Rain, possibly mixed with
snow Thursday and Friday; no
decidcd temperature changes.
Three Times And Out..
Remembered Too Well....
VOL. XLV No. 97 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1935
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Campus Leaders Take
In Symposium On.
Talks At NSL Meet
Speakers Disagree As To
Possibilities Of Ending
Heated discussion over the possi-
bility of arousing interest in student
government on the campus featured
the symposium of student leaders and
the general discussion held at the Na-
tional Student League meeting last
night in the Union.
Those who participated in the sym-
posium were Russell F. Anderson, '36,
president of the Student Christian
Association, David G. Macdonald, '36,
president of Sphinx, member of the
Undergraduate Council, and night
editor of The Daily, and Davis R.
Hobbs, '35L, member of the Lawyers'
Club and the Barristers Association.
Philip A. Singleton, '35E, president
of the Interfraternity Council, had
been announced as a speaker, was
present, but only took part in the gen-
eral discussion, declaring that the
request for him to give a talk was
Besides the student interest ques-
tion, the discussion also touched upon
various problems with which a stu-
dent government might deal and upon
the relative merits of the five plans
which have been presented.
Some Are Pessimistic
Anderson, Macdonald, and Guy M.
Whipple, Jr., '35, were pessimistic
about the chances of arousing stu-
dent interest in self government, while
Hobbs, Cyril F. Hetsko, L, Joseph D.
Feldman, '37, chairman of the meet-
ing, and several other members of
the audience expressed confidence
that students would be interested in
such government if it was more rep-
resentative and dealt with more im-
portant prdbleMs than' the present
Macdonald declared that the alter-
native plan was drawn up simply to
help arouse interest in student gov-
ernment, and asserted that the Coun-
cil, is directing all its efforts toward
ascertaining the desires of the student
body for presentation to the Uni-
Anderson said he considered the
National Student League plan the
best of the five, but branded it im-
practical because of the difficulty of
electing 25 members from interested
and representative organizations. He
also objected to the plan's provision
for a combined men's and women's
government on the grounds that
women students are opposed to such
Hobbs emphasized that the Na-
tional Student League plan provides
for elections on the basis of "pro-
gram, not personality," and listed
several matters of common student
concern which he said would rejuve-
nate lagging interest in a self-gov-
Among the matters which Hobbs
and others asserted should be the
concern of the student governing body
were a University-controlled, non-
profit bookstore, dormitories for men,
control of student enterprises, hours
for women, and "payment of dormi-
tory taxes by independent women to
help the richer women students live
more comfortably in the dormitories."
The present Council was charac-
terized by Hetsko as a "super-hon-
orary" society which should simply
adopt three Greek letters for its
name instead of deluding citizens of
the state and the students with the
impression that it is really a repre-
U. Of D. Officials
Plan To Reorganize
DETROIT, Feb. 13 -( )- This
city's largest educational institution,
the University of Detroit, has taken
an important step to clear up its
Federal Judge Edward J. Moinet
Tuesday signed an order calling on
creditors of the institution to ap-
pear March 12 and present claims.
The organization applied for permis-
sion to reorganize its indebtedness
under the new bankruptcy law, with-
out going into bankruptcy.
The action follows an attempt by
Yost Uses Scribe
In Illustration Of
Remark On Rules
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13 - () -
"Hurry Up" Yost used a Capitol
corridor and a none-too-hefty re-
porter today to illustrate graphically
his statement that "there won't be
any major changes in football rules
The athletic director of the Uni-
versity of Michigan, whose slow drawl
belies his nickname, stopped over to
sightsee in Washington en route to
a meeting of the rules committee in
"There won't be any major rules
changes," he told a newspaperman
who interrupted his inspection of a
portrait of Lincoln outside the Sen-
"I do think something will be done
about referees blowing their whistles
just as a ball carrier is about to make
a lateral pass. They probably will
clarify that rule so that a man can
make a lateral just as he is tackled."
Here Yost grabbed the reporter
around the hips to illustrate that the
ball carrier was free to toss a lateral.
Spectators gasped with surprise and
some looked uneasy.
The grizzled coach, whose point-
a-minute teams have made history,
was asked if colleges would adopt the
professional rules permitting forward
passes from anywhere behind the line
For Men Are
Dean Bursley's Report To
President Gives Outline
Of Housing Situation
University owned and operated
dormitories of sufficient capacity to
house at least a part of the men stu-
dents were recommended by Dean of
Students Joseph A. Bursley in his an-
nual Dean's report, which was in-
corporated in the President's report
to the Board of Regents.
Although there is at present no
shortage of rooms, the report stated,
the decreasein income to household-
ers and the lack of larger houses are
pointing to a situation which, in the
next five years, may become so acute
that the University will have to adopt
some program for the solution of the
"The time is coming in the not dis-
tant future when the University must
take steps to supply improved living
accommodations for men students,"
Dean Bursley pointed out.
Dormitories -for at least a part of
the men students seem to be the
only solution for this problem, and
it is hoped that the day is not far
off when there will be, at Michigan,
University owned and operated dor-
mitories large enough to care for the
freshman men, the report stated.
"The need for such accommoda-
tions is yearly becoming more and
mere apparent," according to Dean
Bursley. "How to obtain the funds
necessary to finance such a program
is a problem which demands atten-
tion at an early date."
The report attributes the decrease
in income for. householders to a
"striking" reduction in the average
prices of rooms. Such a decrease
means less income for the house-
holder, which in turn means that she
will find her difficulties increasing in
any attempts to keep her house in
proper shape and repair and to make
those improvements which are neces-
sary every year, it continues.
As a result, if prices of room con-
tinue low, students whose demands
have not decreased in proportion to
their pocketbooks, will become less
satisfied with rooming conditions and
facilities, it was pointed out.
In Chair A
G~fuilty Of Murder In First Degree
State Spent 17 Days In
Weaving Case Out Of
In. Bruno' s Ho e
Prosecution Called In 87
Witnesses; Testimony Is
By JACK STINNETT
FLEMINGTON, N. J., Feb. 13.-)
- Out of the thread of fact and cir-
cumstance, the state of New Jersey,
with infinite care and patience, wove
its case against Bruno Richard
Hauptmann, charged with the kid-
nap-murder of 20-month-old Charles
A. Lindbergh, Jr.
For 17 court days, witnesses trouped
to the stand in the stuffy little Hun-
terdon county courthouse at Flem-
ington. The parade did not cease until
87 persons had made their contribu-
tions, great or small, to the fabric
which was the state's case against the
alien German woodworker from Kam-
For 17 days, David T. Wilentz, chief
weaver for New Jersey's prosecution,
and his staff gathered their strands
of evidence. Some came swiftly,
plucked with ease from the clearly
stamped fabric of those memorable
days which followed the kidnaping of
the Lindbergh baby, futile payment
of the $50,000 ransom and tragic re-
covery of the infant's body less than
five miles from the home in which
the child had been put to bed the
night of March 1, 1932.
The state's case against Haupt-
mann was built largely on circum-
stantial evidence. Facts there were,
but not many.
It was not denied by the defense, or
by the stoical Bronx carpenter him-
self, that he possessed some of the
ransom money. It was easily demon-
strable that he had passed $10 of the'
money. It was undeniable that $14,-
600 of it was secreted in his garage.
It was a fact that Dr. John F. "Jaf-
sie" Condon's name and telephone
number and two ransom bill serial
numbers were scribbled on a door
jamb in the Hauptmann home.
There were the 14 ransom notes,
the broken ladder, a chisel, a baby's
sleeping suit -mute but tangible
things. These were facts.
Taking these facts as the trailing
border of its cloth, the state worked
backward and reconstructed what it
contended was the pattern of Haupt-
mann's life from that windy March
day when therkidnaper started about
his crime until that September morn-
ing, two and a half years later, when
Hauptmann was taken into custody.
It was no simple matter. Haupt-
mann was an obscure person. In the
United States, at least, he had not
been known to travel criminal paths
from which police frequently are able
to pluck both the criminal and the
evidence against him.
Even in those two and one-half
years that followed payment of the
ransom, there was little or nothing
on the surface to connect Hauptmann
with the case.
Will Die In Electric Chair
--Associated Press Photo.
BRUNO RICHARD HAUPTMANN
Landman Sees Decided Swing
In Government's Labor Policy
By ARTHUR M. TAUB
Prof. Max Handman of the eco-
nomics department declared in ant
interview yesterday that he regarded
the present labor policy of the Roose-
velt Administration as a striking de-
parture from the original program
laid down by the President when hej
first came into office.
This cleavage from New Deal doc-
trines in the direction of catering tol
management can be explained awayI
in the light of expediency, stated the
economist, basing his opinion on the:
fact 'that "since we are living in a
regime of pecuniary profit, business
must be insured sufficiently so that it
will undertake the responsibility of
keeping industry going and employing
gainfully those who are on the relief
rolls or who are dependent on other
The NRA was originated with the
idea that recovery would come about
Durnond To Speak
The fifth of a group of eight
speeches by faculty men to be given
on this year's University Lecture
Series will be delivered at 4 p.m.
today in Natural Science Auditorium
by Prof. Dwight L. Dumond of the
history department, who will speak
on "Abraham Lincoln, Militant Aboli-
Professor Dumond has specialized
in history of the American Civil War
period, and is the author of two books
on that era, "The Secessionist Move-
ment, 1860-1861," and "Southern Edi-
torials on Secession," both published
After undergraduate work at Bald-
win-Wallace in Ohio, he interrupted
his studies to serve in the A.E.F.,
after which he took graduate work
at Washington University and at
Michigan, receiving his Ph.D. degree
here in 1929. Before coming to Mich-
igan he was on the faculties of Wash-
ington University and Ohio Wesleyan.
- He is a member of the American
Historical Association and the Mis-
sissippi Valley Association, and has
written many articles for historical
journals on his special field of history.
'Ensian Business Staff
Tryouts Meet Today
Tryouts for the 'Ensian business
staff will be held at 4:30 p.m.
rapidly, and while this was taking
place certain permanent labor and
other reforms could be set up, Pro-
fessor Handman said. "However,"
he continued, "I think it is quite ob-
vious that as the depression contin-
ued the Administration felt that re-
covery was more important than re-
Accordingly, he continued, the
President and his advisers tended to
give up certain conceptions of per-
manent reform, in favor of effecting
recovery as soon as possible by al-
lowing industry greater freedom, and
permitting it to do its own "house-
cleaning" with diminished govern-
"The problem is, of course, deeper
than that," he stated, "because as the
depression continued, the government
found it more and more difficult to
finance increasing relief expendi-
tures. Ultimately government sup-,
port must come from borrowing, and
borrowing could not go on indefi-
nitely without ruining national cred-
The Administration believed that
at all costs government credit must
be protected, and any increased ex-
penditure for the unemployed might
topple over American finance -
"which has been the one stable thing,
in the last five years," Professor
"This policy might be interpreted
as veering to the right, but it is per-
fectly intelligible in the light of con-
In Professor Handman's opinion
the great danger that may accrue
from a policy that favors capital lies
in the possibility of monopolistic con-
trol of industry through the creation
(Continued on Page 6)
Houses Eligible To
Receive FHA Loans
Fraternity and sorority houses in
need of repair may utilize Federal
Housing Administration funds for
that purpose, according to announce-
ment received today from Washing-
Loans of private money, insured
by the National Housing Act, will
make possible grants up to $2,000 fo
the purposes of interior or exterior
improvement, under terms set forth
by the Administration, providing for
monthly repayment over a period of
Bruno Is Shaken By Sentence;
Jury Deliberates For 11 Hours
FLEMINGTON, N. J., Feb. 13. - (AP) - Bruno
Richard Hauptmann was condemned to the electric chair to-
night by the jury that tried him for the kidnaping and murder
of Ba by Lindbergh.
White and unshaven, he tottered slightly as he stood
between his guards and heard himself ordered to die in the
The jury of eight men and four women spent eleven hours and
six minutes in a bare room of the old court house where Hauptmann had
been on trial since Jan. 2 before they reached their verdict.
"We find the defendant, Bruno Richard Hauptmann, guilty of
murder in the first degree," intoned Foreman Charles Walton, Sr., in
the deathly quiet of the littered, smoke-filled court room.
Anna Hauptmann, tears rolling down her cheeks as her husband
went silently back to his cell, cried "There is nothing left for me."
But she dried her eyes as she pushed through the thronged court
room and left by a rear door.
I am not afraid," she said. "I still hope."
Polled individually at the insistence of Edward J. Reilly, chief of
the defense counsel, the jurors affirmed the verdict in quavering voices.
Sheriff John H. Curtis heralded the return of the jury shouting from
the door of the century old court room.
Under the five garish lights, newspapermen and lawyers had waited
for hours in the littered little room, almost unbearably hot and stuffy.
Court crier Elmer Hann, tall and bald, suddenly appeared, rising
behind the bench and adjusted the jurists' chairs. Atty.-Gen. David
T. Wilentz, pale, his voice tense with emotion, stiffened his shoulders.
He spoke to Col. H. Norman Schwartzkopf, superintendent of state
police, and Schwartzkopf moved down the aisle, ordering his troopers to
close the doors.
The florid Reilly, subdued in manner, stood upright in the space
before the bench.
Troopers On Alert
Troopers stood on the alert about the little room. Trooper Louis J.
Dornan, one of the men who found and handled the kidnap ladder down
which Baby Lindbergh was carried to his death the night of March 1,
1932, stood near the jury box.
The jury filed in and took the seats occupied by them for 32 days.
Mrs. Vera Snyder, juror No. 3, appeared to have been crying. Haupt.
mann seemed unmindful of the bracelets on his wrists, gleaming brightly
under the yellow lights. One of his attorneys put his arm around the
prisoner's neck and whispered to him.
Mrs. Hauptmann had come hurriedly up the side aisle as Haupt-
mann settled into his chair. Her face was drained of color. Justice
Thomas W. Trenchard said "Let the defendant stand."
Hauptmann rose between his guards straight as a ramrod. "Mem.
bers of the jury, haveyou agreed on your verdict?" asked the court clerk.
Jurors replied, "We have." The court clerk: "Mr. Foreman, what say
you, do you find the defendant guilty or not guilty?"
The Foreman: "Guilty. We find the defendant, Bruno Richard
Hauptmann, guilty of murder in the first degree."
Court Clerk: "Members of the jury, you have heard the verdict,
that you find the defendant, Bruno Richard Hauptmann, guilty of
murder in the first degree, and so say you all?"
The jurors: "We do."
"The defendant may stand up," Justice Trenchard said.
"Bruno Richard Hauptmann," he pronounced, "you have been con.
victed of murder in the first degree and according to law you must suffer
the penalty of death at the time fixed by the court."
Hauptmann was still standing between his two guards as Justice
Trenchard said "All those who wish to leave the court may do so at once."
Anna Steels Self
As each of the jurors responded to the poll with the dull, fearful
words, "Guilty of murder in the first degree," Mrs. Hauptmann steeled
Those sitting next to her tried to comfort her with reassuring whispers
and pressure on her arm.
She seemed to hear and see nothing.
The jury began its deliberations today being instructed that it could
return three possible verdicts - murder in the first degree, the same
with recommendation for life imprisonment, or acquittal.
The final charge of the court paid particular attention to the dis-
- puted reliability of the important state witnesses, Dr. John F. (Jafsie)
Condon and Amandus Hochmuth, and to the defense theories that a
gang perpetrated the crime and that the dead Isador Fisch gave Haupt-
mann the ransom money he had.
"Do you believe that?" were the concluding words of the court's
remarks about each of the defense contentions.
Defense exceptions to the charge were heard after the jury retired
at 11:23 a.m.
The defense took a general exception to the whole charge and ob-.
i jected specifically to what it said was the court's inference that the Lind-
bergh nursery had been entered by means of a ladder, that the baby had
been carried down a ladder, that the baby's sleeping suit had been ripped
l off where a thumbguard was found in Hunterdon County* and that first
degree murder would lie if a burglary was shown.
Makes Strong Objections
Objection also was taken to the court's remarks about the manner
of the baby's death, to the court's failure to mention any defense witnesses
1 aside from the defendant, and to a comparison made between the defense
r and state alibi witnesses.
r Arguments for the exceptions took 50 minutes of the court's time
n after the jury retired. The defense objected to the failure of the court
r to deliver 12 other instructions it had suggested. Adjournment was
taken at 12:00 p.m.
Hauptmann was led from the court room. hack to his e.11 when the
America Lacks Sense Of Value,
Thinks Young Tibetan Visitor
By MARSHALL D. SHULMAN
Out of the 'roof of the world,' land
of mystery and monasteries, comes a
young Tibetan nobleman who surveys
Americans with amused tolerance.
Homefolks back in Tibet are going
to get an earful when Nono Surzha
Dawa gets back from his trip around
the world. Their credulity is going
to be tried on stories of 'public para-
dise,' where a generous government
supports its citizens on the 'CCC,' and
of an American people that are simple'
Nono Surzha Dawa came from Ti-
bet with Dr. Walter N. Koelz, collab-
orator in Asiatic research at the Uni-
versity, and is now a guest at Dr.
Koelz's farm at Waterloo, Mich.,
where he- has been since he arrived in
America ten months ago.
money on tobacco than a Tibetan
would earn in a year.
"Nono," explains Dawa, is a title
of nobility, though he comes from a
long line of robber barons. But high-
way robbers in Tibet are respectable;
they always give notice when they
are going to perform a robbery, nor
would any self-respecting thief do
otherwise. They even have been
known, says Dawa, to give money
to people when they found them too
poor to rob.
And don't make the mistake of
thinking that because life in Tibet
is primitive, that the Tibetans are
a simple people. "Not simple minded,
Tibetans achieve a perfect peace by
patience and understanding. For ex-
ample, when travelling over long dis-
tances, no one speaks, lest he be irrit-1
1 alaani rnc rTa nnnflnfn i