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April 19, 1929 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1929-04-19

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.6

* 4;

AGcE FOUr "

THE MICHI'GAN,

T ILNG

FRIDAY APRIL 19, 1929

Published every morning except Mondayi
4u~ing the University year by the Board in'
Control of Student Publications. r
Member of Western Conference Editorial
Association.
The Associated Press is exclusively en-]
titled, to the use for republication of all news
ispatches credited to it or not otherwise
eredited in this paper and the local news pub-
lished herein.
Entered at the postoffice at Ann Arbor,
Michigan, z s second class matter. Special rate
of postag. granted by Third Assistant Post-
master General.
Subscription by carrier, $4.00; by mail,
Offices: Ann Arbor Press Building, May-
nard Street.
Phones: Editorial, 4929; Business, 712r4.
EDITORIAL STAFF
Telephone 4925
MANAGING EDITOR
KENNETH G. PATRICK
Editor......... ....Nelson J. Smith
City Editor.............T. Stewart Hooker
News Editor ............ Richard C. Kurvink
Snorts Editor.......... W. Morris Quinn
Women's Editor............Sylvia S. Stone
Telegraph Editor..............eorge Stauter
Musicand Drama............R. L. Askren
Assistant City Editor.........Robert Silbar
Night Editors
Jseph E. Howell Charles S. Monroe
Donald J. Kline Picrce Rosenberg
Lawrence R. Klein George E-. Simons
George C. Tiller

Paul L. Adams
Morris Alexandt:
C. A. Askren
Bertram Askwi'
Louise Behyme
Arthur iBerflte'4
Seton C. Bovee
Isabel Charles
L. R. Chubb
Prank E. Cooper
Helen Domnre
Margaret E ckels
Dougl zas Edward"
Valborg geland
Robert J. Felcdman
Marjorie Follmer
William Gentry
$Ruth Geddes
Rcad B. Hempstead Jr.
Richard Jung
Charles R. Kaufman
Ruth Kelsey

orters
Donald E. Layman
Charles A. Lewis
Marian McDonald
He y Merry
lizabeth Quaife
Victor Rabinowitz
Joseph A. Russell
Anne Schell
Rachel Shearer
Howard Simon
Robert L. Sloss
Ruth Steadman
A. Stewart
Cadwell Swansen
Jane Thayer
Edith Thomas
Beth Valentine
Gurney Williams5
Walter Wilds
George E. Wohlgemuth
Edward L. Warner Jr.
Cleland Wyllie

BUSINESS STAFF
Telephone 21214
BUSINESS MANAGER
EDWARD L. HULSE
aststant Manager-RAYMOND WACHTER
Department Managers
Advertising...............Alex K. Scherer
Advertising..............A. James Jordan
Advertising........... .... Carl W. Hammner
Service............. " ..'... Herbert . Varnui
Circulation..............George S. Bradley
Accounts ...........Lawrence E. Walkley
Publications............Ray M. Hofelich
Assistants
Mary Chase Marion Kerr
Jeanette bate Lillian Kovinsky
vernor Davis Bernard Larson
Bessie Egeland Hollister Mabley
Sally Faster I. A. Newman
Anna Goldberg Jack Rose
hasper Halverson Carl F. Schemm
George Hamilton George Spater
ack Horwich Sherwood Upton
Dix Humphrey Marie Wellstead
Night Editor-PIERCE ROSENBERG
FRIDAY, APRIL 19, 1929
INTRODUCING THE HOT CHAIR
Capital punishment after having
been opposed in vain by would-be
humanitarians in the state senate
has been passed on to the floor of
the lower house of the state legis-
ture for its adoption or rejection in
Michigan. After two years a bill of
the same nature as that passed in
the house and rejected by the sen-
ate has been introduced and passed
in the upper body with the same
stipulation attached which led to
the downfall of capital punishment
two years ago.
Some citizens of Michigan pride
themselves on the idea that forj
more than 100 years there has been
no death penalty in the state, but
now is a chance for others to take
pride in a speedy and sure dis-
posal for a menace to society. It
certainly can do no good to the
body politic to keep alive a man
with criminal instincts which have
already been demonstrated in a
capital crime.
Arguments to the effect the "eye
for an eye and tooth for a tooth".
method of dealing is out of date
and non-Christian are always
forthcoming, and there are those'
who look at capital punishment. as
nothing more than a lowly revenge.
It is obvious that the death
penalty will do away with a class'
of people who, because of their ac-
tions, do not deserve to enjoy life,j

BAD JUDGMENT
Suddenly to wreck a man's finan-
cial ,plans for retirement, particu-
larly when he is so near the age
of retirement that he cannot alter
those plans is bound to create
hardship and hard feelings. Those
174 members of the faculty whose
promised pensions have been
halved by the Carnegie founda-
tion's recalculation, have an impor-
tant grudge to air, and a good ex-
cuse for airing it.
The rest of the world, however,
should be sympathetic but slow to
wrath. Back in 1905 when the
foundation was endowed, $10,000,-
000 was exceptionally big money-'
bigger by far than had ever been
handled by the scientists and edu-
cators chosen to administer it.
These men, thoroughly cognizant of
the proverbial penury of profes-
sors and suddenly possessed of an
almost unheard of sum for the al-
leviation of their financial ills, na-
turally sought to extend this bless-
ing as widely as possible. With lit-
tle data, however, on the longevity
of professors, and with actuarial
assistance evidently of inferior
quality, they erred on the side,
commendable at least in inten-
tion, of being overgenerous.
Came 1915, more retirements than
had been anticipated, and the
foundation saw that its promises
to pay had overrun its income.
This, of course, was unfortunate,
even inexcusable. It laid the
foundation open to just charges of
unintelligent management. The
situation, however, was skillfully
handled to create a minimum of
hardship. Promises were continued
to men over 48, and an insurance
company on a non-profit basis was
established to provide old age pen-
sions for all younger men.
As for the most recent financial
retrenchment of the foundation,
we venture the statement that the
most astute financier in' 1915 could
not have predicted the doubling of
professors' salaries during the war
and post-war inflation and defla-
tion. The price of educators' serv-
ices was practically the only one
that did not slump in 1920 and
1921. With markets on the mend
in 1922 and 1923 professorial sal-
aries rose accordingly to preserve
the living standard of 1915. $30,-
000,000,however, invested in 1915,
kept paying dollar for dollar the
same, while the obligations of the
foundation, according to the sliding
scale they established, doubled with
the salaries. Common sense plus
dividing by two tells us that the
foundation, with its 1915 income,
facing doubled obligations in 1929,
must halve their promise payments
in pensions.
Nor can you squeeze blood from
a turnip. No amount of ranting
will increase the endowment of the
foundation to permit it to meet its
1915 promises. The Board of Re-
gents have met the new situation
by appointing a rescue squad o1
promise. It includes an actuarial
expert, the director of Universit
expenditures, the acting head o1
the University who has the welfar
of his faculty at heart, and twc
representatives from the board o
ultimate authority. It would ap
pear thatnone of our faculty at
least need worry about ekeing ou
their lives in almshouses.

Musica
.n~ri+se.r. ie...i..a..ei ,r~e~ ..~ .r n.:l......+F~ e,: ....i'a ni......
TONIGHT: Play Production presents "The Constant Wife," By Somerset
Maugham, in their laboratory theater, beginning at 8:15 o'clock.
PLAY CONTEST ANNOUNCEMENT

The Division of English an-
nounces that Professors, Jack
Thorpe and O'Neill have consented
to serve as judges for the three
act play contest which closes to-
day. Agreeing to do this work has
meant dropping almost all other
departmental affairs until the
readings are completed and the de-
cision is announced, but the inter-
est these men have in the drama
and their wide critical background
make their services eminently val-
uable as judges of the merits of
the plays submitted.
The acceptance date of plays has
been set for Friday noonof this
week, but from reports of promising
manuscripts not yet in their final
form the judges have indicated
that they will accept a limited
number of manuscripts during the
reading period so that no work of
any promise may be slighted pro-
"WINGS OVER EUROPE"*
Reviewed by P. L. Adams
Written 'almost as a challenge, is
this stirring drama which con-
cerns itself with the whole process
of man, past and future. It is
primarily a play of ideas, but they
have the clash of drama, and they
are embodied in real characters so
that we are temporarily led away
into belief even in the conception
of a discovery which will liberate
the power of the atom.
"Wings Over Europe" is a drama
of the discovery by a young poet-
scientist, Francis Lightfoot, of the
secret energy in the atom. He re-
veals the nature of his secret to
the British cabinet, and demands
that they formulate a plan for its
use to the freedom of all mankind.
But before the end of the play,
mankind's ability to use such
knowledge goes on trial before our
eyes in the selfish actions of the
cabinet, as well as of Lightfoot.
Is the process of civilizingthe
world merely a slow and patient
attempt to make it more difficult
to slip back? Or can man, with
one leap, by possessing a power
which might control the whole
universe, reach the ideal? Is man
doomed to annihilation by the
power he is discovering, or will he
have the wisdom to use it for h
own good by unselfishness?
Once these stupendous questios
have been presented, we are given
the opportunity to watch how th
group of men which the author
have created face them. Though
the final solution is cleverly lef'
with the audience to face-tomor-
row, the conclusion of the play i
in the belief that mankind in gen
eral is toying with powers whic
he is as yet incapable of using fo
his own good, and which will even
tually destroy him. But the drama
is not pessimististic rather it i
balanced between pessimism an
optimism, with the balance in
clined a little perhaps to the first
One of the .extraordinary thing
about this drama is that the en
tire cast is composed of men. Tha
their characters be vivid, and tha
the clash of the conflict betwee
them be striking, is essential fo
such a play to succeed; and i
"Wings Over Europe," we find thes
things abundantly present. Eac
member of the cabinet is sharpl
portrayed, and when they fac
death, their reactions makes on
of the finest of recent studies o
character which the drama ha
known. The conflict of ideals i
always uppermost in the play, bu
the authors have taken time to giv
us sidelights into the natures of th

'men who are causing this conflict
This is especially true, as the cabi
net awaits the fatal moment whe
Francis Lightfoot's control ove
the atom will wipe the earth ou
of existence. Then, they drop th
hard shell behind which they hav
hid their schemings, and are reveal
ed to us in all their elemental selve
with their hates, fear, and nobilit
at last seen in true proportion.
Such a play as this cannot b
described, it must be seen or rear
that one realize its full merit. I
is cosmopolitan in its view of
tremendous problem. It does no

vided it is sufficiently completed to
deserve consideration. This addi-
tional time will close Monday noon i
of next week. MSS completed Sun-
day should be taken to one of the
judges direct.
Rules governing the contests:
Any number of plays, each suffi-
cient in length to provide an eve-
ning's entertainment, may be sub-
mitted by a single author, who
must be a student in the University.
The MSS must be typewritten.
The name of the author is not
to appear anywhere in the Ms,
but must be enclosed in a sealed
envelope on which is written the
title of the play.
MSS must, if at all possible, be
submitted Friday noon, April 19,
at the Rhetoric office. The office
will be open until Saturday noon to
receive delayed plays, as well as
Monday morning.
"CAPRICE"*
Light-frothy-racy-delightful-
sparkling-philisophical-a caprice
of wit and humor, and a spring
tonic for a dull mood,- the amus-
ing comedy "Caprice" by Sil-Vara,
is all these. When one is through
with the play, it seems almost like
a fantastic, and nearly salacious
dream of which there is nothing
left; but it is delightful while it
One can readily understand by
I a reading of it why sophisticated
New York audiences would be en-
tertained with the Theatre Giuld
production which has been such a
success. To describe the play seems
almost a crime because there is so
little in it that can be actually set i
down in words. It concerns itself
with "an enticing and by no means
innocent young widow, Ilsa von
Ilsen," and her equally gay lover,
Counselor von Echardt, "who once
courted an innocent lass of Vienna
and sixteen years later is presented
riage."
The contrasts between the risque,
selfish, and yet entertaining char-
acters of Echardt and Ilsa when
they are thrown into contact with
Amalia, the lady in Echardt's
1early affair, and her son, Robert,
sare delightful for the risible ef-
fects gained. Robert is a poet,
s spiritual and pure; and what hap-
1 pens when the charmingly wicked
e Ilsa appears may well be imagined.
s The play has an ample dash of
I the philosophical nonsense which
t is so popular at the present time,
- but there is little that is new in
s it. More entertaining are the
- epigrams and sententious sentences
h which are scattered through the
r drama. "When two women don't
- like each other, one can only smile
a and pray for peace," is a fair ex-
s ample of them.
d But then, all in all, the play is
- filled with exciting condiments, and
. probably little more. It is precieux
s comedy from start to finish, and as
- such has achieved a deserved suc-
t cess."
t * by Sil-Vara. Doubleday, Doran,
n and Company, Inc. Garden City,
r New York. $2.00.
n Reviewed through the courtesy
e of the Print and Book Shop.
h * **
y HALLIBURtTON
e The Oratorical Association pres-
e ent with a great fanfare, Richard
f Halliburton, vagabond and doer of
s deeds romanticizing Americans
s dream of when they hear of Helen
t of Troy. This Gift to the Great
e American Heart has done every-
e thing not worth doing except go

t over Niagara Falls in a barrel. The
- suggestion comes that he cap a
n hectic climax by doing so at once,
r with or without, preferably with-
t out, the barrel.
e In the meantime he speaks Mon-
e day night in Hill Auditorium.
R. L. A. R. K.
y attempt to solve it, but merely to
show us the nature of this thing
e which we will be facing-tomor-
d row."
t *$2.50. J. H. Sears. New York.
a Reviewed through the courtesy
t of the Print and Book Shop.

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June 24, 1928.
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'I

THE COUNCIL ON SWING OUT
In an effort to avoid any repeti-
tion of the exhibition of public in-
toxication which marred the Swing
Out ceremony and parade of last
year, the Student council has
passed a resolution to be submitted
to the Senate Committee on Stu-
dent Affairs recommending the
suspension of any student guilty of
breach of conduct on this occasion.
Although the original suggestion
of the Senate Committee was to the
effect that Swing Out be discon-
tinued, it is probable that the cere-

and who are a cource of. constant mony will again be in order this
danger to society. Not many mur- year on the strength of the recom-
derers look at death and laugh. mendation of the Student council.
Consequently it is to be expected The date for the event has been
that fear of death will lessen the set for Thursday afternoon, May 9,
desire in many minds to kill. While 'and at that time there will come
some states now using the death the crisis in the life of one of
penalty now have higher crime Michigan's oldest traditions. After
rates than does Michigan, the lax- the feeling that was aroused in
ness of courts rather than the some quarters last year, a single
death penalty is responsible for misstep is likely to lead to the
the so-called crime waves. abolition of the class function.
So far as humane punishment is The life of the tradition, then,
concerned, could death be worse must depend ono the enforcement
than many years inside prison of a sobriety rule by the authority
walls, out of contact with the out- of the student council. The rule
side world, and always amid the being passed against the use of
same drab surroundings? That intoxicants at this affair, and the
does not look so bad to the man penalty of suspension being at-
who contemplates crime, but in tached to a violation of the rule
reality it is more or less a living cannot be effective merely in the
death. form of a threat. The rule must
Beside the moral advantage in be enforced-not on paper, but in
the death .penalty there is sure to reality. Offenders must be appre-
be a noticeable economic advan- hended and removed from the
tage due to the fact that between scene of the ceremonies quietly and

A vision come true

In a part of Africa little known to the
whites, where obscure trails ran, Cecil
Rhodes dared to envision a railroad. He
lived to build it.
The railroad itself was part of a vaster
dream, a dream of a far inland colony linked.
fast to existing coast settlements by rail
and wire communication. And he lived
to build Rhodesia.
First the dream, then the reality, is the

rule with telephone men too, as they work
to greater heights of service. But in be-
tween, they know, must come periods of
careful planning and smooth coordination
of many elements.
Scientific research, manufacturing, plant
construction, commercial development,
public relations, administration--many va-
ried telephone activities offer a widening op-
portunity to practical-minded visionaries.

COMING-"The Queen's Hu'sband"

Monday evening, Mimes will pre-
sent Robert E. Sherwood's satire onI
royalty, the comedy running for
the whole week, An especially fine
cast should make the play an at-
tractive diversion for those seeking

acter and straight parts, will take
a new part in this play as the king
who is dominated by his wife, play-
ed by Josephine Rankin, Dick
Kurvink, whose work has been one
of the bright spots in Mimes pro=

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