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October 24, 1935 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1935-10-24

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Lundell Speaks
On Maya And
Its Civilization
Making Biological Survey
In Connection With The
Carnegie Institute
Speaking on the Maya country and
its ancient civilization, C. L. Lundell
assistant curator of the University
Herbarium, delivered the second ad-
dress in the Geographical Travel
Series sponsored by the Extension
Division of the University, given over
Station WJR, yesterday at 2 p.m.
In conjunction with the Carnegie
Institute, the University has been
making an intensive biological survey
of the Maya country, reminiscent of
an ancient Indian civilization which
in achievements ranks with the more
famous civilizations of ancient Egypt
and Greece. Mr. Lundell stressed the
fact that this region is a compara-
tively scientifically unexplored coun-
try in spite of its value.
Had Calendar 2,000 Years Ago
"The history of the Maya region is
most intriguing," he said. "Two thou-
sand years ago, at the very beginning
of the Christian era, the Maya al-
ready had a remarkable system of
hieroglyphic writing, and a calendar.
At that early date, they had begun the
erection of stone temples and pyra-
mids, all elaborately sculptured and
Mr. Lundell listed some of the re-
markable achievements of the Maya
tribe which comprises the history of
the Yucatan peninsula up until the
Spanish conquest. "Among the great-
est achievements is the calendar
which surpassed any calendar of con-
temporary peoples. The Maya in-
vented zero six hundred years before
it was used elsewhere in the world.
Although they had no telescopes, they
knew the movements, of the planets,
and based their calendar on these
movements. They calculated time for
as much as 5,000,000 years, a remark-
able achievement for a so-called prim-
itive people.
In connection with the recording of
time, they erected giant monoliths
every five, ten, or twenty years. To-
day these dated stones stand in the
abandoned, forestcoveredruins. From
the dates and hieroglyphics on. the
monuments, we are able to learn
something of the early history of the
Spaniards Destroyed Civilization
"The Mayan civilization vanished
with the conquest by the Spaniards,"
Lundell continued, "for the priests,
the ruling and culture bearing classes,
were killed. With them thehMaya
civilization perished. Even the his-
toric books of the Maya were gathered
by the Spanish conquerors and
burned, so today only four books or
codices survive of the thousands which
the Maya are said to have kept in their
ancient libraries. With the destruc-
tion of the priesthood class, and the
burning of the Maya books, much of
the history of the race was forever
Mr. Lundell then explained his con-
tacts with this region, which began
in 1928. He had made some surveys
for the chicle or chewing gum indus-
try, but in 1933, Dr. L. C. Stuart of
the Museum of Zoology and Mr. Lun-
dell took the fourth University of
Michigan-Carnegie expedition into
that region in continuation of the
biological survey. "However," he ex-
plained, "the region is still little ex-
plored scientifically. A more satis-
factory area for a biological survey
could not have been chosen for much
of the peninsula remained virgin ter-
ritory biologically before the Univer-
sity expeditions penetrated the .hin-

Concerning the results of the ex-
peditions, Lundell stated "The five
University Maya expeditions have
made wide contributions to a knowl-
edge of the flora and fauna of the
Yucatan peninsula. In the zoological
field, the expeditions have made
known much concerning the animal
life of the region. Although much
scientific information has been gath-
ered by the expeditions, and pub-
lished, there remains much to be

Fascist Commander

C. B. Gordy To
Head Campus
Charity Drive
Prof. Charles B. Gordy of the Col-
lege of Enginereng was appointed
'esterday by President Ruthven to
aead the Ann Arbor Community Fund
.rive on the campus.
The drive, which will solicit finan-
.ial aid for more than a score of civic
and charitable organizations here,
vill start Nov. 20 and run four or
five days, according to Everett
Haymes, executive secretary of the
Community Fund.
The University division of the
Fund's campaign falls under the
head of the Institutional Drive, which
is headed by Emory J. Hyde, '04L,
president of the Alumni Association.
Robert Greve, assistant director of
the University Hospital, will head the
drive in the University Hospital, of
which he is assistant director, Haymes
Ann Arbor organizations which re-
ceive aid from the Community Fund
are the Michigan Children's Aid, the
Public Health Nursing Association,

Conservation Problems Differ
In Upper And Lower Michigan

"A different problem," asserted
Miss Lida Rogers, head of the biology
department of the Holland High
School, who spent the week in Ann
Arbor to attend the meetings of the
Conservation Institute "faces us in
Northern Michigan than faces you
in the south, for we are often faced
with lands, whose topography is con-
stantly changing because of the
As a demonstration of how this
problem can be solved, Miss Rogers
described the work her students are
carrying on with a forty acre tract of
land, which in parts was covered with
shifting sand hills. Supervising the
work of her biology students, Miss
Rogers has transformed this desolate
spot into a small forest in three years.
the family Welfare Board, the Boy
Scouts, the Y.W.C.A., the Y.M.C.A.,
the Dunbar Civic Center, the Old
Ladies' Home, the Salvation Army,
the Maternal Health Commission,
and the Out Patient Clinic at St.
Joseph's Hospital.

"White and Norway pines were
planted," Miss Rogers said, "and al-
though we have had an eight percent
loss in the first year and larger in the
second, we have replanted until we
have now more than 15,000 healthy
trees. A cabin has been built," she
added. "and it is the base of the field
trips which we take." All the plant-
ing was done by Miss Rogers' stu-
dents, and the only aid they have had
was advice from the Michigan State
forestry department and the Depart-
ment of Conservation, which provides
them with the young trees.
A sand dune on this tract of land,
Miss ;Rogers pointed out, was con-
stantly shifting because of the wind,
but this was prevented temporarily
by laying brush in concentric circles
around the dune. Next year, she
said, we shall plant trees there, and
thus prevent this condition perman-
Miss Rogers expects the work to be
completed in ten years by her pupils
in biography at the Holland High
School, which has 700 students.

Exhibit Is Made
Of Celluloid Fish
An exhibit of local fish reproduced
in celluloid, has recently been placed
on exhibition on the third floor of
,he University Museums building.
It is the only exhibtion in the
)uilding done in celluloid, according
to Miss Crystal Thompson, director
>f visual education of the University
:nuseums. The exhibit includes perch,
,rout, and sunfish.
Other recent additions to the mu-
seums are a live armadillo from Tex-
as, and a Tarantula found in Okla-
homa. Several live snakes are also

being shown on the third floor of the
museums building. The exhibit in-
cludes king snakes and a Massasauga
or prairie rattlesnake.
ST. LOUIS, Oct. 2.- (A) - Writ-
ing-less dangerous than politics -
is to be Upton Sinclair's occupation
from now on.
"I am not going to be a candidate
for any political office," Sinclair de-
clared Tuesday night. "It is too dan-
;erous - I might be elected.
"I started a movement to educate
the people to a way out of the de-
pression, and, as a result, I found my-
self almost elected governor of Cali-


L .



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-Associated Press Photo.
General Emilio De Bono, shown
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the Italian attempt to conquer
Ethiopia, pledged himself to com-
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He pronounced his command in ex-
cellent condition.
Students' 'Singing'
Creates Demand For






Are you an organist? Can you
play popular music?
This is not an advertisement for a
correspondence school course, as
might first be inferred, but rather
an appeal from Gerald Hoag, local
manager of the Butterfield Theatres,
for an organist to take the place of
the Michigan's Paul Tompkins, who
has left to fill a position at the
Stanley Theatre in Baltimore.
Mr. Hoag's appeal for a new or-
ganist is motivated, in part it seems,
by sympathy for those students who
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they believed were their crooning tal-
ents. Then, too, if there is no or-
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and other forms of horseplay are ma-
terially diminished.
Anyone who can play the organ is,
eligible, Mr. Hoag emphasizes, but, he
adds, itswouldbe nice if the organist
were a student.
Oh, yes. There will be a salary,
and there is a spotlight for that new
suit you'll be wearing.
65-Year-Old Fire
Charles Carroll, 65-year-old veteran
Ann Arbor fireman, died suddenly
yesterday morning at the fire sta-
Mr. Carroll was born in Ann Arbor
and served in the fire department
for 45 years. He was a Catholic and
member of the Elks Lodge.
The body was removed to the Mueh-
lig Funeral chapel yesterday, and fu-
neral services will be held Saturday
morning at nine o'clock in St. Thom-
as' church. Burial will be in St.
Thomas Cemetery.
Members of the fire department
will act as pallbearers and some mem-
bers of the police department will be
honorary bearers.
Mr. Carroll is survived by a brother
in Los Angeles.
MUSKEGON, Oct. 23. - UP) -
Harvey Kincaid, 12 years old, was in-
jured fatally Tuesday when he slip-
ped from a township truck driven by
Sam Keur while riding home from


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