IFair Sunday. and Monday
with mnoderate temperatures.
Justice And The Tuition
VOL. XLIII No. 169 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 21, 1933T
PRICE FIVE CENTS
May Festival Closes With
'Merry Mount;' Called
Success Despite Slump
No Cast Announced
For New York Debut
Union Take I
Beer East Of Division Street
Tomorrow night the Ann Arbor Common Council will
receive the long-awaited report of the bond and license com-
mittee on the beer applications of East Side merchants.
In arguing against East Side beer it has been held that
the people do not want it. The people may be divided into
1. The Merchants-They are faced with a drastic
loss in business unless granted licenses.
2. The Students-A majority of this body want
beer. Although they are not legal residents of the city,
they live here nine months of the year and their wishes
should be considered in city actions. The University, in.
cidentally, exists chiefly for them, and they may surely
be expected to have its best interests at heart.
3. The Residents of the East Side-No resident of
this section has appeared before the council to protest the
sale of beer east of Division Street, excepting members of
the council, and no resident has made any public state-
ment opposing such sale. Influential faculty members
have expressed themselves in favor of beer.
The councilmen who oppose beer at first bolstered their
arguments with the contention that East Side beer would be
unconstitutional. There is no reason to believe they were in-
sincere in advancing this argument, but it now appears they
were misguided. For there seems to be adequate guarantee
that the licenses may legally be granted.
With these considerations in mind, we ask the council to
pass favorably upon the applications of the East Side estab-
lishments which conform to the State law.
The fortieth annual May Festival
came to a close last night as a ca-
pacity crowd of 5,000 music patrons
thronged Hill Auditorium to witness
the world premiere of Howard Han-
son's opera "Merry Mount."
The liberal support of the festival,
which is famous throughout the
United States, succeeded in main-
taining the high standard which has
been created in the past. The festival
is one of the few outstanding musical
events that has weathered the storm
of the depression without drastic cur-
tailment of musical offerings.
Critics Well Pleased
Music critics in the audience were
well pleased with the native opera. It
is unique in being entirely American
in text as well as in its music forms.
"Merry Mount," which was allowed
to have its premiere here by the Met-
ropolitan Opera Company, will re-
ceve.its New York showing next sea-
son. No announcement of cast has
yet been made but John Charles
Thomas, who starred in the opening
last night, may possibly sing the
same role in New York.
Opera stars of the first rank sang
the ,principal parts and the Univer-
sity Choral Union and the Chicago
Symphony Orchestra participated
last night under the direction of the
composer. Thomas, in the role of
Wrestling Bradford, the young pastor
of the village, and Leonora Corona,
as Lady Marigold Sandys sang the
Rose Bampton in the roles of D-
sire Annable and of Plentiful Tewke,
the girl to whom Bradford was en-
gaged to niarry, was a favorite of the
audience. Chase Baromeo as Plen-
tiful's father gave his characteristic-
ally good performance.
Frederick Jagel's striking tenor
part of Sir Gower Lackland, lover of
Lady Marigold, was enthusiastically
received by the audience. George
Galvani, well' known in Detroit,
gained hearty applause as Jewel
Scrooby, a parson.
Scene Is New England
The scene of the opera is laid in a
Puritan village in New England in
May, 1625. The young pastor, Wres-
tling Bradford, sells his soul to Lu-
cifer to gain the love of a beautiful
woman, Lady Marigold. He kills her
lover and then calls down "tempest,
thunderstorm,pestilential f e v er s,
earthquakes and war" upon New
England in a terrible curse.
He awakes as from a horrible
dream to find the village in flames
as a result of an Indian attack. He
leads the villagers in beating back
the Indians but realizes the horrible
curse he has brought upon them. In
a wild frenzy Bradford admits he is
an agent of the Devil. He summons
the flames from the ashes of the
church and stalks into them.
May Be Given
Legislation On Railroads
And Trade Is Assured
WASHINGTON, May 20.-(A)- -1
Grasping almost all the levers that
direct national life, President Roose-
velt is busily preparing to use them
in a determination to keep the coun-
try on a steady but persistent upward
swing from the depression.
Administration of the new govern-
ment "partnership" with agriculture,
banking, currency, railroads and in-
dustry is occupying the President
who is surrounding himself with
hearty veterans to carry out the mo-
bilization for war on the emergency.
Congressional leaders today as-
sured Mr. Roosevelt.of early approval
June 15 Payments May Be
Passed Up By France;
Amount -is $4,738,999
Observers Believe That
President Will Demand
Part Payments Of All
PARIS, May 20.-()-Default in
the French debt payment to the
United States due June 15 was con-
sidered certain today in quarters
close to the Government, where it
was expected that the other debtor
nations would do likewise.
Premier Edouard Daladier, it was
understood, is convinced that Presi-
dent Roosevelt will continue to insist
that France must take the first step
to pay the defaulted interest due last
December, while the Premier is sat-
isfied that Parliament will refuse to
pay either interest or principle, since
hope of a moratorium has been aban-
There was much discussion and
concern in the parliamentary lobbies,
as the payment date for $4,738,999 is
drawing near. Informed quarters pre-
dicted that Mr. Roosevelt would make
a general statement in the event of
default in an- attempt to prevent it
from seriously affecting the World
WASHINGTON, May 20.-UP)-
Predictions from Paris of a default
by France on its June 15 war debts
installment brought no response
today from President Roosevelt, who
is understood to be standing pat for
some kind of payments by the debtors
on that date.
Mr. Roosevelt is dealing separately
and individually with the European
debtors. There is every indication
that he is insisting upon payments
on June 15, at least partially.
Some relief for the debtors has
been provided by the allowance for
payments in silver.
At least these payments are ex-
pected, and they will afford a con-
siderable discount to the debtors in
their June 15 installments.
Meanwhile, it is apparent that ne-
gotiations are still in process between:
the President and the representatives
of the European nations on the sub-
ject of a debts settlement.
Mr. Roosevelt and C. M. W.
Sprague, financial advisor to the
Bank of England, today held a con-
ference to which significance was at-
tached in view of international ef-
forts underway toward currency
To End Life In
New York Inn
Aged Banker Discovered
After 24-Hour Search;
Believe He Will Live
MINEOLA, L. I., May 20.-(A')--
Joseph Harriman, indicted banker
who was found at Roslyn after a 24
hours disappearance, stabbed himself
above the heart today when police
left him alone in his room for a few
moments. He was removed to a hos-
Police said the wound was deep,
but it was believed the aged banker
ROSLYN, N. Y., May 20.-OP)-
Joseph W. Harriman, indicted banker
who disappeared from a New York
City private hospital yesterday, was
located here today in a hotel where
indications Were found that he had
intended to commit suicide.
Harriman, former chairman of the
Harriman National Bank & Trust
Co. who is scheduled for trial on
Monday for alleged large falsifica-
tions of the accounts of his bank,
was found in the Old Orchard Inn,
where he was registered as "Mr.
Thomas, of New York."
He was in bed when Inspector
Harold King, of the Nassau County
Police entered. He denied that he'
was Harriman, but identification was
made by initials on his clothes and
in his hat band and by a note found
on the floor listing the names of his
relatives and his lawyer and asking
that they "be informed."j
Harriman's only son, Alan, was
killed near here in 1928 in an auto-
mobile accident and is buried at the
nearby Long Island village of Locust
Inspector King learned from hotel
employees that Harriman arrived
here in a New York taxicab last eve-
ning after making a stop first in
RUSSIA AMERICAN COMPETITOR
DETROIT, May 20.--)-Surpass-
ing America's place in industry is thej
objective of the Russian people, de-
lares John K. Calder, Dearborn en-
gineer who returned this week from
a four-year sojourn in Russia as su-
perintendent of construction of the
Soviet tractor plants.
States Give Complete
Figures; 17 Have Made
Beer Fees In
33 States Are
WadLasTMen In Michigan..
Stars In Oplera
Detroit Cops 1Iiay
Not Drink On Dity,
IChief's (order Says
DETROIT, May 20.-P)--Because
policemen in less than one week re-
lapsed into the quaint old-fashioned
habit of dropping in to see the bar-
maids on the beat an order is going
to go through prohibition "cops"
from drinking beer while in uniform.
"It is like being between the devil
and the deep," James E. McCarty,
deputy superintendent, said Satur-
day. "But the officers weren't dis-
creet. It has to be done." He dele-
gated Inspector Charles Rhodes to
draft a change in the regulations
forbidding policemen to drink while
"Of course," he explained, "this is
going to make it difficult. When can
a policeman go to eat where they
don't serve beer? They can eat in
restaurants all right, but they
mustn't drink beer."
It appears that several complaints
were made to police officials that the
policemen were clustered so thick in
some beer places that Joseph Aver-
age Citizen could not get much serv-
ice. Several people called up and
said "it didn't look nice to see a
policeman coming out of a place
wiping foam off his mouth."
Pay Highest Rate
Federal Revenue Amounts
To $9,139,687; Wine
Levy BringsOnly $824
CHICAGO, May 20.-()-Cofers
of 33 state treasuries jingled today
with an additional $4,500,000 col-
lected in taxes since beer was legal-
ized April 7.
This includes complete figures for
only three states. Seventeen states
made incomplete returns. Several
others gave no figures on the income
from beer taxes. The other 15 states
do not yet permit sale of beer.
The Federal government collected
$9,139,687 in beer revenue during
the 23 days of April that the brew
was sold legally. The $4,500,000 col-
lection by the states was in addition
and brought the total beer taxes to
$13,542,479. To this figure must be
added unestimated millions levied by
counties and municipalities in li-
cense fees on distributors and re-
Large Sums Netted
The Federal taxes of $5 a barrel
netted $8,269,052; licenses $869,811
and wine $824.
Beer is sold legally in 33 states and
the District of Columbia today.
Under the laws of Maine it becomes
legal June 30 and in Nebraska on
Seven states, Nevada, Oregon,
Washington, Maryland, Colorado,
Wyoming, and Minnesota, have not
levied state taxes on beer. In Ari-
zona the state tax does not go into
effect until June 14.
The heaviest tax on beer is levied
in South Carolina, where in addition
to the $5 Federal tax the state adds
$4.65 a barrel or 15 cents a gallon
On 12-ounce bottles the tax is two
North Carolina fixed a tax rate of
$3 a barrel; Florida of $186 or six
cents a gallon.
Kentucky Rate Lowest
Except for tye states levying no
tax, Kentucky with 10 cents a barrel
had the lowest rate. The averagel
state excise tax rate was between $1
and $1.25 a barrel.t
While beer has been legalized in
ermont and New Hampshire it has
not yet been put on sale and the only
revenue collected was $3,000 whole-y
salers' license fees Vermont.
Connecticut is te only state to
adopt a sales tax on beer. In the
nine days that beer has been sold'
there, the state collected approxi-
mately $100,000 for 20d permits.
Taxes on sales will be at the rate of
one per cent for wholesalers and
four per cent for retailers, There
are no barrel taxes.
No revenue figures were. available
from seven states, Florida, Louisiana,
New Hampshire, North Carolina,
Tennessee, Vermont, and Wisconsin.
New Off icers
Will Be Chosen
Comedy Club's regular s p r i n g
election will be held at 4 p. m. tomor-
row in the rehearsal room of the
League, it. was announced last night
John Charles Thomas,
the leading role, that of
Bradford, in the premiere
Mount" last night.
Team, 12 To 1
Redmen Get 15
Drive 4 Wolve
From The Box
.New York Bankers
DETROIT, May 20.-On the eve Toi
of the joint hearing at which the Adjourn
municipal refunding plan of Acting
Mayor Frank Couzens will be pre- M "d O Ji
sented for consideration by the
Common Council and representatives
of important creditors, city officials Pushes Remaining Wo
found themselves a4 loggerheads
with New York banking executives In Order To Compli
on proposals for a flat reduction of Scheduled Projects
At a conference in the executive WASHINGTON, May 20.-
offices Saturday, Mayor Couzens, ap- W
prised of the latest communication Congress put an extra push
from New York, unburdened himself (clearing tso dJouie n
of a series of expletives and cate- ident Roosevelt earnestly conside
gorically declared he "would not a half-dozen pressing domestic
monkey around any longer." The international projects and then
plan as now drawn, he said, would out down the Potomac for a w
be offered for consideration Monday end of well-earned rest.
morning. He left behind him the Ways
Instructions were issued to obtain Me citee of the Hous
from the New York State Banking euding h ieeon the ouse p
Department immediately a ruling on a indstiantol
the refunding of interest. works and mdustrial control
xinh it mn to raetith n
CHAMPAIGN, Ill., May 20.-(AP)-
The University of Illinois baseball
nine today drove four Michigan
pitchers from the box and slammed
out 15 hits to win their eighth Big
Ten conference victory, 12 to 1.
Oliver, Michigan third sacker.
scored;the only run for the Wolve-
rines in the fifth inning. He hit to
left field, and advanced to third on
Patchin's single, scoring after Artz,
right fielder, flied out to centerfield.
Wrodke, Illinois pitching ace, went
the entire route for the Illini, and
allowed only five scattered hits, but
passed five men.
Illinois bunched their hits in the
third and seventh inning scoring four
and five runs, respectively, in each
frame. In the seventh Lewis and Mc-
Cabe opened the rally with, singles,
and Frink doubled to score Lewis.
Toncoff was passed, and Goldstein
singled, scoring McCabe. Theobald
reached first on a fielder's choice and
Frink was thrown out at the plate.
(Continuedon Page 3)
Dr. Frederick B. Fisher will use
"Belshazzar's Feast,"- the title of the
oratorio given last Thursday in the
May Festival, as the theme of his
sermon at 10:45 a. m."today at the
First Methodist Church. In his ser-
mon Dr. Fisher will compare condi-
tions in ancient Babylon with those
"Choosing our Revolution" will be
the topic upon which the Rev. .H. P.
Marley will speak this morning at the
The Student Forum of the First;
Presbyterian Church will take part inj
a discussion at 6:30 p. m. 'on "Is
There to be Destitution in Ain Ar-
bor?" The discussion, which is made
timely by the shortness of Ann Ar-
bor's Poor Fund, will be led by cit-
izens on the welfare list.
Prof. Max S. Handman of the eco-
nomics department will talk on "Life
in Economics" at 7 p. m. at Harris
Hall.:The usual supper will be served
at 6:15 p. m.
.'The Harp of Life" will be the sub-
ject of the sermon by the Rev. Allison
Ray Heaps at 10:45 a. m. today at
the Congregational Church.I
Rabbi Heller will discuss' "Exam-
inations and Self-Examination" at!
the morning services of the Hillel
Foundation at the League Chapel.
These will be the last services con-
Michigan Wins 18-Poilit
Margin Over Indiana;
Illinois Is Third
Keller Breaks Two
Relay Team Defeated By
Both Indiana And Ohio';,
New 440 Mark Set
EVANSTON, Ill., May 20.-(P)d
Willis Ward, 196-pounds of co-ordirti
ated power and speed, staked Mchl+
gan to a working margin of 18 points;
and the rest of the Wolverine teani
rounded up enough points to win tAe
thirty-third W e s t e r n Conference
track and field championships today
at Dyche Stadium,
Michigan scored 60%/2 points in re-
taining the title, its thirteenth in the
history of the meet, but without the
huge, versatile Negro, would have
been well back of Indiana, whicl'
landed second with 47. He con
peted and placed in four events, win-
ning the 100-yard dash and the high
jump, and placing second in the 120-
yard high hurdles and the broad
jump, for the greatest individual pe=
formance since Carl Johnson scorel
20 points for Michigan in 1918.
Indiana's brilliant individuals per-
formed heroically, winning eight of
the 16 championships. The Hoosiers
placed in all events, while Michigan,
which won but two individual trips
to the stand, where Miss Jean Hock,
Northwestern U n i ve r s i t y ' s May
Queen, gave the winners their
awards, took points in 13 numbers'
Illinois Ends Third
Illinois was third with 42/ points,
and Ohio State had 34 for fourth.
Purdue collected 19 points and North-
westernhad 161/, Chicago amd I wa
scored six points each. Wisconsin
had five and Minnesota four.
Jack Keller, brilliant hurdler from,
Ohio State, accomplished the only
serious record attempt of the meetl
Urged to the limit by Ward in the
120-yard highs, Keller sped over the
distance in :14.1, bettering the ac-
cepted world record of 14.2 seconds,
and equalling the national collegiate
mark set a year ago by the lat6
George Sahling, of Iowa. Sahling's
mark will be offered for approval
and the officials announced that Kel-
ler's performance merited consider-
ation as a world record.
Four other records were altered,
all of them of somewhat synthetic
nature. Ivan Fuqua, Indiana's speed,
ster, bettered the Conference mark
for a quarter-mile around two turns,
and came right back to nick a tenth;
of a second off the mark for 220-
yards around one turn. He raced the
quarter in :48.6, a tenth of a second
better than the 48.7 made by Edwin
Russell of Michigan, in 1931, and
shaded Archie Hahn's 1903 record
in the furlong.
Keller Lowers Record
Keller also lowered the 220-yard
low hurdles mark- again, with the
"around one turn" clause. He easily
outfooted and outpointed Hawley
Egleston of Michigan in :23.5 sec-
onds, three-tenths of a second better
than the record set by Charles
Brookins, of Iowa, in 1924.
Duane Purvis, one of Purdue's foot-
ball stars,, set the other new Confer-
ence record in yesterday's trials. He
heaved the javelin 208 feet 5 1-4
inches, to erase the 207 feet, 7 3-4
inches set by Phil Northrup of Michi-
gan. Purvis was over 200 feet today,
but failed to' improve his earlier ef-
Ward's magnificent work almost
smothered grand individual perfor-
mances by three other stars. Keller
took both hurdles, and Fuqua gave
Indiana victories in the 220-ygrd
dash and the 440-yard run. Fuqua's
equally talented teammate, Charles
Hornbostel, won the half-mile in 1:
54.4, setting up something like a rec-
ord for double winners in the meet.
Indiana won some consolation in
dethroning Michigan as mile relay
champion. The Michigan team led for
2 legs, but Hornbostel gave the lead
to the Hoosiers on the third lap, and
they relinquished it only for a sec-
ond, when Fuqua was fouled on the
Javelin throw-Won by Purvis,
and by Mary Pray, '34, president of the
iblic The program of the meeting will
bill consist of a business report of the
Dramatic Season Gives Young
People 'Vitamins' Says Lorame
wieiU L ians.II Lo Ir ZL w)Ln aI Laxlast play, "Murray Hill," together
program by next Tuesday. with the general results of the year's
The House itself had begun and work, which included the presenta-
carried on debate on the Glass bank tion of three major plays. After the
reform bill, already under consider- election of officers for the coming
ation in the Senate. The Senators year, a discussion of a program for
took in a mass of new evidence in the ,next year will be- held, considering
Louderback impeachment trial and possible plays of production, Miss
engaged in discussion of pressing Pray said.
topics. In addition to Miss Pray, other
House leaders, after receiving in present officers are James Doll, '33,
the morning a Presidential letter vice president; Ann Vernor, '35L, sec-
urging action to put the Federal gov- retary: and James Raymond, Grad.,
ernment in control of the disordered I treasurer.
Robert Henderson's Dramatic Fes-
tival is invaluable in supplying theI
mental "vitamin" that is so essen-
tial to the culturally undernourished
younger generation, according to
Robert Loraine, Dramatic Festival
star, who arrived in Ann Arbor this
"Inasmuch as the average smaller
city is suffering culturally today,"
Mr. Loraine said, "it is a sad thing
in general, is in keeping with the
spirit of enterprise that one asso-
ciates with the middle west," the
Mr. Loraine, who is well known
for his activities in connection with
aviation as he is for his great stage
successes, made the trip from New
York to Detroit by plane.
"This part of the world should be!
particularly air-minded," Mr. Lor-j
petroleum industry, decided to at-
tach the Marland bill for that pur-
pose to the public works measure, so
that it could go through faster.
The President gave considerable
Allison Evans Also On
New Council Committee