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May 08, 1926 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1926-05-08

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P'ACE FOUR '

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

SATURDAY, MAXY 8, 1926

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Published every morning except Monay
turing the Univeraity year by the Boat is
Control of Student Publications.

Rightly, they form a distinct part of
undergraduate life. It requires, how-.
ever, that underclass behavior con.
tinue such as it was yesterday,.
sportsmanlike and earnest.

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Member, of Western Conference Editorial THE EXCEPTION-TOO FEW LAWS
Association.

The Associated Press is exclusively en-
titled to the use for republication of all news
dispatches credited to it or not otherwise
credited is this paper and the local news pub-
lished therein.
Entered at the postoffice at Ann Arbor.
Michigan, as second class matter. Special rate
of postage granted by Third Assistant Post-
master General,
Subscription 'by carrier. $3.5; by mail,
$4.00.
Offices: Arna Arbor Press Building, May-
eard Street.
Phones: Editorial, 423; busiaese. 514.
1DITOR1AL STAR
Telephone 4921
MANAGING EDITOR
GEORGE W. DAVIS
Chairman, Editorial Board....Norman R. Thal
News Editor............Manning Houseworth
Women's Editor,...........Helen S. Ramsay
Sport's Editor....... ...... .Josaph Kruger
Telegraph Editor ...........Wiliam Walthour
Music and Drama.......Robert B. Henderson.
Night Editors
Smith H. Cady Leonard C. Hall
Thomas V. Koykka W. Calvin Patterson
Assistaat City Editors
[rwin Olian Frederick H. Shillito
Assistants
Gertrude Bailey Ellis Merry
Charles Behymer Dorothy Morehous
George Berneike Margaret Parker
William Breyer Stanford N. Phelps
Philip C. Brooks Archie Robinson
Stratton Buck Simon Rosenbaumi
Carl Burger Wilton Simpson
Edgar Carter Janet Sinclair
Joseph Chamberlain Courtland Smith
Carleton Chaipn Stanley Steinko
Douglas Doubleday Louis Tendler
Eugene H. Gutekunst Henry Thurnau
James T. Herald David C. Vokes
Russell Hitt Marion Wells
Miles Kimball Cassam A. Wilson
Marion Kubik Thomas C. Winter
Harriett Levy
BUSINESS STAFT
Telephone 21214
BUSINESS MANAGER
BYRON W. PARKER
Advertising..................Joseph J. Vinn
Advertising...........Rudolph Bottelman
Advertising.......... ..'.Wmn. L. Mullin
Advertising.. . ..Thomas D. Olmsted, Jr.
Circulation.............James R. DePuy
Publication.............rank R. Dents., Jr.
Accounts... .. ........ Paul W. Arnold
Assistants

Americans have long been noted
for the practical application of de-,
vices invented by citizens of other
countries. This process, however,
seems to have been reversed in -th-v
ease of commerical aviation. With
the encouragement of their various
governments, Europeans have far out-l
stripped this nation in the use of thea
Wright brothers' invention.
One of the principal factors con-
tributing to the backwardness of
American businessmen in recognizing
the value of air transportation lies in
the failure of the federal government
to provide the necessary rules and
regulations for the industry. Exdes- I
sive legislation may, of course, prove
harmful, as it has at various times in
our history. On the other hand, how-
ever, an intensive development of
commercial aviation requires a na-
tion-wide system of supervision which
will provide proper safety measures,
such as the marking of airports and
airways, and the licensing of airplane
crews, just as steamship masters are
licensed.
During the past few years, several
bills, which would have remedied
this fault, have gone through the
Senate, only to die when they reached
the House. The Bingham bill, passed
by the Senate at the present session,
covers the subject of commercial
aviation thoroughly. This bill went
to the House, where it was subjected
to an amendment covering all flying
of any kind done in the United States.
It remains to be seen whether the
Senate will in turn approve of the
amendment.
Althoughit mnay not appear evident
at first glance, the passage of either
the original or the amended bill would
be far reaching and good. Public
confidence in flying operations would
be augmented by the knowledge that
Spropersafety measures had been pro-
vided. With the recognition gra' d
to the industry by the enactments of
Congress, businessmen would be. en-
couraged to overcome their present.
hesitancy and make substantial in-
vestments in this new field. Until
such laws are provided, commercial
aviation will be as much handicapped
as the shipping industry would be if
the navigation rulings and customs
were abandoned.
It is suggestedthat the Kansas auto
license plates be madle in the colors
of the state university next year. Alnd
then in the big game of the year, the
victorious visitors will swipe all the
colors off the cars.

paid to work and therefore make a
showing of doing so, but do not exert
themselves beyond the necessary
amount" This is of course 'the old
tale of "ca' canny": the Coal Owners
association itself could not have stated
it better. But the Report of the Coal
Commission dispels this old bogey of
wilful restriction of output.
The report states: "There is some1
reason to believe that the charge of
deliberate restriction of output to a
fixed 'stint' in certain anthracite col-
leries is well founded. It applies,
however, to a very limited part of the
mining industry and in any case.., is
an old-standing custom. There is no
assertion of any progressive restric-
tion of output, such as would be ne-
cessary to account for the decline of
output per head." (page 115).
And again: "For 'ca' canny' as a!
cause of generally declining output
there is no support at all in the opin-
ion of experts" (page 116). It is true
that the yearly output of coal per
head was lower last year than in the
two preceding years (1925-217 tons;
1924-220 tons; 1923-229 tons). But
this is no evidence of restriction of
output by the miner.: Statistics based
on yearly output are dangerous to use
because they do not allow for dif-
ferences in the regularity of employ-
ment from year to year. This fallacy
can only be removed by comparing
not the output over a long period
such as a year but the output for each
shift worked. And such a comparison
shows that the output per shift is
highert(1925-18.02 tons; 1924-
17.52 tons; 1923-17.83 tons). "The
collier has to be down in the mine
for a certain time; there is nothing
for him to do there except work (Re-
port, page 120). The Coal commission
clearly seems satisfied with the results
of the miners' work; and if the re-
sults are favorable, surely the work
must be satisfactory.
There is also the question of wages.
The letter states that the miner has
"high' wages." But has he? To go into
this adequately is impossible; I hope
one or two quotations from the Coal
Commission report will suffice. "With
the unimportant exception of the
Radstock district of Somerset, all
wages in every wage-agreemnent dis-
trict are now at the minimum; they
are either 'subsistence wages' or
wages representing the minimum per-
centage on basis rates." (Page 153).
Except during two months in 1921
and the last six months of 1923, South
Wales has been on the minimum of
one or other of these agreements
ever since 1921. And the subsistence
wage paid under the 1924 kgreement
ranged from seven shillings and six
pence to eight shillings and nine pence
a shift (seven and a half hours on
the average), or 41 shillings and six
pence to eight shillings and nine pence
week. Hardly "high wages." A coal
hewer working on piece work may
earn from 65 shillings to 76 shillings
a week-about $857 a year. "High
wages?" I think not. Yet the "ma-
jority of the miners" are said to be
"earning more than the teachers and
school directors who give their chil-
dren free education." The real truth
is this: A South Wales miner in good
times may earn as much as 90 shill-
ings a week. Let us suppose that he
works every day of every week of one

musiC
AND
DRAMA

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TONIGHT: The Mimes present Eu-
gene O'Neill's "S. S. Glencairn" In the
Mimes theatre at 8:39 o'clock.
THE TWO-PIANO RECITAL
A review, by Vincent Wall.
It began with the Raff "Gavotte and
Musette," a mad scrambled German
dance. If Guy Maier and Lee Pattison
have immortalized and brought recog-
nition to the art of the duo-piano, they
have found two disciples in Elizabeth
Davies and Ethel Hauser who are,
more than able to carry on.
The first group ended with the
"Danse Macabre"-the Saint-Saens'
dance of death. A moody and stormy
study with rhythm and melody that is
stupendous. There are wonderful
possibilities in the "Danse Macabre"-
witness its use by Ibsen in the first act
of "John Gabriel Borkman"-and it
was all there, and given with a harsh
and turbulent brilliancy that was true
artistry.
There followed the Schumann
"Sonata in G Minor." It is not the best
known of the Schumann sonatas, but
it is one of the deepest. It is in three
movements; the presto, which was
pure bravura; the Andantino, which
was moonlight in a garden, and the
Scherzo, which was a barnyard, and
it was beautifully given by Miss
Davies. If in the Bach number thatl
followed Miss Hauser was not as in-
teresting-it must have been the fault
of Bach! for the Chopin "Etude" was
as perfect a rendition of the power
and depth that are truly Chopin as I
have ever heard.
The concluding group was an epi-
tome of the performance: the Arensky
"Valse" with rich pathos and a purely
poetio melody caught into little runs;
a "Pinwheels" number of Duvergny-
he of the "dry as dust" suite--that
turned cartwheels on its toes; "A
Jazz Study" with a lowdown hokum
that ended in a conceited little giggle,
and the Rubinstein-Lockwood "Fi-
nale." It was all-in-all a wonderful
concert-one of the best of the year.
and displayed the talents not only of
the ladies themselves but was one of
the greatest tributes to Guy Maler-
el maestro!

SENIORS

Consult us on Fine Engraving. It
is time now to order your calling
Cards for Commencement.

GRHAM'S

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Marion A. Daniel
Mary Flinterman
Stan Gilbert
T. Kenneth Havem
Harold Holmes
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Frank Mosher
F. A. Norquist
Loleta G. Parker
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Margaret Smith
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SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1926
Nighit Editor-SMITH H. CADY, JR.

"Your founder believed that the
human mind will always remain
the prime factor in the onward
march toward a higher plane of
national life and that as a conse-
quence, there is nothing more im-
portant in a civilized nation than
its educational establishments."-
Sir Arthur William Currie, prin-
cipal of McGill .University, Mont-
real, at the thirtieth annual
founder's day exercises at Car-
negie Institute.
WELCOME HOME
The situation is reversed. Here we
are welcoming you to our temporary
home, when you usually are the ones
who welcome us home. We are going
to attempt to give you a greeting as
hearty and loving as yours always
are, but of course we cannot really
equal yours.
As is your custom, we offer you
anything we have. We want you to
have a pleasant stay here, we want
you to have as fine a vacation as we
always have, and you must feel that
this is your home for the week-end,
because wherever you are is home to
us.
We want to show you our life here,
our work, and our play. We want'
you to understand our University ex-
periences as we can never explain
them in letters or conversation. We
are not dressing up the town for your
visit; we are not making a big dis-
play-because we want you to know
us as we are here.
Mothers, you bring a little bit of
home to us this week-end. Welcome
home!

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CAMPUS OPINION
Anonymous communications will be
disregarded. The names of communi-
cants will, however, be regarded as
confidential upon request.
THE BRITISH STRiKE, A REPLY
To the Editor:
I fear the letter you published in
"Campus Opinion" on May 5 may give
rise to considerable misunderstand-
ing of the general strike in Great
Britain. I should like, if I may, to
comment on it.
It would be futile for me to discuss
the letter as a whole. My own views
are so diametrically opposed to those
of G. E. E. that I disagree with al-
most every word his (or her?) lettei
contains.
May I then just take up some of the
facts used in the letter and those
opinions on which one can bring in-
formation to bear. First, the comment
on "Emporer" Cook's remark. It is
described as "a deliberately ' one-
sided statement." Now it may be one-
sided, but how can your correspondent
prove that it was "deliberately" so?
The statement is said to ignore "the
alternative government offer, namely,
to keep the wages status quo on con-
dition that the 'miners' working day
be extended from six to seven hours."
When did the government make this
offer? I may have overlooked some-
thing, but as far as I know no such
offer was ever made. On the contrary,
the government's "ultimatum" of
early Sunday morning stated definitely
that pending reorganization there
should be "such interim adjustment
of wages or hours of work as will
make it economically possible to carry
on the industry in the meantime."
About hours. The government
could NOT suggest that the miners'
working day be increased from six to
seven hours as the miners are at
present working a seven hour day.
Nor did the recent Coal Commission
recommend an extension of hours.
What it reported was: "We -do not
recommend the State, of its own mo-
tion, to make any change of working
hours or to endeavor to force upon
the miner a longer working day
than at present." (Report of Coal

year (a thing, of course, industrial
conditions, holidays and sickness
never permit): he will have earned
234 pounds. This is six pounds LESS
than the Burnham minimum for sec-
ondary school men teachers. Where
the school directors come in, Heaven
only knows! True, 234 pounds a year
is a somewhat larger wage than the
elementary school minimum for male
teachers, but an elementary teacher
doesn't spend his life on a minimum
scale. The miner's maximum is 234
pounds-if he is very, very lucky.
The letter says that statistics show
"that the 600,000 miners in America
produced last year twice as much coal
as the 1,000,000 miners in Great Brit-
ain." Now, in the first place, such
statistics as are available for the
American coal output for 1925 are
only provisional. Nevertheless I am
willing to go further than G. E. E.;
for 1924 the output of coal per person
in the U. S. A. trebled that per person
in the United Kingdom. And it is
fairly safe to assume that this com-
parison holds good for 1925. But this
fact is no ground for thinking that
the British miner is personally less
efficient than the American. Physical
conditions and the organization of
mining in both countries are not com-
parable. In the United States, the
deepest bituminous coal mining oper-
ation is less than 1,000 feet from the
surface, and the average depth of the
shafts is about 260 feet (less than a
quarter of the mines have shafts at
all; the rest are approached by hori-
zontal "drifts" or are "strip" mines
worked in the open after shovelling
off the earth above the coal). In Great
Britain, more than half the coal now
being worked comes from depths
greater than 900 feet, and nearly a
quarter comes from depths greater

"S. S. GLENCAIRN"
A review, by Charles Dearing.
With such a setting, a tramp steam-
er, the full moon half way up the
sky, hairy-chested seamen loitering
on the deck, a calm sea, and a distant
strip of coral beach; one was fully
prepared for the typical O'Neill
piece, full of rollicking and undis-
guised ribaldry. That was there to be
true, in the drunken brawl, realistic
as only a cast of university men
could make it, but there was some-
thing deeper, something at once weird
and gripping. The West Indian Ne-
gresses, the donkeyman and Smitty
made the scene complete.
The second piece, in contrast to the
first, had its action on a foggy night,
heightening the atmosphere Hof tragedyj
which pervaded the scene. Yank's
death was agonizing and somewhat
too much delayed to be entirely effec-
tiye, but the exacting portrayal was
nicely done by Lorain Norton and
Donald Lyons.
The third piece possessed all the p0-
tentialities of powerful and impelling
drama; none of those possibilities
were minced by sluggish interpreta-
tion. The characterizations were fin-
ished to a degree rarely found in ama-
ture performances, an air of tenseness1
which hovered over the actors and
audience was broken only by the af-
fected bravado of Driscoll's last line.
In this cycle O'Neill has accomplished
the rare feat of giving us a drama'
sans all superficialities and delicate
maskings, and yet keeping it out of
that murky and easily misinterpreted
realism.
As for the actors; where were they
found? Everyone seemed "poured"
into his part, judging from the ease
and spontaneity with which theywere
played. Every detail of staging and
direction was treated with a precision
that made the entire production a
series of blended and powerful effects.
T1IE FACULTY CONCERT
The University School of Music has
arranged a special concert for the
visitors in Ann Arbor over Mothers'
Day on Sunday afternoon in Hill audi-
torium. The soloists will include Pal-
mer Christian, University organist,
Samuel Lockwood, violinist, Maude
Okelberg, pianist, Ora Larthard, 'cel-
list, and a special chorus under Mr.
Christian's direction.
The program will be as follows:
Marche Slave.........Tschaikowsky
At the Convent ............Borodin
Mr. Christian
Trio ....................... Arensky,
Mrs. Okleberg, Miss Larthard,
Mr. Lockwood
Glorious Forever.......Rachmaninoff!
o Praise Ye God ...... Tschaikowsky
Bless the Lord, O my Soul......
.Ippolitof-Ivanof
Glory be to God on High......

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AND EARNEST
For three hours yesterday afternoon
members of the two lower classes
struggled for supremacy. They did
it as tradition insists that it be done,
-earnestly, vigorously, and yet fairly.
After all, it matters but little who
wins the annual games. At the time,
it does seem important, and it is to
the contestants,-but time dulls the
edge of sorrows . The big thing is
that members of the two classes meet
together, that they struggle for a'
common goal, perhaps that they even
"Suffer" together, but especially that
they sense a feeling of "oneness" in
their group which, during the school
year, seems lost in a tremendous uni-
versity.

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