I -- -- - --
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
------- -- - ----
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1930
PRICE FIVE CENTS
VOL. XLI. No. 70
TD DALE MORFORO
FO HTR WORK
Discovery of Michigan's
in Revolutionary War
ORGANIZATIONS IN CITY TAKE ON AIR
OF FESTIVITY AS CHRISTMASNEARS
Two Committees Seek Funds to of clothing. The task of outfitting
Provide Clothing, Toys them has been taken over by some
of the fratenities and sororities.
for Children. Several families in Ann Arbor have
been receiving continual assistance
With the approach of the Christ- through the efforts of the bureau.
mas season, the activities of the A Christmas party for 50 boys
varicus organizations around the from poorer families in the city is
city are taking on a definite air the chief project of the Ann Arbor
of holiday enthusiasm and spirit. Y.M.C.A. The boys will be enter-
At the head of the list of organ- tained Monday night in the Y.M.C.
izations which are endeavoring to A. building and will all be provided
relieve some of the conditions as a with some small gifts.
result of the severe depression, are E. A. Byrum, state boys' work sec-
the Christmas Plan committee and retary was the speaker at the an-
the family welfare bureau. The two nual party last night of the Y.M.
organizations are making plans to C.A. and auxiliary members. More
provide clothing and toys for the than 100 persons attended the ban-
children in some of the families quet.
where they would not otherwise be A g nro of the Campfire GirlsI
SUBJECT LITTLE KNOWN'
Candidate for Doctor's Degree
to Have Access to Papers
of General Gage.
Discovery of Michigan's part inm possible, and Christmas baskets are
the Revolutionary war is the aim being sent to more than 150 fami-
of a new two-year fellowship at lies throughout the city.
the University which has been en- In conjunction with several cam-
dowed by the Michigan Sons of the pus organizations, the bureau has
American Revolution, according to found children who were in need,
a report received yesterday from -- - -- -
the Detroit offices of the society.
Dean G. Carl Huber, of the Grad-
uate school, said yesterday that
Dale D. Morford who has beenF
named for this fellowship, has al -
ready started ,his research. He is
a candidate for a doctor's degree IT JUPrU I UI
Field Has Been Neglected. ! Steeg Cabinet, in Spite of
"This is a very important pro- Resignations, Wins by
ject," President Alexander G. Ruth-
ven stated, "because the field has Majority of Seven.
been so neglected."
Morford will have access to the (By Associated Press)
25,000 pieces of the General Thom- PARIS, Dec. 18. -Premier Theo-i
as Gage papers, which were re- dore Steeg and his six-day-old cab-I
'cently presented to the University 'net today captured a vote of con-
by Regent William L. Clements. fidence by a majority of only seven
General Gage was commander-in- votes in their first appearance be-
chief of the British forces in Amer- fore a hostile Chamber of Deputies.
ica during the revolution and these The vote was 291 against 284, and
papers, which have never been the oppositionists vowed they would
made public, are expected to throw overthrow the new ministry after
much light on the part of Detroit the New Year's recess.
muchoflihgano n the atoftroitl Steeg's day began in an air of
and of Michigan in the struggle pessimism. After much effortrlast
Aweek he finally formed a ministry
Will Work Two Years. to succeed that of Andrew Tardieu
Prof. Arthur S. Aiton, of the his- and immediate attacks and defec-t
tory department, who is familiar tions began. The situation was
with the general contents of this made worse by the resignation of
great mass of previously unused three officials this afternooi just
material, said that the papers "in- before the cabinet went, before the
elude a great mass of documents chamber for its initial declaration
on the military operations in the of policy.
West, centering around Mackinaw, The minister of pensions, Robert1
Detroit and Fort St. Joseph." Thoumyre, Rene Coty, under-secre-+
Morford's work will probably take tary of state for the interior, and
at least two years because of the Camille Cautru, under-secretary for
great amount of material. His the- the agriculture, were the men who]
sis when finished will be presented quit. As representatives of the re-
to the Sons of the American Revo- publicans of the left and moderate
lution for publication. It may be and center groups, they opposed M.
issued by the University. Steeg's ministerial declaration in
favor of laical schools as opposed
HOUSE APPROVES to the giving of religious instruc-;
FARM LOAN FUND! But this very thing won the favorI
of the left group, which staged a
Appropriation Measure Assured demonstration of enthusiasm such
as seldom is seen even in the
of Senate Passage. French lower house, and brought i
-- the necessary although slender vic-
(By Associated Press)ory.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 18. - T h e
House voted to give the federal Increase in Demand
farm board an additional $150,000,-
000 of its revolving fund today and for Currenc Shown
the measure was well on its way f
through the Senate before night-. by Federal Banks.
The Senate appropriations com-
mittee gave approval to the pro- (By Associated Press)
posal and sent it to the Senate WASHINGTON, Dec. 18.--Mem-
floor. ber banks of the federal reserve
This appropriation would swell system entered the Christmas sea-
under the direction of the Y.W.C.A.
are planning on singing Christmas
carols for the benefit of the pa-
tients in the University hospital.
They will also sing through the
streets on Sunday. The Y.W.C.A.
Glee club is scheduled to sing at
the Washtenaw county old people's
The churches of the city have all'
planned Christmas parties for peo-
ple of Ann Arbor. Some of the par-
ties are particularly for the chil-
dren, others are for the adult mem-
bers of the congregations. Christ-
mas music and carols will feature
most of the Sunday programs and'
Christmas subjects will be discussed
from the pulpits.
FAT OF AIDS IN HEROIC COMPROMISE DI
I f iL l i IU L FESCUE A T SEA COUMPROMIlUISE UB11I~
LIUOR LAFOR ENACTING
TO HIGHEST COIJET IPORA OF0 I
Federal Attorney Appeals Case
to Supreme Court After
Clark Decision. R UTHVEN EXTENDS
CHRISTMAS GREETINGS !
CHARGES COURT ERRED
In company with other schools
Plans to Have Trial Moved Up and colleges, the University of
SOeichigan is about to observe the
inirder to Clear All ?Christmas holidays. To all the
Uncertainty. members of our community,
students and faculty alike, I take
(By Associated Press) Christmas with the
NEWARK, Dec. 18.-The federal hope that igreetings,wyhre
hopethatwith family reunions
government today appealed to the ,nd the renewal of old friend-
United States Supreme Court from an ithe ye may e operien d y
Judge William Clark's decision find- ships they may experience very
ing the Eighteenth Amendment in- happy days as the old year turns-
valid. ghteoenth Ame dmenPhin- into the new. There are some
Philip Forman, the federal ds- Associated Press Photo who will spend the holidays far
trict attorney who prosecuted the Captain W. I. Stiles, away from their own homes in
case of the United States vs. Wil- Commander or tne "Eureka II'" foreign lands. To them, I can
liam Sprague and William Honey, who played a heroic part during only say that we, with whom
the case in which Federal Judge the rescue of passengers on his ex- they are living for the present,
Clark rendered his decision, made cursion boat which burned and send forth to them a special
theappaltody.sank off Miami. Hie was later qiz share of Christmas good will.
the appeal today. ak fMir.Hewsatrquizz- For all of us, there is greater
Clark Signs Orders. ed in an official investigation. opportunity ttherthan ever
Only a few persons were in the -oto translate the holiday spirit
court room when Forman started n practical kindness and help-
the procedure which will put the ins a, and hel p-
issue before the highest court. fplnpssiand flsre ayhate sin-
During the proceedings Judge proportion as we may have seiz-
Clark signed two orders. One at bakwed thiseopportunity wgsin,look
Ithe request of Sprague'sIl H F r counsel, LI li back, when we meet aain, upon
Ih r u s f p g s u sIea peculiarly satisfying vacation
quashed the indictment against aperiod.a.c
Sprague who was charged with . Alexander G. Ruthven.
illegal transportation of beer. The Violator of Prohibition Law isA
other, at the request of the district ( Granted Review of Case ____ _
attorney, provided for the appeal
going directly to the supreme court by Supreme Court.
without the usual intermediate stop (P Associated Press)
at the circuit court of appeals.
iForman then attached to the LANSING, Dec. 18.-The state
papers filed with the district court supreme court intevened today to rnIEr
I of points on which his appeal will free a Grand Traverse county far- IeaShHrtn rDr o[LIlijl
be based. The pa'pers then were mer who has been held in jail a
forwarded to the clerk of the month because he "wouldn't tell Government Gradually Restores
United States Supreme Court at h
Washington. where he got his liquor. Order After One Week's
Papers Sent to Washington. The court, on the petition of A. Civil Warfare.
The paper, headed "Assignment W. Penny, Muskegon attorney,
of errors" read: granted a writ of certiorari provid- (By Associated Press)
1. The court erred in allowing ing for a review of the proceedings MADRID, Dec. 18.--The strong
the motion of the defendant in the by which Justice E. J. Millington, hand of the Spanish government
above case. (Motion for quashing of of Cadillac, committed Frank Har- tonight was gradually restoring or-
indictment.) rand to jail. Pending that review, der throughout the country, torn
2. The court erred in directing which will be submitted to the by civil strife after Monday's abor-
that the indictment in the case be high court in January, Harrand tive revolt.
quashed. jvas ordered released under $500 In Madrid itself it had receded
3. The court erred in ruling the 'bail. completely and the city was going
Eighteenth Amendment to the Penny was retained by a group of about its affairs as if there had
constitution of the United States Cadillac business men who inter- been no such incident as the brief
invalid and that the National Pro- ested themselves in the strange rising at Cuatro Vientos airfieldh
hibition Act, enacted pursuant case. Harrand was arrested some when rebel leaders proclaimed the
thereto is therefore unconstitu- time ago when it was alleged lie tend of the monarchy and the es-
tional and void. was intoxicated in a dance hall tablishment of a republic.
Forman said the solicitor general near Cadillac. Hailed into court, This was also largely true in the
of the United States, eager, as are Justice Millington demanded to big provincial centers where those
the defense attorneys, to bring the know where he procured the liquor general strikes which were pro-
case to early trial, planned to have Harrand replied that he did not claimed Tuesday and yesterday had
the case moved up on the calendar know the persons who gave it to either ended or were petering out.
from its normal position. In that him. As he approached the dance There was no report of fighting
manner the uncertainty pursuant hall members of a group standing anywhere in Spain during the day.
upon the Clark decision would be in the darkness offered him a bot- With the return to normal life
clarified. tle, he said. He took several drinks' the country began counting casual-
-----i but did not recognize those who ties of the disturbances of the last
but id t liqugrze inisedh three days and found that 36 per-
*provided the liquor, he isisted. sons had died and 42 had been
Despite All Rumor His wife, who since his imprison- wounded. Authorities emphasized
i ment, has been operating the farm, that all the deaths and woundings
SchoolWill Start tndingtheesckdec look- took place in indu'strial disputes
OO ing after the livestock, corroborat- and none in military operations.
on the 5th Anyhow ed his story. The fighting at Jaca last Friday
I__. l and Saturday when loyal troops
LI OPENS WAY
Hold Majority in
ASK QUICK ACTION
Final Approval of New
Plan to be Taken
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Dec. 18.-The
way was open tonight for early
enactment of the emergency re-
lief program by Congress with
an agreement by conferees on a
compromise $45,000,000 drought
The compromise will be taken up
for final approval tomorrow as
other conferees reassemble to con-
sider differences between the Sen-
ate and the House on the emer-
gency $116,000,000 employment ap-
Democrats Fight In Vain.
Democrats waged a determined
assault in both houses against
President Hoover's recommenda-
tions, but the administration forces
held the majority in line.
A decision of the House earlier
in the day to pare down the $60,-
000,000 Senate drought relief bill
to $30,000,000 in accordance with
the President's program was offset
by the subsequent conference.
Senate conferees yielded to the
insistence of the House to eliminate
the provision for loaning money to
farmers for the purpose of personal
food-a proposal condemned by
the administration-but gained \n
amendment to permit such loans in
cases of extreme emergency.
The Senate defeated a move to
insist upon elimination from the
$116,000,000 employment fund the
provision giving the President the
power to allocate the money as he
saw fit. A coalition of Democrats
and Republican Independents who
fought this provision lost, 42 to 39.
The compromise on the drought
relief measure will go first to the
House tomorrow, Chairman Mc-
Nary of the Senate agriculture com-
mittee, who was in charge of the
conference, hopes it will be enact-
ed before the end of the week.
The language inserted to permit
loans for food in cases of extreme
emergency provides that the secre-
tary of agriculture may make loans
not onlyfor feed and fertilizer but
for other purposes "incident to
Unsuccessful efforts were made
by Democrats in the Ilouse to ob-
tain favorable action on the Senate
measure, but the Republican lea-
dership held rank and file in line
and substituted the administration
program baring loans for food by
225 to 147.
CAUSE OF CRISIS
Palma Replaced by Orellana
President After Brisk
'By Associated Press)
GUATEMALA CITY, Dec. 18.-
Guatemala had its third govern-
ment within a week today after an
hour of brisk fighting in the streets
of the capital Tuesday afternoon,
in which 57 persons were killed or
The new president is Gen. Man-
uel Orellana, who says he will serve
only until Gen. Lazaro Chacon, the
elected president, has recovered
from a severe illness and cerebral
hemorrhage. Baudilio Palma, who
was designated to succeed Gen.
Chacon by the council of minis-
ters last week, is understood to be
a refugee at the German legation.
The city and country are quiet
and it is believed that completely
normal conditions will be restored
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Dec. 18.-For the
fourth time within a few months
the state department was con-
fronted today with the prospect of
recognizing a Latin-American re-
gime set up by forces of arms. Of-
ficials were studying today wheth-
er the new Guatemalan govern-
ment could be considered the rul-
ing faction in that country.
Extensive commercial interests of
the United States in Guatemala
made it appear unlikely that the
United States would withhold for
long its recognition of any regime
prepared to fulfill international ob-
ligations and in control by the will
of the people.
WILL BE RELEASED
Latest Developments in Field
of Research Made Public.
(By Associated Press)
NEW YORK, Dec. 18.-The latest
development in cancer in m o r e
than two-score scientific institu-
tions in seven countries were made
They are summarized in the con-
tents of the first issue of the Amer-
ican Journal of Cancer, now in
press, a publication designed to
cover the entire field of cancer.
This, it is stated in the summary,
was not possible previously in th<
United States because of the pro-
hibitive expense of printing the
lengthy papers with the colored il-
lustrations which make them use-
ful to physicians.
Funds for the new venture were
supplied by the chemical founda-
tion of which Francis P. Garvan o:
New York, is president, as part o:
a plan to facilitate national co.
the total given the board thus far
to $400,000,000, and it plans to ask
for the remaining $100,000,000 of
the $500,000,000 authorized for use
in the next fiscal year. The fund
approved today is for immediate
use in 'stabilization co-operative
marketing association loan opera-
Testifying before the House ap-
propriations committee for the ad-
dition funds, Chairman Legge said
the board was making some prog-
ress in bringing about relief.
The boardhas been able, he said,
to maintain wheat prices in this
son of increased demand for cur-
rency with a smaller volume of in-
debtedness to the reserve banks
than at any time since 1917.
The federal reserve board made
this announcement today in its
monthly review and said the sys-
tem was in an exceptionally strong
position to meet the demand.
It reported a decrease in demand
for reserve bank credit that reflect-
ed a slack demand for currency due
in part to "the decrease in payroll.
disbursement by factories, and to
the continued decline in commod-
The board reported that changes
in monetary gold have not been
large during the period from July
to November either this year or,
on the advance, for the preced-
ing seven years.
Washington ets First
Snow of This Season
(By Associated Press)'
WASHINGTON, Dec. 18.-A light
coat of snow covered the capital
today for the first time this season.
'Two inches fell last night, to be
packed hard on the city's streets,
carrying hopes of jobs to worklessi
Contrary to popular delusion and dot. -i W I aJ JLwi
semi-official reportshfrom various Proclaimed a Tragedy
departments of the University,
school resumes on Monday morn- (By Associated Press)
ing, Jan. 5. After a siege of ques- LOS ANGELES, Dec. 18.-Award-
tions and hopeful guesses that the ing of the Nobel prize in literature
1930 freshman bible is right in to Sinclair Lewis was "one of the
stating that school doesn't resume tragedies of the past few months,"
until the sixth, Dr. Frank E. Rob- believes Dr. Richard L. Lyman, of
bins, vice-president of the Univers- the University of Chicago, president
ity, was halted yesterday and asked of the National Council of English
point blank for an official state- tahers.oalCuci fEnls
tart n Ja 5 M "This prize has been given to a
"School stats on Jan.5,Mon-portrayer of life's ugliness," Lyman
day," Dr. Robbins told The Daily, declared Wednesday night in an
"and any reports which say that address before the Los Angeles
it doesn't are false." Teachers' Institute.
The facts are that it always has "Truth that is clean and whole-
resumed on the Monday after New some and uplifting is the ideal of
Year's and that there has been no true literature," he said.
change this semester. Several pub-
lications, none of them official,
have statednthat thehdate is Jan. I1Only Three Really F
6, but it's really the fifth, and that's Clauses Found Af
The auto ban, which, according T
to yesterday's Daily will be liftede' The Daily conducted an exhaust-
on Jan. 6, will be lifted on the jive census of Ann Arbor's Santa
fifth, the error being in the type-°Clauses yesterday, the results of
written announcement sent out which were by no means indicative
from the University. Following this of the importance of the subject.
sudden proof" that school wouldn't Not counting Salvation army men
resume until the Tuesday after and rank amateurs like Daddy, only
vacation, The Daily received m . three really professional ones were
erable phone calls all day yesterday recorded.
from uindergradluates who haveI Investigation showed that the
I l , ,9 ® vmt"*-,d let I assi-a I
dispersed rebels who had raised the
standard of revolution was said to
have cost 11 dead and 54 wounded. Mussolini Blames Stock Crash
14-YFear-Old Boy Gives for Italian) Depression.
Life to Save Brother (Bv Associated Press)
(By Associated Press)
STERLING, Ill., Dec. i8.-A 14-
year-old boy gave his life Wednes-
day to save his 9-year-old brother,
who had fallen through the icel
into the Hennepin Canal.
While others ran for a rope to
reach the struggling boy in the icy
water, Donald Spencer plunged in.
He helped his brother, Wayne, get
to the ice edge, but sank exhausted
himself and drowned. Wayne was
ROME, Dec. 18.-The American
stock market crash and "money
crisis" of the fall of 1929 are princi-
pally to blame for Italy's present
financial ills, Premier Mussolini
told the Senate this afternoon.
In a speech marked by biting
irony, frankness and characteristic
vigor, the Duce declared Italy was,
perhaps in view of port when the
American crisis broke out unexpect-
edly and exploded like a bomb."
His placing the blame on the
American situation was part of the
Duce's defense for his drastic cut of
Postal Truck Blocks
Way; Flier Goes Up
(B:' Associated Press)
CHICAGO, Dec. 18.- Virgil Wil-
liams was something of a man of
letters, but Lawrence Martin wasI
even more so a man of words, and
it was too bad for Virgil.
They met--not socially on Sheri-
dan Road today, where Virgil was
attending to his letters-deliver-l
ing them, that is. This might have
Professional Santa 1 eatemle e
ter Extensive Research "For us poor provincials of old
Europe," he said, "the explosion
I no little timidity. He is tall and I xhas a great surprise. We remain
imposing, but as soon as one notices shaken and confounded like the
E that his pillow slumps down very world at the announcenent of the
badly, the effect is lost. Under pres- death of Napoleon. He had been
sure, he admitted that the Santa given to understand that the Unit-
Claus business was good, that sev- ed States was a country of prosper-
eral children had asked for bantam ity, indefinite and absolute-with-
automobiles, and that his name was out eclipse, without decadence; all
Arthur. were rich."
Charley Santa Claus ana rea