THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, MARCH 1, 1935
Is In Charge
National Education Ass'n
Observes 300 Years Of
Secondary education as a historical
matter, as a contemporary question,
and as a theme for future adjustments
was the keynote of a two-day cele-
bration recently held at Atlantic City
of the 300th anniversary of the found-
ing of high schools in America.
National chairman of the celebra-
tion committee is Prof. Calvin O. Da-
vis of the school of education, who
has been working with a national
planning committee for the past seven
years to make a celebration program
during 1935, of which this two-day
speaking program was the opening.
At the Atlantic City meeting which
was held in conjugiction with the as-
sembly of the National Education As-
sociation, a program with Professor
Davis as presiding officer was divided
into four parts; secondary education
in retrospect, secondary schools at
work today, secondary schools as an
essential factor in a national develop-
ment program, and special aspects of
Among the list of speakers on the
pogran were Dean James B. Edmon-
son of the school of education, who
was in Atlantic City attending the
meeting of the N.E.A.; G. M. Wiley,
headmaster of the present Boston
Latin School, the forerunner of which
was founded in 1635; Prof. Charles
Judd of the University of Chicago,
Foreword Gives Keynote
"America is pledged to public, uni-
versal, and democratic education,"
declared Professor Davis in his fore-
word to the celebration handbook.
"Every student, every school official,
every honest patriot should hold the
nation to that pledge.
"This means that a place in high
school must be found for millions of
boys and girls who are now outside
drifting into ignorance and crime. It
means that public support must be
won for the high school program. It is
a matter of educating taxpayers as
well as students."
Fuel For Cars1
Gasoline Substitute Too
Expensive, Inefficient For
Use, He Claims
Prof. G. G. Brown, at a meeting of
Sigma Rho Tau Wednesday night in
the Union, delivered a short talk on
"Alcohol as a Fuel for Internal Com-
He said in part, "While alcohol can
be used in internal combustion en-
gines with satisfactory results, it is
actually a very poor fuel. It not
only costs more than ordinary gaso-
line at the refinery, but it is consid-
erably less efficient in practice."
Thus did Professor Brown effective-
ly spike the arguments advanced by
proponents of a plan of compulsory
adulteration of gasoline with alcohol
in an effort to absorb the huge sur-
plus of corn on the farmers' hands
at the present time.
Professor Brown presented many
economic as well as technical and
practical reasons for the discourage-
ment of the use of alcohol in mix-
ture with gasoline as a fuel in an ef-
fort to provide material for later dis-
cussion of the topic on the part of the
members of the forensic society.
Professor Brown, a member of the
chemical engineering department and
a nationally known fuel expert, has
debated on many occasions with some
of the country's foremost authorities
on the advisability of making the use
of fuel alcohol a government subsidy.
History Records Medics Were
Not Always Serious Students Of Father Iden
By DAVID G. MACDONALD to get out at once. These two were
That the medics on the Michigan 'Gertie' and 'Mollie,' and they started
campus were not always the serious for the street by the back yard. Not.
and studious students which are now a score of steps had they taken be-!
seen is strikingly recorded in an old fore they were discovered by about
tale of "Rapalje's Ranche," in which 50 howling medics who rushed upon
a large group of medical students and surrounded them with sardonic
mobbed the inmates of a disorderly shouts of delight.
house and ran them out of town. The Mollie Made Miserablef
story first appeared in The Democrat "The miserable creatures thought3
sometime in the spring of 1879. they were going to be killed and
This seemingly altruistic action on begged for their lives. 'My name is
the part of the medics found its real Mollie,' spoke up that damsel in pite-
origin in the suicide of Howard K. ous accents, 'and although I am'
Williams, one of their number. He what I am, I am a lady for all ofI
had fallen "rapturously in love" with that.' "
one of the inmates of the house, Lou ! The derisive yell which greeted this
White and, in fact, was to be married statement caused one of the girls to
to her the day following that upon faint, so both were conducted back!
which he took his life.
Not Completely Explained
No complete explanation was ever
obtained for the act, but it was known
that he had quarreled with his fam-I
ily over the matter of his engage-
ment. His classmates "were deeply
galled by the thought of the cause
which influenced young Williams to
take poison and seemed to lay the
whole blame upon the house where his
affianced lived." The Democrat rec-
As a result "there was very little
study done yesterday, but there was
a good deal of talking and thinking.
Notes were passed about at lectures,
and long before any conference or
meeting washeld every student knew
there was a scheme on foot to rid the
town of the occupants of the house
on Second street."
A meeting was held "at which it
was unanimously resolved, 'for the
honor of the University,' to request
the keeper of the Second street man-
sion to leave the city; in fact, to order
her to go, bag and baggage, and if she
didn't - and it was expected she
wouldn't - to sack the house."
'Biggest Mob Ever'
Fully 500 students and "hangers-
on of the mob, the biggest mob of
the kind Ann Arbor ever saw," gath-
ered that night at the Leonard house,
many of them armed with guns. At
9 p.m. they moved "quietly and very
orderly" upon the "ranche."
Once in sight of the objective the
quiet was broken with profanity and
imprecations, and a concerted rush
was made for the building. Midway
across the street the mob was halted
by the voice of Mrs. Rapalje, the pro-
'Gentlemen,' she said, in a voice
way up to a 'high C, 'what do you
want with me? What have I done to
deserve this? I am but a poor weak
woman; you are men. You come here
to mob me. For God's sake! what have
I done to deserve this?"
Forced Into Iniquity
The reply, "What kind of a house
do yourkeep?" produced a melo-
dramatic plea from the woman not to
remove her sole earthly support. Ad-.
verse circumstances and a wicked hus-
band had forced her into it, she
claimed. She refused to pack and leave
as the students directed her to do.
A bombardment immediately began
with the medics taking the offensive.
Rocks crashed through the windows,
but the fusillade was momentarily
halted when "two, revolvers were pre-
sented at the open window, and at
the next instant the mob had been
widely scattered by a volley of pistol
"Two students were shot through;
the cap and one had a piece taken
out of his left ear, and almost mirac-
uously no one was seriously wound-'
ed.' The discharge of the pistols act-
ed as a signal, for the rest of the be-
leagured o c c u p a n t s immediately
opened fire. The volley was returned
with a barrage of rocks and some
Sheriff Calls Halt
Eventually the sheriff made his ap-
pearance on the scene and induced
the rioters to desist "because the
house belonged to the savings bank."
He said he had the necessary papers
to eject the occupants, and promised
to have them out of the house by the
At the same time the hysterical
voice of Mrs. Rapale was again heard,
this time begging for an armistic. She
was again told that she would have
to "get out," and this time she
agreed. The students by this time
had ceased firing.
"Two of the inmates were anxious
to the house. After being repeatedly
assured that the occupants of the
house would be out of town by the
following night, the students slowly
dispersed, "and in a half an hour
or so all was quiet." No one was ser-
Is Received By
Anthropology Unit Begins!
Sorting 3,000 Pieces Of
More than 3,000 pieces of prehis-
toric Indian pottery were received
at the German repository of the An-
thropology .Museum for classification
this week, James B. Griffin, in charge
of the work, announced yesterday.
The pieces,'which Mr. Griffin terms
"a most important addition to the,
Museum," were received from Ross
Pier Wright,-df Erie, Pa., and West-
field, .N. Y. A noted amateur, he
and his sons have excavated their
land in New York for 10 years, un-
earthiig much material which throws#
light on the prehistoric life in that
Of roiluis Origin
While the -cultural relationships of
the pottery have not been definitely
established .as yet, it appears that i
they were made by prehistoric Iro-'
quois Indians. The importance of the
pottery, Mr. Griffin explained, is that
it comes from a part of the country;
that is little known and in which little!
research has been done.
"Westfield was long an important
portage point," he pointed out. "It
Was .d-eirest route to Lake Chautau-
qU:a Jnd the Ohio drainage and was
probaly, much traveled in prehis-
tonc a well as comparatively mod-
Need Classification ,
The "shards," as the scientists
term the pieces of pottery, are of
many different shapes and sizes. Mr.
Griffin hopes in time to classify all
of these, thus presenting a fairly clear
picture of the life in those prehistoric
The pottery is a part of a much
larger collection of Indian imple-
ments, bones, and weapons found by
Mr. Wright in the ancient burial
places and village-sites on his Newl
Yorc property. The Wright family
has completely restored more than
60 pots made from pieces found near
the scene of the excavation.
The collection was given to the An-
thropology Museum over the week-
end, when Dr. Carl E. Guthe, director,
and Mr. Griffin, who is a Fellow in
Aboriginal North American Ceramics,
attended a meeting of the Eastern
States Archeological Federation in
Rochester, N.Y. They left Ann Arbor
Friday, returning Tuesday.
Donald K. Anderson, '38,
Named As Recipient Of
Donald K. Anderson, '38, was an-
noun ced yesterday as one of the two
men to be awarded the T. M. Iden
Trust Fund Scholarships for this
semester. The other recipient of the
award is James Putnam of the Kan-
sas State Teachers College, Emporia,
The scholarship, amounting to
about $100 this year, is derived from
a fund built up by those men who
have come under the direct influ-
ence of "Father" Iden at both of the
institutions. The awards are made
upon the basis of scholastic ability,
character, and interest in religion in
the broader sense of service to hu-
manity. This last consideration is of
particular importance as having been
the guiding principal of "Father"
Iden's "Upper Room" work here on
the Michigan campus.
'A selected committee at each of
the two schools has been formed for
selection of candidates, and recom-
mendation for the award. At the Uni-
versity ithis composed of Carleton
Wells of the English department, the
Rev. H. L. Pickerill, director of the
Michigan Christian Foundation, and
John V. Field, Grad. The committee
at Kansas State Teachers College
is composed of Thomas W..Butchard,
president of the college, and the well-
known newspaper editor and' writer,
William Allen White.
This scholarship is awarded from
time to time at irregular periods and
at Michigan the recipient is expected
to aid in the compilation of a history
of "Father" Iden's work here, and to
assist the director of the Michigan
Christian Foundation for a limited
amount of time each week.
Anti-Fire Campaign Is
Endorsed By Ruthven
President Alexander G. Ruthven
last week endorsed the "Stop Use-
less Fires" campaign, which is to be
held from March 14 to April 14.
"No citizen of Michigan," wrote
President Ruthven in a letter, to Mrs.
H. B. Earhart, president of the Fed-
erated Garden Clubs, which is spon-
soring the campaign, "who realizes the
damage which has been done to the
natural beauties of the state in the
past by carelessly kindled fires can
do otherwise than look with approval
upon the "Stop Useless Fires" cam-
Heads Red Cross
(Continued from Page 1)
1890. "Operations as we know them
today began in 1890," Dr. Coller stat-
In the last decade of the past cen-
tury the study of the anatomical fea-!
tures of surgery interested the medi-
cal world, he continued, but from 1900
on, with the development of Roent-
gen's ray in 1895, surgeons became in-
terested in what was to be found by
diagnosis and experiment, and from
1910 on a study of end results was
begun, "which," he remarked, "has
done more than anything to improve
Since 1920, surgeons, Dr. Coller said,
have been especially interested in
the chemistry and physiology of the
body, and the thorax and sensory
systems have been extensively treated.
He then showed the use of X-ray in
localizing tumors and diagnosing
Otto Haisley To Address
Otto W..Haisley, superintendent of
Ann Arbor public schools, is attend-
ing the annual meeting of the Na,-
tional Education Association at At-
lantic City this week. Superintendent
Haisley will address the members of
the Department of Superintendence
on the "Methods for Utilizing Local
Communities in the Study of Modern
Enroute to the Atlantic City meet-
ing, Superintendent Haisley attended
a meeting of the Progressive Educa-
tior Association in Washington, D.C.
He will return to Ann Arbor on Mon-
day, March 4.
FORESTERS TO CONFER
W. H. Savage of the American Tree
Association and representative for the
Charles Lathrop Pack Foundation,
which each year awards scholarships
throughout the United States' for
leadership in forestry, will be here
today to confer with Prof. Willett F.
Ramsdell of the School of Forestry
and Conservation on developments
with regard to the Pack Foundation.
-Associated Press Photo.
Named by President Roosevelt to
ucceed the late John Barton Payne,
dmiral Cary T. Grayson (above) be-
omes the national chairman of the
merican Red Cross.
Test For Auditory
To test whether a person retains
a speech longer that he has heard
over the radio, or a speech he has
both witnessed and heard, Prof. F. L.
Cortright, director of men's forensics
at Wayne University, gave an experi-
mental examination yesterday at the
campus radio studios in Morris Hall.
Professor Cortright gave his test
to 50 students, half of whom he placed
in a room into which a loud speaker
directed his talk. The other half lis-
tened to him as he talked into the
microphone. Both groups were given
the same examination to see how
much they retained of the talk.
Professor Cortright has once be-
fore tried his experiment to test the
effectiveness of the visual plus audi-
tory code in comparison to just the
auditory code. His results in this
earlier test showed that those who
heard and saw the speaker retained
25 per cent more than those who had
listened to the talk over the radio.
MICHIGAN is voting for BEECH-NUT...
it's the "treasured flavor"... always cool
and refreshing. Try BEECH-NUT GUM
after eating or between smokes. You'll
find it gives you a great deal of pleasure.
Beech-Nut Fruit Drops . . . . Lime, Lemon,
Orange and Assorted . . .. and all Beech-Nut
Mints on sale wherever Beech-Nut Gum is sold.
~ ~ ~ - - - - -
All Kinds, Types and Sizes of
BEECH-NUT Products available at
South State, opposite North U.
South State at Packard
which the Federated Garde
of Michigan are initiating."
TO S TAY
Try our Butter - Cream - Cheese
421 Miller - Phone 2-2645
IN CHORAL UNION CO N CE RT
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The FIRST Ann Arbor Showing
WITH NO STARCH... NO WILT COLLAR
The JAYSON SHIRT has that ideal of
attached collars... a collar that looks stiff...
but feels soft. ...that is pliable, porous ...
but always smooth and neat . . . that will
never blister or wrinkle . . . and that is
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Come in. . . and discover this
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find a wide selection of patterns
and colors . . . at
South U. - Between Church & Forest - Dial 2-3517
FRIDAY'S MENUS INCLUDE:
FRESH BAKED FISH
MEAL TICKETS- NOW $4.00
includes Lunch and Dinner six days a week,
SF: THF. FISH TANK DISPLAY IN OUR WINDOW
qv v r I I 1 (i /*O*I