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March 27, 1926 - Image 1

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VOL. XXXVI. No. 134-





Columbia Professor Explains Social
Intent And Objective Bearing
Of Evolution On Religion
Outlining his conception of the doc-
trine of emergent evolution and its
bearing on religion, educational ten- I
dencies, logic, and metaphysics, Dr.
William Pepperell Montague of Co-
lumbia university, noted philosopher,
delivered two lectures yesterday af-
ternoon and last night on "Religion
and Evolution," and on "Emergent
Dr. Montague, in his afternoon ad-
dress, defined religion as man's con-
sciousness of a relation to a higher
power-his conviction that what is
highest in our own nature is highest
in 'reality, and that evolution in its I
broader conception ascribes to most
things in the universe a general
trend, from what is simpler and lower,
to what is morq complex and higher.
Distinguishes Values
Value, he maintained, may be of
two conceptions: value in character
,and content, and value' in things. The
former begets good, while the latter
gives one an aesthetic attitude. Dr.
Montague defined the theistic religion
as that which ascribes personal and
ethical value to the cosmos, and used
this definition as the basis of his lec-
"We claim to be higher than the
brute becaue we are the brute plus,"
lie said; "We can do all that the brute
can do, and in addition, further things
of our own."
Connecting the terms of %his topic,
he said there were two reatio is of
'religion and evolution-the obj active
bearing of evolution upon religion,
and the bearing of evolution upon re-
ligion in its social intent.
Defines Deity
Dr. Montague' told of the four pre-
valent conceptions of God, and finally
defined the Deity as "that all contain-
ing, cosmic mind in which we have
ourselves, not omipoteit, but onni-
present." The anti-clerical revolt
against religion, he said, despite opti-
mistic reports, is rapidly gaining
ground. The eventual religion will
combine the two positive elements of
anti-clerical revolt, free thought and
life affirming, with the two plus ele-
ments of the old religion, namely, a
supernatural hope and a belief in
altruism. The history of every re-
ligion shows the peculiar manner in
which man has enslaved himself to
the beliefs of his forefathers, he
"In modern terms," Dr. Montague
concluded, "the doctrine of evolution
is the theist's best bet."
In his subsequent lecture on "Ener-
gent Evolution," Doctor Montague
first gave several theories of this
newer doctrine, as held by theorists
of the vitalistic school of evolution.
Interpreting the doctrine of emergent
evolution generally to mean one, in
which various laws and qualities
Would combine together to produce
wholly different laws and qualities, a
conception that passes from level to
level with discontinuities in time and
in the qualitative result he stressed
the advent of the new in evolutionary
development. He also contrasted the
vitalistic theory, that there is a fac-
tor of mind in nature, which controls
resulting differences, with the natural-
istic theory of a mechanistic concep-
tion of evolution. The later holds that

this progression can be accounted forI
in a manner similar to that of physicsI
and chemistry. The speaker then took
up in turn the significant implications
that emergent evolution has for re-
ligion, education, logic, and metaphys-
ics, and emphasized^ each of these
phases in connection with the evolu-
tionary bearing on it.
People shut Eyes To Facts
Enlarging upon his earlier defini-
tions of religion, Doctor Montague de-
clared that people fight against evolu-
tiion because o, a belief that man has
about his life some thing of a unique
and distinct value of human spirit, and
shut their eyes to plain facts, thus ad-
hering to the reactions of the funda-
Under elducation he told of the fal-
lacy of geneticism, that of confusing
value with time, or of believing that
origins are relevant in comparison
with present day development.
y11o be r.tionlly logical," he con-
t nu .,d, "it is icicessary to adopt either

(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, March 26.-Presi-
dent Coolidge intends to retain the
farm at Plymouth, Vermont which his
father deeded to him shortly before
his death last week.
The tract is one of five farms which
the President's great grandfather,
Capt. John Coolidge, first of the Cool-
idge's to settle near Plymouth, once
Appointment Of Thomas F. Woodlock
To Inter-State C. C. Approved By
Vote Of 52-2
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, March 26.-After a
five hour battle behind closed doors,
the Senate today confirmed Thomas F.
Woodlock of New York, as a member
of the Inter-State Commerce commis-
,sion by a vote of 52-25.
The size of the majority astonished
even the friends of Woodlock. It was
accomplished by a combination cf
Democratic and Republican regulars,
and removed a storm center that had
hung over the Senate during the last
A few weeks ago, opposition to
Woodlock had gained such proportions
that Republican leaders advised the
President to withdraw his name. This
was not done, however, and shortly
afterward the Senate Inter-State Coin-
merce committee reported adversely
on the nomination. A poll of the Sen-
ate then showed a small majority
against confirmation.
From then on, developments follow-
ed rapidly. The nomination of Rich-
ard C. Taylor, of Alabama as a mem-
ber of the commission, softened the
opposition of southern senators to
Woodlock, and the recent announce-
ment from the White House that Pena-
sylvania, the South, and the South-
west would be given consideration in
filling vacancies removed further op-
position based on grounds of sectional
Senator Reed, Republican, Penn-
sylvania, who had opposed Woodlock
because Pennsylvania, with its huge
railroad traffic was not given repre-
sentation, lined up after this an-
nouncement with the forces for con--
firmation, and they were further'
augmented when Senator Robinso,
Arkansas, the Democratic leader en-
dorsed him.
Rabbi To Address
Service Tomorrow
Under the auspices of the Jewish
Student congregation, Rabbi Samuel
deliver the sermon at the University
H. Goldtno o Pitbrh awl
servce t 730 o'clock tomorrow i
Hill auditorium. Dr. Leo M. Franklin
of Temple Beth El, Detroit, will read
the ritual service according to the
Union prayer book. Music for the
services will be 'rendered by eight
members of the Temple Beth El choir.
Zoological Group
Appoints La Rue
.Prof. G R. La Rue of the zoology
department, and director of the Uni-
versity biological station, has been
appointed to the council of the Amer-
ican Association for the Advanc-
ment of Science as representative .f

section F, zoological sciences, and of
Ethe American Microscopical society.
The next meetings of the council will
be at Philadelphia in December.
BUENOS AIRES.-Lieut. Nelson T.
Page, one of Argentina's best known
airmen, was drowned in the Parana
river when his seaplane crashed due
to motor trouble.
MADRID.-The Spanish government
appropriated 350,000 pesetas (about
1$50,000) for a proposed air flight from
I Madrid to the Philippines.

Future Action Dependent OnrRegenCs
Consideration Of Recommendations
In Day Comuttee Report "
Status of the stadium question is I
outlined in a statement issued yester-
day by Fielding H. Yost, director of
intercollegiate athletics and secretary
of the Board in Control of Athletics,
and Prof. Ralph W. Aigler of the Law
school, chairman of the board.
The statement points out that pend-
ing initial action by the Board of Re-
gents upon the Day committee report,
now before that body, no action can
be taken by the Board in Control of
Athletics looking toward the selection
of a site or the preparation of con-
struction plans.
The statement follows:
"So many times questions are
asked as to the present status of the
program for a new stadium that it
may be of inerest to the University
community generally to know just
what the situation is.
"While the Board, approving the
report of the Director, has definitely
taken the position that the present
stadium project, of which the con-I
crete south stand is a unit, should
not be completed and that a new and
larger stadium should be built off of1
Ferry Field proper, there has been no
site decided upon and no plan or style
of structure approved. TFhe devel01-
ment of a program for actual con-
struction necessarily had to await the
preliminary action by the Board ot
Regents in'rescinding their action of
some three years ago, that no other
stadium plan than tr' c omletion o
the present project should be enter-
tained, and the report of the hay comn-
mittee appointedl by Acting Pres ident
Lloyd. The Regents have rescinded
the action referred to, and the Day
committee report, approvedl by the
University Senate, has been before the
Regents for action upon the recom-
mnendations therein. It has seemed in-
appropriate for the Athletic -Board to
take any action in the way of develop-
Iment of definite plans until those rec-
ommendations shall have been acted
"When that shall have been done,j
the stadium program, of course, will
take its normal course beginning with
the selection of a site and the prepara-
tion of construction plans by the
Board in Control of Athletics."

WASHINGTON, March 26.-A five
year building program for the army
air service to provide 2,200 new planes
at the end of that period, was ap-
proved unanimously today by the
H1ouse military committee, but no di-
rect recommendation as to the amount
of money to be expended was included.
The program is similar in scope to
one recently approved by the House
naval committee for the naval service,
and sponsors of both expect them to
be acted upon by the House before
adjournment of Congress.
Creation of an additional assistant
secretary in the war department o
handle aviation would be included In
the military program. The name of
the air service would be changed .o
"Army Air Corps."
Peret Stresses 1m11mediate Action;
Assks Opposition To Submit
Alternate Proposal
(By Associated Press)
PARIS, March 26.-The socialists
and a considerable number of radi-
cals remain unconverted to the gov-
ernnment's financial program.
Mf Peret, the finance minister, in
outlining, today, his plan for over-
coming the budget deficit before the
finance committee of the Chamber of
Deputies, saiid that whatever was to
be done must be done quickly. If the
committee had anything better to of-
fer than an increase in the tax on
business transactions, which lie pro-
uosed to balance the budget, he was
ready to consider it.
The members of the committee
merely reiterated the old argument
agaimst indirect taxes, and went back
to the old projects of the finance
committee which the chamber reject-
ed durhig thii res-n of (lie prcceing
When the attitude of the committee
became known, pessimism succeeded
the tendency to optimism which was
shown this morning. The reaction of
the franc was immediate, the dollar,
for the first tnme in history, going
above 29 francs.
In the chamber lobbies this after-
noon, the opinion was heard that the
cabinet was in a bad way; that its
only possible salvation was a com-
promise with the moderates and the
conservatives. This gave fresh im-
petus to the rumor that M. Ma'lby
s would be allowed to resign as minis-
ter of the interior.

WASHINGTON, March 26. - Con-
Sgrosswas asked by President Coolidge
today to appropriate an additional


Territorial Judge Insists His District
Is Dry; Believes Violation
Not Morally Wrong
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, March 26.-Alaska's
internal political troubles furnished
the talking point for the prohibition
hubbub which is dinning on the ears
of Washington with increasing inten-
sity as adjournment of Congress
draws near.
Judge Elmer Ritchie of the third
J Federal district of Alaska, was the
i center of the whirl, during which' he
advised Dr. Clarence True Wilson of
the Methodists' board of morals, tto
drap his niddle name. Elsewhere in
the Senate, House and at the enforce-
ment headquarters of the treasury
there was activity in the war of en-
forcement orders, debate, and bills de-
signed to change the existing law.
In the day's collection of develop-
Iments was a resolution by Senator,
Edge, Republican of New Jersey, ask-
ing for a referendum on modification
and orders by the internal revenue bu-
reau requiring cereal beverage manu-
facturers to post bonds; discussion in
the House as to whether a farmer
"likes his toddy"; and announcement
by Assistant Secretary Andrews in
charge of prohibition work, that he is
going to California to look over things
on the Pacific coast.
The Alaskan angle of the general
argument was brought about by a
fight on the nomination of Judge
Ritchie, and the judge came to Wash-
ington to face his accuser, Delegate
Sitting in the committee room of the
Senate judiciary committee, opposite
Mr. Sutherland, he said he would re-
(rain from using ugly words, but that
Ihe considered Doctor Wilson, whose
veracity was challenged Wednesday by
Representative O'Connor, Republican
of New York, to be not a falsifier but
a retailer of falsehoods. Ile resented
remarks he said Doctor Wilson had
made about enforcement conditions in
the territory, and especially in his own
The committee went to.great lengths
in inquiring into the judge's view oil
prohibition, the enforcement of which
he said had given him great trouble.
He asserted his belief that violation
!of the dry law was not evidence of
moral turpitude.
Nevertheless, Judge Ritchie insisted
he had not upbraided prohibition en-
forcement. His own district, he said,
was as clean as any rural American
Junior Girls' Play
Closes Run Today,

$100,000 to continue prosehution of the
oil suits arising from the Teapot Dome
and Elk Hills leases.
Director Lord of the Budget, in an
accompanying letter, said "it will be
impossible to complete this litigation,
civil and criminal before the end :f
the current fiscal year."
Northwestern Professor Will Discuss,
Dune Area; President To
Talk On Cancer
Delivering the first paper of gen-
eral interest at the 31st annual meet-
ing of the Michigan Academy of Sci-
ence, Arts and Letters, President
Clarence Cook Little will address the
Academy at 3 o'clock Wednesday in
Natural Science auditorium on "The
Genetics of Cancer."
Following President Little's lectuere,
Prof. Warren G. Waterman of the
botany department of Northwestern
university, will read a paper on
"Sleeping Bear Point-a Unique Dune
At 4:90 o'clock Wednesday in room
Z 242, Natural Science building, a re-
ception will be tendered the members
of the Academy, their wives and
guests. At 6 o'clock there will be a
dinner of the Michigan chapter of the
Friends of our Native Landscape at
the launted tavern. The society in-
vites all those who are interested in
the preservation of nature to attend.
Reservations can be made with Dr. L.
R. Dice, secretary of the Academy.
Prof. Charles H. Cooley of the soci-
ology department, president of the'
Academy, will deliver the presidential
address at 8 o'clock Wednesday in
Natural Science auditorium. The sub-
ject of his address will be "The Roots
of Social Knowledge."
Prof. Herbert S. Jennings, director
of the zoological laboratory at Johns
Hopkins university, will speak at 4:15
o'clock Thursday in Natural Science
auditorium, on "The Relations of
Heredity and Environment." At 8
o'clock, Prof. Francis E. Lloyd of the
botany department of McGill univer-
sity, will deliver a lecture, illustrated
with motion pictures, on "Studies in
the Life-history and Physiology of
Spyrogyra and Vampirella."
The last general session of the
Academy will open at 4 o'clock in
room B 207 Natural Science building
for the purpose of transacting busi-
ness and election of officers for the
coming year.
WASHINGTON, March 26. - Peru
and Chile have accepted the friendly
intervention of the United States gov-
ernment for direct settlement of their
old quarrel over Tacna-Arica, reliev-
ing the steadily increasing tension
that has resulted from the attempt to
solve the problem by arbitration. 3
Correspondence between the three
governments is in progress to determ-
ine the procedure to be followed in
seeking an amicable adjustment as t.
future sovereignty of the two prov-
i- Secretary Kellogg is confident that
such an adjustment can be reached
through direct negotiations, but the
state department 'declined today to
disclose the nature of the diplomatic
interchanges now in progress. The
White House announced that good of-
fices tendered did. not necesssarily
mean that the plebiscite provided for
under the arbitration award of Presi-
dent Coolidge had been abandoned, but

it was added that the arbitration ma-
chinery, including plans for the pleb-
iscite will suspend motion while the
mediation movement is under way.
1ey And Lay

Muskegon Maintains Early Lead
Powerful Offense, Downing
Lansing, 25 to 12


Detroit Southeastern and Muskegon
earned the right to play in the finals
for the Class A championship by de-
feating their respective opponents in
easy fashion last night in Waterman
gymnasium. Southeastern defeated
Northwestern, 26 to 17, and Muskegon
downed Lansing, 25 to 12.
Southeastern, using the same short
passing attack which has carried
them to the heights during the past
season, and led by Shaw and Four-
nier, gained the lead by scoring first,
and held it throughout the'game ex-
cept for a momentary tie.
Fournier of the Jungaleers, scored
the first basket after aiseries of pass-
es. Ruhl of the same team egistered
with a long basket, thus giving the
Southeastern quintent four points be-
fore Northwestern tallied. A moment
later Captain Lathamer of the Colts
scored his team's first point from the
foul line. At the quarter, Southeast-
ern led four to two.
Ruhl Breake Tie
After the minute rest period, Four-
nier of Southeastern, made his second
basket of the game. Here Northwest-
ern tied the score by virtue of bas-
kets by Lathamer and Barnard. Rurl
broke the tie with a basket from the
side lines, thnus giving the South-
eastern team a lead which they never
relinquished. At half time, the score
stood 12 to 6 in Southeastern's favor,
and they continued to score whenever
it was needded during the remainder
of the game.
In the second Class A game last
night, Muskegon crushed Lansing un-
der a powerful long and short pass
offense. Muskegon took :the lead at
the start of the game and held it,
without extending themselves, during
the entire contest.
Nelson of Muskegon started the
scoring with a basket from the vicinity
of the foul line. McGillicuddy of
Lansing, evened the score with two
counters from the foul line. Nelson
of Muskegon again counted from the
field, giving his team the lead which
they never lost. McCall led the Mus-
kegon scorers with a total of seven
points, while McGillicuddy led his
team with the same number of points
Morning Games
Muskegon and Lansing won the
right to play in the semi-final round
of the Class A tournament at Water-
man gymnasium yesterday morning in
two games of an entirely different
character. There was never a doubt
that the Lansing team would win its
game, while in the Highland Park-
Muskegon game the victor was in'
doubt until the final whistle.
At the end of the first quarter High-
land Park was leading 7-6, and at the
half Muskegon was leading 15 to 11.
During the last quarter the Highland
Park team at one time held an ad-
vantage of six points, but the Mus-
kegon team,led by McDonald, closed
the gap and gained a two point lead
with less than two minutes to play.
Just before the gunsounded the High-
land Park team had a chance to make
two foul shots but one was missed
and Muskegon won the game by one
The Lansing team, led by Killoran
aggr-egated 25 points while the Flint
team was able to garner only 12
points. At half time Kipke's old high
school led 12 to 5 holding their op-
ponents to one field goal during the
l first two periods.
Summary of the Flint-Lansing
(Continued on Page Seven)
Williams Charged
With Drunkenness
WASHINGTON, March 26. - Rear
Admiral Thomas Washington, now at
San Francisco, was named today as
'president of the court martial which
will try Col. Alexander Williams,
marine corps, on charges of intoxica-
tion preferred by Brig. Gen. Smedley
Butler. The court will convene at
San Diego, April 6.

Students Afforded Another Chance T
See Play At Mimes Theater t
Seats for the revival of Bernard

(By Associated Press) Shaw's farce, "Great Catherine," to be
AUSTIN, Tex., March 26.-The Mid- presented in the Mimes theater Thurs-
dle West today captured the lion's day, Friday, and Saturday of nextI
share of the laurels at the Texas uni- week, are being placed on sale atE
versity relay games here. # Wahr's, Graham's, and Slater's book-I
In the University division, the Kan- stores this morning at 8 o'clock. All
sas Aggies won the two mile relay, I tickets are reserved, and priced at 40
Kansas university, the quarter mile and 75 cents.
relay, Illinois university the half mile "Great Catherine" was originallyj
relay, and in the mile relay Iowa uni- .produced in January by Comedy Club,
versity's great quarter-milers repuls- at which time it ran for four capacity,
ed the threat of the East winning by performances. Repeated requests for
inches over Georgetown university. E added performances have been receiv-
The Iowans set a new meet record of ! ed by Mr. Shuter, and also, due to
3:23.5 seconds. Records ifor the meet the fact that the Schoolmaster's club
fell in five of the eight special events, desired a representative comedy dur-
and in four of the five relay races. ing its sessions in Ann Arbor next
The East came in for a share in the week, special permission has been
glory, Bowding of Georgetown win- granted by the Committee on Student
ning the broad jump with a leap of Affairs.
23 feet, 3 inches and his team mate, Amy Loomis, director of the Junior
Hines setting a mark of 192 feet 4 l Girls' play, "Becky Behave," is play-t
inches in the javelin throw. As Hines ling her original role of Catherine 11,
is a freshman his performance was Empress of Russia, and Robert Hen-,
not allowed. derson, '26, is again appearing asj
Adrian Paulen, Dutch middle dis- Prince Pationikin. Neal Nyland, '26,
tance star, was not forced to extend and Phyllis Loughton, '28, however,
himself in a special quarter mile are replacing Valentine Davies, '27,.
event which he won in 49.8 seconds. I and Elizabeth Strauss, '26, in the parts

With the final production featuring
Alumnae night, the last two presenta-
tions in the week's run of "Becky Be-
have," 26th annual Junior Girls' play,
I will be given this afternoon and to-
night at the Whitney theater. Tickets
in all sections of the house may still
E be obtained at the box office, -it was
announced last night..
In response to the expected attend-
ance of returning alumnae, severalj
additional specialties will be includ-
( ed in tonight's performance. Song
from former Junior Girls' plays will
be sung by a quartet of junior women
between acts, while "Chloe," the no-
gress comedian, will welcome the
alumnae in dialect.
In recognition of her work, Mar-
garet Lord, '27, author of "Becky Be-
have" received a letter from James
Oliver Curwood, lauding the literary
merit of the play.
,MOSCOW.-Vodka at 90 cents a quart
is so popular that the government has
doubled its output in the last six
months and still can not supply the
j demand.
Contributions By Bai

Feature March Issue Of Technic

Lighting Effects And
Orchestra M
With colored lights playing upon
the white ceiling of the club's lounge
room In fanciful designs, and with1
Seymour Simons' Miami orchestra al- 1
ternating with Ruebenstien and Pas-

Simmon 's

of Captain Edstaston and Varinka.
Lillian Bronson, '27, who recently took
the leading role in the Masques' pro-

Park Lawyers' Dance; dcntion of "Why Marry?" is cast as
The settings have again been d1-
To carry out the decorative scheme signed by Walker Everett, '26, and the
of the committee, the doer opening on Russian costumes in the period of thej
the patio of the club was used, rather 1Iith century have been ordered from
than the one opening on State street. ( Vn 1Torn and company of Philadel-
Palms and ferns were placed in the I phia. Tlhc ent Ire proceeds for the

Featuring articles by Prof. Benj. '.
Bailey, head of the electrical engine-
ering department, and Prof. W. E.
Lay, director of the automotive
laboratories, the March issue of the
Michigan Technic was placed upon
campus sale yesterday, and will be
E mailed to subscribers today.
In Professor Bailey's treatise on

'The only machine of this nature now
in existence is located at Langley
field, Va., being built by the National
Research council at a cost of $75,000.
By government permission, its de-
sign will be used in the construction
of the engine for the automotive la-
Two new departments have been

(Our Weather aj
ki c A


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