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December 21, 1934 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1934-12-21

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The Weather
Snow Friday and probably
Saturday; slightly colder Sat-
urday; slightly colder Satur-
day or Saturday night.


4 ga
..f. Itr4t n


A Trial For The Reading
Period .. .
Doing The Impossible-. . .


No. 76



i i l


Pollock Sees
Reich Victory
In Saar Vote
Says Chief Opposition Wil
Come From 'Status Quo
Commission Mav
Spit Up Territory
Professor Says The French
Triumph Is Impossibl
In Radio Address
"The Saar Basin, as a result of the
Jan. 13 plebiscite, will in all probabil-
ity become a part of Germany, and
will certainly not go to France, be-
cause the population of the Saar ter-
ritory has between 97 and 98 per cent
German population," was the state-
ment made by Prof. James K. Pollock
of the political science department,
who was recently appointed president
of a district election board of the
Saar Plebiscite, in his radio address
at 1 p.m. yesterday over Station WJR.
Professor Pollock tempered this
statement by saying that the German
discrimination against Jews, Social-
ists, and Communists has had a dis-
turbing effect on the people in the
territory and will undoubtedly cause
many to swing over to voting for the
"status quo."
Some Favor League Control
"Those who oppose Hitler," he said,
"are in favor of control for another
five years, at which time they will
again hold a plebiscite." They be-
lieve, he stated, that at this time
Hitler might not be chancellor, and
this discrimination might not exist.
He emphasized that France has
given up all hope of gaining the Saar
Basin, nor does that country seem
overly anxious to obtain it, because
it already has possession of Alsace-
Lorraine and does not need the Saar
for boundary defense. By agreement,
Germany will pay France $60,000,000
in gold for the coal mines now oper-
ated by the French.
May Be Divided
"Thereis ay possibility that, if the
vote in certain sections should strong-
ly favor France while the remainder
favors Germany, the governing coun-
cil of the Saar might divide the terri-
tory according to the power given to
it by the League of Nations," said
Professor Pollock. He stated that un-
less the entire territory went to Ger-
many, there will be 'a big noise from
the Germans.'"
According to Professor Pollock, a
register containing 500,000 qualified
voters has been compiled by the
Plebescite Commission in charge of
the election. Only those who were
Saarlanders in 1919 will be consid-
ered as eligible voters, in order to
prevent an influx of people into Saar
for the purpose of voting. An elab-
orate judicial and police system has
been set up for the purpose of elim-
inating the non-qualified.
That Germany is intent on regain-
ing the Saar is shown by the fact that
the German government is offering
free transportation to the Saar from
any part of the world for any person
who lived in Saar in 1919, said Pro-
fessor Pollock
Charles Stoll
SuedBy City
The City of Ann Arbor instituted
suit against Charles E. Stoll, city

treasurer in 1928, yesterday, in an
attempt to collect $4,500 which the
city claims was lost because of the
failure of Mr. Stoll to collect person-
al property taxes which were as-
sessed while he was in office. The
Standard Accident Insurance Co. of
Detroit, his bonding company, was
also named in the suit.
According to the papers prepared
and filed by City Attorney William
M. Laird, 30 different personal pro-
perty tax items totaling $4,500 as-
sessed in 1928 were not collected by
the former city treasurer, although
assets are alleged to have been avail-
able on which levies could have been
made in order to realize the amount
The action taken yesterday came
as a result of a resolution by the city
council passed Monday night direct-
ing the city attorney to start suit
against former city treasurers who
could have collected personal proper-
ty taxes but failed to do sd.

Results Of Crime conference
Analyzed By Prof Stephenson
By MARSHALL D. SHULMAN is the astounding sum that crime costs
More machine guns are in the pos- us annually, and this doesunot in-
session of criminals today than the cude losses caused as a result of the
United States owned at the beginning criminal depredations. This is sever-
of the World War - this is a part of s ctimes the amount spent on our
the picture of the crime situation schools."
disclosed at the recent Attorney Gen- Believing that the fact that the
eral's Conference in Washington, ac- youth of our country who are not
cording to Dr. Orlando W. Stephen- employed nor in school may be largely
son, associate professor of the teach- responsible for this increase in crime,
ing of history and head of the de- Dr. Stephenson proposed a resolution
partment of social studies at the Uni- to the group, suggesting that the
versity High School. schools and other organizations in-
Professor Stephenson, who attended terested in preventing delinquency in
the conference as a representative of tyuth, ctivitoordinated to expedite
the American Judicature Society, was "The comparison of the amount
invited by Homer S. Cummings, at- spent for our educational system and
torney general. that which crime costs us, should
More weapons of a general nature, make us realize that if the money, or
too, are owned by criminals and per- even a part of it, were diverted to
sons of criminal intent in the coun- increase the facilities of our educa-
try today, than the army had at the tional system, it would keep our
time of our entrance into the war coming generationswout of delin-
in early 1917. "The munitions in- quency, and thus reduce our crime,"
vestigation will reveal who is suppy- ! Professor Stephenson pointed out.
ing this vast arsenal to this element," "One penal institution alone in
President Roosevelt said, "this is a Michigan costs about a quarter of a
war against the gangsters, and it's million annually to 7aintain. What
going to be a real war." a high price society pays for its way-:
"Between 13 and 17 billion dollars i ward members!"

Handles 300 Mail Sacks
In Record Business
Merchants Report
Great Sales Jump
Campus Shops Stay Open
Evenings; Sharp Drop
In Purchases Due Today
The "Christmas spirit" in Ann Ar-
rbor reached its peak yesterday as stu-
dents rushed to complete their gift
purchases and the campus branch of
the post office did a record business
for the year.
Many campus shops kept open in
the evening, and merchants reported
a great increase in sales, the book
shops bging especially busy all day!
long. While business has been good
all week, it became most intense yes-
terday, it was said.


Students End
Xmas Buying;
Trade Spurts"
Campus Branch Post Office
Hade ,O Waj ak

Huey Seizes
More Power
In Louisiani
Tightens Dictatorial Reins
By Gaining Control Of
Elected Officials
Kingfish Smashes
Down Opposition
Senator Attains 'Empire
Goal As He Forces Bills
Through Legislature.
BATON ROUGE, Dec. 20. -(P) -
Huey P. Long tonight had tightened
his dictatorial reins over Louisiana
by grasping, through a submissive
Legislature, power to replace elected
municipal officials, levy a general
manufacturers tax and select the
state's 15,000 school teachers.
Before permitting his lawmakers
to go home, the "Kingfish" compelled
them to "pass" a bill they had "de-
feated" a few minutes previously,
and wound up the third special ses-
sion of the past four months with
his every wish granted.
Dictator Long twice encountered
opposition to clothe himself with con-
trol over the state's pedagogues, then
blasted through a minor bill which
had received an unfavorable Senate
New Era


Propose Committee
Of Vigilantes Foy"


Bust Of Dr. Huber Organization Planned To
Given. niversity Work With Authorities
. In Keeping Order
By His Children I


Pact Between
U.S. And Britain
Seen As Likely
Unless Japan Agrees To
Accept 5-5-3 Ratio The
Two Countries May Act1
LONDON, Dec. 20 - (P) - Japan
must consent to continue the 5-5-3
naval ratio provided in the 1923
Washington Treaty or see the United
States and Great Britain make their
own bi-lateral agreement, an Amer-
ican spokesman said today.
As the tri-power naval negotia-
tions closed here after two months
of futile efforts to devise something
to replace the treaty Japan means
to formally denounce before this
year's end, the spokesman said flatly
that an Anglo-American accord was
Such an agreement, he emphasized,
probably will not be considered' before
Tokio's abrogation of the Washing-
ton pact, which limited the three
powers' navies to make their relative
strength at that time, takes effect
Dec. 31, 1936.
The American delegates, Norman {
H. Davis and Admiral William H.
Standley, believe the Japanese dele-
gation fully realizes the situation
facing Japan as a result of her in-
sistence on naval parity, the spokes-
man said, but naval treaties are such
political footballs in Japan that the
outlook for future naval limitation
is highly uncertain.
The spokesman asserted that the
British and the Americans have made
it clear to the Japanese delegation
that Great Britain and the United
States will play ball by themselves
if the Oriental Empire does not want
to play in the same league.
The Americans feel there is no pos-
sibility whatever that the British and
the Japanese would ever make an
agreement, it was asserted. In con-
sequence, the Americans were repre-
sented as not disturbed by the bi-
lateral discussions the British ex-
pected to have with the Japanese
after the Americans, who today were
received by King George, sail for home
late this month.
Sees Regional
Universities As
Research Aid

Debating Team
Prepares Fo r
Hard Schedule
McBurney Declares That
Northwestern C o n t e s ti
Was Season's Highlight
With a season behind it marred by
only one defeat, the Varsity debating
team is preparing for a more strenu-
ous forensic program ahead of it aft-
er the New Year.
Michigan will participate in ixI



Students Prepared To Leave
As students prepared to "evacuate"
Ann Arbor, the last minute rush to
buy gifts and Christmas cards in-
creased.* With some 8,000 students
gone to their respective homes, mer-
chants expect a sharp decline in
business to start today.
The campus branch post office putF
out more than 300 sacks of mail yes-
terday, having to hire extra clerks
to handle the work. At one time
there were as many as 50 people
crowded into the little room in the
Nickles Arcade, the line at the mailing
windows extending several feet out-
side the door.
Post Office Active

Western Conference debates in a Pcebusiness and stare sales
tournament to be held April 5 and were heavy downtown yesterday, too,
6 in Evanston, Ill., and also will de- accCrPinto all reorts.Postmaser
bate at the annual Delta Sigma Rho A. C. Pack stated that 16 extra clerks
met arh2 an del30ig Maiso, were needed to handle the more than
meet March 29 and 30 in Madison, 700 sacks of mail that have been go-
ing out each day of the week from
Two propositions, one concerning the downtown office. He reported
the negotiation of collective bargain- that the Ann Arbor mails are "much
ing through company unions protect- heavier" this year than last at the
ed by law, and the other, government same time. Several extra city car-
control of munitions operations, will riers tvere hired for the deluge of
be used as subjects for the debates. letters and packages that had to be
The Conference meet will deal with liered twcka da
the collective bargaining question, and If weather reports predicting "more
the munitions question will be the Ifoweatherliphtsyprdiling mra-
topic of the Delta Sigma Rho tourna- snow with slightly falling tempera-
ment. tures" hold good, this will be the first
genuinely "white Christmas" Ann Ar-
Preliminary debates have also beenI bor has experienced in the past few
scheduled to take place in Ann Arbor yerhs.
with Oberlin College and Syracuse years.I
The highlight of the past season's Martin Insult Case
schedule was th hard sought contest C meS TO ClmaX
with Northwestern in Evanston, -
which was won by Michigan, de-
clared James McBurney, debate CHICAGO, Dec. 20 -(P)- The trial
coach, yesterday. The Michigan of Martin Insull neared the jury stake
speakers at this debate were Jack tonight with a ringing accusation of
Moekle, 35, Abe Zwerdling, '35, and embezzlement from the prosecution
Edward Litchfeld, '35,, who were and a shouted denial of guilt from
given thetedge over thedNorthwestern the former millionaire utility opera-
team by the debate judge for super- tor.
or analysis, argumnit. anddelivery.,


Long's smashing blow was delivered
shortly before the session adjourned
sine die at noon and recorded entry
of a new governmental era for Louis-
iana. ,
With little dissension, Long slam-
med through the houses a bill eject-
ing from office the Mayor and Coun-
cilmen of the City of Alexandria
where he was "rotten-egged" a year
ago while delivering a poltical har-
Two other measures were enacted,
to establish his "Seat of Empire," by
directing his subordinate, Gov. O. K.
Allen to appoint officials to cancel the
will of elected local officers of thel
Parish of East Baton Rouge, and to
give him a hand in the municipal
government of Baton Rouge.
Other acts which went to the Gov-
ernor's desk, where their approval is
assured, authorize his appointment
of enough police jurors in the East
Baton Rouge parish to offset the4
number elected, thus clinching the
"Kingfish" control of that parish's
affairs. .
This Is First Step
That, Long explained, was the first
step toward his establishment of a
small "District of Columbia" from
which he intends to rule the state.
The imperial "Kingfish" followed
that up with an act abolishing the
office of the Baton Rouge Commis-
sioner of Streets and Parks, and con-
solidating it with that of the Mayor.
Long declared that was to "coor-
dinate the city government with the
state government."
Mayor V. V. Lamkin and Commis-
sioners R. W. Brignhurst and V. M.
Ake, of Alexandria, a city of more
than 23,000 in the heart of the state,
were declared removed, and Long
assumed the power to say through
appointment who should govern the,

A large bronze bust of Dr. G. Carl
Huber, dead of the Graduate School,
who was recently cited as the faculty
man "having attained highest distinc-
tion in the field of scholarship," and,
as a result, was awarded the Henry
Russel lectureship for 1934-35, hasE
been presented to the University. I
1 The receipt of the bust was an-
nounced yesterday at the office of
the President.
The donors are Dr. Huber's chil-
dren, Mrs. Lucy Huber Andrus, of
New York City, and Dr. Carl P. Huber
'and Dr. John F. Huber, of Ann Arbor.
The bust, recently completed by
Prof. Avard Fairbanks of the fine arts
division, has been cast in bronze and
will be placed in the foyer of the Mu-
seums Building of the University.
Dr. Huber has been a member of
the faculty of the University since
1887 and has held professorial rank
since 1903. In addition to holding the
deanship of the Graduate School,
l which he assumed in 1927 upon the
death of Dr. Alfred H. Lloyd. he is
professor of anatomy and director.
of the anatomical laboratories.
Professor Fairbanks, the sculptor,
has been a member of the faculty of
the University since 1929, conducting
classes in sculpture. Previous to that
time he was connected with the Uni-
versity of Oregon. In 1927-28 he spent
the year in Europe as a Guggen-
heim Fellow.
Professor Fairbanks has also ex-
ecuted portrait busts of Professor-
emeritus William H. Hobbs and Mrs.
Alexander G. Ruthven. His most re-,
cent bust is that of Prof. W. B. Pills-
bury, which is now on exhibition in
the Detroit Institute of Arts.
Dates Are Set
For Enoineer
Will Begin Saturday, Jan.
26, And Last Through
Wednesday, Feb. 6
Final examinations in the College
of Engineering were announced yes-
terday by Professor J. C. Brier of the
classification committee. The exam-
inations will begin on Saturday, Jan.
26, and continue through Wednesday,
Feb. 6.

rvonn V PPln7..AT A !l'atPc

.L.YA"" l7N .'1 ff.J7V.-34JC tU
After Riot And Fire
Prospective Group Would
House National Guard,
Act As Armed Body
SHELBYVILLE, Tenn., Dec. 20. -
UP)-Formation of a vigilance com-
mittee to aid in maintaining order in
this riot-torn town was proposed late
today in a mass meeting of business
The plan is designed to prevent any
further outbursts of race hatred even
after the withdrawal of the national
guard troops now stationed here. It
came as Shelbyville counted its losses
from yesterday's violence, buried one
of the two men known dead, and con-
sidered housing of county officers left
without headquarters by a $150,000
fire, set by the mob, which destroyed
the courthouse.
To Keep Order
C. C. Smith, city recorder, said of
the vigilance proposal that such an
organization "would be to assist the
city and county authorities in main-
taining order."
"They would serve as an armed
body if it should be found necessary
after the guardsmen leave," he added,
"and would also assist in any other
way possible while troops are here."
One of the principal duties while
the troops remain will be in provid-
ing housing facilities, Smith said.
Exact plans of how the organization
of vigilantes would be formed were
not disclosed, but Smith said, "It was
requested that those who could do
so should volunteer to serve."
The frenzy of the mob had ap-
parently abated tonight, and the
peaceful citizens looked at the black
hulk of the courthouse in silence,
which contrasted strangely with the
disorder i the public square last
Investigation Delayed
Investigation of the fire by author-
ities was delayed pending a confer-
ence between Judge T. L. Coleman
and Prosecutor W. B. Knott.
Although a jury had been selected,
the trial of the Negro ended by the
judge's declaration of a mistrial.
Shortly after, the soldiers resorted to
the gunfire. Garbed in a uniform,
Harris was rushed to Nashville.
Rumors that the mob had set a 1
a.m. deadline to burn the jail, agree-
ing to permit removal of prisoners
before a flame was applied, apparent-
ly were wild statements as the mob
did not appear and the jail still
Many Wounded
About a score were wounded in the
attack on the courthouse, several ser-
iously. The 600 fresh militiamen
moved into Shelbyville during the
morning hours uider orders to re-
main until all danger is passed. Adjt.
Gen. J. H. Ballew arranged to keep
them, overnight at least. These troops
replaced three companies which par-
ticipated in yesterday's turbulent
Sullen because its efforts to get the
Negro had been thwarted, the mob
set fire to the courthouse a short time
later and held off come of the fire
fighters until the building was be-
yond saving. Flour trucks of the
guardsmen were overturned and
Subscriptions Net
Red Cross $2,500
Two thousand five hundred dollars
was raised by the Red Cross through
the selling of subscriptions to the
organization, it was announced yes-
terday at the Red Cross headquarters
in the Chamber of Comnerce build-
The total subscribed in the roll call
represents 1,127 individual members,
and includes $1,000 contributed as
special gifts. Reports from other dis-

tricts of the county in the roll call
have not been completed.
FERA Paychecks To Be
Given After Vacation


ig to Mr. McBurney.


MINNEAPOLIS, Dec. 20.-()P)'-
President Lotus D. Coffman of the
University of Minnesota, in his an-
nual report to the Board of Regents
today, predicted developments of re-
gional universities which would act
cooperatively in research problems,x
thus eliminating duplication of ef-
forts in a number of institutions in
the same parts of the country.
He also announced as his belief that'
the Federal government should, in
the future, provide a' "fair share of
the support needed to maintain the
elementary schools of this country"
and that Federal appropriations for
higher education should not hence-
forth be limited to agriculture and!
"I am of the opinion," he added,
"that credits, honor points and exam-
inations by instructors will soon- dis-
President Coffman reiterated a Dre-

Auto Workers
Fail To Unite
On Union Issue!
Many Do Not Designate1
Preference For Union;
Others Not In Accord
DETROIT, Dec. 20. - (' - Com-
pilation of the 1,593 votes cast in the
Cadillac Motor Car Co. plant, scene
of the automobile labor board's first
"industrial democracy" election re-
vealed today that a majority of the
voters expressed no preference for any
specific union or other representa-
tion group.
There were 1,176 such undesig-
nated ballots. Of the others, 152 spe-
cified the Cadillac Employes associa-
tion; 94 the American Federation of
Labor, whose officers had urged mem-
bers not to vote; 20 the Mechanics
Educational Society of America and
seven the society of Designing En-
gineers. There were 143 blank or void
In one of the 16 "districts" within
the plant, enough votes were cast for
the Rev. Charles E. Coughlin, militant
priest of the Shrine of the Little
Flower, to place him in nomination.
The other nominee in that district

forming the foundation of the state's Louisiana's governmental master
charges - that Insull deliberately then topped off that dish of legisla-
drew $344,720 from the treasury of tion with a sweeping tax on manu-
Middle West Utilities Co. and gave facturers of every commodity but ice,I
in exchange a bundle of Insull stocks bread and milk, ranging up to a $4,000
that were all but worthless. maximum.
American Laxity In Building Up
Merchant Marine Is Explained

Closing arguments were begun in
a tense criminal court room late in
the day with the intention of placing
the case in the hands of the jurors
during a night session.
Assistant State's Attorney John
O'Hora reviewed the transaction

Mon. at 8
Tues. at 8
Draw. 1, Surv
French, and 1V
2, 3, 4
M. E. 3

1 and 4
Met. Proc.


The schedule:
Time of Exercise


Why, the American public is de-
manding, does not the United States
keep pace with England and the Eu-
ropean countries in building up the!
merchant marine?
In an interview yesterday, Prof. H.
C. Sadler, dean of the College of En-
gineering, stated that the United
States is perfectly capable of building!
ships of over 1,000 feet in length. In'
fact plans for such a boat have been
in existence since 1929. The problem
to be faced in building large boats is
not a task of designing or the me-
chanical execution of the plans, but is
rather the great difficulty in financ-
ing the enterprise. "The latter," he
pointed out, has been the chief ele-
ment that has restricted the American

Time Of Exam.I

2- 6
2- 6
2- 6
2- 6
2- 6

foot boats could possibly be of any
According to Edward M. Bragg, pro-
fessor of marine engineering and na-
val architecture, and head of the de-
partment of marine engineering, ves-
sels of from 700 to 800 feet are the
most efficient and economical, both
from the standpoint of original cost
and depreciation expenses. Professor
Bragg attributed the existence of
larger ships to the fact that they are
publicized so widely. He also stated
that there is always a certain class
of people to whom the idea of sailing
in the largest and fastest vessel afloat
will appeal.
At the end of the World War, steam-
ship companies took over the mer-
chant marine service with the under-
standing that they were to build a
certain number of new boats. Plans
-/'_ n - l-, _f ..r_ 1 nn -- ,4

Jan. 29 2- 6
Jan. 29 8-12
Jan. 26 2- 6
Jan. 30 2- 6
Jan. 31 2- 6
Feb. 2 8-12

Spanish, and E.E. 2a
E. M. 1 and 2, C.E. 2

Draw. 2

"Sat. Feb. 2 2- 6
*Mon. Feb. 4 2- 6
e used as an irregular

*This may b

period provided there is no conflict
with the regular printed schedule
Drawing and laboratory work may
be continued through the examina-
tion period in amount equal to that
normally devoted to such work dur-
ing one week.
Certain courses will be examined at
srx-eilno,.ialas nntpfi hplm w t ,e n_

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