Occasional showers today and
tomorrow; cooler tomorrow.
Yl r e
To The Graduates...
Crime And The Newspapers .. .
VOL. XLVY. No. 180 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JUNE 2, 1935
IM IIIIIII II I II I 1 . 1 -
PRICE FIVE CENTS
E pid emic
Fires Quenched In Quetta
As Many Lives Are Lost
And City Devastated
Rescuers Rush To
Aid Of Survivors
Files Of Century--Old Paper
Raging Floods And Threat
Of Raid By Moutaineers
Add To Dilemma
QUETTA, India, June 2. - (Sun-
day) - (P) - Fires flaring in the ruins
of this city of death, devastated by
earthquakes at a loss of life estimated
at 30,000, burned themselves out to-
day, but authorities feared an out-
break of cholera.
Doctors, nurses and medical equip-
ment were being rushed here by air-
planes after most of the fear-stricken,
scantily-clad survivors spent another
night under the open sky, shying away
from shelter erected by soldiers.
Floods accompanied the fires which
raced through the devastated area
last night, threatening to swell still
further the roll of dead and injured.
Though rigid martial law ruled the
whole stricken area, fears were ex-;
pressed that mountain tribesmen
might swoop down and loot Quetta,
which was one vast burying ground.
Rescuers, exhausted after nearly
two days of uninterrupted efforts,
worked frantically to free the thou-
sands believed still held under wreck-
age. .. .
It was believed the debris holding
them prisoners would be funeral pyres
Water gushed from great fissures
in the earth opened by the three great
shocks that struck about 3 a.m. yes-
terday, laying waste Quetta and its
vicinity, and some places in the out-
kirts of the city were flooded several
With the danger of an epidemic
before them, soldiers and relief work-t
ers were burning or burying bodies as
fast as they were found, many of
them not even identified. Troops ex-
tricated three thousand bodies today.t
FERA Aid To
'Chances Good,' He Says,t
Is Yet To Come
A belief that the FERA will be
continued in the University next year
was indicated yesterday Prof. Lewis1
M. Gram, head of the civil engineer-
ing department and director of the
University Committee on FERA.
"I am hopeful that the University's
allotment under the Federal Emer-
gency Relief Administration will be
renewed," he declared. "Although
there has been no confirmation from,
Washington that it will, I believe1
that the chances are good."
Professor Gram voiced the opinion
that the unconstitutionality of the
NRA would have no effect on the
President's $4,800,000,000 spending
Professor Gram recently sent to
Harry Hopkins, federal relief ad-
ministrator, a preliminary report of
the FERA activties on the campus,
and plans to send a comprehensive
survey shortly after school ends.
He warned those students who are
counting on the FERA for financial
aid next year to leave their names
and addresses with Miss Elizabeth
Smith in the office of the dean of
students, or as soon as they find that
the renewal is definite, to communi-
cate with her. Last year, he pointed
out, many students were "left out"
because the employment quota was
filled when they reached the Uni-
If the FERA is in operation here
next year, Professor Gram stated that
the selection of students would be
"more careful." After they are as-
signed projects, we plan to interview
them and discover whether they
really need the help," he said.
In his recommendation to Hopkins,
Professor Gram advised that the pres-
ent rate of 40 cents per hour with a
maximum of 37 and one-half hours
.." 2.- - + h mn - anar a ra~n A
By FRED WARNER NEAL
Almost a century ago, while the
United States was torn over the
question of slavery, a small group
of zealous abolitionists founded a
newspaper in Ann Arbor - the Signal
The newspaper stopped publica-
tion after six years, and everybody.
apparently forgot about it. In re-
cent years a search for its complete
files proved fruitless.
But in the 1933 Summer Session,
Prof. Louis G. Vander Velde of the
history dpartment had Joseph Fos-
ter, '35, in his Michigan history class,
and today, as a result, Professor Van-
der Velde and Arthur R. Kooker, his
assistant in the University's new
Michigan history program, have an
almost complete file of the Signal of
Liberty here in the library.
Professor Vander Velde in the
course of his lecture had mentioned
the Signal of Liberty, bewailing the
fact that no file of it existed. Fos-
ter came up after the class and told
him that his family had one, and that
his great-grandfather, Theodore Fos-
ter, was its editor. Professor Vander,
Velde and Kooker hurried to Foster's
Lansing home and there, in perfect
condition, found the files, together
with an abundance of other material
rich in its historical significance.
Now, as the University is making
an extensive effort to locate all mater-
ial bearing on Michigan history, the
Signal files make up one of the most
important parts of the collection.
The files and documents are at pres-
ent, a loan of four members of the
Foster family, three of whom are Uni-
versity alumni: Walter S. Foster,
'02L; his son, Joseph; and his broth-
ers, Charles, '96L, and Theodore.
In 1841, the Signal of Liberty be-
gan publication here, with Theodore
Foster and the Rev. Guy Beckly, then
local Methodist minister, as co-editors.
Presenting much news objectively,
but avidly antislavery in editorial
policy, the Signal gradually grew.
And while he was denouncing John
C. Calhoun, Theodore Foster, who
made his home at Scio, operated an
Underground Railroad station.
Finally, after the paper has reached
seven columns, a notice is found urg-
ing subscriptions to be paid up. And
soon after it suspended publication,
merging with the National Era. Its
columns give the constitution of the
Michigan Anti-Slavery Society, vivid.
accounts of speeches made here by
the picturesque William Lloyd Gar-
rison, and of the rise of James Bir-
ney, Saginaw resident who became
the Abolition , Party's presidential
candidate. Drama, history, strife are
contained on its worn pages, com-
prising the story of one of the most
interesting periods of American His-
tory. It is of especial interest to Pro-
fessor Vander Velde and Kooker, be-
cause they claim it to be a great aid
to their Michigan history program.
The documents obtained from the
Foster family are the works of Theo-
dore Foster treating the history of
(Continued on Page 3)
Radio Priest Claims First
Refusal Unsupported By
'Vestige Of Precedent'
CHICAGO, June 1. - () - Refused
the use of Soldier Field stadium for a.
rally June 19, the Rev. Fr. Coughlin
today renewed his request in a tele-
gram to Robert J. Dunham, chairman
of the Chicago Park Board.j
Dunham's board earlier this week1
turned down the application with the3
statement that "park facilities should,
not be available for the dissemina-
tion of propaganda on controversial)
Coughlin's telegram read "your rea-
son in refusing the facilities of Sol-
dier Field, on the ground that the
property is not available for the As
semination of controversial political
or economic propaganda is unsupport-
ed by any vestige of historical prece-
"Such action as this would have'
barred, in revolutionary days, the ac-
tivities of Samuel Adams, James Otis
or Patrick Henry in their controver-
sial struggles on economic and polit-
ical questions with a certain George
II of England.
Coughlin declared that his National
Union for Social Justice has more
than 200,000 members in Chicago. He
planned to address an open air rally
in the Soldier Field stadium, located
on the Lake Michigan shore near
Chicago's "loop" district.
"I do not wish to embarrass your
administration," said Coughlin, "but
I am determined not to be inter-
fered with in a right which has been'
continuously established in constitu-
tional government since 1689.
"I assume your board acted without
any deliberation on the principles in-
volved. Does the board care to stand
pat; or do you wish to accept forth-
with and immediately an application
to lease at any reasonable rent for
June 19, or the closest approximate
day, in' the name of the National
Union for Social Justice?"
Will Open June 25
The Michigan Repertory players
will open their seventh season to be
held during the Summer Session,
Tuesday, June 25, it was announced
yesterday by Valentine B. Windt, di-
As in former years, a total of 9
plays will be presented during the
Session. Although it has not yet been
decided what plays will be given, Mr.
Windt said that choices will be an-
nounced next week. All students who
are enrolled in summer classes of
Play Production are eligible to take
part inthe series of plays.
The staff for this season will con-
sist of Mr. Windt, Alexander Wykoff,
stage manager. Evelyn Cohen. cos-
I.C. 4-A Title;
Yale's Brown Clears Bar
At Almost 14% Feet For
World Vaulting Record
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., June 1. -W)
-.Southern California's all-conquer-
ing Trojans fulfilled expectations to-
day by romping off with the blue rib-
bon in the Eastern Track and Field
team prize, for the seventh time in
ten years, but the hero of one of the.
most thrilling meets held in the 59
year history of the Intercollegiate
AAAA was a lanky son of old Eli,
Keith Brown, of Chicago.
Brown hoisted himself to world
record height': by clearing the dizzy
altitude of 14 feet 5 % inches in the
Brown's performance surpassed the
world record of 14 feet 4/8 inches
made by Bill Graber of Southern Cali-
fornia in the 1932 Olympic tryouts
at Palo Alto, Calif.
Four record-smashing perform-
ances were registered all together in
the finals, marked by a series of up-
sets, including the dramatic break-
down of Columbia's Ben Johnson
while leading in the100-meter dash.
Johnson, eastern favorite in both
sprints, staggered across the finish in
fifth place after pulling a muscle
in his right leg and withdrew from
the 200 meters.
MACDONALD MAY RESIGN
LONDON, June 1. - VP)-- Well-in-
formed political quarters said tonight
that the resignations of Ramsay Mac-
Donald and his entire cabinet would
be handed to King George next Fri-
Lives Of 52
Damages In Seven States
Reported As More Than
Scores Missing In
Wide Flood Area
Lines Of Communication
To Many Sections Are
Entirely Cut Off
(By Associated Press)
A rising roll of flood and storm
dead reached the 52 mark last night
as early reports indicated seven west-
ern plains states had suffered prop-
erty damage upwards of $10,000,000.
Scores were missing all over the
flood territory and particularly in the
path of the raging Republican river
which roared over a wide area in
southwestern Nebraska Friday and
rolled on yesterday into Cheyenne
A local Red Cross official at Mc-
Cook, in the center of the Nebraska
flood zone, estimated the dead there
might reach 250 when a final check-
up can be made after restoration of
communications to a number of com-
munities now entirely cut off.
Hundreds of persons were left
homeless and hundreds of farm an-
Colorado Springs alone listed flood
losses within the city at $1,215,000;
Pueblo reported damage at "more
than a million"; Oxford and McCook,
Neb., set their figure at $1,500,000;
and there were dozens of communities
which had not yet counted their ma-
terial losses as they bent every effort
to ascertain their dead and relieve
Late reports from the Colorado-
Wyoming flood region put the fatal-
ities at 24; Texas had 7; Kansas 4;
and Missouri one.
Army Pilot's Fate
Is Blamed On Fog1
SELFRIDGE FIELD, MT. CLEM-
ENS, June 1.- (P)-The fate of,
Cadet Milton Lampl, who vanished
in an army plane last March, was
logged by the army's flying post here,
today as another fog casualty.
The body of the missing cadet was
found last night on the shore of Lake
St. Clair near Tecumseh, Ont. It was
identified by an officer from Selfridge
Field through a parachute found still
strapped to the young pilot's back.
Adjutant E. E. Partridgensaid his
office was certain that young Lampl
and his pursuit ship had plunged into
Lake St. Clair on the night of March
10, when he became lost in dense fog
while trying to make a hop from
Cleveland to Mt. Clemens.
Cadet Lampl's home was in Wich-
ita, Kan., and he had been planning
to leave the service and go into bus-
iness when he started his last flight.
Gov. Frank D. Fitzgerald yester-
day signed the "yardstick" appro-
priation bill for the University, word
received from Lansing said last night.
The bill entitles the University to
$4,062,365 annually for the next two
The governor also signed the bill
giving Michigan State College $1,352,-
000, the dispatch stated.
President Awaits Reaction
Of Nation Before Moving
In Code Situation
On Chesapeake Bay
Republican Leaders A s k
For Immediate Action By
(By Associated Press)
The NRA situation at a glance:
President Roosevelt dismissed 411
cases involving wage-hour and fair
trade practice violations of now-dead
The move was interpreted by some
observers as throwing off the last
semblance of formal restraint im-
posed under the blue eagle.
Word persisted in quarters close
to the White House that the Presi-
dent probably would reject all plans
for stop-gap NRA legislation, and
await the nation's reaction on the
Showing no intention of acting im-
mediately, the chief executive cruised
on Chesapeake Bay.
The administration's interpreta-
tion of the Supreme Court's decision
was seen by political observers as
likely to cleave party lines in 1936.
Congressional leaders disclosed the
receipt of word that Mr. Roosevelt
expects Congress to stay in session
until December if necessary.
S e n a t e Republican spokesmen
loudly demanded the enactment of
some form of NRA legislation at once.
The House liberal bloc called a
meeting for Tuesday to discuss ways
and means of amending the Consti-
tution in the light ofthe court's NRA
Indirectly related to the NRA sit-
uation, a strike of 450,000 soft coal
miners was called for June 17 by the
United Mine Workers of America.
FROGS TAKE TO LEGS
LANSING, Mich., June 1. --0"-
Starting today, Michigan frogs have
something to croak about.
The open season on frogs opened at
dawn and will extend five months, the
State Department of Conservation
ruled. No license is required.
Library Open Today
For Special Periodi
The Main Reading Room and1
the Periodical Room of the Gen-<
eral Library will be kept open
today and Sunday, June 9, from 2
to 9 p.m., during the examina-7
Lion period, it was announced yes-
Books from other parts of thej
building will be made available in
the Main Reading Room Sunday,
June 9, if a request is made Sat-
urday to the attendant in charge
of the reading room where the
books are usually to be obtained.
Students were also reminded
that all library books must be re-
turned Monday, and that charges
against students not settled by
Wednesday, June 5, would be re-
ported to the Registrar's office,
and the student's credits for the
Battles Gold Crisis
Officers Bottle Up
Fugitives Thought To
Trapped In An Area
Miles In Diameter
-Associated Press Photo.
When Pierre Flandin, towering
French premier, was forced out byc
the refusal of parliament to grante
him dictatorial financial powers
against the gold crisis, Fernard
Bouisscn (above) was called from
presidency of the Chamber ofC
Deputies to form a cabinet, and
seeks from the parliament thes
powers they had denied his prede-
Flow Of. Gold-
Premier Bouisson Forms,1
New Cabinet; Caillauxt
Made Finance Ministerr
PARIS, June 1. - (P) - The flight
from the franc slackened its pace
today as Fernand Bouisson, new
premier, and his speedily formed co-
alition cabinet started work. The
outflow of gold diminished.
A last minute shift put Joseph Cail-
laux, former premier and reputed fi-
nancial wizard, in the all-important
This displeased some financial
quarters which said they regarded
Caillaux, who is 72, as too old and tooI
fond of his own ideas.r
Caillaux gave up the post of min-
ister of state without portfolio to re-'
place Maurice Palmade, who withdrew
from the government lineup, as fi-
nance minister. Other ministers of
state are former Premier Edouard'
Herriot, Louis Marin and Marshal
In another change of plans, Bouis-
son gave the agriculture porfolio to
Paul Jacquier, minister of labor in the
fallen government of Pierre-Etienne
Flandin. The place was assigned to
Henri Roy at first.
The 50-year-old Bouisson will take
his ministry before the Chamber of
Deputies, which he headed when Le-
brun called him to the premiership,
It is expected the deputies will grant
him the financial dictatorship they
Air Conditioning One Of
Few Expanding Trades
WASHINGTON, June 1.- (MP)-Air
conditioning, one of the few indus-
tries which expanded through the de-
pression, continued to forge ahead in
*the first four months of this year.
The value of orders received by 56
manufacturers of air conditioning
equipment reporting to the Bureau of
Census increased to $4,565,899 from
January through April, compared
with $3,553,064 in the corresponding
period last year and $1,596,741 in the
like 1933 period.
The industry has received some sub-
stantial orders for government build-
ings in Washington. Even the staid
Tan Sedan Travelling At
98- Mile -An - Hour Clip
Thunders By Deputies
Is Returned Safely
TACOMA, Wash., June 1.- (IP) -
Grim officers hunted the kidnapers of
nine-year-old George Weyerhaeuser,
fleeing with $200,000 ransom, in the
wheat and cattle country of north-
eastern Oregon tonight.
A tan sedan, darting about the
countryside at a 98-mile-an-hour clip,
drew swift pursuit as the curly-headed
young timber heir slept "safe and ap-
parently well" at the home of his
parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Weyer-
haeuser, Jr. He was freed on a coun-
try road today.
The tan sedan, which deputy sher-
iffs believed carried five or six men,
was thought bottled up in an area
45 miles in diameter, in northern
Two deputies from the Umatilla
county sheriff's office were cruising
eastward from Umatilla when the
"thunderbolt" whizzed past so fast
they did not even see what make
of car it was or what type of license
it carried. Hot in pursuit, the officers
speeded their car to 91 miles an hour,
but soon lost the sedan.
TACOMA, Wash., June 1-()--
Little George Weyerhaeuser was freed
early today after nearly eight days'
captivity by his kidnapers, believed
to bethe notorious Alvin Karpis
Gang, who got $200,000 ransom as the
price of the boy's freedom. Six men
were in the gang, the boy' said.
No sooner had the nine-year-old
child been restored to his parents
than the greatest man hunt of the
Pacific Northwest was under way.
The boy identified three of his cap-
tors as "Harry, Bill and Alvin-who
must be that fellow Karpis."
George referred to Alvin Karpis,
whose name and that of his gangster
pals has flitted through the story of
the abduction for the last two days.
Federals Silent On Details
Federal agents clamped immediate
silence on all details of the search,
while Mr, and Mrs. J. P. Weyerhaeu-
ser offered prayers of thanks in the
seclusion of their home.
The ransom was paid by F. Rodman
Titcomb, uncle of the boy, who was
seized from a Tacoma street May 24.
When or how the money was paid
could not be learned, but apparently
the snatchers were given the full
amount they demanded for release of
the boy, a sum which has been paid
only twice before - in the kidnap-
ings of Edward G. Bremer and
Charles F. Urschel.
The boy was released about four
miles from Issaquah, 25 miles north-
west of here, and made his way as
dawn broke to the farm home of
Boniface bundled the lad into an
automobile and rushed him toward
Tacoma. En route, he stopped at a
gasoline service station and tele-
phoned the family, but could raise no
Then he called Tacoma police, who
first revealed that the boy had been
Seek 1934 Sedan
Sources close to the Washington
State Patrol revealed that a 1934
sedan was being sought as the kid-
nap car. The patrol notified all its
officers to be on the lookout, and to
halt the car.
George's reference to his kidnap-
ers' names as "Harry, Bill and Alvin,"
recalled that Harry Campbell is the
name of another widely sought gang-
ster lieutenant of Karpis.
Numerous Tacoma residents in the
last few days have identified pictures
of Volney Davis, Karpis lieutenant, as
resembling a man seen here last week-
end. The identifications gave rise
to belief that the Karpis gang had
been involved in the kidnaping
As Bonif ace started for Tacoma
in his decrepit automobile, he was
met outside the city limits by John
Dreher, Seattle newspaper man.
Dreher gave Boniface back a pair
FERA Employment System Lauded By
Professor Gram Of Relief Committee
Employing more than 1,100 stu-
dents and paying out more than $81,-
310, the FERA in the University dur-
ing the past year was praised highly
by Prof. Lewis M. Gram, head of the
civil engineering department and di-'
rector of the University Committee on
"I am even more satisfied with
the -FERA than I was a year ago,"
Professor Gram declared as the relief
administration in the University be-
gan to close its second year of opera-
tion. He said that the projects this
year have been "more carefully se-
lected and supervised" than before.
During the past academic year, the
University has been allotted by the
Federal Emergency Relief Adminis-
tration $13,545 per month. Although
in the short "month" of September
and during the organization up until
February, this entire amount was not
uead. hpyinnina with Pehrnar vu it n
In September but 2,013 hours were
worked, while in April 38,293 hours
were put in on PERA work.
FERA workers assisted in nearly
every department in all the Univer-
sity's schools and colleges, and proj-
ect supervisors expressed, in the pre-
liminary survey, an almost unanimous
approval of their conduct. In the
museums much scientific research has
been done, as for example in the zoo-
logy museum 10,000 animal skulls
have been cleaned, mounted, and pre-
pared for a course of study.
In the various libraries and on the
dictionaries in preparation here,
FERA students also gave valuable aid,
Professor Gram declared. As ex-
amples he cited the cataloging of the
heretofore untouched Percope Collec-
tion of Italian literature, acquired' by
the University in 1929, during which
a rare first,'v itinn of iinpthp', "R-
model of a "hydrocal,' a new instru-I
ment designed to measure heat trans-
ference through various materials and
which the report says will prove val-
uable in studies of refrigeration and
Other studies of special interest, as
outlined by Professor Gram, include
those on land use and state planning
carried on by the geography depart-
ment; a traffic survey of Ann Arbor,
and a study of the rates charged by
Michigan gas companies.
Gram cited as a "noteworthy ac-
complishment" the research of milk
sample analysis in the public health
department where two students dis-
covered that a high percentage of
cows in Washtenaw county were in-
fected with streptococcus mastitia,
which it is claimed accounts in part
for the large number of sore throats