Y rH 1~TXNDTE~___
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Lber J. Myers
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'HARLES T. KL'INE+.................. .Business Manager
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Mary Elizabeth Watts
NIGHT EDITOR-JAMES INGLIS
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1931
common fallacy generally entertained by cer-
tain opponents of prohibition is that the legal-
ization of a low alcoholic content beer would tend
to greatly improve economic conditions. It is
thought by the supporters of this most recently
proposed panacea of the liquor question that a
quarter to a half a million workers would immedi-
ately be demanded by the new industry, that thef
supplying of thousands of dollars worth of new
bottles, barrels and brewing equipment would em-
ploy many more workers and would provide an
impetus to industry that would' start the cycle of7
business on the upward swing towards prosperity.
Farmers, it has been claimed, would find a new1
miarket for their surplus of, raw grain, some of
which is suitable for making beer.
The only trouble with this proposalsTies in the
word new. In c lculating the number of workers
and the number of dollars that legalized beer
would give employment to, it is assumed without
reason that the beer industry would be starting
from nothing and that all of the newly created
activity of the industry would be just so much of
a gain over present conditions. The legalization
of beer might result in an increase of one half the
business ofpre-war figures.' But, and this is of
far greater advantage from the economic stand-
point, the profits would be distributed among a
greater number of employees. Instead of large
gains to a few, due to the ilicit character of the
trade, they would be spread over a larger number
of men, which certainly would result in an econo-
mic gain in the long run.
Beer was the national drink in pre-Volstead
days and has still maintained its popularity, com-
prising-at the present time about three-quarters of
the present liquor trade, measured in number of
gallons consumed. Proponents of the lawful manu-
facture of beer, who recognize the present impor-
tance of beer production, point to t'he two bilion
against the scant one billion gallons -being mar-
keted annually at present, and conclude that when'
beer is made legal the demand will come up to the
pre-war mark with a corresponding impetus to
business in general..
In the popular slogans of today, the words light
wines are usually appended to the beer, and it is
assumed that the statutory sanction of light wines
follows that of beer as a matter of course. Whereas
the manufacture of beer has been halved since
prohibition, the manufacture of wine has been
more than doubled. In looking at the economic
aspect of this question, then, we must consider
whether or not the increase in wine manufacture
.would affect the anticipated increase in beer pro-
duction. We think not. The different nature of
the two products, the difference in manner in
which they are consumed,, preclude any doubts
that the one would affect the other. This is espe-
cially true, since wine can at preesnt be made, in
small quantities, at home by means of wine bricks.
These grape growers would be able to sell their
, , . .&E. .--.,-- -- -J:c - E a E t' Th f '+,t f t
CHOPIN: Etudes (complete) for piano: played by
Richard Lortat for the Columbia Masterworks
Album No. 163.
Reviewed by Stanley Fletcher
In the day of complete recorded albums of Chopin
Preludes and Ballades one has come to expect ar-
tistic tours de force of this variety. But to play all
the preludes and all the ballades is still a little short
of playing all the Etudes. That requires not only an
artist, but a technic quite a few notches advanced
over other artists. And quite a bit of courage, to
tackle the job, even for a mature artist.
In the new Columbia album, Richard Lortat plays
all the twenty-seven Etudes and plays them well.
The colossal task involved can be easily appreci-
ated from a consideration of the Etudes themselves.
Czerny and Clementi before Chopin's time devoted
their lives to concocting finger gymnastics for the
keyboard athlete. Chopin taught them a trick or
jtwo. The technique involved was so daring, after
the finger-wiggling of Czerny, that a conservative
critic of the day warned pianists to beware of these
if they valued their hands. The Etudes of opera 10,
and 25 contain the essence of Chopin's technical sys-
tem which he apparently understood well by the time
he was twenty-five, for they were undoubtedly com-
posed for the greater part before then.
But Chopin's studies represent not only a tech-
nical Parnassus equivaleit to the violin studies of
Paganini; Chopin's master touch idealised the Etude,
form just as it did the Mazurkca and the Valse. Eachj
in itself is as perfectly finished artistically as the
tireless, never-satisfied artistic genius of Chopin1
could make it. They represent emotionally the
strength and fiery boldness that Chopin's personality
would have been had his physique permitted. In the
Etudes are courage and the great deeds that he
might have accomplished. And here are the radical-
ism and fantasy and sentiment and passion and
mobidity and neuroticism that the sentimentalistt
morbidity and neuroticism that the sentimentalist
the gaiety and brilliance and wit that Chopin cer-
tainly often attained. If one wished to carry the1
generalization further (the only possible manner of
procedure in a short article that has no space to get
down to cases) one might find in the Etudes the
entire atmosphere of the social Europe of the early
nineteenth century, but that broad assertion bringst
in too much that cannot be applied in one column
to the recordings under discussion.
To achieve an artistic expression beyond the basic
tremendous technical one is the problem facing any
performer of all the Etudes. Because he is an artist,
Lortat has attempted the task. Partly because the
task is so tremendous, and partly because he is not f
a great enough artist, he has not fully succeeded.
Before judging one must consider the limitations
disc recordings put on the player's artistry. Extremes
of dynamics are almost impossible, especially with"
so percussive an instrument as the piano. Dynamic
subtleties are much smoothed over and the sustained1
effect of a piano melody (little at best, and actually
an illusion created by the listener in ordinary per- t
formance), is much decreased and any forced piano
tone shows up most unpleasantly. Any effects at allt
in recorder performance must be very obvious ones.
However, the performer still has at hi disposalc
the possibilities of rhythm and rhythmic effects hereF
as in any performance. InChopin these are extreme-
ly important; here it is that most Chopin players fail.
For Chopin, when he wanted'rhythmic effects at all
was careful to put them into the music itself, so that
any other freedom taken by the player in these places
is quite superfluous, and only results in the unstabler
neurotic effect that is too familiar to concertgoers.I
Rubato in Chopin (as anywhere) must be used with
the utmost subtlety and the utmost control.t
Lortat's best performances are those where, a'
technical problem being the bsis of the composition,
he has played the music as simply as possible, tech-t
nically perfectly and with a 'serene control. Thefrst
two etudes of Opus 10 are excellently done. One can
imagine how much more powerf~ul and dramatic theyt
might be played by a Horowitzian technique on a
concert-hall Steinway, but as I have said, limits arej
set by the recording process. The seventh of the
same,\Opus is quite as successful, and the tenth and .
the studies in octaves and double thirds of Opus 25.
His weakest performances are the slow studies in}
expression, the third in E major, the fifth in E flats
minor,sand the so-called "Tristran and Isolde" etude
of Opus 25. One feels the lack here of the control
of phrasin that a great artist could offer. One feels
a heaviness in acompanying parts that spoils any
melodic effect. In all the studies for that matter.
where lightness is a requirement (in the first five of
Opus 25, the last two posthumous studies, the "But-
terfly" in G flat) that effect is lacking.
ut the most important weakness lies in rhythmic
distortion, at the mildest in an awkwardness in the
connecting of phrases, and at the worst in the erratic
and feverish Chopinism that is so much to be de-
plored. This rhythmic instability (the sort of thing
that causes a pain in the abdomen) mars what would
otherwise be outstanding performances-the well
known, "Winter Wind" and the "Waves" of Opus 25.
and the last two of us 12.
Such criticism ps his, of course, is the result of
too many Horowitzian concerts, and ultra-high musi-
'cal ideals. Few artists can hold such a standard
throughout all their performances-none in fact. I
repeat what I said above, that these 27 Etudes of
Chopin are well-played.Asa text-book to the Etudes
they are excellent, and as a very pleasant album of
unquestionably fine music, they are invaluable.
(From The Detroit News)
"Brachydactylie," says a medical publicist, "is a
1 physical defect involving shortness of the fingers."
Believed to be caused in certain cases by constant
exploration of returned-coin slots in pay phones.
Answer's to second group of ques-
1. Walter S. Gifford-Director of
the President's Organization on
2. Richard B. Sheridan-football
player who received fatal injuries
in the Army-Yale game.
3. William Green-president of
the American Federation of Labor.
4. Ishbel MacDonald-campaign
daughter oft the British prime min-
5. Eugene F. O'Neill-author of
"'Mourning Becomes Electra."
6. Gates W. McGarrah-presi-
dent of the bank for International
Settlements at Basle.
7. New Yorks City between 48th
and 53rd Sts.-location of t h e
8. General election for British
House of Commons-the import-
ant event which took place on Oc-
9. Thomas Lipton-world-famed
dealer in tea who died in October.
10. John Nance Garner Demo-
cratic candidate for Speaker of the
House of Representatives.
Indication of "multiple choice"
1. Helen Hicks-champion golfer,
not aviatrix, actress, member of
2. Jose Laval-a recent guest at
the White House, not President of
Mexico, a movie star, donor of new
flood lights for the Statue of Liber-
3. Seaham-constituency of a
British Cabinet Minister, not a
breed of terrier, a Long Island
shore resort, an American flying
4. Bluenose-fishing schooner, not
a seaplane, gangster, racehorse.
5. Don Moyle-aviator, not a
Spanish politician, columnist, not-
Michigan: "The Road to Sing-
apore" with William Powell.
(See story on page 1.)
Identification of persons w h o
played a part N the news of the
1. General Honjo-Japanese gen-
eral commanding troops bombing
and shooting in Manchuria.
2. Qliver Baldwin-son of Stan-
ley 4aldwin, socialist, ex-member
. Prentiss Gilbert-U. S. observer
and participant in League Nations'
councils-protested by Japan.
4. William E. Borah-chairman
of Senate Committee on Foreign
Affairs, commented forcefully Gn
questions raised by President's plan
to check depression and by Pre-
mier Laval's visit.
5. Dino Grandi-Italian Minister
of Foreign Affairs, invited to con-
ference with President Hoover.
6. Sir Oswald Mosley-leader of
a group of Kadical labor candidates
7. Erik Axel Karlfeldt-Swedish
writer, winner of Nobel prize in
8. George Washington Memorial
Bridge-just opened across t h e
Hudson between upper New York
City (178th St.) and Fort Lee, N. J.
9. Patrick J. Hurley-Secretary of
War reports to president on his
return from Philippine Islands.
10. John Leonard Martin-cen-
terfielder of St. Louis Cardinals,
leaped to fame as batter in World
Cor. S. State and E. Washington Sts.
Frederick B. Fisher
Peter F. Stair
10:30 A. M.-Morning
State and Huron Streets
' WESLEY HALL
6:00 P. M.-The Guild invite you
to enjoy a rogram of sacred
12:00 M. Classes. Freshmen. Prof.
Carrothers instructor. Undergrad-
uates, Dr. Blakeman instructor.
Tom Pryor '26. Graduate Forum,
7:30 P. M.-Evening Worship.
"AN ADVENTURE IN BETTER
"Christianity as a Jew Sees It,"
"Judiasm as a Christian Sees It,"
Car. East University Ave. & Oakland
Rabbi Bernard Heller, Director
Philip Bernstein, Assistant to the
Sunday, Nov. 15
11:15 A. M.-Services in the Chapel
of the Women's League Building.
Rabbi Heller will speak on "Re-
8:00 P. M.-Open Forum. Arthur
Greenhall will speak on "Snake
Experiences," five specimens.
Conservative services each Friday
evening 7:30 P. M. at the Founda-
FIRST BAPTIST CIHURCII
E. Huron, below State
R. Edward Sayles, Minister
Howard R. Chapman, Minister for
9:30 A. M.-The Chirch School,
Mr. Wallace Watt, Supt.
10:45 A. M.-Morning Worship.
Mr. Sayles will preach:
"THE CHALLENGE OF CHRIST."
12:00 M.-Students' Class at Guild
House. Mr. Chapman.
5:30 P. M.-Young People's Social
6:30 P. M.-Miss Mabel Knox will
present a study of Kagawa, re-
ligious and social leader of Japan.
Huron and Division Sts.
Merle H. Anderson. Minister
Alfred Lee Klaer, Associate
9:30 A. ,M.--Bible Class for Fresh-
men students at the Church House,
1432 Washtenaw Ave.
10:45 A. M.-Morning Worship,
Subject: "Tabernacles and Tav-
12:00 Noon--Class for Upperclass-
men in Ethical Jss es in Current
5:30 P. M.-Social lour for Young
6:30 P. M.-Young People Meet-
ing.Speaker: Dr. Roger Egeberg
on "The Morals of Eating."
Allison Ray Heaps, Minister
10:45 A. M.-Morning Worship.
Sermon by Ruth Isabel Seabury
Educational Secr)etary of the Amer-
ican Board of Comnissioners for
Foreign Missio;is. Subject: "Our
10:45 A. M.-Kindergarten' and
9:30 A. M.-Church School.
5:30 P. M.--Ariston League will
meet in Pilgrim Hall.
6:00 P. M.-Student Fellowship and
6:30 P. M.-Miss Seabury will speak
on "This Unfinished World."
409 S. Division St.
10:30 A. M.-Regular Morning Serv-
ice. Sermon topic: Mortals and
11:45 A. M.-Sunday School follow-
ing the morning service.
7:30 P. M.--Wednesday Evening
The Reading Room, 10 and 11
State Savings Bank Building, is open
daily from 12 to 5 o'clock, except
Sundays and legal holidays.
ST. PAUL'S LUTHERN
Third and WestrLiberty Sts.
C. A. Brauer, Pastor
Sunday, Nov. 15
9:30 A. M.-German Service.
9:45 A. M.-Church School.
10:45 A. M.-Mornins L\Worship.
Subject: "Gaining and Losing the
Soul-.What Doe-s It Profit?"
. -. t
South Fourth Avenue
Theodore R. Schmale, Pastor
9:00 A. M.-Bible School.
10:00 A. M.-Morning Worship.
Sermon: "The Christian Sabbath."
11:00 A. M.-Worship in German.
5:30 P. M.-Student Fellowship and
7:00 P. M.-Y o u n g People's
THE "UPPER ROOM"
For all "Michigai" Men. The
Class that is "'Different."
Every Saturday Evening, from
Seven to Eight O'clock.
"Discussion" Section meets Sun-
day Morning at 9:30.
with Elissa Landi,
more, and Laurence
Wesley Players: in three one act
lays at the Little Theatre. at Wes-
Wuerth: Tom Keene in "Freight-
ers of Destiny." Beginning at mid-
night, "The Cisco Kid," with War-
ner Baxter and Edmund Lowe.
Play Production: "A Marriage of
Convenience," by A. Dumas. Last
Masonic Students: meeting of
the Craftsmen at 7:30 Masonic
ZION LUTHERN CHURCH
Washington Street and 5th Ave.
E. C. Stellhorn, Pastor
9:00 A. M.-German Service.
9:00 A. M.-Bible School.
10:30 A. M.-Regular Morning Serv-
ice. Subject: "The Resurrection of
5:30 P. M.-Student Fellowship
I Every Tuesday' Evening at 7:00
JOHN'S GOSPEL, "the greatest
bok in the worl."
5:30 P. M.-Student Fellowship anc