THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Publir!ied every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session by the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
Member of the Western Conference Editorial Association
anci the Big Ten News Service.
s5OCittd (oii&giat a areas
M o WCON
"4EMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
not otherwise credited in this paper and the local news
published herein. All rights of republication of special
dispatches are reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class matter.tSpecial rate of postage granted by
Third Assistant Postmaster-General.
Subscription during summer by carrier, $1.00; by mail,
$1.50.During regular school year by carrier, $4.00; by
Offices: Student Publications Building, Maynard Street,
Ann Arbor, Michigan. Phone: 2-1214.
Representatives: National Advertising Service, Inc. 11
West 42nd Street, New York, N.Y. -- 400 N. Michigan Ave.,
MANAGING EDITOR ............WILLIAM G. FERRIS
CITY EDITOR ........................ JOHN HEALEY
EDITORIAL DIRECTOR..........RALPH G. COULTER
SPORTS EDITOR ...................ARTHUR CARSTENS
WOMEN'S EDITOR ...................ELEANOR BLUM
NIGHT EDITORS: Paul J. Elliott, John J. Flaherty, Thomas
E. Groehn, Thomas H. Kleene, David G. Macdonald,
John M. O'Connell, Robert S. Ruwitch, Arthur M. Taub.
SPORTS ASSISTANTS:' Marjorie Western, Kenneth Par-
ker, William Reed, Arthur Settle.
WOMEN'S ASSISTANTS: Barbara L. Bates, Dorothy Gies,
Florence Harper, Eleanor Johnson. Josephine McLean,
Margaret D. Phalan, Rosalie Resnick, Jane Schneider,
REPORTERS: John H. Batdorff, Robert B. Brown, Clinton
B. Conger, Sheldon M. Ellis, William H. Fleming, Rich-
ard Hershey, Ralph W. Hurd, Fred W. Neal, Robert
Pulver, Lloyd S. Reich, Marshall Shulman, Donald
Smith, Bernard Weissman, Jacob C. Seidel, Bernard
Levick, George Andros, Fred Buesser, Robert Cummins,
Fred DeLano, Robert J. Friedman, Raymond Goodman.
Dorothy Briscoe, Maryanna Chockly, Florence Davies,
Helen Diefendorf, Elaine Goldberg, Betty Goldstein,
Olive Griffith, Harriet Hathaway, Marion Holden, Lois
King, Selma Levin, Elizabeth Miller, Melba Morrison,
Elsie Pierce, Charlotte Reuger, Dorothy Shappell, Molly
Solomon, Laura Winograd, Jewel Wuerfel.
BUSINESS MANAGER ..............RUSSELL B. READ
'CREDIT MANAGER ................ROBERT S. WARD
WOMEN'S BUSINESS MANAGER .........JANE BASSETT
DEPARTMENT MANAGERS: Local Advertising, John Og-
den; Service Department, Bernard Rosenthal; Contracts,
Joseph Rothbard; Accounts, Cameron Hall; Circulation
and National Advertising, David Winkworth; Classified
Advertising and Publications, George Atherton.
BUSINESS ASSISTANTS: William Jackson, William
Barndt, Ted Wohlgemuith, Lyman Bittman, John Park,
F. Allen Upson, Willis Tomlinson, Homer Lathrop, Tom
Clarke, Gordon Cohn Merrell Jordan, Stanley Joffe,
Richard E. Chaddock.
WOMEN'S ASSISTANTS: Mary Bursiey, Margaret Cowie,
MarjorieTurner, Betty Cavender, Betty Greve, Helen
Shapland, Betty Simonds, Grace Snyder, Margaretta
Kohlig, Ruth Clarke, Edith Hamilton, Ruth Dicke,
Paula Joerger, Mary Lou Hooker, Jane Heath, Bernar-
dine Field, Betty Bowman, July Trosper, Marjorie
Langenderfer, Geraldine Lehman, Betty Woodworth.
NIGHT EDITOR; ROBERT S. RUWITCH
'There Are Still
Giants In The Land' ...
THE RETIREMENT of Dr. Frederick
G. Novy from the faculty of the
Medical School is undoubtedly the greatest loss the
school has suffered in recenttyears. It goes without
saying that it will be hard to find a man to take
For nearly 50 years Dr. Novy has worked with
University medical students, giving them the
benefit of his training and experience. But his work
was not confined to the University alone. Public
health agencies, recognizing his ability, drafted
him for service on various health commissions and
boards, among them a United States commission
to investigate plague and the State Board of
In the University, Dr. Novy rose rapidly from
the rank of assistant in organic chemistry to the
position of professor of bacteriology and director
of the hygenic laboratories, the office which he
now holds. He established the first course in bac-
teriology to be given in a medical school in the
United States and was famed in the medical world
for his achievements in isolating various bacilli
that led to marked advances in the treatment of
gangrenous infections and tropical diseases.
It will probably be some time after his retire-
ment next February that the full significance of
Dr. Novy's resignation is realized, but the Medical
School and the University must know now what
a kindly friend and valuable adviser they are los-
It ays To
F ORGIVE THOSE who seem to sur-
vey our democracy with cynicism.
The ballot, protector of the hearth of freedom-
loving Americans, is a farce.
Step into a voting booth. Take a ballot. Look
down the list of candidates - Smith, Jones, Brown
-What factors will deternine your selection?
Publicity, ballyhoo, advertising. You may have
seen Smith posing in press pictures, awarding lov-
ing cups at roller-skating contests to attractive
chorines; or you've seen billboards saying; "Vote
For Jones -Not a Politician, An Honest Business
Man." Or you may have read Brown's attacks on
the policies of the Washington administration, not-
withstanding the fact that Brown is running for
county road commissioner.
At any rate, you've seen Jones' name more often
than you've seen the others', so just "X" Jones
High-pressure advertisers are competing for your
ballot even more keenly than they do for your
dollar, and they use all the means at their disposal.
In these days of fewer jobs, the list of candidates
grows long. This is good for the newspaper bus-
iness, too, for it means an increase in the best-
paying advertising, and to the smaller and less
scrupulous papers, an opportunity to sell their news
columns as well at fancy prices. Then too, it's good
for run-down ex-newspapermen, for they earn a
few dollars pounding out page after page of stereo-
typed ballyhoo for little candidates wh are willing
to pay for a bit of publicity.
Then there's the wholesale angle. Racial groups
sometimes operate on a quantity basis, and political
aspirants find it more convenient to deal with lead-
ers who have behind them 5,000 franchised voters
who will obey orders; leaders who will, for a con-
sideration or for a promise of jobs, suggest strongly
to their following that Brown is a "man of our
people." This exploitation of ignorant groups by
voters is the most rank of all the violations of
the ideals of democracy.
Workers in voting booths sometimes play a little
game to amuse themselves when things are slow.
If there is a vote for the state legislature, or some
other office where the candidates are numerous,
they sort out the ballots into four piles-one,
where some sort of intelligent discrimination has
evidently been practiced; and the other three, the
ballots of those who have whimsically marked the
first 10, the middle 10, or the last 10 the number
depending, of course, upon the total number to be
If, perchance, you are a discriminating voter, on
what criterion will you base your comparison of
candidates? Whom may you trust? Which candi-
date is your "friend of the people?"
Graft in public offices is surprising only because
it is less universal than it might be.
As Others See It
Where To Stagnate
N A RECENT ISSUE of the Cornell Alumni
News, E. B. White, '21, writes in an easily recog-
nizable style a communication upon the question
of whether there is more stagnation among pro-
fessors or among citizens of the Outside World.
The faculty, cloistered by university walls, he
maintains, are far less stagnant than the people of
Main Street or Bentley's Ruli. As against the sup-
posed stagnant intellectuality of present-day uni-
versity faculties, White champions the paralysis of
a Literary Tea, or "one of our special Outside
World 65-cent lunches with a classmate who is
gradually leading up to an annuity."
While this controversy can be restricted to the
particular of Sabbatical leave, it is equally appli-
cable to the universal of the ultimate values of
education. The amount of worldliness that the fac-
ulty may absorb upon their ventures afar from
the halls of a university is so mixed with studies
and academic pursuits in other fields that the
merits of Sabbatical leave cannot be considered
with the question of stagnation among the fac-
ulty and the laity.
But as for the measure of intellectual activity
to be found within or without the university, we
agree with Mr. White that the intellectual bog is
LETrTERHEADS - ENVELOPES
PROGRAMS - BIDS
The ATHENS PRESS
206 N Main - Downtown
(Next to Fostoffice)
By BUD BERNARD
Another victory was scored by the Oxford pledge,
the document which binds its signers never to take
part in another war of any description, when 98
delegates representing 3,000 students of the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin signed it at the all-univer-
sity conference held there recently.
The signing of the pledge climaxed a series of
conferences which took up nearly a week. During
this time, a representative of the preparedness
program for the solution of the war problem, a
communist and a pacifist presented arguments and
answered questions. The climax of the matter came
with the circulation of the Oxford pledge and an
alternative pledge calling for participation in war
only in the event of an actual invasion. Only 19
delegates signed this pledge thus giving the paci-
fists a large majority. This is the second annual
conference on war which has been held on the
Wisconsin campus, and it is planned to make
this a yearly affair.
A small boy was leading a jackass by the
Delta Gamma house at the University of Illi-
nois. One of the several actives wishing to have
some innocent fun, called out:
"Why are you holding your sister so tight?"
"So she won't join your house," was the non-
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What Youth Has
YOUTH HAS HAD its big week-end
in Ann Arbor and gone homeleav-
ing behind it an enormous volume of business and
a distinctly bad taste in the mouths of many ob-
It would be easy to violently condemn the Youth
Congress. In its brief life it was mostly talk. The
resolutions that 500 young people drafted and ap-
proved in a single day were many of them destruc-
tive in nature - the rest consisting of too many
fine vagaries. A decidedly radical tone character-
ized its actions.
Among the variety of things that Michigan
youth saw fit to condemn were Fascism, fraternity
influence in education, the R.O.T.C.,the C.M.T.C.,
the CCC, the Berlin Olympic Games, and the pres-
ent relief wage
Of course it is ridiculous to suppose that 511
youthful delegates could pass the number of resolu-
tions they did and settle all the world's ills in one
big moment. In attempting such a tremendous pro-
gram they simply jeopardized their whole project
and brought it into widespread disrepute. Impetu-
But youth - and old age as well - is still busy
telling each other what's wrong with the world
and then stopping just where, constructive activity
should begin. Any child can say he doesn't want
to fight, but it is quite another matter to discover
how to avert a fight.
To those who held high hopes for the Youth
Congress, all this welter of talk and resolution has
proved a disappointment. But perhaps there was
too much expected of youth. We think -there
was. Certainly old age has frequently been much
less successful in its efforts to diagnose and cure
its ills. The handicaps under which the Youth
Congress labored are such as those which beset
any group with. a similar purpose - chiefly un-
wieldy machinery for chance and apathy.
Just what Uhe campus at large expected from a
convention in which it did not even have sufficient
interest to participate is not exactly clear. The
fact that the Congress's findings were radical in
nature is a reflection not on those who partici-
pated, not on all youth - but on those very ones
who sat back and were content to criticize.
The campus organizations which might have
been represented are legion; those which were rep-
resented were but a handful. Small wonder, then,
that the Congress hardly did justice to youth.
Whether there is any hope that such gatherings
can ever enlist wholehearted support from vitally-
concerned groups, whether there is any hope that
By KIRKE SIMPSON
(Associated Press Staff Writer)
ASHINGTON, Dec. 18. - A long time ago some
New Dealers foresaw difficulties in gettting
adequate publication for the bewildering flow of
orders, regulations and interpretations by the ad-
ministration. They predicted the very complaint
of legal confusion later voiced by a Bar Association
committee and now reiterated by Liberty League-
spokesmen and implied in Supreme Court proceed-
ings in the "hot oil" case.
What was then proposed by a group of younger
New Deal lieutenants was publication by the gov-
ernment of a Daily Gazette. In it would be run,
under the plan, executive orders - the new quick
method of law-making built up under powers dele-
gated by Congress to the President - as well as
the bewildering daily output of administrative reg-
ulations and interpretations in which virtually all
New Deal agencies share.
The idea was to keep the publication down
strictly to routine government business. The pro-
posed gazette, it was argued, would provide means
for quick widesprgad distribution of needed infor-
mation in filable form, periodically indexed for
* *. * *
If that project had succeeded, quite likely the
rising chorus of protest over difficulties of obtain-
ing authenticated copies of these decrees might
never have arisen. The government might have
been saved from sometimes laughable confusion
into which its agencies have fallen through inabil-
ity of officialdom itself to keep up with all of the
swift movement. The President might have been
saved the necessity of ordering a special study of
ways and means of adequately publicizing his
executive orders under implied supreme court crit-
But the gazette idea died a-borning. Too many
administration aides recalled vividly the row in
Congress after the war over departmental publica-
tions and alleged press agent activities. The cer-
tainty of the gazette being hailed by New Deal
foes in Congress as an administration partisan
propaganda sheet out-weighed the obvious ad-
vantages of issuing such a publication. It was
thumbs down on the gazette idea for that rea-
With no election immediately impending, it looks
as though the President's order for a study of
means of advising the public adequately of what
goes on officially in Washington will result in a
revival of the gazette idea. An ample corps of
newspaper-trained specialists to man such a pub-
lication already is on Uncle Sam's vast payroll
here. Every New Deal agency has its own publicity
That Donald Richberg as New Deal coordinator-
in-chief will recommend some such method of
meeting complaints about where to find official
texts of not only presidential orders, but of all
the mountain of regulatory details put out by
NRA, AAA and all the rest of the alphabetical
New Deal family, is to be expected.
vocation for the advantages of the stimulation to
be found in faculty and student associations, and
they thus progress while at the university.
Sinclair Lewis, on the other hand, has done well
in presenting to Americans a characterization of
their average selves, which includes university
graduates. It seems to be generally true that most
men retrogress after leaving college, and after a
few years, benefit from Jittle else than the technical
side of their education.
Environment is daily becoming to be more ser-
iously accepted as an important factor in the
moulding of people's lives, and it cannot be doubted
that the surroundings of a university are more
conducive to intellectual activity than is the Bab-
bittry of the Outside World.
It is far better to be cloistered, out of touch
with worldly conditions, and to think, than it is
eTher you have
dinner at 6:'I Sor
di nner at 8 >
I'LL COOK A DINNER
while you're out
for the afternoon!j"
" TCH , t;IOVER WAN& m DUTCH OVEN
SUSAN, the Electric
Cook, and I'll work won-
ders for you in-the way of
delicious meals. For $9.50,
you can have my services for life - and enjoy
electric cooking every day. You can go out
every afternoon in the week, and I'll prepare
dinner while you're away. When you conic
home your meal will be waiting, perfectly
cooked-piping hot and ready for the table.
"Im not at all fussy about hours. , . . If
you're late, it doesn't matter a bit. I'll keep
dinner Warm until you arrive, and have
everything as well done as if you'd super-
vised it yourself. You don't need to furnish
special wiring for me. Any convenience
outlet will do, and I use no more electricity
than a toaster.
"I can roast a 10-pound hal, a 6-pound
chicken or a large leg of lamb; I can roast
all cuts of meat to perfection; I can fry eggs,
steaks, chops, etc;' I can bake cakes, pies,
cookies, biscuits and muffins; and I can hold
half-a-dozen pint jars when canning by the
cold pack, hot water bath method.
All the food shown here was prepared at one time by Dutch
Oven Susa.Thefe isathree-pound*olled ribroast, stringheans,
potatoes aid gravy, and chocolate flake pudding -a complete
mead- for a family of six,' cooked electrically without attention.
"I have a Small Sister Susan who is an
electric casserole. She can't turn out quite
as large meals, but she can prepare all
casserole dishes such as waterless pot roast,
fried chicken, baked potatoes, Boston baked
beans, etc., in two-quart quantities. And
you'll smack your lips at the delicious flavor
she retains in foods!
'here's a hint: Either my sister or I make
fine last-minute rpick-me-ups', in case you've
delayed Christmas shoppin too long. and
don't know what to buy We're a perfect
gift for almost anyone on your list.. .and
we're very attractive in appearance, fitted
out in charming Colonial dress. Come in
and meet us soon!"
I.- 'L s r. lk a r A $fL iI I