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January 13, 1927 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1927-01-13

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ESTABLISHED
1890

4hp.

taih

,. ....,.... , , ... w..

MEMBER
ASSOCIATED
PRESS

VOL. XXXVII. No. 78

EIGHT PAGES

ANN ARBOR. MICIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 13, 1927

EIGHT PAGES

PRICE FIVE CENT:

S -~

CHU\RCH CONTROERSY Communists Praise
Mexican President
REOPENED IN MEXICO'
AS 'DISORDER SPREADS
BUSINESS DEPRESSION ADDS TO "::
UNREST; BADITS RAID°
COUNTRY";:
PAPER HITS COOLIDGE
Newspaper Calls President's Recent "
Xesdge "Hypocrifical -1ask !)f "
Puritanical Rectitude"f
(By Associated Press)
MEXICO CITY, Jan. 12.-After
smoldering for six months, the fires
of controversy between the Mexican
government and the Roman Catholic
church are flaming up in various parts
of the republic corncurrently with the

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T ERRITORIAL AMBITIONS OF ITALIANS ARE NOT NEW,
SAYS FRA YER, OUTLINING TREND THROUGH HIS TORY
"Regional ambitions of Itasly are not 1-e continued with the discussion men. It was in such an atmosphere
new idy Pr.Willian A Faydres ofof the historical background of the that a distinguished veteran of the
the history department in an address wrmd i perneadbcm
delivered under the auspices of the1Fascisti movement, mentilontng tine war made his appearance and became
MichganSchol o Reigin "known throughout the world as the
Michigan School of Relgion yester- unification of Italy and the Risarga- dictator of Italy.
day afternoon in Natural Science an- mento movement of the 19th century. Gradually gatheri ng more men about
ditorium. e mentioned the GabaldiCavour
Professor Frayer went on to ex- b t h a l v him, Mussolini finally seized the gay-
plain the age-old ambitions of the Victor Emanuel I, and Mazzini, stat- ernment in November, 1922. Since
Italian people by giving the historical ing that in his opinion Mazzini is one that time he has done wonders for
background for these ambitions. The of the greatest if not the greatest man Italy, said the speaker. He has made
Roman empire, reaching to all points cf the 19th century. Italy an industrial nation which
of the Mediterranian Sea has fired the When the Italian troops forced their seems almost impossible since it has
imagination of the Italian people; then way into Rome on Sept. 20, 1870, it neither coal, iron nor petroleum. The
the Papacy has added to the inter- was unfortunate but unavoidable, for Italian people like him and support
national imagniation of the Italians, it brought up the Roman -question, him, for he has worked great benefits
thinking Rcme the center of the Professor Frayer said. The Papacy for the country.
world, he said. was forced to remove itself to the There is no doubt that Mussolini
"Are the regional ambitions of Italy Vatican where it lost its freedom. has imperialistic ideas and ambitions,
a moral issue?" Professor Frayer Continuing to the period just after but according to Professor Frayer,t
asked at the opening of his talk. the World war, Professor Frayer said the one thing that off-sets his ambi-I
Since the imperialistic ambitions of Italy, at the close of the st'ruggle, tions is the mobolized public opinion
any nation endanger the peace of the was in a'worse condition than any of of the world expressed in the League
world, he concluded that the ambi- the other countries. -They had come of Nations. On this public opinion is
tions of Italy are decidedly a moral to the verge of bankruptcy and had based the world's hope of checking1
issue. j lost half a million of their best young any great imperial expansion.
[rIJ-HLOP COMMITTEE nMTLIfliA V TnlTAI V1

Kellogg Tells WhyI[
Mexicans Are Feared
- CONCERN OVER RE
} HEGE0MONY EPLAINED
SENATE C03MiITTEE. IS TOLD OF
SPECTRE OF 3 EXICAN-FOST-
IFR IRED UPRISINC

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GIVES NICARAGUAN PLAN
American Communists Draw Ulp Plans
To Aid Opposition Of U. S. In
Mexico And Panama Canal
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12.-Documen-
tary evidence of why the government
is concerned with the spectre of a
Mexican-fostered Bolshevist hegemony
intervening between the United States
and the Panama canal was laid before
the public today by Secretary Kellogg
through the medium of a statement to
the foreign relations committee of the
Senate.
Ea'xt'Pig ( t tinn rt rlrn

troubled relations between Mexico and -
the United States over the petroleum General Calles
and alien laws and the Nicaraguan President of Mexico, who is praised
question. by the Workers (Communist) party
Long existing economic and busi- for his decision to send a personal
ness depressions, and a certain amount representative to the Brussels world
of general political unrest, add poten- conference against imperialism, ac-
cording to Secretary Kellogg.
tial fuel to the blaze, which may die crding_____ecretaryKe ___gg. _
down or be extinguished, or may
spread into a conflagration. nr
Are In Armed Revolt ,
Roman Catholicsin numerous i H C IF
states, are, the Mexican government
declares in an official statement, in
armed revolt and are fighting under
the battle cry of "long live Christ, the
king!" "Undercover" Government Agent Ad.
Othesr groups, described as bandits, vances Statements Incriminating
are burning bridges, attempting to Prohibition Officer
wreck railroad trains, holding up
residents and tourists alike and loot- UU
ing small villages. The distinction RUM RUNNER UNHINDERED
between bandits and revolutionists is
often merely theoretical in Mexico,( NEW YORK Jan 12. Astof
but whatever they may be called, the , . .- ry of
war department persists in its decla- how Gen. Lincoln C. Andrews, as-
ration that the federal soldiers are sistant secretary of the treasury in
suppressing the disturbances. charge of prohibition enforcement,
The newspaper Excelsior editorially was mentionedebyaa rum-nner as
criticizes President Coolidge's recent0 being "in on a deal to receive $100,-
message to Congress on Nicaragua. 000 graft annually," was told in Fed-
It speaks of the "hypocritical mask of eral court today by "an undercover"
Puritanical rectitude with which Mr. government agent.
Coolidge attempts to disguise his The witness,eSamuel B. Briggs,
policy," and says even if Mexico had identified himself as a secret agent
sent arms to Nicaragua (which the for A. Bruce Bielasky, head of secret
editorial does not admit) why would operators of the Federal prohibition
it tae wrong for Mexico to do so, but enforcement bureau. He gave his tes-
.all right for the United States. timony at the trial of Frank and Ed-
Feature Nicaraguan Situation ward Costello and 15 others indicted
Tetnespaers eaure extensive for conspiracy to violate the prohibi-I
The newspapers feature exesvtion laws.
Washington and New York dispatches igss
giving much greater prominence to sBrxggs said that in 1925, when he
the foreign angles of the Nicaraguan j was executive officer of coast guard
situation than to the disturbances base number 4, New London, Coflnec-
within Mexico. This results in the ticut, he met Philip J. Coffey, one of
prevalene nMexico.CTtysoesumornsththe defendants. In a conversation in
prevalence in Mexico City of rumors' which Coffey, Briggs, said, tried to
that, in addition to what the news- induce him "to come in" on a rum-
papers print and the government an- running deal, Coffey told him that
nounces, numerous other disturbances General Andrews was to receive $3,-
are occuring throughout the country. 00 for each trip made by the Athena,
Many of these rumors cannot be veri- a rum-running schooner and that it,
fled. had been arranged that the Athena
The government asserts that not should make a trip every week with-
more than 1,000 revolutionists are in out molestation by the coast guard.
the field in all Mexico, including rebel At the time he met Coffey, Briggs
Yaqui Indians, in the state of Sonora. said there was with Coffey a man
The government makes the direct introduced to him as "Mr. Wilson."
statement that the intellectual lead- Briggs quoted Coffey as saying that
ers of the revolution are Bishop Pas- he should not worry about "Mr. Wil-
cual Diaz of Tobasco, secretary of the! son" as "Wilson" was General An-
Catholic episcopate, whose where- drews' personal agent and was there
abouts are not known except by of- to help arrange for the Athena tol
ficials, since his arrest on Monday, for Imake regular weekly trips.
deportation; and Rene Capistran a rear weekly tis.
A total of $1,200 was given hime,
Garza, leader of the Society' for the Briggs testified, as his share of bribes
Defense of Religous Liberty, which, paid the coast guard for permitting
opposed the government's new religi- rum running to continue. The money,
ous regulations last summer. Garza he said, was turned over to his com-
--adwstund vrtohson

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THIRD ORCHESTRAI
NLITERATUR Fletcher-Henderson Columbia Re-

cording Artists have been selected as
Will Discuss Works Of Modern Writers the third group to furnish music for
In Address At 4:13 O'Clock Today
In Science Auditorium the J-Hop, Warren A. Wood, '28,
-___ hairman of the music committee, an-
IS FAMOUS AS CRITIC nounced yesterday. This orchestra
with Jean Goldkette's original Victor-
Gorham Munson, New York critic recording orchestra and Guy Lom-
and writer of the newer school of baro's Royal Canadians make up the
t rP will t .41;;n i mos xpensive array of players ever

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Ieraure, wit spea at : iso coci
today in Natural Science auditoriumI
on "Newer Movements in AmericanI
Letters: What Do They Mean and
What May We Hope From Them?"
Mr. Munson ,who will be lecturer
on American literature at the New
School for Social Research during!
the second semester, will deal withf
authors who have come to the fore)
since Mencken, Dreiser, Sandburg,I
and Sherwood Anderson. Such menl
as Waldo Frank, about whom the

to fu 'sh music for annual Juniorl
party 1. -e, the committee asserted.
The I etcher-Henderson orchestra
will come direct from the Roseland
Gardens in New York city. The per-
sonnel is made up of 12 men, all col-
ored. It was selected by the Hop
committee in preference to several
other reputable - orchestras whose
names were submitted for considera-
tion, although the price was slightly
higher than the committee had plan-
ned to pay. This orchestra will play
side by side with Jean Goldkette's.-
The Goldkette orchestra which first

speaker has published a monograph, came into national prominence as the
Jean Toomer, Kenneth Burke, F. F. official dance orchestra of the Detroit
Cummings, Wallace Pound, Ezra News radio station WWJ is the fea-
Pound and others will be discussed. ture orchestra. Guy Lombardo's or
Although Mr. Munson's work in the chestra will come from the Music
literary field is confined to criticism! Box in Cleveland. This group was
he has done much also as a publisher, j one of the orchestras to furnish mu-
having founded "Secesssion," a liberal sic at the 1926 J-Hop.
magazine, in 1924. He also has writ- From 2 to 5 o'clock today, Charles
ten for The Dial, Broom, Literary Re- Robinson, '28E, will be in the Union
view, and Little Review. to give out the remaining formal in-
This is the speaker's first trip to 'vitations, and also to receive signedf
the Middle West as a lecturer. How- rules and regulations.i
ever, he has appeared before the
Writers' club and Walt Whitman Me- DEBA TE SQUAD
l morial meetings in New York city, the 1
} Short Story club of Wesleyan univer- MEETS ALBION
sity, and the Elizabethan club at Yale.! THERE TONIGHT
At the invitation of Robert Frost, for-
mer holder of the chair of creative
arts at this University, he is sclied- Michigan A Varsity debating team
uled to address the Amherst student will meet Albion college at Albion
body in the near future.I tonight. Te debate will be a no-
In addition to his address today, !deision contest, announced G. E.
Mr. Munson will sepak at 4:15 o'clock Densmne, who with Wirt King, '27L,
tomorrow in University hall on "A has been coaching the teams.
TheterforArt." This lecture is un1-' Michigan wil have the affirmative
Theater for a rtheculisea- of the question: "Resolved, That the
der the auspices of the publc speak- ighteenth Amendment should be Re-
ing department. pealed Immediately." The team con-
sists of John R. Boland, Jr., '27, Har-
SCIENTIST TO TALIVj old W. Charter, '28, and George G.
1Hunter, '28. The men will speak in
the order named.

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L1 [1u01il 1U i R IIR U111Frank B. Kellogg titlead Iiaussia
tions by Soviet leaders in Russia;
Secretary of the state department, resolutions adopted by the Communist
who gave to the foreign relations, party in Russia, the United States and
committee of the Senate documentary Mexico; proceedings of the executive
evidence of why the government is committe of the Communi ter
concerned with the "spectre of a Mex- rationale and the red Internationale
Lecturer Organized "Blighty League" ican-fostered Bolshevise hegemony all proclaiming that Mexico and Latin-
Amonk Ex-Soldiers To Work intervening between the United States America are to be bases from which
For Indnstri4 Peace and the Panama canal."Aa
an attack is to be led on the "imper-
ialistic" United Etates
IS OXFORD GRADUATE i1A P1 PIIITI resents Policy
-"- { CLIMIS U ILITIIThe statement was presented to the
Kenneth Lindsay, unofficial repre- committee in the course of a detailed
sentative of the British Labor party .explanation iof the administration's
and chairman of the Council of Step- FUL It ouUi o rUL policy regarding Nicaragua. Reading
ney, will deliver an address on the portions of the document, Mr. Kel-
subject, "The British Labor Party ilogg emphasized that the concern of
and the General Strike," at 8 o'clock International Settlement At Shanghai the United States over conditions in
in Natural Science auditorium under Is Better Able To Protect Itself Central America Was not confined to
the auspices of the Round Table club. { Than Concession At 1lankow Ithe situation in Nicaragua.
Mr. Lindsay, at present, is making a __After a session of the foreign rela-
lecture tour of this country, having tions committee that was so prolong-
been brought here for that purpose by CRISIS IS NOT PAST I ed that it necessitated a recess and
the League for Industrial Democracy. after having heard the secretary's
One of the few Oxford graduates af- (By Associated Press) statement, the only comment by
filiated with the Labor party, Mr. LONDON, Jan. 12.-Sir Austen Chairman Borah, who has taken issue
Lindsay even in his under-graduate Chamberlin, the British foreign sec- with the government's policy, was that
days, showed a tendency toward the .rtary, in a long report on the i nothing had been presented with
Labor movement, helping to found y ars which he was not already familiar.
nation in China, to a special meeting Sen. Shipstead, Farmer-Labor, of Min-
the Oxford University Labor club and of the cabinet today, is understood to!
later being first labor president of the have announced' that the Chinese nesota, declared he had heard nothing
Oxford union. crisis by no means is past, but that which in his opinion ustified the g-
Mr. Lindsay is a World war veteran, forsthe present Great Brtain's policy ernment's course in Nicaragua. Sen.
;serving from 1916 to 1919. After of conciliation, as proclaimed in the Moses, Republican, of New Hampshire,
leaving the army he organized the recent memorandum to the powers and a few members of the committee
"Blighty League," among ex-soldiers "had an unexpected dramatic sue- had not been impressed by Secretary
to work for peace and industrial cess." Kellogg's statement and Sen. Gillette,
democracy in post-war England. At the .same time, word has come Republican, Massachusetts, said it con-
This is Mr. Lindsay's second visit from Hankow of growing confidence firmed his belief that the government
to this country, having spent the in British circles there that the events was acting "wisely and consistently
early winter of 1922-23 with the Ox- in the British concession growing out in the Nicaraguan matter."
ford Union Debating team, and later of the anti-British agitation, are not Sen. Johnson, Republican, of Call-
traveling for the Worker's Education likely to be repeated at Shanghai, fornia, not often counted among ad-
bureau, visiting universities; trade where, it is pointed out, the interna- ministration supporters, announced
unons and labor federations. I tional settlement is better able to pro- athat he would support President Cool-
He did not remain inactive upon re- tect itself. It is declared that the Iidge's Nicaraguan policy.
turning home, as he became a candi- economic reaction against the Chinese House Conducts hearing
date for the Oxford seat in Parlia- at Hankow, which resulted virtually While the Senate committee was
ment, being the first labor man ever in a British boycott of Chinese trade, hearing Secretary Kellogg, the House
to enter in that district. Failing in has strengthened the hands of the foreign affairs committee was con-
this, a bye-election, he contested the sanest elements among the national- ducting a hearing on a batch of reso-
Harrow seat in the general election ists. These elements have been able lutions designed to bring out infor-
of 1924, again as the first labor candi- to convince the more violent of theo mation of the Latin-American policy.
date. Late in that year he was elect- inadvisability of a policy of aggres- The discussion, although prolonged
ed to the Council of Stepney. I sion against foreigners. i and at times colorful, resulted in no
Besides his work in politics, Mr. The foreign office, from reports out action.
Lindsay is the author of "Social Prog- 1 of China today, was able to state that "The task of our party at the. pres-
ress and Educational Waste," a book Hankow and Shanghai were quiet. It; American communists as regards the
that has recently been published in was reported also that negotiations organization of opposition to the
England. He has also written many were going on between the Cantones 1 United States in Mexico and Latin-
labor pamphlets and articles. Iforeign minister, Eugene Chen, and the America," Secretary Kellogg told the
Admission to the lecture will be 25 British charge d' affairs 0' Malley, senators, "are summed lip admirably
cents. 1 who had arrived on the scene from' in a resolution passed by the central
Peking. Since the Britsh desire to executive committee of the Workers
avoid appearance of recognition of the (Communist) party on Nov. 12, 1926.
Cantonese regime, it was emphasized I This resolution reads as follows:
that Mr. O'Malley was not acting as "The task of our party as the pres-
_ direct envoy of the British govern- ent time are those presented by the
11LNARY.HAUGEN FABXR lIEF ment. , conditions of imperialism. Recent
MEASURE TO BE PASSED BY months have furnished striking evi-
1OiUITTEE,PREDICTION Sir dence of the widespread movement for
O Douglas Miawson Latin-American anity against Wall
(By Associated Press) { To Talk Here Jan. 20 tt ite of tcalytoerent
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12.--The Mc- ; nt atttude of th Cales governmen
WAHNTNsa.1.TeM-___ in ^Mexico-its general Latin-Amei-
Nary-Haugen farm relief held its own canism, its policy in Central America,
against the series of attacks at a ses- Final arrangements have been co its tendencies towards co-opeation
sion today of the House agriculture I pleted through Prjf. W. H. Hobbs of it tedenie rds c-operaion
committee and supporters of the mea- the geology department for a lectureageith the Pan-America Anti-Imperialist
sure predicted that it would be re- to be given by Sir Douglas Mawson,
ported by the committee, probably F. R. S., who will speak -here Jan. 22 Calles to send a personal repeseta-
by a close vote. 'in hill auditorium on "Racing With tive to the Brussels world conference
A committee vote on the proposal, 1 Death in Antarctic Blizzards." against imperialism.
which would levy an equa1.zation The lecture, which will be given oints to E nce
fee on basic farm commodities with a for the benefit of the Women's League "The Bolshevik leaders have very
view to controlling crop surpluses, had Building fund, will be illustrated by definite ideas with respect to the role
been called for before the committee both slides and moving pictures which which Mexico and Latin-America are
adjourned, but was postponed after were taken during the three-year ex- to play in the general program of
Rep. Tincher, Republican, Kansas, had pedition to the Antarctic polar re- world revolution, Secretary Kellogg
contended that the committee had nq gions. 1 told the senators at the outset of his
authority under House rules to take Sir Douglas Mawson lectured in statement.
such action after the noon hour ,had :Ann Arbor in 1915.H He was born and Thus," he added, Latin-America
been reached, A vote is expected to- educated in Australia, and is a profes- and Mexico are conceived as a base
morrow. sor of geology at the University of for activity against the United States.
Reinforced by an endorsement from South Australia at Adelaide. He is First Secretary Kellogg quoted from
four farm organizations, the McNary- the author of two volumes on "The a resolution of the third Congress of
" ~the Redl internationale of trade unions,
Haugen partisans today withstood a iHome of the Blizzard." sayin
three-fold onslaught to substitute saItj "Mexico is a natural connecting link
measures which do not include the MUSIC GROUP TO INIIAI E1 between the movement of the United
equalization fee. After all sections of States of North America and Lati
the proposal had been approved, ef- Thirteen members of the Union America. Therefore, Mexico must be
forts were made to substitute first the Opera cast, the Varsity band, and the the eenter of the union.

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is said to have been proclaimed by his manding officer, F. H. Young. Twelve
followers provisional president of $100 bills were identified by Briggs as
Mexico. !those paid him. HC made identifica-)
tion by consulting a memoranda he
MARION TALLEY said he had made at the time the'
WILL PPEAR ON money was paid him.
WILL APPEAR ON '+
PROGRAM MONDAY; Marine Reserve Js'
Marion Talley, 20 year old soprano, Ready At San Diego
who last year made her musical de-
but under the auspices of the Metro-
politan Opera company, will appear ! (By Associated Press)
here Monday night in Hill auditori- WASHINGTON, Jan. 12.-The navy
um on the annual Choral Union con- department announced late today that
cert series. Miss Talley, though the the submarine tender Holland was
most youthful artist of the Metropoli- being held in readiness at San Diego
tan Opera company, has already sung for moving the marine reserve bat-
leading roles more than 30 times, hav- talion, organized there for emergency'
ing appeared 15 tines after her debut use, in the event such a step became'
last season and 16 more this year. necessary. It was indicated that the
She is now on a leave of absence of a movement depended largely upoh de-
few weeks during which she will visit velopments in Nicaragua or in China.
some of the leading musical centers Regarding the four destroyers men-
of the country, this being the first op- tioned in San Diego dispatches, it was
portunity that people outside of New said positively that no orders had
York have had to hear her since her been given them and that so far as
rise to fame. the department was mnformed they
In the opinion of officials of the would continue in routine service.
University School of Music, the for-
mer Kansas City choir girl is one of t Maryland Governor1
the finest sopranos on the stage to-
day. John Corigliano, a violinst, will Starts Third Term
appear twice on the program and will1
assist Miss Talley - -

DISCOVERER OF LIQUID AIR, D R TO
SYNTHETIC AMMONIA, WILL DETROITGROUP
LECTURE SOON HEARS BURSLEY
Georges Claude, eminent French . "Counselling at the University bf
scientist, will lecture on some phase I Michigan" was the title of an address
of his engineering interest at 4:15 delivered by J. A. Bursley, dean of
Wednesday, Jan. 19, in the Nautral I students, at a meeting of educational
Science auditorium. Dr. Claude has and industrial counselors held yester-
made several important scientific dis- day in Detroit. The meetings of the
coveries, of which liquid air and syn- group are held throughout the year
thetic ammonia are the greatest. for the purpose of mutual help in
His latest work, recently demon- solving the problems of advisors and
strated before the French Academy of counselors in educational positions
Science, is a theory for forcing tle and those employed by large concerns
tropical oceans to develop1 limitless throughout the state.
energy to emancipate industry from Ira M. Smith, University registrar,
the generation of energy from fuel., was unable to attend the meeting due
Forming a vacuum in a receptacle and to illness. He was also scheduled to
adding water, lie succeeded in getting spe k-
the 'water to boil continuously at a - _
low temperature, generating steamPE E"R TO
which passed into a second receptaclePENDLETON LIBRARY TO
for condensation. BEOPEN TO MIDNIgHT
Dr. Claude explained that it.is pos-
sible to boil the tepid water on the Pendleton library, on the second
surface of the, tropical seas contii- } floor of the Union, will remain openl
uously and automatically in a great until 12 o'clock, throughout the re-
vacuum, and then pass the steam into mainder of the semester, Lester F.
turbines for condensation with the Imidro h eetr etrF
Johnson, '27L, president of the Union'
frigid water from the deep parts of stated yesterday.
the seas, which may be siphoned to This action has been taken, John-
the surface very easily. Thus may son stated, to take care of requests
the energy of the ocean andotherthat Pendleton library afford accom-
parts of the earth be harnessed by modation after the other libraries are
nDr. Claude was born in Paris in closed, particularly preceding exami-
1870. Graduating from the "Ecole di nation. The library is now open from

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I(By Associated Press)

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