THE MICHIGAN DAILY
AS"TIIDIFNT DFFFRFllall Tells Actual Conditions
early in the period of Haitian republi- presses one with
caniam, Christolphe and Dessalines for both edifices
(CS'atblishled themselves as negro em- French architects
orv o fht he Nth and South of Christolphe.
its ancient beauty
were designed by
for the emperor
RI'ULIII u 11 LJLU Haiti-Alft
Robert B. Mall of the geography
departmhent., in discuzsing various as-
Mid-Western Engineering Exposition I pects of the Republic of Haiti as they
to Give $100 in Gold for Best Ir related to his geographical work
Contribution there this summer, said yesterday,
that "because of a deplorable lackl
CLASES M Y AT END of knowledge of Haiti, a realization of
;oknwgz MAY ATTEND the actual conditions, methods, and
customs of the country comes in. the
Opportunity is given the students shape of a great surpise and con-
of the University to-win a prize of trast to the little that is known abouti
$100 in gold, offered by the promoters true conditions there."
of the Mid-Western Engineering Ex- Haiti, "the -Black Republic," lies on
position and Power Show, for a slogan the margin of the Caribbean between
which may be used in promoting and Cuba and Porto Rico, and occupies
advertising the exposition. i
The slogan, accompanied by a let-I the western "E"-sh aped portion of the
island by the same name. Its popu-'
t'er explaining why the particular lation is almost wholly black and
slogan was selected, must be so word- speaks French, while the people of'
ed as to interest engineers and man- the Republic of Santo Domingo, which
ufacturers, as it will be used as occupis the eastern two-thirds of the
"catch line," in the advertising. All i san emuatto -tskrd sh.
letters must be submitted to the Mid- island are mulatto and speak Spanish.
Western Engineering Exposition, Inc., The island of Haiti lies well within
at 53 West Jackson boulevard, Chi- the trade wind belt of the tropics.t
cago, by Nov. 5. Due to surface configuration, great
Exhibiting late models of machines, differences in temperature and rainfall
inventions, and mechanical processes, are encountered. The greater part of
and presenting an outline of engin- the surface is mountainous, although
eering achievement, the exposition there are three rather extensive plains
will be held in the new Exposition and many minor ones. There are no
palace in Chicago, .an. 26 to 30, 1926. large rivers, but many small torren-
Speakers of national prominence 'tial streams reach the sea.
have been invited to attend, and many Spaniards First Occupants
universities have signified their in- In referring to the historical back-
tention of sending classes to the show ground of present Haiti, Mr. Hall
to take the inspection trips to nearby said: "The Spanish first secured the
industrial and power plants, a part of island of Haiti by direct exploration
the program of the exposition. of Christopher Columbus, and it was
under their influence until 1665. Dur-
A company organized by Americans ing the Spanish period, a search for
plans to cut nearly 10,000 feet of ced- gold was carried on without much
ar and mahogany in a mill to be es- success and slavery was introduced."
tablished at Santa Lucretia, Mex. ( The foundation of the French
I ACOLLEGE COATS
RllL (legjo with Col/ege menr
YELLOW ,OR LIVE)
YELLOW OR OLIVE)
., ..- . ,..-,w .
colonial regime was laid about 1665'
by French. freebooters, who seltled
first on the island of Tortue near
Haiti and gradually got complete con-
trol of the western half of the Spanish
possessions. Under the influence of
later French planters more sla'ye
were imported and large sugar, coffee,
and indigo plantations were intro-,
duced. Haiti became possibly th
moat productive spot in the world.
During this period also, the French
completed many marvelous projects
such as those of irrigation, road
building and constructions of Frenclh
Haii respectively. Of the two, Des- During the republican regime.
sa'ines was the most learned and in- which began in 1805, tyranny, cor-jI
telligent, but Christolphe's name has ruption, foreign entanglements, and
been handed down in recognition of almost constant civil war have given'
tfle stupendous citadel, La Ferriere. a colorful, yet retrogressive period
one of the wonders of the world, and to Haitian history. It is significant
the palace Sans Souci which he had that with few exceptions, possbly
built at a reputed cost of $30,000,000 two, the record opposite the names of
and 15,000 lives. Though the fortress I , prets e ,die i
now has little if any possibilities of staiAy, disappeared, exiled, murdered.
resistance against modern bombard- All this early French culture was
iment, it was at that time one of the
strongest fortifications in existence. (Continued on Page Seven)
Present day visitors who are inter-
ested enough to leave the beaten
track to view its location, are amazed
Something New All the Time.
rehwte=t=ur.------------------------at the size oC its walls and its situa-
tion. It is constructed on the very
1^ R A iic IthSaCre French =topmo t heights of a mountain and
A strong mulatt o class developed the great front wall has a sheer drop
all through the French regime and to 1,000 feet to the valley below, in
during the revolution against the the direction of the palace Sans
French in 1805, resulted in a nearly Souci. Inside the fort the walls have
complete massacre of all whites. It. a height of nearly 400 feet, and there
was in connection with the revolution Ii gallery after gallery of huge bronze
that Toussaint L'Overture, the negro and iron cannons, besides countless
leader, and hero of many poems and storerooms full of iron shot and rusty
,stories, came into power and e uasued stores.
tricked into going to France, where ;Leged Color History
he was imprisoned. j One of the better known legends
The French left a veneer of their concerning the citadel is the tale
culture over a very solid African base. wherein Christolphe is said to have
Marks of French influence still exist marched a whole regiment of his sol-I
in the Roman Catholic religion, the diers to their deaths over the great
use of French names, and the adap-1 wall, in prder to impress and enter-
tion of many French institutions. tain sonie of his guests. The palaceI
After the revolution in 1805, and is crumbling to ruin, but still im-
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