THE MICHIGAN DAILY
The SOAP BOX
Pubiisied every morning except Monday during the
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trol of Student Publications.
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and the Big Ten News Service.
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West 42nd Street, New York, N.Y.-400 N. Michigan Ave.,
MANAGING EDITOR ................WILLIAM G. FERRIS
CITY EDITOR ............................JOHN HEALEY
EDITORIAL DIRECTOR.........RALPH G. COULTER
SPORTS EDITOR ................. ARTHUR CARSTENS
WOMEN'S EDITOR...................EHEANOR BLUM
NIGHT EDITORS: Courtney A. Evans, John J. Flaherty,
Thomas E. Groehn, Thomas H. Kleene, David G. Mac-
donald, John M. O'Connell Arthur M. Taub.
SPORTS ASSISTANTS: Marjorie Western, Kenneth Parker,
William Reed, Arthur Settle.
WOMEN'S ASSISTANTS: Barbara L. Bates, Dorothy Gies,
Florence Harper, Eleanor Johnson, Josephine McLean,
Margaret D. Phalan, Rosalie Resnick, Jane Schneider,
REPORTERS: Rex Lee Beach, Robert B. Brown, Clinton B.
Conger, Sheldon M. Ellis, William H. Fleming, Richard
G. Hershey, Ralph W. Hurd, Bernard Levick, Fred W.
Neal, Robert Pulver, Lloyd S. Reich, Jacob C. Seidel,
Marshall D. Shulman, Donald Smith, Wayne H. Stewart,
Bernard Weissman. George Andros, Fred Buesser, Rob-
ert Cummins, Fred DeLano, Robert J. Friedman, Ray-
mond Goodman, Keith H. Tustison, Joseph Yager.
Dorothy Briscoe, Florence Davies, Helen Diefendorf,
Elaine Goldberg, Betty Goldstein, Olive Griffith, Har-
riet Hathaway, Marion Holden, Lois King, Selma Levin,
Elizabeth Miller, Melba Merrison, Elsie Pierce, Charlotte
Rueger. Dorothy Shappell, Molly Solomon, Laura Wino-
grad. Jewel Wuerfel.
BUSINESS MANAGER-..............RUSSELL B. READ
CREDIT-'MANAGER.................ROBERT S, WARD
WOMEN'S BUSINESS MANAGER .......JANE BASSETT
DEPARTMENT MANAGERS: Local Advertising, John Og-
den; Service Department. Bernard Rosenthal; Contracts,
Joseph Rothbard; Accounts, Cameron Hall; Circulation
and National Advertising, David Winkworth; Classified
Advertising and Publications, George Atherton.
BUSINESS ASSISTANTS: William Jackson, William
Barndt, Ted Wohlgemuith, Lyman Bittman, John Park,
F. Allen Upson, Willis T mlinson, Homer Lathrop, Tom
Clarke, GordonCohn; Merrell Jordan, Stanley Joffe,
Richard E. Chaddock.
WOMEN'S BUSINESS STAFF: Betty Cavender, Margaret
Cowie, Bernadine Field, Betty Greve, Mary Lou Hooker,
Helen Shapland, Betty Simonds, Marjorie Langenderfer,
Grace Snyder, Betty Woodworth, Betsy Baxter, Margaret
Bentley, Anne Cox, Jane Evans, Ruth Field, Jean Guon,
Mildred Haas, Ruth Lipkint, Mary McCord, Jane Wi-
NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN J. FLAHERTY
Of Another Sort .. .
O NE OF THE MOST Interesting
phases of man's history is the story
of his intellect; the striking thing about that story
is the fact that since the dawn of civilizatipn man's
mind lhas always been prejudiced toward some sub-
ject or subjects.
In the not far distant past religion ranked above
all other subjects forbidden to receive light of day.
It is a compliment to human intelligence that nar-
rowness in religious views has largely weakened and
Although religious toleration is now the rule,
prejudice in political, economic and social views has
sprung to take the place of theological bigotry. A
group. can discuss the relative merits of vitalism
and mechanism with open minds, but the instant
the pros and cons of fascism or communism are
suggested the intellects of most persons snap shut
like clams. The John Strachey controversy provided
an excellent laboratory experiment to illustrate
this mental clammishness.
Those who call themselves liberals and conserv-
atives are guilty alike of this type of attitude.
Neither radicals nor reactionaries in general can
listen to the arguments of the other with anything
approaching tolerance - much less with an open
We laugh at Tennessee because she is still bound
by religious intolerance. Surely some people of the
future will be as heartily amused at us for our
political and economic narrowness.
We are forced with Zarathrustra, to declare that
"man is something to be surpassed."
Letters published in this column should not be
construed as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous contributions will be disregarded.
The names of communicants will, however, be regarded
as confidential upon request. Contributors are asked to
be brief, the editor reserving the right to condense
all letters of over 300 words,
To the Editor:
So much sheer nonsense has been said and writ-
-ten regarding "free speech" that I fear that if I
were to say all that is in my mind, I would exceed
my "right of free speech."
In Sunday's issue you quoted the first Amend-
ment to the United States Constitution and the
corresponding section in the Michigan Constitu-
tion. The former, I observe, declares that Congress
shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech;
the latter provides that every person may freely
speak his sentiments on all subjects, and no law
shall be passed to restrain such liberty. Neither The
Daily nor any of your correspondents has as yet
pointed out in what respects the action of the
UnversityPommittee in denying the request for a
proposed use of Hill Auditorium has violated either
one of these provisions.
May I say most emphatically that I favor free-
dom of speech, not wholly on high-sounding moral
and intellectual grounds, but partially, at least,
on the wholly practical one that "every sewer
should have its vent."
One may agree or disagree with the regulations
under which Hill Auditorium is opened for use
and with the manner in which those regulations
have been administered, but surely it must be
evident that these questions are only remotely
connected with the right of free speech. If my
recollection serves me correctly, a former At-
torney-General of the United States was once
denied the privilege of speaking in Hill Auditorium
and he spoke in the auditorium of the Congrega-
tional Church as a substitute place. Reading the
Constitutional provisions to which you have re-
ferred in their broadest implications, I have dif-
ficulty in finding anything in them that guarantees
not only the right of free speech but also the
privilege to speak when and where one may de-
I happen not to be one of those who hold that
whatever is must necessarily be right and final.
At the same time I do not subscribe to the view
that whatever is is necessarily wrong. Too many
ceturies were spent and lives given to attain
some of the rights we now enjoy to brush them
lightly and impatiently aside. There is always the
possibility that the fire may be even more un-
comfortable than the frying pan. It is worth not-
ing that free speech is only one of the rights guar-
anteed by the Constitution. To me it has always
been an occasion for wonder that the most vehe-
ment agitators insist upon standing upon the Con-
stitutional guaranty of free speech to strike down
the other rights guaranteed by that same docu-
ment. One cannot help wondering whether these
same people, if they could substitute their desired
order for the present one, would be as considerate
in allowing those who then disagreed with them a
freedom of expression comparable to that now en-
joyed by the objectors even though they cannot use
Hill Auditorium. It is also puzzling that those
who wish to extract from the free speech guaranty
the last possible ounce of protection are those who
frankly declare that under the order for which
they strive, the non-conformists and dissenters
are due not merely for enforced acquiescence but
"liquidation." That the revolutionary process
should involve the purging phase is understand-
able; but the insistence of the pioneers in that
move upon the Constitutional guarantees of the
order they propose to overturn is a bit baffling.
Yours a bit puzzled,
-Ralph W. Aigler.
Speech In Crisis
To the Editor:
Again, as at every crisis, the extent of the right
of free speech is being challenged. Freedom of
speech and of press was instituted in our country as
essential for political democracy.
It has been contended by C. B. Conger, '37, that
it is the right of a government to preserve itself.
This is not so. At least not in a democracy, for true
democracy is giving the people the form of rule
which they desire whether it be Hitlerism, Fascism,
Communism, Socialism or any of the other isms.
A government of necessity favors some form of
economic order. Ours favors capitalism, that of
the Soviet Union communism. True democracy
does not say that because a nation started out
capitalistic that it should forever remain so. True
democracy permits a change, whenever the people
desire it, to any government favoring the economic
order desired by the majority,
To make such change possible, freedom of speech
and of press is to allow the public airing of new
ideas to meet new situations. If such freedom is
not allowed these ideas will not be destroyed; they
will simply be forced underground. In such chan-
nels, valid or not as the thoughts may be, they
will seek expression. Suppression attempts to con-
fine them but they expand with such violence that
those sitting on the proverbial kettle-lid will be
blown away in bloody revolution. Freedom of
speech and of press was instituted to prevent such
It is maintained that this freedom should be lim-
ited in times of crisis. Limited freedom of speech
or press is no freedom whatsoever. It is saying:
"You may say anything you desire just so long as
basically you do not disagree." Only in times of
crisis is freedom of speech endangered for it is only
at these times that it is important.
-R. Hamburger, '37.
Moral And .egal
To the Editor:
So much cnnfusion peistsa s to the meanin of
faculties. In solving problems, we are intent to find
the best solution, and this requires an examination
of all possible solutions; this requirement invplves
a conscious effort to see clearly and to weigh
as exactly as possible the efficacy or truth of every
competing alternative, and the impersonal effort
may be thwarted by incidental personal bias.
When the problem is a social one, we get com-
peting alternatives each backed by its champions,
and we measure them by hearing the less effica-
cous argued down. Justice Holmes said that "the
best test of truth is the power of thought to get
itself accepted in the competition of the market"
and that truth is the only ground upon which the
wishes of men can safely be carried out.
Legally, this right is established in the constitu-
tional provision against legislative infringement.
Although this legal right is not absolute, it insures
thE expression of any political view in words which
do not result in a "clear and present danger that
they will bring about the substantive evils that
Congress (or any legislature) has a right to pre-
vent." This is the test of the U.S. Supreme Court
as stated in Shenck v. U. S., and the growth of any
public opinion is not such a substantive evil. Prof.
Chafee observes: "It is easy to believe that political
ideas which are different from our own must
necessarily advocate the use of force." The con-
clusion from all this is that one may lawfully speak
in public halls on Communism if he does not in so
doing commit positive treason, which requires defi-
nite preparation for physical assault. But this is
only one view of the law.
The moral right of free speech, which includes
academic freedom, may be violated without vio-
lation of the legal right. Any discrimination on the
basis of unpopularity of an opinion is a violation
of the moral right. This explains the fuss over
Hill Auditorium and also suggests that free speech
is a large subject.
-A Stooge of Hearst.
To the Editor:
A bouquet of orchids to the following reporters
for their understanding and unbiased coverage of
the Strachey affair and, in particular, the Strachey
lecture: Bernard Weissman of The Daily, Allen
Shoenfield of the Detroit News, and C. H. Beukema
of the Detroit Free Press; fewer orchids to E. Je-
rome Pettit of the Detroit Times for his occasional
lapses along the lines of the Hearstian "dialectic."
Scallions to James Sheridan of the Detroit Times
for his bitterly unsportsmanlike coverage of the
Scallions to the shifty-eyed Hearst photograph-
ers who aided their bedeviled higher-ups in paint-
ing Strachey 'as a monster luring Michigan stu-
dents into the maw of the Red Tiger.
And all praise to The Daily and its editors for
their dispassionate and enlightened treatment of
the Strachey affair - a treatment which has al-
ready brought oral tribute from many sources.
By BUD BERNARD
The trees will be veiled in green again
The birds are off their nut,
The shops are filled with dizzy hats,
It's spring again- so what?
The girls are heaving sighs again,
The boys are tut, tut, tut.
And spring is here as usual,
So what, so what, SO WHAT?
A student at Cornell University is attenpting
to force his "share the grades program" through
a session of the student legislative council. The de-
tails of his plan afe as follows: No student will be
allowed to retain a grade of over 70, he must be
automatically taxed down to the mean level, and
the grades thus realized distributed to all students
with marks under 70 in order that a complete di-
vision may be made. All professors giving under
70 will be heavily taxed, and others giving over 70
will be required to turn in the names of those that
scored less than 70 per cent so that the student
legislative council can make amends.
A columnist on the Daily Illini entitles this
article "Why Out off College'They Flunked "
Engineer: My slide rule jammed during
finals. Anyway the exams were in English.
Economics Student: 'I couldn't budget my
time or money. I got my accounts all mixed
Chem. Engineer: The elements were all
Lit. Co-ed: Illinois is no place for a co-ed
Student from the South: Why the heck
didn't they build this University at the North
Pole or in 'the ocean. 'My brain lias been
numbed or soaked ever since I cane here.
Journalism Student: 'That darn English
Pre-Med Student: I hate the sight of blood.
Zoology Major: Some students visit the zoo
and the monkey cage for research purposes,
but I thought visiting my professors was just
Physical Ed. Major: Just because I said calis-
thenics was a disease.
* * * *i
Harvard, of all institutions, has been quietly
developing a cosmopolitan viewpoint, to the utter
surprise of everyone west of the original 13 colonies.
As evidence, we submit an extract from an editorial
For Your Spin
SOON yOu will be wondeing about
the best ways in which your Spring
housecleaning can be completed.
Whether you.are interested in buying
or selling services, the Daily Classi-
fieds offer just the right type of read-
ers. Fraternities, sororities, house-
wives all need extra help at this time
of the year and a well placed classi-
fied will produce immediate results.
THE COST is so little and the bene-
fits so great, that it is to your advan-
tage to either bring your ad to our
office or phone 2-1214.
This is an
expedient and successful way out of
a tot of worry over housecleaning
Ic Pr Line Cash...
Reasonable Charge Rates
A7N UNFORTUNATE ASPECT of
democratic public life as ekempli-
filed in America is the accompanying ballyhoo and
general lack of dignity.
No matter how sincere General Johnson, Huey
Long, Father Coughlin and Smedley Butler may
be in their stand on affairs of the day, the side-
show methods they use are hardly excusable. One
defense might be that it is the only way they can
arouse people to an acceptance of their beliefs,
but ideas are things that should be dealt with
by the mind, not the tense emotions that these
men manipulate. Many members of the adminis-
tration itself can be charged with this same sin of
Government is a vital enough matter to be char-
acterized by dignity, but since the days of Andrew
aclrsAn the onlyvbranch of the Federal govern-
The Fellowship of
State and Huron Streets
TO THE MASSES"
Review of the Sean O'Casey play-
"WITHIN THE GATES," banned
LIBERAL STUDENTS' UNION
Informal round table discussion by
students. Refreshments and danc-
State and Washington
Charles W. Brashares, Minister
L. LaVerne Finch, Minister
A. Taliaferro, Music
9:45 A.M. - Class for young men and
women of 'college age. Dr. Roy J.
Burroughs will lead the discus-
sion. Meet in the balcony of the
10:45 A.M.-Morning Worship Service
Corner East University and Oakland
Dr. Bernard Heller, Director
11:15 A.M. - Sermon at the Women's
League Chapel by Dr. Bernard
"FROM SHUSHIM TO
MUNICH, A PRIME
8:00 P.M. - Open forum at the
Foundation led by Dr. Bernard
"The Value of Prayer in a
Tonight is the last performance of
"Unfinished Picture" at the Lydia
Washington at Fifth Avenue
E. C. Stellhorn, Pastor
9:00 A.M. - Sunday School; lesson
topic, "Peter Delivered From Pris-
9:00 A.M. - Service in the German
10:30 A.M. - Service with sermon on
"INSTEAD OF WORLDLI-
Text, 1 John 2, 12-17.
5:30 P.M. - Student meeting. Topic,
The Mlaterials For My Growth"-
presented by Rev. H. Yoder.
Thursday evening 7:30. Sermon sub-
ject, "The Penitent Malefactor."
St. Paul's Lutheran
West Liberty and Third Sts.
Rev. C. A. Brauer, Pastor
9:30 A.M. - Lenten Service in Ger-
10:45 A.M. - Morning Service- Ser-
mon by the pastor.
5:30 P.M. - Student Walther League
supper and fellowship hour.