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February 15, 1935 - Image 1

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The Weather
Rain Friday; Saturday un-
setitled, posssibly local snows
and somewhat colder.

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iE~aitl

Editorials
lauptniarn's Trial .
A Unified Lecture
Program...

VOL. XLV. No. 98 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1935

PRICE FIVE CENTS

i {

Government Poll

Reveals

Lack

Of

Student Interest

Q

Small Number Of Ballots
Cast In Vote Taken By
-Undergraduate Council
No Plan Completely
Approved In Voting
One Fraternity Says, 'No
Such Thing As Student
Government'
The results of the campus-wide poll
of student opinion on the question of
self-government, completed yesterday
by a committee of the Undergraduate
Council, reveal both that students
have very little interest in the matter
and that there is a diversity of opin-
ion among those submitting replies.
Three polls were taken in the sur-
vey which has been conducted by the
Undergraduate Council at the request
of the Senate Committee on Student
Affairs in order to formulate a plan
of government which would meet with
general student approval.
Of the 200 ballots made available
to independents 69 were returned to
the Council. Thirty-five question-
naires were returned by fraternities,
sororities, and organized campus so-
cieties. Sixteen replies were forth-
coming from graduate schools and
professional fraternities.
In the fraternity-society vote 30
groups expressed dissatisfaction with
the present government, only 4 voting
for it. These adverse votes were based
on objections to both the member-
ship and jurisdiction provisions in the
constitution.
No One Plan Approved
Very few questionnaires expressed
definite approval of any one plan in
its entirety. The fraternity-society
vote was eight for the Union plan,
en for the Altenate plan, two forCthe
~..plan, and six for the S.C.A.
plan.
The graduate groups, professional
fraternities and graduate schools ex-
pressed satisfaction with the present
system by a vote of nine to five. They
expressed strong opinions, however, to
the effec~t that they preferred to have
their own councils for their own
schools and that, if an all-campus
government was to be formed, they
would not be satisfied with the present
form.
By votes of 11 to 3 and 11 to 1
these groups rejected the Union and
Alternate plans as substitutes for
the present plan, both because of their
membership and because of their jur-
isdiction provisions. One vote each
was cast for the N.S.L. and S.C.A.
plans by this group.
Government Not Necessary
Some original opinions were ex-
pressed, several organizations, both
graduate and undergraduate, express-
ing the opinion, "Let the University
continue to run things just as they
always have in the past." One under-
graduate house replied, "In view of
what happened at the now renowned
meeting of 2:00 p.m. Saturday (Pres-
ident Ruthven's message to frater-
nities), our chapter does 'not believe
that there is such a thing as student
government."
In the vote of the independents
38 individuals declared themselves in
favor of the S.C.A. plan, and 31 fa-
vored the N.S.L. plan. Several of these
votes listed the other as a second
choice. Six students declared for com-
plete abolition of student government,
two voted for the Union plan, and
one vote each was cast for the al-
ternate and present plans.
Of these totals especial attention
will be given to the questionnaires
filled out by organizations, according
to Council members, each of these
representing the opinions of a group
of students. Student Christian Asso-
ciation members and members of the
Michigan Wolverines club returned
the bulk of the independent ballots.

Elections Conclude
HighwayMeetings
The 1P.35 sessions of the annual
Michigan Highway Conference came
to an end here yesterday with the
election of officers for the coming
year.
The new president of the organiza-
tion is George Taylor, highway com-
missinner of Tnawee County. Leon

In Trouble

Zone

-Associated Press Photo.
One of the foremost "trouble-shoot-
ers" of the diplomatic corps, George,
C. Hanson (above) will represent the
United States as charge d'affaires and
consul-general a't Addis Ababa, Ethi-
opia, where difficulties with Italy are
under consideration.
Italian Troops
To Leave For
Africa At Once
Mussolini Says He Will
Answer Ethiopians With
Armed Forces
ROME, Feb. 14.-(P) -Soldiers
and troops will be Benito Mussolini's
reply to Ethiopia's defiant disclaimer
of responsibility for Italo-Ethiopian
hostilities in Africa.
A government spokesman said to-
night that no written reply will be
sent to Emperor Haile Selassie, whose
forthright communication handed to
Il Duce yesterday blamed Italians for
the border conflicts.
. Instead, it was revealed informally,
detachments of Italian troops will
start leaving Sicily Saturday for Eri-
trea and Italian Somaliland, Italy's
colonies lying to the east of the Af-
rican emperor's domain.
At Addis Ababa, an Ethiopian gov-
ernment spokesman declared today
that Italy's mobilization of troops is
unjustified and may interfere with
negotiations for peace between Ethi-
opia and Italy.
Negotiations have been proceeding
for the creation of a commission of
conciliation and arbitration, the
spokesman said, but Italian troop
movements tend to make the atmos-
phere "unfavorable."
The official asserted that the Ethi-
opian government has not concentrat-
ed any troops near the frontier since
the clash at Ualual last year.
(Dispatches from Paris said that
the French government also would
reinforce her troops in French Somal-
iland in order to forestall further in-
cidents such as the slaying of 17
French colonials Jan. 18, for which
Ethiopia has agreed to pay "exemp-
lary damages").

Hauptmann
Maintains He
Is Not Guilty
'If I Have To Go To Chair,
I Go Like A Man,' Bruno
Declares
Unnerved Prisoner
Stands In Defiance
Depends On Public And
His Lawyers For Appeal,
He Asserts
FLEMINGTON, N. J., Feb. 14 -()
-Bruno Richard Hauptmann, hag-
gard and shaken by the death sen-
tence pronounced upon him for the
murder of the Lindbergh baby, but
still defiant, declared tonight:
"If I have to go to the electric
chair, I go like a man."
The doomed man continued to pro-
test that he was innocent of the
crime for which he was convicted
last.-night. He was asked if he had
"any confession to make.'
"If I had any confession to make,
I would have made it months ago and
saved my wife and child all this wor-
ry," he told newspapermen.
Two reporters, representing all the
newspapers and press associations,
entered the jail for the interview.
They found Hauptmann pacing his
cell in his undershirt.
Is Out Of Funds
He told them that he was depend-
ing on his lawyers and the public to
finance an appeal.
"I haven't a dollar and must de-
pend on the public to help me. I am
depending on my lawyers to get the
money," he said.
As Hauptmann awaited removal to
the death house at Trenton, his at-
torneys were mapping their plans for
an appeal.
"I am worn out, but I feel all right.
Absolutely, I am innocent, otherwise
I would have said so in the beginning.
"If they were to come to me in my
cell and say, 'You would go free if
you would tell the whole story,' I
would say Itoldseverything I know
on the witness stand," Hauptmann
insisted.
"In certainly didn't think so," he
said when asked if he believed the
prosecution had established his pres-
ence in New Jersey on the night of
the kidnaping.
Five Witnesses
"I have had five witnesses to show
I was in the Bronx at that time," he
said. "They should have been be-
lieved. They were good people and
told the truth."
Again he was asked if he had told
everything and replied:
"Yes, I told everything on my word
of honor, that is, I mean, that I have
not tried to cover up anybody."
He charged that "the most ridicu-
lous thing in the whole trial was the
board in the attic."
"Why should I go up into the attic
for a board when I had a whole pile
of iuhber in my garage?" he de-
manded.
He was referring to the board which
state experts testified was sawed and
used as an upright in the kidnap
ladder.
Of the defense witnesses, Haupt-
mann commented, "Bad and good
witnesses; I am not responsible for
all of them."
Of his lawyers he said "O. K., all
of them."
SEEK RIGHT TO VOTE
PARIS, Feb. 14.-(P) - The women
of France have begun a new fight for

the right to vote. They hope it will
result in their casting their first bal-
lots in the municipal elections in
May.

Bates Urges
Government
By Bureaus
Makes Strong Stand For
Partial Bureaucratic Set-
Up In Radio Talk
Contends Popular
Interest Protected
Says That Continuity In
Control Is Advantage Of
Commission System
By LLOYD S. REICH
A firm stand for a government
guided to a great extent by admin-
istrative tribunals was voiced by Dean
Henry M. Bates of the Law School
in his talk at 10 p.m. yesterday over
WJR from the campus studios in
Morris Hall. .
Newspapers and popular discussion,
said Dean Bates, teem with attacks
upon this so-called bureaucracy,
charging that to gain practical and
immediate advantage some remain-
ing principles of the Constitution are
sacrificed. Further, they give excited
prophecies of the downfall of our
government through the growth of
this evil.
Notwithstanding this heated criti-
cism, Dean Bates, said, "Even a very
considerable development of admin-
istrative tribunals, if the faults al-
ready indicated are avoided, as cer-
tainly they can be, will not lead to
bureaucracy or regimentation."
Continuity In Control
Dean Bates outlined the advantages
of a government run to a great extent
by a system of bureaus and commis-
sions. First, he stated, continuity in
control and unremitting attention is
given to business, industry, and other
functions placed within its jurisdic-
tion.
"If an administration is in com-
petent hands," he said, "it avoids
the very serious disadvantage of the
interrupted, fragmentary, and fre-
quently inadequate supervision which
characterizes the process of govern-
ment by legislation and litigation in
the courts."'
As an t$%p e he d IWtle Inter-
state Commerce Commission which
deals with the transportation prob-
lems that could not be handled ade-
quately by legislation and court de-
cisions alone.
Secondly, Dean Bates advised that
the government by administrative
tribunals lends to the safeguarding
of public interest, by protecting the
people in such services as those fur-
nished by public utilities and all busi-
ness affected with a popular interest,
and in controversies which arise be-
tween such organizations with each
other or with the people.
Experts and Specialists
"Finally," stated Dean Bates, "ad-
ministrative tribunals may and should
be made up of experts and special-
ists in the matters with which they
have to deal, whereas, because of
the general and wide scope of their
duties, neither legislatures nor courts
can be so organized."
He admitted that many of the re-
cent steps toward bureaucracy have
been failures. Further, he said that it
was not expected that mistakes would
not be made as a result of the mul-
tiplication of administrative agencies
under the presidency of Roosevelt.
Dean Bates pointed to the NRA as
probably the most important mis-
take made during this administration.
"More controlled power," he said,
'was delegated to the President than
was wise, and more particularly,
code authorities have, in some indus-

tries at least, made arbitrary regula-
tions, and have attempted the control
of details which should have been left
to private management."
Lack of Ability, Training
Much of the criticism of adminis-
trative control, according to Dean
Bates, is founded upon the unworthy
character of the personnel in some
administrative tribunals. There is
often a lack of ability, of adequate
training, and sometimes even common
honesty.
"Only experience and time can
demonstrate how far this sort -of
regulation can be carried, with the
attainment ofnsound results," he af-
firmed.
"Dentistry As a Health Service"
was the subject of the talk given by
Prof. Paul H. Jeserich of the School
of Dentistry who spoke over WJR
after Dean Bates. He stressed the im-
portance of using the science of den-
tistry as an important accessory tc
general health as well as oral com-
fort.
MAY CONSIDER AIR PACT
BERLIN, Feb. 14-{P)-Germ any

President Ruthven Calls
Criticism Of Michigan
'99 Per Cent Wrong'
Address Is iven
At Senate Request
School Called 'Center Of
Conservative Thought';
High Ideals Stressed
LANSING, Feb. 14.- (P) -Dr. Alex-
ander G. Ruthven, president of the
University of Michigan, denied in an
address in the Senate today that edu-
cational institutions of the State are
any "hotbeds" of radicalism.
The President characterized pres-
ent-day criticism against the Univer-
sity as "99 per cent wrong." He said
the institution is a "center of conserv-
ative thought."
"You need not lose one hour's sleep
fearing that your boys and girls are
taught a brand of radicalism," Dr.
Ruthven said. "They are taught many
things but they are all fundamentally
sound. We are doing our best at Ann
Arbor to uphold the high principles
of government."
The President spoke at the request
of the Senate membership.
Dr. Ruthven's characterization of
the University as a "center of con-
servative thought" is a statement in
direct opposition to the charges levied
in various papers that colleges in
this country (the University of Mich-
igan included) were "fomenting sub-
versive thought" among the under-
graduates with a view to destroying
the "American system" of govern-
ment.
The metropolitan press has criti-
cized certain students and teachers as
"skulking Reds" and has many times
called for the firing and deporta-
tion of students and teachers who re-
fuse to affirm their faith in the
American Constitution. Cartoons
have appeared in daily papers pictur-
ing unnamed teachers as proponents
of Communism.
The stand taken by Dr. Ruthven
in his Lansing address takes sharp
issue with that adopted by Dr. Fred-
erick M. Robinson, president of the
City College of New York, who has
discussed many times the "extreme
radical tendencies" of the education-
al institutions of many states.
Mimes Chooses 22
Men For Initiation
The Mimes of the Michigan Union
Wednesday sent notifications of elec-
tion to 21 students and 1 faculty
iN.mber, Russel McCracken, who was
chosen for honorary membeship.
Initiation of the new members will
follow a dinner to be held at 6:30 p.m.
today in the Union.
The new members are as follows:
David Zimmerman, '35, Henry Hall,
'37, Robert Conway, '36, Vaudie V.
Vandenberg, '36, Paul Bauer, Spec.,
Dwight Harshbarger, '37, Richard
Moriarty, '36E, Truman Smith, '35,
Stewart Johnson, '37, John Flaherty,
'36, Edward Adams, '36.
Robert Rutherford, '35, Wencel
Neuman, '36E, Harold Strickland,
'36E, Dewitt Snyder, '36, Jack Kerr,
'36, Charles Livingston, '36, Shirrel
Kasle, '37, Dominick DeVito, '37, Nes-
bit Haas, '36, Lesley Drew, '36.

Sees End Of Airships

New Set-Up Would Bring
$60,000 Budget Raise,
$4,060,000Income
Ruthven Presents
Plan To Governor
Program Would Guarantee
'Security' Of Institution,
President Says

-Associated Press Photo.
Rep. Carl Vinson (above), Georgia
Democrat and chairman of the house
naval affairs committce, saidi the
Macon crash probably sounded the
death-knell of airships for the navy.
Prof. Durnond
Terms Lincoln
Huntan Leader
Traces Slavery Question1
Through Various Stages
Leading Up To War
By COURTNEY EVANS
A glowing tribute to Abraham Lin-
coln, Militant Abolitionist, was voiced
by Prof. Dwight L. Dumond of the
history department, as he termed the
Civil War president "alone as a lead-
er of men." Professor Dumond spoke
in the fifth in a series of eight Uni-
versity lectures by faculty members
Lincoln was characterized as a
leader who solved as many problems
with his heart as with his head and
as one of the shrewdest interpreter;
of public opinion that the country has
ever known.
Professor Dumond traced the his-
tory of the slavery question up
through its early stages, particularly
stressing the territorial problems, the
fugitive slave laws, the personal lib-
erty acts, and the work of the Lane
Seminary students, in pointing out
the attitudes of both sections.
The South fought for an ideal, he
said, as men who never owned a
slave fought side by side with the
great slave holding plantation owners.
War began when men began to hate
each other and not each other's in-
stitutions.
The professor proceeded to trace
the attitude of Lincoln on slavery
through his early years of political
life. He pointed out Lincoln's in-
troduction to slavery on his trip down
the Mississippi. As the only Whig
representative from the State of Illi-
nois, Lincoln voted 40 times for the
Wilmot Proviso.
Professor Dumond -emphasized the
President as abolitionistic and "ahead
of politicians and people in the mat-
ter of slavery."

Fitzgerald Will Support
University Finance Plan;
]Radical' Charges Denied

LANSING, Feb. 14 -(P)- As-
surance the governor will stand
behind the University of Mich-
igan's financial program was giv-
en today.
Dr. Alexander G. Ruthven,
President of the University, of-
fered to Gov. Frank D. Fitz-
gerald a plan under Which the
institution would receive an
amount "equal to .73 of a mill on
cach dollar" of the equalized
property valuation of the State.
The Senate last week passed a
property tax under which the
University receives .6 of a mill on
a ss e ss ors' valuations. The
amount to be raised under Ruth-
ven's proposal is approximately
$4,064,000.
A plan to guarantee the University
inancial "security" was presented
yesterday to Gov. Frank D. Fitzger-
ild by a delegation of University of-
icials, headed by President Alex-
nder G. Ruthven, who made a spe-
Iial trip to the State capital.
Under the proposed set-up, the
University would receive its annual
ppropriation from the State sals
ax.
Would Increase Budget
The receipts from the proposed
plan each year would be approxi-
mately $4,060,000, according to
President Ruthven. This would
mean an increase of $60,000 over
;he University's annual budget for
he last several years.
As advocated by officials, the budg-
et would bring the University 73-
100 from the receipts of the sales tax
each year.
President Ruthven pointed out
that, of course, the total amount
received would be dependent upon the
amount of tax collected by the state,
but he expressed the belief that it
would probably be in the neighbor-
hood of the estimated sum.
Contrary To Policy
Governor Fitzgerald told the group
that the proposed plan was contra-
dictory to his policy of placing all
state revenues into a general fund.
However, he stated, an arrangement
might be made whereby a sum equal
to whatever the 73-100 figure totalled
could be turned over to the University
from the general fund.
The purpose of the plan is to guar-
antee "security for the University,"
President Ruthven stated. "We desire
if possible a continuing assured source
of income in order to attract the best
minds of the educational world to the
University."
The University officials also con-
ferred with Emerson R. Boyles, legal
adviser to the governor from the
attorney general's office.
In addition to President Ruthven,
Regents Franklin L. Cook, Edmund
C. Shield, Charles F. Hemans, Ralph
Stone, and Junius E. Beal, and Shirley
W. Smith, vice-president, and Prof.
E. B. Stason of the*Law School con-
ferred with the governor.
Twenty Engineers
Get Perfect Grades
Announcement of the all "A" stu-
dents in the College of Engineering
for last semester was made yesterday
by the secretary of the college.
Twenty students were on the list.
Two students received all "A" for
20 hours of courses undertaken. Only
one of the students confined himself
to 15 hours work, and the remainder
varied between 15 and 20.
Students on the all "A" list for the
semester are as follows: Rupert B.
Bell, '36,,Ralph B. Bodine, '36, Ken-
neth O. Cogger, '35, James R. Davey,

Springer Defends Principle Of
DirigibleUrges Further Trial

Bay City Doctor's Lost Radium
Recovered By Professor Smith

Burdell L. Springer of the aero-
nautical engineering department de-
fended the lighter than air craft yes-
terday when he declared that "the
idea of the dirigible is a sound one,
and the failures of the Akron and the'
Macon is all our own fault."
"The United States should not give
up its efforts to perfect the airships,"
he asserted. For the crashes of the
Akron and Macon we have no one to
blame but ourselves. We have at-
tempted to start from the top and
build huge ships without knowing
anything about the smaller types.
"Relatively speaking," he declared,
"we have had little experience with
this tvne of airshin. In all our his-

he gained any kind of Ierfection.
"Such a craft as the Graf Zeppelin,"
he stated, "was achieved only after
many years of continuous experi-
ments with the lighter than air
ships."
"What would have happened to
aviation," Mr. Springer asked, "if we
had stopped building airplanes when
one of the Wright brothers was killed?
We should not stop building airships
now, but we should go back to the
principles and funidamentals, and
learn through research how they
should be constructed. We should
work up." Smaller ships, he ex-
plained, would be much cheaper to
build, and the industry would learn

By FRED WARNER NEAL
The story of how Prof. Arthur W.i
Smith of the physics department
rushed to Bay City Tuesday to use
his specially-adapted electroscope to
save nearly $500 worth of radium be-'
lieved lost was revealed last night.
A Bay City doctor, in unwrapping
a new supply of radium valued at
approximately $10,000 dropped one of
the almost infinitesimal tubes in
which five milligrams of the precious
element was kept. He made a frantic
search for it, going over the entire
building in which his office was locat-
ed, but to no avail. Another doctor
was preparing to move in the office

was hardly any movement of the de-
tector. He moved across the hall into
the incoming doctor's office. There
was a slight motion.
He moved toward the end of thec
hall, office by office. As he nearedJ
a small janitor's closet, the detector's
movement became more and more
violent. In the small room, it vibrated
rapidly. Then all objects in the closet
were removed to the office which the
incoming doctor hoped to occupy.
There was hardly a movement of the
detector. "The radium must be," de-
cided Professor Smith, "in the closet
itself."
Back in the closet, Professor Smith

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