted to fol-
lowing the social activities of Michi-
gan students inAnn Arbor and De-
troit. Miller stated that the popu-
larity -of Sophisticated Lady and Pre-
posterous People departments forced
the editorial staff to retain them in
the new Gargoyle.
By using special cameras the edi-
tors plan to add many more photo-
graphs to the publication. Miller
stated that the "candid camera" de-
partment would be continued and
that more color would be used. Al-
though the "official black ball" page
will not apepar in the first issue,
Miller stated that the editors plan
to hold it in reserve "as a sword over
the heads of celebrities."
The Gargoyle has obtained a con-
tract with a leading company which
will sponsor cartoons by Petty. Other
features will include a treatment of
the fraternities and the rushing ac-
tivities. The Class of '39 will be
publicized in a special story.
SYRACUSE, N. Y., Sept. 23. - (R)
--More trouble than the loot was
worth was the way police charac-
terized the theft of a ton of scrap
iron from Nathan Ullman's junk yard.
The whole 2,000 pounds was valued
at only $5, Ullman said.

Staff Will Edit
New Directory
Names, Addresses, Phones
Of All Students Will Be,
Ready In 3 Weeks
Immediately at the close of regis-
tration the entire staff of the Mich-
iganensian will turn its attention
toward the editing and publishing
of the Student Directory. The vol-
ume will make its appearance in three
weeks, it was stated, by Robert Thom-
as, '36, business manager.
Edited by Franklin T. Dannemiller,
'37, the Student Directory will con-
tain the name of every student en-
rolled in the University. In alpha-
betical form the Directory will pre-
sent the student's name, year in the
University, Ann Arbor address, home
city, and Ann Arbor telephone num-
ber. In addition to presenting, the
residence and office phone numbers
of faculty members the Student Di-
rectory will contain their degrees and
official titles in the University. In
the past the Directory has also carried
a section devoted to University or-
ganizations and to fraternities and
Sororities. Other departments dealt
with presenting important addresses
and telephone numbers in the city
of Ann Arbor.
Although the exact size of the vol-
ume depends on the number of stu-
dents enrolling, members of the 'En-
sian staff estimated that the 1935-
36 Student Directory would be larger
than last year's edition, which con-
tained 256 pages. The new edition
will again be bound in a paper cover.
More than 2,000 copies will be
printed,. and it was announced that
the new Directory will probably sell
at a different price than last year's
edition. Representatives of the pub-
lication will appear on the campus
immediately after the book is printed
and bound.
ATHENS, O., Sept. 23.-One hun-
dred men students of Ohio Uni-
versity here have been able to live on
$3.50 each a week this year, under a
co-operative plan. The plan, first
tried experimentally last year, was so
successful that at the beginning of
the fall term the school leased Palmer
house, a local hotel, for additional
living quarters.

Oct. 2 Set'For
First Concert
Of Glee Club
(Continue f oPage 25)
day, Oct. 2, when freshmen will ap-
pear before judges in the Glee Club
rom on the third floor of the Union.
The tryouts will continue until 5:30
p.m. Last year the Freshman Glee
Club comprised 65 members and Pro-
fessor Mattern stated that the 1935-
36 size would not be considerably al-
tered. Although they are not eligible
for the varsity Glee Club until the
second semester, the members of
the Class of 1939 singing group will
have its own schedule and organiza-
Varsity tryouts will be held from
7 to 9 p.m. Thursday, Oct. 3, in the
Glee Club Room at the Union. Al-
though the schedule is not completed,
three concerts at the Union have been
definitely scheduled for tpe Glee Club.
Under the direction of the Glee
Club alumni a Stanley Memorial Fund
has been created to provide schol-
arships for talented musicians. More
than 2,000 alumni have participated
an, the organization. Among the
leaders of the movement have been
Prof. Otto Zoelner, formerly connect-
ed with the University and now a
member of the University of Minne-
sota civil engineering department,
and the Hon. Robert F. Thompson,
judge of the New York Appellate
Men's Fine Shoes


So you're a stoic, are you?
You don't reveal your emotions?
Well, if you cherish that belief,
don't get near a "behavior research
polygraph," better known to the pub-
lic as a "lie detector," or you'll soon
be disillusioned. That's what mem-
bers of the American Psychological
Association learned at a demonstra-
tion of the aparatus during their an-
nual convention held here September
Once in the grip of the polygraph,
the subject can hardly call his soul
his own. The instruments measure
blood pressure, pulse rate, speed of
breathing, ratio of inhalation and ex-
halation, psycho-galvanic skin re-
flexes, speed of response, muscle tre-
mors, and a relation called the Luria
phenomenon, involving the coordi-
nation of verbal and muscular re-
Eight. Reflexes Tested
A band around the subject's chest
measures the respiration, and bands
around the upper arm and ankle
record the blood pressure and pulse.
One hand rests on a device which
measures any unusual muscle tre-
mors due to such pathological con-
ditions as high nervousness, or in-
ebriation, while the other hand rests
on a shield the subject is to press at
the time of his verbal answer.
The psychogalvanic skin reflex
concerns the resistance of the skin
to such symptoms as perspiration,
undue skin heat, or "goose-pimples,"
which are liable to appear under
emotional stress. It is recorded
through the palm of the hand and
back of the upper wrist.
All these recordings are photo-
graphically observed by the polygraph
on a graph divided into one second
intervals, and along with them are
recorded the time of the examiner's
question, and the time of the subject's
verbal and muscular responses.
Dr. Chester W. Darrow of the
land, Mrs. Myra H. Bussey and Clar-
ence E. Wilcox.

Chicago Juvenile Research Institute,
one of the designers of the polygraph,
demonstrated the machine for the
psychologists with Dr. Lloyd N. Yep-
sen, staff member of New York Uni-
versity, and director of classification
at the New Jersey jail where Bruno
Richard Hauptman is confined under
death sentence, as a subject.
A new era in parlor tricks and
guessing games was clearly foretold
by the experiment. After Dr. Yep-
sen had chosen a number between
one and ten, he was told to answer
"no" to every question. Just to
make it more sporting, Dr. Darrow
decided to make his test using only
the sychogalvanic skin reflex read-
"Is it three?" Dr. Darrow asked.
"With Dr. Yepsen's answer, the
galvanometer needle quivered vio-
lently, but Dr. Darrow explained that
the first question invariably brought
that result.
He then called several other num-
bers, finally repeating "three." Again
the needle quivered violently.
"Did you lie just then?" he asked
Dr. Yepsen. As the subject answered
"no," the needle went into a wild
dance, and Dr. Yepsen admitted that
the number was three. Twice again
a similar test brought the correct
Locates Hidden Objects
As Dr. Yepsen was released from
the various attachments, he laughed
nervously and said, "Don't sell my
wife one of those things!"
With a similar machine Dr. Dar-
row has found the month or state of
the Union in which subjects were
born, and has located hidden ob
jects by successive questions narrow-
ing down the field in which the ob-
jects were concealed. He suggested
the machine as a possible scientific
answer to the game of "Animal, Vege-
table, or Mineral?"
The polygraph, however, has not
been confined to parlor tricks and ex-
periments, but has seen considerable

service in court. Dr. Verne W. Lyon.
an associate of Dr. Darrow, told the
psychologists of its use in Chicago
Juvenile Court cases.
Actual Criminal Tests
Of the £00 cases examined, all of
whom claimed innoncence at first, the
"lie detector" gave a clear record to
20. Of the remaining 80 cases, 33
confessed when confronted by the
records of emotional strain and asked
to explain them. Even though the
remainder "stood pat" even after see-
ing the disturbed record, Dr. Lyon
pointed out that the polygraph had
ennabled court disposition of more
than half of the cases.
"Lie Detectors" measuring emo-
tional strain have been developed
simultaneously by Dr. Keeler of
Northwestern University on the one
hand, and by Drs. Darrow, Lyon, and
John A. Larson, assistant Illinois
criminologist, on the other. The
technical development of the latter
was undertaken by the C. H. Stoelt-
ing Company of Chicago, sponsors of
the psychological equipment display
at the convention, of which the poly-
graph was a part.
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