'I HE MICHIGAN DAILY
PtRRWAV, FTMUARY 22, 1935
THE MICHIGAN DAILY FRIDAY, FEBEVARY 22, 1935
Storm Center Of African Dispute
A " H
BARDERA OGADISC 10
Ind ian Ocean
-Associated Press Photo.
The above map shows the scene of recent encounters between
Ethivpian tribal forces and Italian colonial troops, which may lead to
ar. African conflict. Ethiopia is completely surrounded by the posses-
sicns of Italy, Great Britain, and France.
Professor Ehrmann Interprets
Italian-Ethiopian Border Clash
(Continued from Page 1) France, and Great Britain. In 1894,
case of Russia in Central Asia prior the French secured a concession for
to the World War., a railway to be built from Jaibuti,
(or Djibouti) capital and important
Opening incident of the present port of French Somaliland, to Addis;
crisis came in a border skirmish at Ababa. This railway, completed in1
Ualual in December of last year, when 1917, has since caused Italy to seek1
Italian colonial troops clashed with to enlarge its possessions, or in some1
Ethiopian tribal forces. Then fol- other way to overcome the strategic
lowed, on Jan. 29, another clash at advantage thus gained by France
Afdub. Although Italy claims that Now, despite the fact that France
the scene of the conflicts are within has granted Italy a part ownership
the territory of the Italian Somali- in the railroad, Italy is still eager to
land, Professor Ehrmann drew out extend its Somaliland possessions.
a map published some years ago by
the Italian Colonial Ministry which Dworm an W ill
clearly reveals that these skirmishes
all took place on Ethiopian territory.
"The Italian claim also rests upon M eet Zerbo In
the contention that these tribes are
subjects of the Sultaname of Obbia, H a d ll in l
Although the Emperor claims these.
tribes as subjects of the region of
Ogaden, the Italians argue that he is Louis Zerbo, defending champion,
unwilling to accept responsibility for and Herman Dworman, former Na-
the actions of these natives, and hence tional doubles champion, went into
are asking protection," Professor Ehr- the final round of the State A.A.U.
mann said. handball singles tournament by win-1
Asks Neutral Zone ning their semi-final matches, last
"As a consequence, Italy asks that night, on the Intramural courts.
a neutral zone be created beyond the Zerbo defeated George McCarthey
frontier of the Somaliland, so that in straight games, 21-13 and 21-19.(
they may protect their boundaries Playing barehanded, the champ had
from native incursions. In addition, little difficulty in the first game, but
they demand the payment of an in- was forced to make three quick come-
demnity for loss cf life, and an offi- backs to win the second.-
cial apology. Negotiations are re- Early in the last game McCarthey
ported to be taking place, but the took a 9-4 lead, but Zerbo, rallying,
Italians, to make their claims more overtook him and went ahead, only to
effective, are using military mes- fall behind again when McCarthey
ures. They have placed about 30,- in turn rallied to make the score 16-
000 men on war footing, and are re- 10. Zerbo, showing a beautiful as-
ported to be holding another 250,000 sortment of shots and untiring speed,'
in reserve. Artillery, air forces, fast then put on a spurt that put him
trains, and all modern means of into the final round.
warfare are in preparation for action Dworman, once again showing his
or at least a convincing argument." powerful left-handed kills, had little
Italy is able to proceed without trouble with Larry Dowd, taking the
fear of opposition from either Great first game 21-8 and the second 21-10.
Britain or France, Professor Ehrmann Although his right hand was as usual
showed, for several reasons. "First, very weak, his left-handed shots were
both France and Great Britain have so powerful that Dowd was unable
had similar difficulty in border skir- to cope with them. The veteran's
mishes. This January, France lost a superior experience showed time andl
colonial officer and 18 men in a again as he kept the ball on the
frontier clash, for which they de- left side of the court.
manded, and were promised,gan in The final match will be playedSat-
demnity. It is also thought that urday at 3:00 p.m. and the spectators
are sure to see some beautiful hand-
err in their ac ivies inatiar ball. Zerbo will have the advantage
this is part of the colonial settlement of youth and superior endurance
between Italy and France on Jan. 7 while Dworman will have greater ex-
which finally settled the promises perience and his powerful left hand,
made to Italy in 1915. t aid him,
T r t f td Both matches were refereed by Ben
ern implicationculies nehiet de- Burke, veteran player from Detroit.
mpicaCBurke is known as one of the steadiest
ment of a bsrder difficulty, according right court players in the game al-
to Professor Eorman. First there is though he is no longer in competi-
the long history of Italian activity tion.
in Africa, and secondly there are in -h_re__xerme_____nn
ternational implications which have
been but intimated in press dis- VISITS FORESTRY SCHOOL
patches.r ECharles J. Kraebel, who graduated
Asks Sea Outlet from the University in 1912 and is'
"Ethiopia, one of the two remain- now senior silvercuturist of the
ing independent states left in Afri- United States Forest Service stationed
ca, is completely land-locked," said in the forest experiment station in;
Professor Ehrmann in tracing the Berkeley, Calif., yesterday visited
historical angle. "This little empire members of the faculty of the School
is cut off from the Red Sea by the of Forestry and Conservation. He is
Italian possession Eritrea, from the a noted authority on the selection
Gulf of Aden by French Somaliland of plants, shrubs, and trees for plant-
and British Somaliland, and from ing on erosion control projects.
City Council Awaits
Legal Action On Bid
Delayed In Delivery
The question of "when is a bid not
a bid" is absorbing the entire at-
tention of the legal counsellors of
the city of Ann Arbor, and of the
state public works organization, it was
A bid for the bridge to carry the
new sewer across the Huron River to
the sewage disposal plant site was
submitted five minutes late, but was
opened by the Board of Public Works
in the course of the consideration.
This bid of a Detroit firm for $18,-
970.01 was the lowest of eight bids
received by the board.
The messenger who delivered it
declared that he had been forced to
wait ten minutes at a railroad cross-
ing while on his way to Ann Arbor.
The bid was opened with the rest and
then rejected by the board which,
however, later held the certified check
of the company pending a legal opin-
Checks of the four other lowest bid-
ders, representing two Ann Arbor
firms, one bid from Lansing, and one
from Monroe were held by the board
pending a final settlement of the
awarding of the bid at the regular
board meeting Wednesday night. In
addition to the contemplated action
on the bridge bids, the board will
also act on the recommendations of
the consulting engineers on bids for
four equipment contracts in connec-
tion with the sewage disposal plant.
Glee Club Gives
The Varsity Glee Club gave its
second broadcast of the year last
night over Station WJR in a pro-
gram originating in the campus stud-
ios in Morris Hall.
The Glee Club, under the direction
of Prof. David Mattern of the School
of Music, started the program with
"Feasting By Watch," Algar; "Devo-
tion," Strauss; "I Hear a Harp" and
"Song From O s s i a n 's Fingal,"
The club continued with a group;
of three folk songs: "Oh, the Joy
of Living," arranged by Moussorgsky;
"Gut Nacht," a German tune; and
"Sir Eglemore," an English melody
arranged by Williams. The solo part
was sung by Henry Austin, Grad.
Next, they sang "Maiden Fair,"
Haydn, and "Finale" from "The Gon-
doliers," by Sullivan. The Glee Club
concluded the program with a num-
ber of the more popular Michigan
This program was the first of a
series of four to be given by the club
this week-end. They will be featured
by the Pontiac Alumni Association in
a program at 2:30 p.m. and 8:30 p.m.
on Friday in the Pontiac High School.
Saturday, the Glee Club will jour-
ney to Detroit, where it will give its
fourth program in the Variety Club
Hour at 9 p.m. at the Book-Cadillac
Recount Case Is
Resumed By Court
DETROIT, Feb. 21- (") - Judge
Thomas M. Cotter resumed his grand
jury investigation of last December's
legislative recount today, with David
M. Heath as the day's first witness.
Heath testified at the recent Sen-
ate investigation that he saw Senator
Anthony J. Wilkowski, chairman of
the recount committee, change figures
on a tally sheet.
Judge Cotter has not indicated how
exhaustively he will inspect the 1
Wayne county ballots that were cast
in the November election, but all' of
them except those from two town-
ships were ordered preserved yester-
day. After Circuit Judge Vincent M.
Brennan had ordered destruction of
all ballots deferred, it became known
that ballots in Ecorse and Lincoln ,
Park townships alreadyahadbeen j
U. S. Minister
T o Honduras'
Graduate Of University
In 1900; Has Held Many
Dispatches from Washington yes-
terday announced that the 'Senate
had confirmed the appointment of the
Hon. Leo J. Keena, at present United
States consul-general in Paris, and a:
Michigan graduate, to be United
States minister to Honduras.
Mr. Keena, whose family home is
in Detroit, entered the University in
1897, took time out to serve as able
seaman on the U.S.S. Yosemite in the
Spanish American War and returned
to complete his studies in 1900. He
then engaged in a mining, lumbering,
and office equipment business.
He soon lost interest in this, how-
ever, and in 1909 entered the consular
service as U.S. consul at Chihuahua,
Mexico. In 1910 he was transferred
to Florence, Italy, remaining there
until 1915, when he was raised to the
rank of consul-general, and sent to
His subsequent, service included a
term at Buenos Aires from 1914 to
1915, at Valparaiso, Chile, from 1915
to 1919, and at Washington on special
duty in 1919. He was then sent for a
year to Zurich, Switzerland,
From 1920 to 1924 he was stationed
at Warsaw, Poland, still as cgnsul-
general, at Liverpool from 1924 to
1927, and at Havana, Cuba, from 1927
until 1929, when he was transferred
Other posts he has filled include
that of technical adviser to the United
States delegation to the sixth interna-
tional conference of American states,j
and of delegate to the second interna-
tional conference on immigration and
Among his achievements is the win-
ning of three major awards here for
football in 1897, 1898, and 1899.
Alumni Of Grand
Wilfred B. Shaw, director of Alum-
ni relations, addressed the members
of the Alumni Clubs of Grand Rap-
ids last night on the subject, "Uni-
versity, Yesterday and Today." Mr.
Shaw's lecture was one of a series of
talks sponsored by the University for
the purpose of bringing alumni and
the University into a better under-
This was the second talk to be giv-
en at Grand Rapids. The first lec-
ture was made recently by Dr. Cyrus
C. Sturgis, director of the Simpson
Publish New Book
By Prof. Matthews
"Forest Management" is the title
of the new book by Prof. Donald M.
Mathews of the School of Forestry
and Conservation which will appearl
on sale in the campus book stores l
The book, the fourth of the Amer-j
ican Forestry Series of the McGraw-1
Hill Book Co., will be used both as a
text book in many universities of the
country and as a reference book for
"Dealing with the practical prob-
lems of management of forest prop-
erty in the United States," said Pro-
fessor Matthews, "from a technical
and financial standpoint, the prac-
tical aspects of the technical prob-
lems are stressed and simplicity of
technique is aimed at in all illustra-
The consulting editor of the series
is Walter Mulford, professor in the
forestry school of the University from
1904 to 1914. The book is the result
of a three-year research made by
Prof. Coller To Speak In
University Lecture Series
The fifth of a group of eight
speeches by members of the local
faculty of the University Lecture
Series for 1934-35 will be given Thurs-
day, Feb. 28, by Prof. Frederick A.
Coller of the surgery department in
the Medical School.
The lecture will take place at 4:15
p.m. in Natural Science Auditorium,
and will tell of "The Progress of
Surgery in Recent Years."
DANA GOES TO LANSING
Dean Samuel T. Dana of the School
of Forestry and Conservation, will
leave for Lansing tomorrow to attend
an executive committee meeting of
the Central States Forestry Congress.
The committee will discuss some of
the forestry problems to be brought
up at the Congress in June. This wil
be the first meeting of the Centra'
States Forestry Congress to be held
MICHIGAN teams can always count on
the refreshment and mild stimulation
that comes from using BEECH-NUT
GUM during athletic contests - Basket-
ball, Football, Tennis, Baseball, Track,
Golf - ask the fellow who plays
Beech-Nut Fruit Drops . . . Lime, Lemon,
Orange and Assorted . . . . and all Beech-Nut
Mints on sale wherever Beech-Nut Gum is sold.
All Kinds, Types and Sizes of
BEECH-NUT Products available at
South State, opposite North U.
South State at Packard
R AD THE DAILY CLASSIFIED ADS
FROM THE BOOK-CADILLAC HOTEL
Write Your Own Proof
If for no other reason you should have a checking
account because a cancelled check is Indisputable
Evidence that you paid.
Then, too; a checkbook
makes payment and budgeting much more simple.
Let us explain its benefits in detail at your con-
TICKETS FROM COMMITTEEMEN
AND AT UNION DESK