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October 10, 1935 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1935-10-10

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Thne Weather
Light rain or snow flurries,
much colder Thursday; Friday
generally fair.

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Editorials
A Local Opportunity ...
A Course In Flying ...

VOL XLVI. No. 10 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1935

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Death

Verdict For

BrunoHauptmann
Upheld In Appeal

Prisoner Displays Despair
As Prospect Of Execution
Looms
Evidence Is Found
Irrefutable Proof
Final Appeal To Supreme
Court Is Expected As
Next Development
TRENTON, N. J., Oct. 9. - ()-
The death sentence, imposed on
Bruno Richard Hauptmann for the
kidnap-murder of Charles A. Lind-
bergh Jr., was unanimously upheld
today by the Court of Errors and Ap-
peals, leaving him only three very
doubtful avenues of escape from the
electric chair.
Supreme Court Justice Thomas W.
Trenchard will fix a new execution
date for Hauptmann and, unless his
lawyers successfully pursue one of
the three courses open, the stoical
German carpenter will pay the pen-
alty decreed at Flemington by a jury
of eight men and four women.
-Por the first time since he was ar-
rested in the Bronx on Sept. 19, 1934,
Hauptmann today manifested any-
thing approximating despair. His
present chief of counsel, C. Lloyd
Fisher, broke the news to him in
the death house.,
"I never did this and surely they
will find that out before it is too late,"
Hauptmann told Fisher. His first
words, though indicated a regard for
his wife Anna's feelings.
"My God, what a fine anniversary
present for Anna," he exclaimed. The
Hauptmanns will have been married
10 years tomorrow.
To Be Appealed
Late today, Egbert Rosecrans, de-
fense' Co'ti Yie;stI the asc- poably,
would be appealed to the Supreme
Court. "I don't believe we have
grounds now for a new trial"
The Court- of Pardons, the third
avenue of possible escape, can com-
mute a sentence to life imprison-
ment, but does so rarely.
Rosecrans said that he would con-
fer this week with Fisher and Fred-
erick A. Pope, the third defense at-
torney.
Sixteen members of the full Court
were on thebench when the decision
was announced, but only 13 voted.
Justice Trenchard, as trial judge, was
automatically barred from the delib-
erations, and two new lay judges were
appointed after the appeal on June
20.
The opinion was written by sev-
enty-three-year-old Supreme Court
Justice Charles W. Parker. - It was
nearly 14,000 words in extent and was
preceded by a syllabus, noting briefly
the 16 points raised by the defense.
Verdict Upheld
"Our conclusion," the opinion read,
"is that theverdict is not only not
contrary to the weight of the evi-
dence. but one to which the evidence
inescapably led.
"From three different and in the
main, unrelated sources, the proofs
point unerringly to guilt, viz:
"A. Possession and use of the ran-
som money; B. The handwriting of
the ransom notes; and C. The wood
used in the construction of the lad-
der."
Speaking of the $14,600 ransom
money, the court said:
"The explanation of the source of
this money offered by defendant was
incredible and we find not the slight-
est evidence to corroborate it. The
defendant's handling of the money
makes clear his guilty connection
with the enterprise."
Hutchins Discounts

'Red' Student Scare
DES MOINES, Oct. 9.-(UP)-Dr.
Robert Maynard Hutchins, president
of the University of Chicago, never
has met a "red" professor, he said
here tonight, and he doesn't believe
"more and more students are get-
ting more and more red."
The educator told delegates of the
national association of mutual insur-
ance companies that the "way to
make students red is to suppress
hem_ "

Campus Sale Of First
Gargoyle Starts Today
Tie first issue of the Gargoyle
will go on sale today. Copies of
the humor magazine may be
bought from student vendors on
the campus and from newstands
and at the Publications Building
on Maynard Street.
The price of single copies is ten
cents, but, according to Norman
Williamson, '36, business manager
of the Gargoyle, a saving of forty
cents can be had by taking ad-
vantage of the offer of nine issues
for fifty cents.
Sociologists To
Convene Here
October 16-19
Professors Wood, Carr,
To Address Meetings;
1,000 Expected
More than 1,000 Michigan sociolo-
gists and social workers will come to
Ann Arbor next Wednesday for the
annual Michigan Conference of So-
cial Work, Oct. 16-19.
The Conference will last through
Saturday, meetings being held in the
Union. One of the principal speakers
to address the conference will be San-
ford Bates of Washington, D. C., head
of the Federal bureau of prisons.
Other outstanding speakers on the
prorgam include J. C. Armstrong,
Michigan commissioner of pardons
and paroles; Dr. Wililam Haber, State
ERA administrator; Harry L. Pierson,
StaterWPA administrator; and Dr.
Robert H. Haskell, superintendent of
theN Wyne Cowun Tining -Sehookl
at Northville.
Members of the University faculty
who are on the program are Prof.
Arthur E. Wood and Prof. Lowell J.
Carr, both of the sociology depart-
ment.
The Conference will open with reg-
istration Wednesday morning on the
second floor of the Union. Miss Har-
riet Johnson, president of the Con-
ference and a sister of former-Gov-
ernor William A. Comstcok, will pre-
side at a luncheon at 12:15 p.m.,
when Robert W. Kelso, director of the
University's Institute of Health and
Social Sciences, will speak on "Plan-
ningathe Community's Social Work
(with special reference to the small-
er city)."
Subscriptions To'
'Contemporary'
To Be Solicited
A program of stories and articles
more intimately associated with the
campus will augment this year's edi-
tion of "Contemporary," Michigan
literary magazine, according to an
announcement by the editors last
night.
Beginning a three-day campaign to
secure 350 or more subscriptions to
the magazine, the business staff will
have stands available in Angell Hall,
in University Hall, and in the center
of the diagonal for the convenience
of subscribers.
Four issues are planned for this
year, as for last, and the special sub-
scription rate is 75 cents.
Marking the second year of con-
secutive publication, the "Contempo-
rary" is receiving the active support
of the English department, which
uses the magazine for occasional-reci-
tations.
Contributions of poetry, essays,

drama or fiction are solicited, and
may be sent to the "Contemporary"
offices in the Student Publications
Building.
Rites For Wilgus
To Be Held Today
Funeral rites for Professor-Emer-
itus Horace L. Wilgus, who died sud-
denly of a heart attack Tuesday
afternoon, will be held at 3 p.m. to-
morrow at the residcnce 1547 Wash-

Silent Period
For Rushees
StartsToday
Fraternities And Would-Be
Pledges Must Refrain
From All Contacts
Registration To
Close October 11
Cooperation Is Asked By
Interfraternity Council
In Pledging Process
A four-day period of silence during
which both fraternities and rushees
will submit their preference lists to
the office of the Dean of Students,
Room 2, University Hall, will begin
at 8:30 p.m. today as fraternity
rushing activities for the first semes-
ter of this year draw to a close. In
c o m p li a n c e with Interfraternity
Council regulations there should be
no contact whatsoever between rush-
ees and fraternity men during this
period.
Two final opportunities for rushees
to register, an absolute requirement
of the council rules before one may be
pledged, remain. The council offices,
Room 306, the Union, will be open
for registration from 3 p.m. until 5
p.m. today and from 10 a.m. until
noon tomorrow. Rushees neglecting
to register will be ruled ineligible
until next semester.
George R. Williams, president of
the council, urges fraternities to re-
mind freshmen of the registration
requirement at all rushing dates to-
day.
Each freshman desiring to pledge
a fraternity should exchange the re-
ceipt he received upon paying his
registration fee for a blank prefer-
ence list between 8 a.m. and noon
tomorrow in the office of the Dean
of Students. After designating the
fraternities he considers desirous in
order of preference on this list, he
must return it to the same office be-'
tween noon and 5 p.m. tomorrow.
Each fraternity will present to the
Dean of Students before 9 a.m. to-
non l a t llt "f the rushees it is
willing to pledge, stipulating the num-
ber it desires, and the address of
each.
The office of the Dean of Students
will honor these bids and accept-
ances according to the respective or-
ders of preference, awarding each
fraternity as near, but not more'
than, the number of pledges it de-
sires.
Both the fraternity and the rushee
will be notified Monday of the agree-1
ments made and rushees shall re-
port to their respective houses at
6 p.m. that day to be pledged.
Violations of rushing rules in the'
past have been principally during
the silence periods, Williams remind-
ed the fraternities, and adherence to
all rules during this period will be
strictly maintained within the power
of the council.
PROF. MAURER RETURNS
Prof. Wesley H. Maurer of the jour-
nalism department has returned from
the convention of the health educa-
tion institute of the American Public
Health Association recently held in
Milwaukee, Wis. He addressed the
convention on "Enlisting Community
Organizations in a Public Health
Program" and "Social Engineering
in Public Health."

........_.
t

Murderer Of
Daughters Is
Apprehended
Ferrin Rowland, Hunted
By Police For 10 Days
Caught In St. Louis -
Admits Drowning
Of Step-Daughters
Letter Sent To His Wife
Is Principal Clue In Final
Capture_
FLINT, Mich., Oct. 9.- (A)
- Deputy Sheriff Arnold and
Floyd Harder of Pontiac re-
covered the bodies of Katherin
Wooden, 6, and her two year
old sister, Virginia, from the
middle of Bloat Lake, south of
here tonight ,where officers
had gone to drag for them af-
ter the step-father of the chil-
dren, Ferrin Rowland, had
confessed at St. Louis, Mo.,
that he had drowned them.
ST. LOUIS, Oct. 9. - Ferrin Row-
land, of Harrison, Mich., admitted
Wednesday afternoon that he had
drowned his two small step-daughters
in a small Michigan lake three weeks
ago, St. Louis detectives announced.
Rowland, hunted since Oct. 3 after
the disappearance of the girls on
Sept. 17, was arrested in the Rector
Hotel earlier today. The capture fol-
lowed interception of letters from
Rowland to his wife and a friend in
Harrison.
The girls were Katherin Goodin,
6 years old, and her sister Virgina,
2.
Rowland said he had fastened part
of a broken plowshare to the chil-
dren's necks after placing them in a
rowboat on Slack's lake, which is near
the road between Flint and Holly,
three miles south of Grand Blanc.
When he threw them overboard, Row-
land told detectives, they made no
outcry.
Rowland then rowed back to shore
and drove his truck back to Flint, he1
said.
Officers said that as they entered'
Rowland's hotel room he attempted
to end his life, pulling a revolver1
from under his shirt. They prevented
him from firing and he was taken
to the detective bureau for question-
ing.
Michigan officers who came to St.
Louis to make the arrest with local
police were Sheriff George Bates,
Deputy James Clute and Prosecutor
Theodore G. Bowler, of Clare County,
and Deputy Michael Kelley, of Gen-
esee county.
The prisoner's statement that he
had killed the children because he
"wanted to be rid of them" coincided
with an assertion he made in the
letter which led to his arrest.
A previous letter had sent the
Michigan officers to this city last
night, but they carefully concealed
their destination, pretending that;
they were bound for northern Mich-
igan to search the area in which
Rowland often had gone hunting.
John Graham, neighbor of Row-
land's, Wednesday received a letter,
which asked him to deliver an in-
closed message to Mrs. Rowland, who
has been held in the Clare County
jail since his disappearance.

Austria, Hungary, RiseTo
Defense Of Italian Policy;
Ii Duce s Armies Advance

n

Italy Will Not Pause In
Her Aggressive Attitude;
Many March Forward
10,000 Sick Are
Sent Back To Italy
Italian Forces In South
Are Reported Suffering
From Thirst
Italy has no intention of resting
on its oars after conquering a fertile
strip of northern Ethiopia, officials
asserted Wednesday at Rome.
"Aduwa is only the first step," they
said. "The Army for the moment is
quiet along the entire fron, but is
preparing for another advance."
But despite the "quiet," Italian
correspondents at Asmara, Eritrea,
confirmed reports that Il Duce's ad-
vancing soldiers had stormed , and
captured Edagahamus after "most
bloody fighting." (This was denied
by Ethiopia.)
Edagahamus lies southeast of Ad-
igrat, taken several days ago, in
northern Ethiopia.
"Hordes of Ethiopians came into a
frontal clash with the advancing
Italians and were mowed down by
modern Italian weapons," said the
dispatches. In a counter-attack
Ethiopia's warriors suffered "very
grave" losses, it was said.
Edgahamus is important because1
it gives the Italians access to a car-j
avan trail to Hauzien, a key town
in the area.
Many Italians Sick4
Thousands of sick Italian soldiers,
victims of fever and dysentery, are
being returned to Italy from the East
African war zone, semi-official Paris
quarters said Wednesday.1
French agents have reported the"
passage through the Suez Canal of
10,000 stricken troops. Unconfirmed1
reports were prevalent in Paris that
Italy has lost 12,000 men-in battle
and from sickness.
Reports from Djibouti, French
Somaliland, said that Ethiopians are1
salting wells and underground springs
as the Italians advance from the Mt.
Mussa Ali sector of the Eastern Front,1
and that the Italians already are suf-)
fering from thirst.
While the Edagahamus action went
on, another strong detachmeht of,
troops advanced from Aduwa toward
Aksum, Ethiopia's holy city and
former capital.
Italians Build Roads
The killing of 20 Ethiopians was re-
ported in another dispatch which.
said Italian workmen building roads
near the Eritrean harbor were at-
tacked by natives but drove them off.
Meanwhile, Addis Ababa, lacking
news of actual fighting from any sec-
tor, talked feverishly of the exploits
of daring guerilla bands on the Ad-
uwa-Aksum frontier.
Reports to Reuter's (British) cor-
respondents in Addis Ababa said that
Ethiopian losses in the North were
small. Ras Seyoum, the Northern
commander, was described as in ur-
gent need of rifles and amunition, al-
though it was reported that uniden-
tified Americans had presented the
Emperor with two airplanes which
are to be shipped soon from New
York.
Two May Be Called
By Discipline Body
Faculty members of the University
Disciplinary C o m m itt e e denied
knowledge late last night of rumors
that two students will be called be-
fore them at their meeting at 11

a.m. today in Hutchins Hall.
The students are believed to have
violated a rule which forbids passing
out handbill advertising on the cam-
pus.
Prof. E. Blythe Stason, chairman of
the committee, declared that it is just
a regular meeting and denied knowl-
edge that two students will be called
in for violation of the rule.
Other members of the committee
could not be reached, but the rumor
persisted from reliable sources.

Professor Trampled
Underfoot In Rush
For Front Benches
Psychologists had new phenomena
to ponder over yesterday when a cam-
pus psychology professor found him-
self under a deluge of requests for
front seats.
Explanations were not lacking. In
fact, the explanations constituted an-
other phenomenon.
"My room-mate's name begins with
an 'A'" began one eloquent plea for
a front seat, "and we do all our
studying together. 1 would please
like a place next to her." "My glasses
are broken," said another, "and IJ
won't be able to have them fixed for
a while." "I really can't pay such1
good attention in the back of the
room," was another's excuse."
"Rationalizations!" pooh - poohed
the professor.
300,000 Menj
Fighting Along
Eritrean Front1
Ethiopian Army Repulsedf
In Attack Upon Aduwat
Tuesday Night;
PARIS, Oct. 9. - (3)-Dispatches
to the Paris Soir from the Eritrean
front stated today that fighting is1
general throughout the northern
Ethiopian sector with 300,000 troops
engaged in a quadrangle formed by1
Adi Ugri and Adi Kaie, in Eritrea
and Adigrat and Aksum, in Ethi-
opia.
The fiercest fighting, said the dis-
patches, was on the outskirts of Ak-
sum, which was reported encircled
by Italian columns but not yet cap-r
tured due to the heavy fire of Ethi-
opion sharpshooters hidden in the1
hills commanding the city.t
The dispatches also said an Ethi-
opian plan to cut the Eritrean rail-f
road at Massaua collapsed when at-
tacks at Adi Ugri and Adi Kaie were
repulsed._
What was described as a third at-
tack on Adigrat, which is in Italian1
hands, was said to have failed.
Last night, Paris-Soir's report said,
Ethiopians attempted to recapture
Aduwa and were thrown back after
three attacks, the battle lasting until
down with heavy Ethiopian losses.t
Large numbers of Italian wounded,;
the dispatches said, were being moved1
to the rear.
Kappa Tau Alpha '
Holds First Meeting
The first official meeting of Kappa
Tau Alpha, national honorary jour-
nalistic fraternity, was held last night1
in Prof. John L. Brumm's office. The'
new officers elected at the meeting3
are Irving F. Levitt, '36, president,
Jerome C. Patterson, '36, vice-presi-
dent; and William C. Bergman, '36,
secretary-treasurer.
As a part of its program for the
coming year, the society decided to
sponsor a journalistic circulating li-
brary to be housed in the journalism
department, and to be placed at the
disposal of the students in journal-
ism. This library is to consist of cur-
rent books dealing with present day
issues vital to modern journalism.
Presentation of a number of book
reviews conducted by the faculty of
the journalism department will also
be sponsored by the fraternity. The
reviews will be open to students gen-
erally.
As a means of recounting the ex-

periences of former members who
have entered the journalistic field
since graduation, a meeting of the
alumni of the fraternity was also
planned.
Plan For Second
Band Is Announced
Prof. William D. Revelli, director of
University Bands, yesterday an-
nounced the formation of a second

Refusal Of Two Countries
To Back League Deals
Blow To Sanctions
Assembly Adjourns
Without Discussion
Observers Expect Large
Majority To Vote Use
Of Restrictions
GENEVA, Oct. 9. - (P) - The
League of Nations alignment favor-
ing the punishment of Italy for in-
vading Ethiopia was broken today by
Austria and Hungary.
Baron Pflugl, of Austria, announced
that his nation does not accept the
report of the Council Committee of
Six under which sanctions would be
imposed against Italy.
The delegate from Hungary an-
nounced that his country was not in
a position to indorse the conclusions
of the League Council which decided
that Italy had disregarded its cove-
nants under the League of Nations.
These two announcements were
made in a meeting of the League
Assembly which was suddenly ad-
journed without definite action.
League observers, however, expect-
ed an overwhelming majority of the
56 Assembly members to rally to
the cause of sanctions at a critical
session tomorrow.
Aloisi To Speak
The first speaker will be Baron
Pompeo Aloisi, head of the Italian
delegation. He is expected to de-
nounce strongly the action of the
League Council in indicting Italy as
an agressor against Ethiopia and a
violator of the Covenant.
Any other opponents of the Coun-
cil's indictment will then be called
upon to speak, along with those who
wish to make reservations for their
respective governments.
Shortly after today's meeting of the
Assembly, which had been called into.
urgent session, opened Baron Emeric
Pflugl, of Austria, announced to the
tense delegates:
"Austria cannot forget that in a
fateful moment of her history Italy
contributed to safeguard her integ-
rity. The links that bind the Aus-
trian people to the people of Italy
are strong. Austria will not fail in a
friendship that is destined to last
through time to come."
He referred to the Nazi putsch of
July, 1934, in the course of which
Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss was as-
sassinated. Italy's army was moved
to the frontier, ready to march into
Austria, should Nazi Germany at-
tempt to take over the Vienna govern-
ment.
Hungary Refuses
Hungary took a similar position.
Said Laszlo Develics, her delegate:
"Hungary hears with grief of meas-
ures about to be applied against Italy
that so frequently and effectively has
shown its friendship toward Hun-
gary."
Although the refusal of these na-
tions to join in sanctions would be
a vital aid to Italy, the majority of
League members are expected to go
ahead with their plan of .exerting
economic and financial pressure upon
Mussolini's country.
A unanimous vote of the assembly
is not required. Any nation which
refuses to approve the Council's in-
dictment of Italy, however, is not
compelled to join in application of
sanctions.
7 YearmOld Boy
Not Poisoned,

Reports Show
The report on the examination of
the body of Richard Streicher, Jr.,
seven-year-old Ypsilanti boy slain
last March, discloses that the boy was
neither poisoned nor were bones in
his body broken, Prosecutor Albert
J. Rapp, said last night.
The prosecutor's statement fol-
lowed receipt by him of the report of
Dr. John C. Bugher, University path-
ologist. who nerformed an ntonnv

New German Professor Gives
Picture Of European Colleges,

By PAUL D. JACOBS
A veritable paradise of unlimited
cuts, appeared in the description of
European universities offered by Prof.
Ernest A. Phillipson, who was newly
appointed to the German depart-
ment. "Each student is allowed the
privilege of making his own choice
of subjects, and professors are paid
not by the university, but by the stu-
dents in their own classes," said Pro-
fessor Phillipson.
European higher education em-
phasizes the humanistic arts rather
than the sciences according to Pro-
fessor Phillipson. However the pri-
mary difference in higher education,
as it exists in the United States and
in Europe, is one of purpose, he con-
tinued, and the European university
stresses research work, and teaching
methods are seldom used; whereas
the American university is largely de-
voted to education and the teaching
of facts, rather than to the searching
for knowledge hv actual nerformance

our United States of America.

The

reason he offers for this is, that "in-
ternational conflagrations in Europe
are due rather to traditional nation-
alisms and long time grudges, than
to economic forces."
Although connected with European
universities for over seventeen years,
Professor Phillipson feels utterly in
accord with the fundamental ideals
of American freedom. However, in
answer to those who flaunt a "dic-
tatorship" bugaboo in front of all who
advocate a reasonable amount of reg-
imentation and cooperative action in
periods of stress, he states, "All ideals
of freedom, in order to maintain
themselves intact, should permit a
certain degre of regimentation and
curtailment of personal liberties in
times of emergency. Those who ad-
vocate complete freedom of the in-
dividual should realize that what
they are advocating is not American-
ism, but rather anarchism."
Professor Phillinson received his

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