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October 20, 1926 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1926-10-20

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Sir ian

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Levy-Bruhl States That Study Has
Been Enlarged By Increased
Scope of New Angle
Prof. Lucien Levy-Bruhl, professor
of the history of modern philosophy at
the Sorbonne, told his listeners yes-
terday afternoon of some of the er-
rors that have been committed in the
study of the mind of man and tried
to define for them some of the trends
that have been developed and some of
the changed ideas that have been de-
ieloped through a new viewpoint.
"If we study the collective mind of
the primitive peoples, we find that it
s different from our collective
mind," he said. "But if one considers
the mind of individuals of the primi-
tive as set against the mind of
the individual of civilization, we
find similiarities. All of this
is, however, dependent upon wheth-
er or not we study the mind of
the primitive men with our own ideas
as a criterion. When we study these
people we can not do it from our
standard but must do it from an im-
partial standpoint with science as our
Outlines Difference
Professor Levy-Bruhl outlined the
two differences that exist between the
civilized and the primitive mind.
These two groups were the mystical
and the pre-logical. "Our whole
world," he said, "is rational. But for
the primitive mind there is no purely
physical fact. The occult enters into
everything, even into the procuring of
food, when the savage offers up a
prayer that the animal be willing to
be killed. In the planting of seeds
they believe that the seeds will not
grow unless the one who planted them
knows all of the formulas and rites
that must accompany the planting. All
these things in our civilization
sound peculiar because we do not ad-
mit the presence of any supernatural'
influences in our everyday affairs."
Speaking of the pre-logical influ-
ences he defined some of the ways in
which the native mind shows g trend
similar to our own. The examples
that he gave were the primitive's
canny trading, and his skill in hunting.
"The thing that places his thinking *
outside our realm is the fact that he
accepts things as true, which our logic
will not allow us to accept," he stated.
Sums Up Results
In closing, Professor Levy-Bruhl
summed up the things that have re-
sulted from this new angle. He cited
as the main benefit the fact that our
study has been enlarged by the in-
c&eased comparison that is allowed by
the larger scope. "If we retained as
a standard only the things that we
accept as a thinking mind, we would
be ignoring the bulk of differences.
It is only by this comparison that we
have a broad view of the entire hu-
man mind," he said in conclusion.
{ Professor Levy-Bruhl was introduc-
ed by Professor Vibbert, of the Philos-
ophy department. Professor Vibbert
is also entertaining him during his
stay in the city.
Prof. S. N. Dasgupta, professor of
philosophy at Presidency college, Cal-
cutta, will deliver a lecture tomorrow
afternoon in the Natural Science audi-
torium at 4:15 on the subject "Educa-
tion and International Relations."
Professor Dasgupta has been in this

country for the past year to give the
Harris Foundation lectures at North-
western university. In September of
this year he attended the International
Congress of Philosophy held at Cam-
bridge, Mass.
The lecture is under the auspices
of the University and the School of
Religion and the general public is in-


That the trend in European univer-
sities, and especially Scandinavian
universities, is decidedly toward co-
education, is the belief held by Prof.-
H. Munch Peterson, of the University
of Copenhagen, who visited the Uni-
versity yesterday. The faculty of the
Scandinavian schools feel that the
combining of men and women in
classes has little effect on the educa-I
tional system there, he declared. He
added that this spirit, is evidenced by
the admittance of women to more and
more of the Danish undergraduate
In comparing the educational meth-
ods used in American law schools
with those used at the University of
Copenhagen, he said, "In Denmark,
we supplement the lectures with the
study of cases, here study of cases is
supplemented with lectures."
When questioned as to the differ-
ences between Scandinavian law, upon
which he is an authority, and the
American law, he replied, "The dif-
ference between the codes of law is
not as marked as is generally believed,
because our development of law has!
been almost the same as that in the
United States, inasmuch as both have
followed the precedent method."

Professor Peterson remarked that
dormitories are much more numerous
at American universities than at his
university, and stated that in Europe,
dormitories are used to house the
poorer students and are conducted on
a charitable basis. He added that of
the 4,000 students at the University
of Copenhagen, only 300 live in dormi-
tories. Speaking of the Law club,
Professor Peterson said it was the
"finest dormitory" that he had ever
seen. He ventured the opinion that
dormitories are a benefit to the stu-
dentp in that they tned toward the
development of "good fellowship." He
also believes that it is a good idea to
have men from the various schools in
a university room at one place, stating
in regard to this matter that he con-
ducts a small dormitory at the Uni-
versity of Copenhagen and that he in-
sists upon having all the various
schools represented in it. He vouch-f
safed the opinion that especially in
the cast of law students would this be
One condition that seemed to sur-
prise the professor was that atten-
dance at our graduate schools is com-
pulsory whereas at his home univer-
sity the students are "much more


Any changes in classroom as- "
signments in Angell hall, Mason
hall, University hall, South
wing, or Natural Science build-A
I ing should be reported immedi-
ately to the office of W. R.
Humphries, assistant dean of the
College of Literature, Science {
and the Arts, it was announced
I by this office yesterday.
Faculty members vacating
rooms should notify this office
immediately, and any applica
tions for new rooms also should
be filed here. b
E eV
Many Take Advantage of Opportunity 1
Offered by the University h
Republican Club r
Many students took advantage of I
the registration and absentee ballot I
services provided by the University °
Republican club for out-of-town vot-t
ers yesterday, when headquarters were a
opened at the Union and in Universitys
hall. The club enables those from t
other cities or states to register int
their home precincts, and furnishes
applications to be sent out for absen-f
tee ballots. The service is offered t
free of charge to all students, regard-t
less of party support, being conducted
solely to encourage interest in voting.-
Immediate action is urged for voters
who have not yet registered, as con-~
siderable time is required for corres-r
pondence between the club and regis- t
tration officials in other cities. It isl
emphasized by those in charge that
this year is an especially desirable one
in which to vote, as elections will be
held for Governor, Congressmen, and
( county officials.
Offices are being maintained from
9 to 3 o'clock every day in University
hall and in front of the Library, and
from 10 to 5 o'clock in room 306 of
the Union. The latter office will be
open from 9 to 12 o'clock Saturday.
In case of rain, the headquarters in
front of the Library will be moved into
'the corridor.
.States which make provision for
absentee balloting, and whose resi-l
dents can avail themselves of the !
cIub's services are: Alabama, Arizona,
California, Deleware, Idaho, Illinois,
Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, I
Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi,
Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jer-
sey, North Dakota, New York, North
Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota,
Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Vir-
ginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin,
Wyoming and Washington.j
Experienced workers in political or- 4
ganization are conducting the work of
the club. Aynone else who is interest-
ed and desirous of learning politics
through practical experience is asked
to call at the headquarters in the Un-
BERLIN.-The compromise settle-
ment bill, recompensating the Hohen-
zollern family for its estates seized in
the state of Prussia, was adopted by
I o, ,n an Aat. iFriay

Aecused Of Preventing Expenditure Of I
Funds Granted By Legislature n
For Educational Purposes t
(By Associated Press)I
SEATTLE, Oct. 19.-Charging Gov.r
Roland H. Hartley with malfeasancen
ind misfeasance in office, petitions to I
bring about the first gubernatorial re-s
all were being distributed over the t
tate tonight. The charges were ap- c
proved as to form by J. Grant Hinkle, I
secretary of state at Olympia after
being presented by a committee yes-
erday. 1
The charges against Governor Hart- t
ey are divided into three counts: that n
e prevented, through the board of
'egents of the University of Washing-
on and Washington State college, and 2
he State board of naturalization, ex-a
penditure of funds appropriated by the
ast legislature for educational build-e
ngs and equipment; that he malici-
usly and without cause removed four
egents "falsely charging each of I
hem with misconduct and malfeas-
ance in office;" and that he appointed 1
six members of the state legislature
o lucrative state positions in order j
o obtain their support for his legis-I
ative policy.t
The controversy over educational
funds was brought to a head about
two weeks ago when the regents of
the University of Washington, the ma-
ority of whom were partly appointees
ndefinitely suspended Dr. Henry Suz-
zallo, president of the university.
The charges against the- governor
were filed by a committee of citizens
representing alumni of the university,
he state federation of labor, and other
Case clubs, of the Law school,'which
have for their purpose the cultivating
of facility in briefing and arguing
cases, will hold their first meetings of
the year this afternoon.
Membership in the clubs is opened
at the beginning of the semester to
first and second year students of the
Law school. The number in each
group is limited to 28. The clubs work
under the direction of senior law stu-
dents, with professors as supervisors.
Four different clubs have been or-
ganized for this year.
The clubs will conduct their work
in two divisions, first and second
year arguments. No interclub con-
tests are held for the first year cases,
however, there will e competition
within each group. The second year
preliminary arguments are also fol-
lowed by competition within the club,
however, from thesemoreadvanced
discussions, club teams are picked,
which later take part in inter-club
debates. The winners in the finals
will be awarded a prize of $100, while
,the runners-up will receive $50. The
money for these awards will come
from a fund donated for the purpose
last year by the law firm, Campbell,
Bulkley, and Ladyard, of Detroit, in
honor of the late Henry M. Campbell.

STORIES oF$400000
Sworn Report Of Magill Senatorial
Campaign Fund States That
$19,000 Was Spent
(By Associated Press)
CHICAGO, Oct. 19.-Such brands
as "an absolute falsehood" and "not
even a clever lie" were attached to
tales of a $400,000 slush fund to aid
the candidacy of Hugh S. Magill in
his United States senatorial race, by
witnesses appearing before the Senate
campaign fund committee today.
The original reports of the slush
fund were testified to yesterday under
oath by George Safford, Illinois super-
intendent of the Anti-Saloon League,
and were denied from the same wit-
ness chair today by the Rev. Robert
O'Brien, a Methodist minister here,
and Harold Ickes, attorney.
The Reverend Mr. O'Brien testimony
dealt with his conversation with Dr.
Safford and S. Scott McBride, national
superintendent of the Anti-Saloon
league and sponsor of the Magill can-
Sworn ReportFiled
During the hearing today before
Senator James Reed, Missouri, chair-
man of the committee, a sworn report
of the Magill fund was filed, totalling
$19,960.70, not including $3,000 prom-
ised from Logan Hay, Springfield,
who was considered in pre-election
conversation as a possible "indepen-
dent" to oppose Frank L. Smith, Re-
publican nominee and George E. Bren-
nan, Democratic nominee who were
recipients of funds from Samuel In-
ull, traction magnate.
The Reverend Mr. O'Brien testified
.hat the first suggestion of a huge
campaign fund for Magill came from
he dry leaders and added that when
Magill first was asked by a group of
Chicago business men and others to
nter the senatorial race, he laid
down conditions that no money was
o be spent without his knowledge and
none received from any source of
which he did not approve.
Denies Statements
O'Brien also denied that he had told
Safford and McBride that he and his
associates, including Julius Rosen-
wad, millionaire merchant of Chi-
ago, were primarily interested in thei
election of George E. Brennan, the
democratic senatorial nominee.
The minister declared that Dr.
Safford first had suggested that Julius
Rosenwald wouldsdonate heavily to
the Magill campaign fund. Later the
Senate committee called Harold
Ickes, campaign manager for Magill,
who testified that the total spent for
the Magill candidacy to date was $2,-
European Authority
On Law Visits Here
As Guest Of Bates
Prof. I Munch Peterson, who is the
Danish representative of the Laura
Spelman Rockefeller institution and
administrator and professor of civil
law at the University of Copenhagen,
visited the University yesterday as the
guest of Dean Henry M: Bates, of the
Law school.
He lunched with the law faculty 'at
the Law club and at that time gave a
short talk on "The Main Features of
Scandinavian Law." After the meal,
the Professor made an inspection of
the living quarters of the club. He
also attended the dinner of the Bar-
risters club but delivered no formal

Professor Peterson is., making a
study tour of the various universities
in this country with a special interest
in the system of education used in the
law schools. He came to Ann Arbor
from Boston, where he made a short
survey of the conditions at Harvard.
He left for Chicago at 10 o'clock last
Delegates Invited
To See Mimes Play
Pelegates to the convention of the
State Federation of Women's clubs,
now being held in the city, have been
invited to the second performance of
Eugene O'Neill's cycle of sea plays,
"S. S. Glencairn" to be given tonight
in the Mimes theater by the Mimes
The play, which has been made a
part of the convention's program, was
-_n__ m nl ]not tivh f n ,,rr Alirl

At a meeting before a board of the
Customs bureau yesterday, John T.
Herrman, '24, a 25-year old Michigan
youth, was given an opportunity to
prove that his first novel, "What Hap-
pens," is not, as alleged by custom of-
-ficials, of a character to be subver-
sive of the morals of his' countrymen,
according to Karl W. Miller, Washing-
ton correspondent of The Detroit
The novel was published in Paris
this summer. A shipment of thirty
copies of the book consigned by the
author to his present residence at
New Preston, Conn., was refused ad-
mittance through the customs house
at New York, August 10. No reason
for this action was divulged at the
time, but later the book was read by
L. C. Corridon, a Customs bureau of-]
ficial, and characterized as "grossly,
The young author denied the novel
was obscene either by intent or other-
wise and an appeal was taken to
Various of the literati who have1
read or reviewed "What Happens" have
rallied to Herrman's aid and their;
testimony in the form of letters fig-i
ured at yesterday's hearing. Among
the authors and critics who declared
the book to be innocent of the charges
Columbia Medcal School Dean Las
Emphasis On Personality As
Most Necessary Factor
Exercising the humanities in the
practice of medicine was the keynote
of the talk given last night in Natural
Science auditorium by Dr. William
Darrach, dean of the college of medi-
cine at Columbia university, when he
inaugurated the series of lectures to
be presented by Alpha Omega Alpha,
honorary medical society, during the
course of the year. Advice to the
students present on the fundamentals
of a proper practice formed the basis
of the discourse.
Dr. Darrach began by pointing out
the various reasons for studying med-
icine which had been offered to him
in the course of his experience as
dean, and cored strongly the type of
man who takes up the work--or is
forced to take it up by his family-for
the sole purpose of being in a profit-
able business. This is the type which,
according to him, is most harmful to
the profession, and which continually
boasts of its service to mankid. In
advising the students to place no little
reliance upon their fundamental st-
dies, he said that if one of them were
to follow a regular practitioner for
one day, he would soon become aware
of the extreme importance in ordinary
practice of these subjects.
Then, drawing the line here between
curative medicine and preventive Dr.
Darrach stated that the latter; was
fast coming to assume as much im-
portance as the former to the average
doctor. Citing for an example the
final completion of the Panama canal
only after research measures had con-
quered the yellow fever, he said that
the social diseases which have raised
so mpch havoc should and' can be
overcome in the same way, and
prophesied that this ieneration of the
medical profession would gsee their
complete obliteration. Also' under the
head of preventive work, he called at-
tention to the expert measures which
have grown out of the so-called safety
devices of large manufac uries.
The latter part of the dean's speech
was taken up for the most part with
what he termed the most necessary
factor for the practicing physician or
surgeon, that of personality. Under
this head he stressed the cheering and
encouraging attitude toward patients,

and the policy of truth which has but
lately come to be wide-spread, espe-
cially toward children.' Although doc-
tors may seem to the layman to at
times be extraordinarily brusk and
callous, said Dr. Darrach, "they have
real sympathy rather than morbid
sentimentality, which would interfere
with their work."
Secretary of Peace
League Will Speak
Miss Dorothy Detzer, executive sec-
retary of the Women's International
League for Peace and Freedom, wil
address the War Resisters' League, at
4;15 o'clock this afternoon on, "Pres
ent Problems of Disarmament," i
% room 1025 Angell hall.
Miss Detzer, last summer attende
- the n n ,P anvm- cuRehn at jt j,1..



levied against it were H. L. Mencken,
Havelock Ellis, Sherwood Anderson,
Edmund Wilson, Samuel Ornitz, Harry
Hanson, and G. D. Eaton. Herrma.i
himself described the book as a seri-
ous study of a young man's develop-
ment during the transitional period
between the ages of 17 and 25.
Herrman was born in Lansing and
'was educated in the public schools
there and here at the University.
Lately he has been continuing his
studies at the Universities of Munich
and Vienna.
At the hearing it developed that the
case of "What Happens" is the first
in which an appeal has been taken
challenging the arbitrary power of a
collector of customs to refuse the ad-
mittance to any publication in which
his opinion contravenes the legal pro-
hibition against the importation of
"obscene" printed matter. Herrman is
represented in the case by the New
York law firm of Greenbaum, Woolf,
and Ernest, which represented Count-
ess Cathcart when she was held at
Ellis Island on the ground of "moral
No action was taken at yesterday's
hearing of 'the board but E. W. Camp,
director of the customs bureau, who
presided, admitted that the previous
decision excluding the book would be

Thinks That in Future Best Teachers
Will Be Employed In Grammar
And Secondary Schools
According to Dr. William Mather
Lewis, president of the George Wash-
ington university at Washington, D
C., who addressed more than 1,000
delegates of the State Federation of
Women's clubs convention, in Hill
auditorium last night, on the subject
of "What Youth Needs," the problems
of today, are not problems of youth
but problems of theadult. The great-
est needs of the modern youth is the
A review of the Barre-Hill
and Philip La Rowe concert
which preceded the speeches at
last night's meeting of the State
Federation of Women's Clubs
will be found in the Music and
I Drama column on page 4.

able type of leadership which can be
(By Associated Press) offered only by, the adults. The prob-
CHICAGO, Oct. 19..-Death lem offered then is the development
slowly . but relentlessly crept of the adults into leaders capable of
upon Eugene Debs, socialist inspiring and aiding the younger gen-
leader tonight as he remained in eration.
the coma into which he dropped In developing his theme, Dr. Lewis
last Saurday night. divided his subject into the different
The tour-day coma was un- types of leadership which need most
usual, said the attending physi- I urgently to te developed in the adult
clan. IIto lead the younger people. The fac-
The mnan who five times was tor which he placed first was the
chosen' by his party for the pres- leadership of the home. In his esti-
idency! and was active in labor mation, the home is not as is com-
and socialist parties, struggled I 'monly cited, disappearing, but is
for mre than a third of a cent- merely adjusting itself to the times.
ury finder the handicap 'of heart The outcome of this adjustment is go-
trouble, the dpctor revealed. ing to prove most beneficial in the rise
' /fof a finer, more splendid home, with
a keener sympathy and understanding
existing between the parents and the
children. The encouragement of the
JS IS L .course of eugenics which is a more or
MAIFESTO ISless recent addition to the curricu-
ums of -the different universities, is
I ATTEMPT TO CtoUbR abig factor in the development
of home interests, and will in time
become one of the greatest courses of-
fered. Through the study of eugenics,
Every Country In Europe Is Reported the work of the home will become one
As Being A Slgnator As Well of the greatest careers for women.
As Several U. S. Bankers The second type of leadership neces-
sary, according to Dr. Lewis, is the
MORGAN AMONG SIGNERS leadership in education. The adults
of the present times are too prone to
(By Associated Press) center their interest in the definite
LONDON, Oct. 19.Another attempt j periods of a child's development, rath-
er than on the . transitory periods
to find a cure for the financial and in- which exercise the greatest influence
dustrial difficulties of Europe was in the later years of the young man or
launched today in the form of a mani- the young woman. The time will
festo signed by an unusually long list come, Dr. Lewis thinks when the
f bankrsnd byindusialss og int- most expensive and the most able
of bankers and iMdustrialists of inter- teachers will be employed, not in the
national note, including J. P. Morgan universities and colleges, but in the
of New York. grades and in the high schools, when
Every country in Europe is report- the boys and girls are at the most im-
ed as represented among the signa- pressive ages. The greatest need in
tories as well as the United States education today, Dr. Lewis states, is
through a half dozen well known that of teaching the younger genera-
financiers. tion "how" to think and not so much
The significance of the manifesto is "what" to think. Too much propa-
felt to lie more in the weight of its ganda which is included in the. curri-
signatories than In its subject matter, culum of the modern school forces up-
which is simply an appeal for the re- on the student what to think and not
moval of the many barriers obstruct- to be independent in his brain-work.
ing the restoration of European pre- The thinking of the present time is
war international trading and ex- standardized and does not encourage
change. individual work.
A certain air of mystery surrounds The youth of the day need leadership
the genesis of the document. No one in the matters of physical. education
seems to know just where it originat- and education for leisure time, also.
ed although common belief is that it Dr. Lewis is of the opinion that the
had its origin in Berlin. modern youth have not been taught
The fact that the manifesto was is- to appreciate the combination of edu-
sued to the London Press through a cational entertainment and physical
well-known advertising agency is re- I recreation. Recreation to the youth
garded as unusual while further com- does not involve anything deeper than
ment has been caused by talk of con- the most frivolous entertainment of
necting it with the reported formation the day. Concerning the leadership in
t of a great banking trust which is said religion, it is Dr. Lewis' opinion that
to have intended to use its resources f'the problem of evolution should be
to overcome obstacles thrown in the of no moment.
1 way of resumption of European trade Leadership in economic affairs, the
by the depreciated and varying ex- knowing not only how to think and
change. act, but to be able to save and earn
Public opinion has been quick to as well, will lead up to the greatest
connect the manifesto with the recent leadership of all, that of teaching the
discussion at Romsey-between English young generation to be good citizens.
land German financiers. Dr. Lewis quoted President Coolidge
in saying that in the recent elections
..Entertain less than 50 per cent of the people in
COOidges E erta the United States who could vote, did
Queen of Roumania so. The future citizens of the country
~uee~ oumawill learn loyalty and citizenship only
At TheW hiteMH s through the examples set by their
le ouse teachers and parents. People run true
t to the form they develop in their
t (By Associated Press) youthful years, concluded Dr. Lewis,
WASHINGTON, Oct. 19.-The Queen Iand it is therefore essential that they
a of Roumania exchanged the privilege be given the greatest leadership.
of being the guest of the nation to Dr. Lewis' address was the first
d that of being the personal guest of its !evening speech of the convention of
t.ciaas e.ivP .nd i 4. 4, firs a, v Her I'h Fdrtinnof Wmn' clubs. Th

Senior class, Law school, room
B Law building at 4 o'clock to-
Junior class, School of Educa-
tion, room 206 Tappan hall at 4
o'clock today.
Junior class, School of Busi-
ness Administration, room 206>
Tappan hall at 5 o'clock today.
Junior class, engineering col-
lege, room 348, at 11 o'clock Fri-
*Ph m Ctnr.,nt ,,n mm wil fi

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