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April 28, 1935 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1935-04-28

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The Weather
Little change in temperature
today; cooler tomorrow.'

-.0 ..

IJ4fr igait

iEiaitg

Editorials
Spring Parley Searchlight ..
The Personality Problem ...

VOL. XLV. No. 151 ANN ARBOR, MICIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 28, 1935

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Revamped,
NRA Codes
Advocated
G. H. Montague Speaks
Before Law Students In
Third Of Lectures
Stresses Need For
Re-Writing Codes
Business Men Looking To
Extension Of NRA For
Economic Stability
The conclusion that the NRA might
well be continued if its codes are re-
written so that their application to
inter-state commerce only is carried
out, and if the administration of the
NRA is entirely revamped, was drawn
by Gilbert H:.Montague inthe last
of his series of three lectures given
at 11 a.m. yesterday in Hutchins
Hall.
That the NRA is at present estab-
lished on an unsound legal basis is
shown, Mr. Montague declared, by
the fact NRA administrators have
refrained from prosecuting cases of
non-compliance, because of the reali-
zation that court proceedings might
result in upsetting the code itself.
To Apply Interstate
The speaker pointed to the fact that
the act requires the codes to relate
strictly to transactions "in or effect-
ing interstate commerce." From his
own experiences as counsel for firms
which objected to restrictions upon1
the grounds that they were intra-
state concerns, he gave examples
showing how exemptions and dis-
criminations were granted these con-
cerns to avoid risking tests of the le-
gality of the act in court.j
In speaking of the probable future
of NRA, Mr. Montague declared that
"75 per cent of the businesses of this
country do not know what law will
govern their operations after June
16," or even sooner should the Su-
preme Court decide pending test cases
adversely to the government. .
SBusiiness Seeking Extension I
For the reason that they do not want
to be precipitated into the chaos
which should result from the end of
NRA, business men have been trying1
to secure an extension, he said. AsI
with prohibition, Mr. Montague de-
clared, it will be some time before the
odiousness of that particular type of
law administration will become ap-
parent.
Some business men have decried the
fact that should the Supreme Court
scrap the NRA we would be back un-
der the anti-trust laws. This attitude
overlooks the fact, he explained, that
the court for the past 30 years has
been expanding its interpretation of
the constitution and is now progres-
sive in this regard.
For the revision of NRA which, if
the act is not scrapped, will have to
take place by June 16, Mr. Montague
predicted a new legal basis which
would exclude a large percentage of
business concerns from its jurisdic-
tion.
Sees Results of Act
The new act and its codes will prob-
ably be re-written so as to apply only
to interstate commerce, and conse-
quently it may be that it will become
handcuffs on those who now want ex-
tension, while intrastate concerns will
not be bound.
If NRA could be put on a sound
legal basis, Mr. Montague predicted,

the administration would find that
the Supreme Court, as shown by re-
cent decisions and interpretations in
regard to "standards of fair compe-
tition," would be glad to support it
and through it to incorporate healthy
liberal doctrines into Democracy.
Elect President Of
Conservation Group
Donal H. Haines of the journalism
department was elected president of
the newly-formed Washtenaw County
Conesrvation Association at a recent
meeting of the board of directors of
the Association.
Mr. Haines was instrumental in
the founding of the society and also
is largely credited with its organiza-
tion. The society is aimed at creating
better conditions for game in the
county, cooperating with state and
Federal conservation organizations,
and working with the Jackson county
Conservation league, the structure of
,4 n un- l.nr,. ,itili 8 ,in the .or

Germany Acknowledges Plans
For Construction Of U-Boats

(By Associated Press)
Acknowledgment at the Defense
Ministry in Berlin that submarines
constitute a part of the Reich's rearm-
ament program capped British reports
of a U-boat construction campaign
Saturday, but Berlin denied that such
construction had already been started.
Germany's intention to build sub-
marines was to be considered by the
British cabinet, probably early next
week. Spokesmen close to the gov-
ernment claimed Germany had again
broken the Versailles Treaty with a
violation even more flagrant than her
conscription decree.
British reports said that 12 submar-
ines of 250 tons each were now under
construction in German shipyards,
but the Berlin defense ministry denied
that any orders had been placed.
In Paris it was said that the sub-
marine disclosure opened up the pos-
sibility of a new joint protest on the
part of France, England and Italy.
United States officials declined to
comment, having no official infor-
mation that Germany was building
or intended to build submarines, even
though it was pointed out that Ger-

man construction of U-boats would be
in violation of the separate German-
American peace treaty.
Americans recalled that the German
U-boats brought the World War closer
to the United States than any other
single factor. They recalled the fatal
sinking of the Cunard liner, Lusi-
tania, off the coast of Ireland on May
7, 1915, at a cost of 1,198 lives.
They recalled, also, the startling
arrival at Newport, R.. I., on Oct. 7,
1916, of the Imperial German sub-
marine U-53, which had crossed the
Atlantic under its own power to enable
her commander, Capt. Hans Rose, to
mail a letter to Count con Bernstorff,
the German ambassador. ,
Nonchalantly setting a world rec-
ord, the U-53 upped anchor in three
hours after its arrival, and disap-
peared again beneath the waves just
inside the three-mile limit, without
refueling.
Two days later, oh Oct. 9, four
British, one Dutch and a Norwegian
steamship, were sent to the bottom
or left crippled - derelicts off the
Nantucket Shoals - presumably the
work of the U-53.

U

Varsity Golf
Team Defeats
Purdue, 180
Johnny Fischer Stars In
Opening Big Ten Meet;
Shoots 4 Under Par
By FRED BUESSER
The Michigan golf team began its!
march towards another Conference
title when it shut out Purdue, 18-0,
over the rain swept University Course
yesterday. Drizzling weather and
water soaked greens failed to prevent
the Wolverines from playing excel-
lent golf as they took both best ball
foursomes in the morning and re-
turned in the afternoon to make a
clean sweep of the four individual
matches. It was the opening Big
Ten meet for both teams.
Dana Seeley paced Michigan's num-
ber one twosome, composed of Chuck
Kocsis and himself, to victory over
the first Purdue twosome of Harold
Brewer and Bob Smith. Seeley led the
morning field with a medal score of
74.
To Johnny Fischer however go first
honors of the day. Playing against
Harold Brewer, Purdue No. 1 man,
Fischer shot a 68, four under par in
weather that was certainly not condu-
cive to the best golf. Johnny came up
to the eighth tee in even par, due
to a birdie three on the sixth hole
when his approach stopped two feet
from the pin. He had a four on
number 7, and was on the short eighth
with his tee shot about 40 feet from
the cup. Fischer addressed the ball
with his usual speed, and putting
with a perfect follow through, sank
it for a birdie two. He got a par on
nine, and made the turn in 35, six up
on Brewer who had a 41.1
Johnny was over par on the 245-
yard twelfth when he missed a 10-foot
put. Brewer took the short 14th also
when his tee shot landed within a
foot of the pin, and was conceded by
(Continued on Page 3)
Sigma Xi Will
Hold Initiation
Banquet May 1
An initiation banquet will be held
by Sigma Xi, national honorary scien-
tific society, at 6:30 p.m. on Wednes-
day, May 1, at the Union for 125 stu-
dents and faculty members.
Following the dinner, the initiation
ceremonies will be conducted by Dean
E. H. Kraus of the literary college.
The election of officers for the next
two years will also be held at this
time.
The main speaker at the initiation
will be Dr. Charles E. K. Mees, direc-
tor of the research laboratories and
vice-president of the Eastman Kodak
Company. Dr. Mees is one of the
leading authorities in the world on
photography, and the subject which
he will discuss is "Some Recent Prog-
ress in Astronomical Photography."
Dr. Mees is a member of the Amer-
ican Chemical Society, American
Physical Society, American Astronom-
ical Society, American Optical So-
ciety, Royal Photographic Society and
the Society of Motion Picture Engi-
neers. He is the author of a great
many contributions dealing with va-
rious phases of photography, and his
address here will be illustrated with

Two Visiting
Professors To
Give Sermons'
Sunday Church Services
Also To Feature Talk
By Dean Alice Lloyd
Dean Alice Lloyd, M. Guillaume Fa-
tio, visiting professor from Geneva;
Prof. L. A. Mayer of the Near Eastern
art and archaeology departments at
the Hebrew University in Jerusalem;
and Mr. Robert Stanley Ross of New
York City are included in the 'pro-
grams of the various local churches
which have been announced for to-
morrow.
Dean Lloyd will speak before the,
student meeting at 7 p.m. tomorrow in
Harris Hall. Her subject will be "My
Ideas of Education." Professor Fatio
of Geneva will talk in the morning
worship service at 10:45 in the Meth-
odist Episcopal Church. "Education
for International Understanding" will
be the topic of his address. At 9:45
a.m. Dr. Roy Burroughs will lead dis-
cussions in the balcony of the Meth-
odist Episcopal Church auditorium on
the Wesleyan movement and the in-
dustrial revolution.
"The Hebrew University at Jeru-
salem" will be the subject of the
sermon by Professor Mayer of Jeru-
salem, which will be given at 11:15
a.m. in the Hillel Foundation Chapel.
Mr. Ross will lecture at 8 p.m. to-
day in Hill Auditorium on "Christian
Science: God's Message of Hope and
Healing." This talk is being spon-
sored by the Christian Science or-
ganization of the University.
"A Minister Looks at the Church"
is the topic chosen by the Rev. H. P.
Marley for the devotional service at
5:15 p.m. at the Unitarian Church.
The Rev. Marley will evaluate the
place of the church in modern society
and will discuss the question of
whether it must take a prophetic at-
titude or must perform only the
traditional priestly functions. At 7:30
an election of the church trustees will
be held. There will also be an ex-
hibition of works of art of certain
members and friends of the Unitarian
Church.
The Rev. R. E. Sayles will preach
at 10:45 a.m. at the First Baptist
Church on the topic, "Concerning
God." At noon a student class will
be held in the Guild House to discuss
"The, Eighth Century Hebrew Com-
monwealth." The Rev. L. L. Finch,
associate minister of the First Meth-
odist Church, will speak before the
Roger Williams Guild at 6 p.m. at the
Guild House. He has chosen as his
subject Dr. E. Stanley Jones' lates
book, "Christ's Alternative for Com-
munism."
Mr. E. C. Stellhorn, pastor of the
Zion Lutheran Church will give a
sermon on "The Life of Hope" in the
morning service at 9:30. At 3 p.m.
(Continued on Page .)
Bordoni Will Play
In Dramatic Season
Fresh lustre was added to the Dra-
matic season today with the an-
nouncement of the engagement of the
famous French star, Mille. Irene Bor-
doni, for the Noel Coward musical
revue, "Up to the Stars," to be pre-
sented in the Lydia Mendelssohn
theatre during the week of June 3

MIPA To Meet
In Three-Day
Session Here
High School Journalists
Will Open Conference
On Thursday
Muyskens To Speak
At Initial Session
Final Meeting On Saturday
To Be Addressed By Dr.
Henderson
Speakers for the eleventh annual
meeting of the Michigan Interscho-
lastic Press Association, to be held
here Thursday, Friday, and Saturday
of this week, were announced yester-
day by Donald Hamilton Haines of
the Journalism department, who is in
charge of the program for the con-
vention.
The M. I. P. A. annually brings to-
gether representatives of all types of
scholastic publications in the state
under the sponsorship of the ' de-
partment of journalism for a three-
day session in which the high school
journalists hear addresses by leading
speakers and meet in round-table
conferences to discuss the specific
problems of their publications.
Three general sessions of the As-
sociation will be held. At the first of
these, Friday morning, the group will
be addressed by Prof. John H. Muy-
skens, professor of phonetics, who
will speak on "The Mother Tongue."
The meeting Friday afternoon will be
addressed by Lee A White of the De-
troit News on a subject still to be an-
nounced.
At a banquet Friday night the
main speaker will be Dr. William P.
Lemon of the local Presbyterian
Church, who will speak on "The Ad-
venture of Tomorrow." Dr. William
D. Henderson, director of the Uni-
versity Extension Division, will be the
final speaker, discussing "The Pow-
er of Personality'" at the general ses-
sion Saturday morning.
Thursday night, . after the regis-i
tration in the afternoon, a get-to-
gether meeting will be held for the
members of the Association. An in-
formal dance is being planned as a
part of the program for the night. ,
Advisors of the publications will
act as leaders of the many discussion
groups, and members of Sigma Del-
ta Chi, national professional journal-
ist fraternity, and honorary journal-
istic societies will aid the department
of journalism in the direction of the
three-day session. Delegates will be
housed in fraternity and sorority
houses.
Schedules for the discussion groups
have not been completed, and names
of leaders will not be announced un-
til registrations for the meeting are
more complete, Mr. Haines said.
Dana To Give Ninth
Vocational Lecture
Dean Samuel T. Dana of the School
of Forestry and Conservation will give
the ninth of the vocational guidance
lectures arranged by Dean Edward
H. Kraus of the Literary College at
4:15 p.m. Tuesday in Room 1025 An-
gell Hall.
The lecture will deal with training
for work in the field of forestry and
conservation and the opportunities
available there. The lecture series
has been planned for seniors in the

Literary College and others who- are
especially interested.
Prof. H. B. Lewis, director of the
College of Pharmacy, will speak at
the same time Thursday on the series.

Council Will
Take Action
On Hell Week
Interfraternity Group to
Vote On Two Plans For
Modification
Will Make Decision
On Fraternity Sing
Election Of New President
To Be Held At Meeting;
Wednesday
Final action on the modification of'
Hell Week, the election of the Coun-
cil's new president, and a decision on
the possibility of instituting a fra-,
ternity mass sing, will feature the
business of the Interfraternity Coun-
cil at a meeting to be held at 7:30 p.
m. Wednesday in the Union.
Alvin H. Schleifer, secretary of the
Council, stated that all petitions for
the presidency must be turned in by
noon Tuesday as the Executive Com-
mittee of the Council will meet Tues-
day night to nominate three students
for the position.1
The president of the Council, ac-
cording to Schleifer, is not necessarily
elected from the group of Council'
tryouts and, therefore, he urged that
fraternity men interested in apply-
ing, turn in a petition.
Culminating more than two months
discussion and examination of Hell
Week as it exists here, house repre-
sentatives will vote on two modifica-
tion plans. One was submitted by a
specially delegated Council commit-
tee, and the other by a representative,
group of freshmen fraternity men.-
Both plans call for a much modi-
fied Hell Week and include regula-
tions prohibiting paddling and other
possible harmul practices, and specifi-
cally limit the periods of active haz-
ing.
Compromise Possible
The possibility loomed that if the
Council cannot agree on either of the
proposed plans a compromise may be
effected, embodying parts of each, but
fraternity leaders believe that dei-
nite modification is necessary and
predict little opposition to any of the
proposed measures.
A special committee, with George
Duffy, '35, Chi Psi, as chairman, has
been investigating the possibility of
substituting a fraternity mass sing for
the traditional Swingout, which was
abolished two years ago because of
indecent conduct on the part of a few
seniors. The committee will report
and the plan will be subjected to a
vote.
Dr. Van Tyne Finds
New Bird Varieties
ALPINE, Tex.-APl)-Four varieties
of bird life new to science, and 172
other varieties, were reported for the
Big Bend country here by Dr. Van
Tyne, ornithologist from the zoologi-
cal museum of the University of
Michigan.
The new varieties found here were
the green fly-catcher, the red-tailed
hawk, a large blue humming bird and
the black-crusted titmouse, all dis-
covered in or near the Chisos moun-
tains. Dr. Van Tyne also found a
flicker which he said was one of the
rarest birds on this continent.
Among the varieties listed were 96
native and 80 migrant birds. There

were 15 types of hawk, six of owls, 15
of fly-catchers, one mountain plover
and 16 varieties of groshawkc."

French Dries Decide
To Abandon Stand
A fter Half Century,
PARIS, April 27. -P) -After 50
years of unappreciated effort, the
French prohibitionists have decided
to give up trying to make the Parisians
stop drinking wine.
From the beginning they admitted
that it was no easy task. But they
thought in1885 that persistency
would eventually win. Today, half a
centuryafter the National League
Against Alcoholism was founded, they
face the fact that 145 quarts of wine
are consumed annually for every man,
woman and child in France. That,l
they admit, is a larger quantity per1
capita than it was when their organ-I
ization was founded.
So from now on the League will1
concentrate against the Demon Rum<
letting the wine drinkers go their way1
in peace.<
One of the main reasons for giving
up the battle is that the League has1
been accused of being unpatriotic.
France is a nation of vineyards, and<
the economic life of millions depends1
on the cultivation of the grape. Why,t
as ed prohibition's enemies, who are
mf lions in France, should a French
league try to prohibit the drinking oft
wine?
The League's headquarters is on thel
Boulevard St. Germain, a street floor
office surrounded on both sides by
sidewalk cafes.
U. S. Fleet Set j
For Maneuvers
In Pacific Area,
Five Million Square Miles
Will Be Defended By
Naval Warcraft
SAN PEDRO, Calif., April 27. - ()
- A mighty United States fleet of 153
warcrafti was all set tonight for,
maneuvers over some 5,000,000 square;
miles of water to test the Nation's
defense against attack on its Pacific
area.
Never before has so powerful a
naval force been under sealed orders
for such a series of maneuvers.
From the Aleutian Islands, which.
stretch far to the west from Alaska
to within a few hundred miles of
the Asiatic Coast, down to the Ha-
waiian Islands, and from Midway
Island, the outpost 1,200 miles west
of Honolulu, to the American coast
is the theater of operations.
The 153 ships of war will move from
their bases here and at San Diego
and in Hawaii next week, the majority
of them getting under way Monday.
Next Friday, May 3, the secret problem
known as No. 16, denoting it as the
sixteenth in a series of annual war
plans tested by the fleet for the gen-
eral board of the Navy, will actually
start.
In Alaskan waters an invading
force will be organized by vice-Ad-
miral Arthur Japy Hepburn, com-
mander of the fast-striking scouting
force of the fleet.
Along the Pacific Coast, Admiral
Harris Laning, commander of power-
ful battle force, will organize for de-
fense.
Just what the composition of these
forces will be has not been disclosed
by Admiral J. M. Reeves, commander-
in-chief of the fleet, who is chief um-
pire.
There will be 12 dreadnaughts in-
volved - the New York, Oklahoma,
Arizona, Nevada, Pennsylvania, Ten-
nessee, New Mexico, Mississippi, Ida-
ho, West Virginia, Maryland and Cali-
fornia.
Students Protest

Anti-Red Measure
HILLSDALE, April 27. - (/') - Sig-
natures of 200 Hillsdale College stu-
dents, all of whom disclaimed com-
munist sympathies, were attached to
a petition sent to Lansing today, pro-
testing that the Dunckel-Baldwin bill,
is a violation of free speech.
The petition went to Rep. James
I. Post and Haskell Nichols, and
asked them to oppose the bill, which
would include in the category of fel-
onies even remote participation in a
meeting at which nverthrow of the

Pollock Lectures
At Closing Session
Of Sehoolmasters

n

Publication Of Official
Facts Is Advocated In
Final Speech
Simplification Of
Balloting Is Asked
Special Conference For
State Teachers Is Led By
Aiken
By CLINTON B. CONGER
A plea for better education of cit-
izens to partake in government was
made yesterday by Prof. James K.
Pollock of the political science depart-
ment, at the close of the seventieth
meeting of the Michigan Schoolmas-
ters' Club. He spoke on "Education
For Citizenship" at a School of Edu-
cation luncheon held at the Michigan
League in conjunction with the edu-
cators' annual meeting.
Takin& for his text a statement
made yesterday by President Ruthven
that "a democracy is successful as its
citizens are informed," Professor Pol-
lock recommended first that the sys-
tem of government be simplified for
the sake of the voter who must make
its decisions without understanding all
the details of its construction. He
contrasted the American "bedsheet
ballots" with the situation in England
where the voter elects only two offi-
cers, and never more than one at a
time.
He further urged that there should
be instituted "a reliable system for
the publication of essential public
facts," deploring especially the lack of
publicrecords and governmental in-
formation in the State of Michigan.
Cites Duties of Teachers
He had opened by warning that the
democratic form of government was
at present imperiled by the rivalry of
other forms of government. . This be
attributed to the lack of education
for the support of democracy. "The
democratic system under which we are
living is now not only under fire, but,
it seems to me, also under water,"
Professor Pollock commented.
As the duty of the teachers in the
schools, he cited the awaening of the
pupils to their responsibilities under
a democratic form of government, and
the "motivating" of the future citizens
to produce ideas for constructive crit-
icism.
"We have done nothing at all to-
ward integrating our public services
with the institutions of education," he
concluded, suggesting that students
graduating from colleges should be
given encouragement to go into public
service instead of turning to bus-
iness only because they see no open-
ing or opportunity in the field of
government.
The morning was occupied by the
special conference for teachers held
in conjunction with the meeting of the
Schoolmasters' Club. The conference
began at 9 a.m. in University High
School with a discussion by Wilford
M. Aiken of a new plan for closer co-
operation between schools and col-
leges:
New Experiment Begun
Mr. Aiken, former principal of the
John Burroughs School at St. Louis,
and now a member of the faculty
of Ohio State University, is chair-
man of the commission on the rela-
tion of school and college of the Pro-
gressive Education Society, working
in cooperation with the General Edu-
cation Board and the Carnegie Foun-
dation \for the advancement of sec-
cndary education to reduce difficulties
in the relations of secondary schools
and the higher institutions.
"At no point has there been more
friction than between the high school
and the college," he began. A new ex-
periment, started two years ago, plans
to reduce this friction by having the
two institutions work in harmony in-
stead of mutual distrust.
Thirty Schools Participate
Accordingly 30 secondary schools of
comprehensive distribution have been

selected for the work, and 280 col-
leges have agreed to accept their
recommended graduates without en-
trance examinations or specific re-
quirements. The secondary school
then had the duty of designing a cur-
riculum for each student designed
to fit his individual needs, capacities,
and interests, instead of specific re-
quirements.
After his address a group of dem-
onstration classes, given by students
and teachers of University High
School, were held, followed by dis-
cussion of method and subject.

i

Single Ownership Of Transport
Agencies Advocated By Riggs

Single ownership of the three maj-;
or forms of land transportation,+
trucks, busses, and railroads, was ad-
vocated yesterday by Professor-Em-
eritus Henry E. Riggs of the civil engi-
neering department as a necessary
step to meet the unregulated and
destructive competition now existing
between these transport agencies.
Denying the assertions of Prof.
John S. Worley, head of the transpor-
tation engineering department, to
the effect that the competition of
trucks and busses has resulted in only
negligible loss to the railroads, Pro-
fessor Riggs quoted Commissioner
Lewis of the Interstate Commerce
Commision to show that the effects of
this competition have reached serious

showing that trucks and busses ac-
count for little more than five per
cent of the railroad's business were
undoubtedly true, they did not show
the whole picture.
In the first place, he stated, there
has never been in any state informa-
tion to show the amount of revenue
taken in by contract carriers in the
trucking business, and thus these
statistics are limited to the common
carriers, which haul a comparatively
small amount of tonnage as against
the tonnage of the contract carriers.
In the second place Professor Riggs
stated that this five per cent accounts
for the difference between profit and
loss in the railroad industry. The
trucks take the cream of the freight

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