THE MICHIGAN DAILY
T yy^ ^ r
Prelude and Fugue in E-minor ........ Bach
Choral in A-minor....................Franck
Prelude ............................ Schmitt
Symphony in G, No. 6 ................Widor
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MANAGING EDITOR.........THOMAS K. CONNELLAN
EDITORIAL DIRECTOR.............C. HART SCHAAF
CITY EDITOR.. .....................BRACKLEY SHAW
SPORTS EDITOR...................ALBERT H. NEWMAN
DRAMA EDITOR...............JOHN W. PRITCHARD
WOMEN'S EDITOR.....................CAROL J. HANAN
RIGHT EDITORS: A. Ellis Ball, Ralph G, Coulter, William'
0. Perris, Iohn C. Healey, George Van Vleck, (Wy MV
The Bach Prelude and Fugue is known as "The
Cathedral; ""strength, nobility and dignity char-
acterize the Prelude, while the quiet manner of
the development of the fugue theme make this
one of the most appealing examples in fugal
writing for organ." The Andante is a movement
from one of the first symphonies ever written.
The Franck Choral is the third of the three
great Chorales. Florent Schmitt has made this
one contribution to organ literature. He is one
of the important contemporary French composers.
Widor's Symphony has been included in the
program this afternoon, by request. Widor has
just recently retired from his position of organist
at St. Sulpice, Paris, where he has been playing
William Doty will play the recital next week,
March 21. Palmer Christian, omitting the regular
Wednesday afternoon recital the following week,
will present a Good Friday program, Friday,
As Others See It
Letters published in this column should not be con-
strued as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Ano iymous communications will be disregarded.
The names of communicants will, however, be re-
garded a, confidential upon request. Contributors
are asked to be brief, confining themselves to less
than 30 words if possible.
CRIME IN AUSTRIA
AND THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
To the Editor:
Your report on my lecture in Saturday's Daily
might create the impression that my terms were
exaggerated and partisan. I therefore give the
following explanation: Louis Adamic, upon his
return from Jugoslavia, published "The Native's
Return" in which he claims that Italy, Rumania,
Poland, and Germany are in the hands of "gangs"
whose methods are identical with those of the
gangsters in our big cities; but our gangs he calls
amateurs at the game - almost a Sunday School
compared with the European brand. The classic
example of Fascist criminality was the murder of
the Italian Deputy Matteoti in the early days of
Mussolini's regime: he had revealed corruption
in the Fascist gover.nment in a parliamentary
speech; he was tempted away from his home,
taken in a car, and his body tossed out along the
road covered with numerous dagger wounds. The
assassins were condemned to several years im-
prisonment but they protested that they had given
Matteoti "a ride" upon orders of Fascist leaders.
Readers who believe that I am biased should
ponder the prophetic words of John Gunther
which appeared in the January 1934 issue of "For-
eign Affairs": "The Socialdemocrats don't want
civil war and bloodshed; their decency is of course,
ruining them. Dollfuss continually presses them
harder, gambling on the chance that they are too
decent, or too timid, to make real trouble. But
now some sort of showdown approaches
"S taendishe system" (Dolfuss corporative scheme)
means death to trade unionism. The Socialdemo-
cratic party must fight or fall."
As I stated in my lecture, Dollfuss personally
seems to have a noble character; he seemingly has
become the tool of Fey and Starhembei; he re-
cently announced that he was ruling by "natural
law" (not "national law" as I was misquoted in
the Daily's report.) That this "natural law" is the
law of the jungle is revealed by the fact that when
several months ago capital punishment was re-
introduced in Austria, due to Heimwehr pressure,
the first victim was a tramp convicted of arson;
the executioner resigned after his first "job" thus
(unknowingly) fulfilling Tolstoy's demand of com-
batting evil by not participating in it.
If our country had been a member of the League
of Nations the bloodshed in Austria could have
been avoided as the threat of an international
boycott would have prevented the Austrian fascists
from attacking the Socialdemocrats; a League of
Nations made powerful and energetic by the moral
backing of the United States could have given the
Socialdemocrats ,the assurance that their consti-
tutional rights would be protected and fear would
not 'have led them to attempt to protect their
liberty by militarist methods. Tolstoy's philosophy
of non-violent resistance to evil has never been so
vindicated as in the recent Austrian tragedy.
It is our supreme duty to join the League of
Nations, now weakened by the withdrawal of mili-
tarist Japan and Germany. Petitions favoring such
action, sponsored by Reverend Fosdick, will be
made available and announced in the D.O.B.
4- - - - -
SPORTS ASSISTANTS: Charles A. Baird, Arthur W. Car-
stens, Roland L. Martin, Marjorie Western.
WOMEN'S ASSISTANTS: arorie Beck, Eleanor Blum,
Lois Jotter, Marie Murphy, Margaret D. Phalan.
REPORTERS: C. Bradford Carpenter, Paul J. Elliott,
Courtney A. Evans, John J. Flaherty, Thomas A. Groehn,
John Kerr, Thomas H. leene, Bernard B. Levik, David
G. MacDonald, Joel P. Newman, John M. O'Connell,
Kenneth Parker, William R. Reed, Robert S. Ruwitch,
Arthur S. Settle, Marshall D. Silverman, Arthur M.
Dorothy Gies, Jean Hanmer, Florence Harper, Eleanor
Johnson, Ruth Loebs, Josephine McLean, Marjorie Mor-
rison, Sally Place, Rosale Resnick, Jane Schneider.
BUSINESS MANAGER...........W. GRAFTON SHARP
CREDIT MANAGER ............BERNARD E. SCHNACKE
WOMEN'S BUSINESS MANAGER....................
............................... CATHARINE MC HENRY
DEPARTMENT MANAGERS: Local Advertising, Noel Tur-
ner; Classified Advertising, Russell Read; Advertising
Service, Robert Ward; Accounts, Allen Knuusi; Circula-
tion and Contracts, Jack Efroymson.
ASSISTANTS: Milton Framer, John Ogden, Bernard Ros-
enthal, Joe Rothbard, George Atherton.
Jane Bassett, Virginia Bell, Mary Bursley, Peggy Cady,
Virginia Cluff, Patricia Daly, Genevieve Field, Louise
Floret, Doris Gimmy, Betty Greve, Billie Griffiths, Janet
Jtksor, Louise Krause, Barbara Morgan, Margaret
Mustard, Betty Simonds.
FRESHMAN TRYOUTS: William Jackson, Louis Gold-
smith, David Schiffer, William Barndt, Jack Richardson,
Charles Parker, Robert Owen, Ted Wohlgemuth, Jerome
Grossman, Avner, Kronenberger, Jim Horiskey, Tom
Clarke, Scott, Samuel Beckman, Homer Lathrop, Hall,
Ross Levin, Willy Tomlinson, Dean Asselin, Lyman
Bittman, John Park, Don Hutton, Allen Ulpson, Richard
Hardenbrook, Gordon Cohn.
NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN C. HEALEY
In Rushing Rules. . .
T HE Interfraternity Council meets
today to vote on the proposed
changes in the rushing rules recommended by the
special committee on rushing rules.
For the most part, we think, the changes are
well considered and should be adopted, since they
will eliminate abuses which have grown up. But
there is one provision - that setting up an indict-
ment board - the wisdom of which we question.
This proposal would remove from the council
Judiciary Committee both the student and alumni
members when that committee is hearing evi-
dence of the alleged violations of the rushing
rules. We believe that this is saddling the faculty
members with an unpleasant task that might
better be performed by the students themselves.
The argument is advanced that the student and
alumni members would be unwilling to participate
in judging any house because of fear of a retalia-
tory accusation, whereas the faculty members will
be able to act without fear of any such retaliation.
This argument, if true, discredits the entire
theory of student government. For years the plea
of the student has been for a greater conti ol over
his own affairs, a plea backed by the potent argu-
ment that university students are able and willing
to accept and discharge responsibilities.
One of the responsibilities which definitely ac-
companies the making of any regulations in the
beneficial interests of all is the responsibility of
passing on evidence of alleged violations.
Il any change is to be made in the enforcement
of the rushing rules, it should be made in the
direction of giving more power and responsibility
to the council delegates and less to the Judiciary
Committee, where faculty and alumni members
tend to predominate.
The other principal argument advanced to sup-
port this proposal is that the faculty men would
keep the proceedings of their meetings secret, thus
protecting those who testify, while the students
would not. This argument is an insult to the
integrity and good judgment of the students.
By the time they have arrived at a university,
students should be, and in our opinion, are able
to keep a secret as well as anyone else.
By refusing to grant away this or any other
power of enforcement, the students will retain
control of that which concerns only themselves,
while at the same time they will be continuing
along the route which they mark out for them-
selves when they pass rushing rules.
In April, 1933, the New York Legislature created
a milk control board and gave it power to regulate
the milk industry throughout the state. The board
fixed the minimum store sale price of milk at nine
cents a quart. A case was brought against a grocer
who sold milk at less than that price. On Monday,
the United States Supreme Court decided that the
milk control board had the right to fix the price
of milk, holding that the welfare of the state, as
determined by a legally constituted body, is supe-
rior to individual freedom.
The vote in the Supreme Court was five to four,
with Chief Justice Hughes aligned with the,recog-
nized "liberal" group, consisting of Justices Rob-
erts, Brandeis, Stone and Cardozo. Justice McReyl
nolds read the dissenting opinion, which was sup-
ported by Justices Van Devanter, Sutherland and
Butler. It is to be noted that associated with the
veteran "liberal," Justice Brandeis, are the four
most recently appointed members of the court. If
ayone believes that the decisions of the United
States Supreme Court are always based on prece-
dents found in the law, and are never governed by
changes in political and social thought, let him
try to explain the fact that these four justices
were named within the last nine years.
The decision may have momentous consequences.
In the opinion of the hard-shelled, it can be con-
strued as giving the Court's approval to socialism.
It certainly gives a knock-out blow to unrestricted
competition, which many have thought was pro-
tected by the National and State Constitutions.
And it seems to cover by implication, the prac-
tices established under the NRA codes, which, in
theory at least, are devised by the industries them-
selves rather than by any agency created by
THE ANSWER TO HITLER
Ambassador Luther's protest to the State De-
partment in the matter of the anti-Hitler mass
meeting in New York was merely pro forma. There
was nothing official about the great and spon-
taneous gathering here. Our Government could
not interfere with it any snore than it could with
newspaper utterances, or speeches in Congress, on
the same subject. The Washington Administra-
tion ought not to put the slightest stamp of
approval upon this arraignment of the head of a
friendly nation, yet it could not prevent American
people from saying what they think of him. It is
probable that, in his heart, Ambassador Luther
wishes that a similar freedom existed in Ger-
The meeting was a clear and representative ex-
pression of public opinion. .Hitler himself re-
peatedly appealed to it since he became Chancel-
lor. Not content with boasting that the senti-
ment of the German people is overwhelmingly in
favor of his regime, he has sought to curry favor
with other nations. A particularly active propa-
ganda in his own behalf he has maintained in the
United States. The answer to it was given by the
large audience in Madison Square Garden, ad-
dressed by outstanding men in our public life
and by distinguished leaders in the law, in re-
ligion and in education. They spoke not in de-
fense of one minority, or one religion, but of all
minorities everywhere and of the freedoni of con-
science in every land. It was well said by Pro-
fessor Moley, discussing "The Case of the Liberals
I hate Hitler and Hitlerism not only because
they have denied justice to fellow-human beings.
I hate this thing because it is the enemy of my
country, my faith and of my right to be free.
It was not because of a single proscription in
Germany that the mass meeting applauded the
broad and comprehensive spirit in which the case
against Hitler was argued. As was asserted by
Mr. Arthur Garfield Hays, speaking as an eye-
witness of the trial of men accused of setting the
Reichstag fire, there are "other minorities" in the
Reich who are daily feeling the heavy hand of
oppression. They see their whole social order up-
By BUD BERNARD
As a punishment for stealing pencils from the
library at the University of Oregon, students are
deprived of their shoe laces, which are used to
tie pencils to the desk.
Add this to your list of so-called puns: What
would this country be without women?
--Clark University Weekly.
The rickshaw pullers have declared a strike
in Shanghai, according to the cables. This may
provide openings for some of our Chicago world
Why is it professors can wear purple ties,
Haphazard haircuts, and coats the wrong size,
Trousers too short, and color schemes vile,
Yet flunk me in English because of my style?
The Harvard Critic frowns upon such under-
graduate activities as hazing and hell week. But
the Harvard Critic will certainly spit straight
into the eye of anyone who does not like the
A widespread movement recently has been
noticed in American colleges to abolish useless
honorary societies which, it is alleged, "exist for
no other purpose than to collect initiation fees
and scatter pins and keys."
One day out of every year three shoe shining
stands are erected on the campus of the Uni-
ersity of Oregon and at that time everyone is
supposed to let members of the junior class shine
his shoes. A dime is charged.
* $ * *
Overheard at a recent Cornell dance: "I
don't mind you pressing my feet. It's the
continual jumping off and on 'that gets me."
* * *
Also the average senior aspires to intellectual
rather than financial success, but nevertheless
expects to enjoy an annual income of $4,225 by