THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1935
By Naval Court
Commander Wiley Tells
Story Of Crash; Two
Officers To Testify
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 14. -- (P) -
A step toward ascertaining the cause
of the mysterious jolt which started
the dirigible Macon on its plunge
into the Pacific Ocean was taken to-
day by a naval court of inquiry.
After hearing Lieut. Commander
Herbert V. Wiley's story of the great
sky queen's erratic tumble into ob-
livion Tuesday off Point Sur, 125
miles south of here, members of the
Naval Court said that two officers
who were in the airship's stern would
be called to testify. Their names were
Except for a remark interpreted
by some as indicating a possible struc-
tural defect in the Macon, Wiley's
story before the Naval Court on board
the U.S.S. Tennessee was substantially
the same as his first account of the
Meanwhile at Sunnyvale, home of
the Macon, and elsewhere efforts were
begun to keep the $5,000,000 dirigible
base in use some way.
The Macon's young but gray-haired
skipper told in the inquiry today
about the failure of the Macon to
respond properly when he ordered the
control man to "left rudder."
Asked where the greatest strain
occurred in executing the "left rud-
der" operation, Wiley said that most
of the strain was applied to a point
forward of the two helium cells which
had collapsed almost at the outset
of the trouble.
"It was the failure of these cells,
in the stern near the elevator fins,
that caused the airship to rear up-
ward at the bow," he said.
"My general impression of the
weather was that there was no great
"Passing through the clouds there
was considerable turbulence, however,
which caused us to drop from 2,700
fectto 1,700 feet.
"A few minutes later we hit a second
mass of rain. It was when I gave the
order 'left rudder' that the first vibra-
tion hit the ship."
"It seemed to be connected with the
elevator wheel or cable. I asked the
elevator man if the elevator cable
was broken. He replied the wheel had
slipped out of his hands."
Lr. Mason To
Widely -Known Authority
Will Present Talks For
Dr. Bernard S. Mason, nationally-
known authority on camping, will
deliver eight special lectures in con-
nection with the course on Problems
of Camp Counselors being given this
semester in the School of Education.
Dr. Mason is the editor of "The
Camping Magazine," official publica-
tion of the Camp Directors Associa-
tion of America,.and is also the au-
thor of "Camping and Education,"
which received the Red Book Prize
Award for Camping Literature, and
co-author of "The Theory of Play"
and "Social Games for Recreation."
He also has written frequent arti-
cles on wild life, woodcraft, and
camping in many magazines, includ-
ing The- Red Cross, Country Gentle-
man, American Boy, Parents' Maga-
zine, St. Nicholas, and Boys' Life.
The lectures will be given from 9
to 11 a.m. Saturday, between Feb.
16 and April 27, in Room 2432, Uni-
versity Elementary School. Visitors
are 'invited to hear the talks, the titles
of hich are "The Objectives of Or-
ganized Camping," "The Content of
An Educationally Acceptable Camp
Program, and The Leadership Staff
-Its Selection and Organization,"
"Educationally Acceptable Methods
of Camp Programming," "Motivat-
ing the Program," "Planning With
Instead of For, and the Project Way,"
"'The Varied Program -Peaks and
Plains, and Constructive Use of the
Evening Hours," "What a Director
Expects of a Counselor, and Ethics
of the Camping Profession," and "The
Road to Romance"
Inquiries Expected To Probe Cause Of Macon's Crash
- - - - -- -~
Koelz Begins Classification
Of Priceless Oriental Shawls
Dr. Walter N. Koelz, the Univer- 15 years to complete the weaving of
sity's noted explorer, began yester- one of the shawls, the explorer pointed
day an attempted classification f out. The hundreds of figures, some so
more than 50 priceless Oriental ancient that they go back to vegetable
shawls, hundreds of years old, which forms, wind in and out to form veri-
he termh "unquestionably the most table labyrinths of designs. The "fire
wonderful art treasures to be found jewel" of antiquity runs commonly
-Associated Press Photo.
Numerous inquiries by the navy and congress were expected to seEk the cause of the third major disaster to overtake navy dirigibles -the
sinking of the Macon off the California coast, after one of her 12 gas cells burst, nosing the craft skyward just before it landed stern-first, and
sank. Most of the 81 survivors were brought ashore by the cruiser Richmond (below). Lieut.-Ccnumdr. Herbert V. Wiley (upper right), skipper
of the $4,000,000 queen of the skies and a survivor of the Akron disaster, gave the world its first reports of the Macon crash. All officers of the
Macon survived, including Senior Officer A. T. Clay (upper left), and Lieut.-Commdr. Jesse L. Kenworthy, shown next to Clay. Only two members
of the crew, a radioman and a mess sergeant, were reported missing. And among the enlisted men saved were Richard Deal and Eugene Erwin
(lower left), who with Wiley were survivors of the Akron crash of 1933.
in the East."
The beautiful shawls, most of them
about five by nine feet in size, were
discovered by Dr. Koelz in his ex-
pedition last year through Persia,
India, and Tibet. Made of cashmir,
the downy fuzz under the hair of
Tibetan goats, the shawls firmly hold
their many colors in spite of their
centuries of use. Colored with vege-
table dyes, the exquisite pieces of cloth
contain shades, such as the ancient
royal purple, that have long since
disappeared from use.
"The fine weave in these shawls,"
Dr. Koelz asserted, "is so difficult
that no other handicraft excells it.:
The elaborate preparation of mater-
ials is such that no other art requires
such unalterable skill." The art of
weaving them no longer exists, hav-
ing passed out soon after the decline
of the Mogul emperors and the British
conquest of the territory.
It took a native craftsman usually
Tryouts To Be
Collective Bargaining To
Be Subject Of All Trial
Speeches, Coach Says
Tryouts for the Men's Varsity De-
bating Team will be held at 2 p.m.
Tuesday, Feb. 19 in Room 4003 Angell
Hall, James H. McBurney, debating
coach, announced yesterday.
All students interested in partici-
pating in intercollegiate debating this
semester were requested by Mr. MF-
Burney to see him during the week
regarding preparation for the tryouts.
The question on which the spring,
debates will be based, and the one
on which all tryout speeches will be
given, is: "Resolved, That All Collec-
tive Bargaining Should Be Negotiated
Through Non-Company Unions Safe-
guarded by Law."
Each student will be expected to
give a six minute aigumentative
speech, pro or con, on this proposi-
The men's debate schedule, as re-
leased by the team's coach yesterday,
includes the annually held Western
Conference Debate Tournament, to be
held in Evanston, April 5 and 6, three
contests with non-conference schools,
all of which will be held in Ann Ar-
bor, and participation in the Delta
Sigma Rho forensic tournament at
Madison, Wis., March 29 and 30.
Non-conference debates are sched-
uled with Xavier University, March
19, Syracuse University, March 19 and
Oberlin College, March 26.
through them, and the meaning of
many of the patterns have been for-
gotten during the ages since their
The designs are woven as straight
and true as a draftsman's line. Some
of the patterns are as large as five
feet, winding in and out the length
of the shawl. Others are as small as
a quarter of an inch. When once
the weaver had started a thread, it
was impossible for him to withdraw
it, Dr. Koelz explained, and said that
this nature of the weave made -it so
Dr. Koelz is classifying these in
seven groups, according to the size
and shape of design, the quality of
the cashmir, and the weave. Whether
these were made in different villages,
regions, or other districts is not known
but he believes it is probable that they
came from near the famous rug
centers of Persia and India.
These shawls remained in certain
families for generations, Dr. Koelz
pointed out. How the highly special-
ized art of weaving them arose is
only speculative, but it was one of the
outstanding contributions of that
great Oriental civilization. The shawls
were made, he said, for very dressed
up wear, and were very expensive.
"Now," he believes, "they are abso-
lutely priceless because they can never
The famous Pasley shawls are but
copies of copies of these. It was Na-
poleon who first brought the Oriental
shawl to the West, following his ex-
pedition to Egypt, Dr. Koelz declared.
These were copied, producing a gar-
ment of inferior quality, and finally
in Scotland, the Pasley shawl, made
from Cashmir and duplicating the
Oriental design as nearly as possible,
Geography Men To
Aid In U.S..Survey
Dr. Charles M. Davis and Dr. Otto
Guthe, both of the geography depart-
ment, have left the University this
semester to join the United State Bio-
logical Survey station at Madison,
They are working with the survey
in the capacity of associate land ne-
gotiators, and their activities will con-
sist in identifying sub-marginal land.
After their inventory of the land has
been taken, the poorer areas of farm
land, in whicsh poor soils or hilly
landscapes make cultivation unsuit-
able for tillage, will be purchased by
The Madison project is similar to
that now being conducted in Wash-
tenaw county. Mr. Davis and Dr.
Guthe expect to return to the Univer-
sity in the fall.
Of State Banks
Steady Deposit Increase
Shows General Recovery,
LANSING, Feb. 14. - (AP) - State
Banking Commissioner Rudolph E.
Reichert said today - on the second
anniversary of Michigan's famous
bank holiday - that the state's finan-
cial structure has shown a "remark-
Deposits in state banks, he said,
now amount to $402.835.000, com-
pared to the $418,072,000 on deposit
at the time of the holiday proclaimed
by Gov. William A. Comstock during
the early morning hours of Feb. 14,
The number of state banks now
operating is 360. At the time of the
holiday there were 422.
Of $440,608,692 tied up in non-re-1
ceivership banks just two years ago,
$357,587,007 has been made available
to depositors. Of the $83,021,685 re-
maining in trust or liquidation, Rei-
chert said at least 50 per cent even-I
tually would be released.
The commissioner said the steady
increase in deposits "represents the
general business recovery in the
state." He expressed confidence that
"the banking and financial structure
of Michigan has shown such a re-
markable recovery that the state can
again take its proper place in the
general economic recovery of the na-
SLOSSON TO SPEAK
Prof. Preston W. Slosson, of the
department of history, will address
the Genesee Club, composed of stu-
dents from Rochester, N. Y., at their
first meeting of the second semester,
to be held at 4:30 p.m. on Sunday,
Feb. 17, at the Michigan Union.
The business meeting will be fol-
lowed by a dinner, at which time
Professor Slosson will address the
organization on "A Historian Looks
at Life." Officers of the club request
all members to be present.
Historic Local Church Building
May Face Wreckers' Hammers
Women Ask Liquor
Reforms In State
LANSING, Feb. 14. - (I) -- A wom-
:+ .A . -c t,, l n's nrianiziition nimin " to haive
lm-- Y A-%1m2 OT O OL A<I71 T
By ROBERT B. BROWN it nas expressed a reflection of te
The present building of the First times it passed through. But today,!
the old building is obsolete, and plans
Presbyterian church at Huron and have already been made for a new
Division streets, which may shortly building to supplement the present
be razed to make room for a news- one.
paper plant is an historic edifice, It will, according to the board of
both in itself, and in its relations trustees of the church, be erected
with the buildings that preceded it on Washtenaw Ave., and will repre-
as a home for the congregation. sent a combination of the interests
The present church was erected of the local group, and the University
back in 1860, when the county and of Michigan Presbyterian Corpora-
city were filled with the news of the tion, with facilities for the complete
beginning of the Civil War. Ann Ar- fulfillment of the aims of both organ-'
bor sent its quota to join the Mich- izations.This proposed plant has been
igan regiments, and a good many of described as reflecting the spirit of
those men attended a farewell service the times, in that it will depart from
in the then-new church. the conventional mould of the averageI
In more recent times, the church church building, and embody the im-
building has been a rallying point provements of the architecture of to-
for many of the strong influences in day as compared to the formal period
the city. Through its congregation during which the old church was built.
---------This new building will be a com-
I paratively low structure, set back
Daily M aroon from the street among the many trees
which abound on the lot. The design
1 will be correspondingly simple, in
Survey ShoWS accordance with the setting. The
builders propose to strive for har-
Wave O Thefts monious effect, and good proportion,
rather than the ostentatious display
of costly and gaudy materials. A brick
(By Big Ten Press Service) colonial type of erection, with stone-
CHICAGO, Feb. 14. - Fifteen rob- set corners, has been proposed for the
beries in dormitories and other cam- exterior of the building.
pus buildings have been committed The lot on which the present church
during the past month, it was re- I building stands was first used by the
vealed in a preliminary survey of cam- present congregation in 1829, when
pus offices, and it is probable that a frame building was erected there.
a continued investigation will reveal Previous to this time, services har
information concerning other thefts. been held in the log schoolhouse of
Street robberies in which students the community and a hotel. The
and other members of the community building they erected themselves was
are involved are not included in these 25 by 35 feet, and had a small uncov-
figures. A tentative estimate places ered belfry containing a smaller bell.
the number of these crimes at well This edifice was the first protestant
over a dozen for the past four weeks. church erected west of Detroit. In
Nine cases of crimes are reported to addition to this, the early congre-
have occurred over a single week-end gation was the fourth Presbyterian
during the last month. group to be formed in the territory
The Daily Maroon, following the of Michigan.
nation-wide movement started largely
as the result of an address by Pres- 1 EXPRT P R NT 1 N
112,000 members in Michigan today,
laid before legislative committeesI
recommendations for reforms in the
state liquor control system.
Mrs. William R. Donnelly and Mrs.
Myron B. Vorce, of Detroit, members
of the legislative committee of the
Women's Organization for Non-Par-
tisan Reform appeared before a joint
meeting of the house liquor traffic
and the Senate prohibition commit-
tees. On behalf of their organization
they presented a program which
would changedthe make-up of the
state liquor control commission, abol-
ish beer gardens and taverns, elim-
inate so-called beer stores and give
the commission discretion to set clos-
1220 South University
Between Church & Forest
Serving SPECIAL Friday
Also Regular Meat Dinners
A LA CARTE
Roast Beef Roast Ham
Egg Salad Bacon
Fresh Tomato Vegetable
Aspic Fruit Potato
French, Thousand Island,
or Mayonnaise Dressing
Also Many Other Delicious
Foods at Popular Prices.
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
ident Franklin D. Roosevelt, has!
launched a drive to end crime in theI
University community. The Daily Ma-
roon is the first of the college and
university papers to cooperate in the
Programs, Bids, Evps., Letterheads
Our Prices are never high
The ATHENS PRESS
206 N Main - Downtown
(Next to Postoffice)
A Screen Tour
WE LOOK AT
-regular friday night
dancing to ross hargar
and his musi
plenty of new tunes. . . a
congenial crowd ... nine-fif-
teen until one-fifteen-.....
VIENNA and AUSTRIA
* Not to know the land of the Beautiful Blue Danube and its
grandiose Capitol - the former Kaiserstadt - is to miss one
of the great travel thrills that Europe offers us today.
* It was an ultimatum from Vienna that precipitated the
World War in 1914. Events of 1934 in Vienna seemed for a
time, to presage another great 5conflict. Vienna is never
0 It was in Vienna that Johann Strauss the Elder wrote his
immortal waltzes. From Vienna, Johann Strauss the Younger
poured forth the glorious melodic flood of the Beautiful Blue
Danube. Vienna is always fascinating.
* Austria was the heart and center of one of the greatest of
modern empires. Austria is today the most consistently and
completely beautiful of Continental countries.
AND SUPPLIES FOR ALL DEPARTMENTS