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May 24, 1925 - Image 9

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1925-05-24

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Details Of The University Of Michigan's Summer
ing Date of Session Draws Near.
Summer School Here

Session a Plans For The Various Departments Outlined As Open-
Steady Increases In Enrollment Has Marked History Of
The Summer Daily Plays Important Part




By Thomas V. Koykka
OR the thirty-second consecutive year the Uni-
versity this summer will conduct the Summer
esston, offering study in eight schools and
engineering camp, the biological station, and at the
Kentucky and Tennessee field camp for geology and
Actual class work will start on June 22 in the
literary college, the Colleges of Engineering and
Architecture, College of Pharmacy, School of Educa-
tion, School of Business Administration, the Medical
school, the Dental college, the Graduate school, in
Library methods, Camp Davis, and the biological
station, with registration on June 19 to 22. In the
Law school class work will begin June 16, and end
August 27. Registrations will be received June 12
and 13. In the Medical school class work will close
July 31, and in all other schools and colleges on
August 14.
Enrollment figures will reach 3,400, it is estimat-
ed, representing as in past years practically every
state in the Union and scores of foreign countries.
Last year the total enrollment of 3,147 students was
drawn from 44 states, the District of Columbia, the
sland possessions of Porto Rico, Hawaii, and the
Philippine Islands, and 22 foreign countries. The
largest registration will come from Michigan, with
the middle states of Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana., and
the eastern states of New York and Pennsylvania
ranking close behind.
In reference to the Summer session Acting Presi-
dent, A. H. Lloyd said, "The Summer Session at the
University grows each year not only in attendance
of students but also in importance and opportunity.
The increasing number of those on the teaching
staff from other parts of the country adds variety
and usually also value to the program. The general
opinion that there prevails in unusual degree a spirit
of work and serious purpose is well founded."
The Summer session embraces practically all
instruction given in the University, with the ex-
ception of the Dental college where only that part of
the regular course which is taught in the literary
college, the Colleges of Engineering and Architec-
ture, and the Medical school, will be offered. It is
under the official control of the Board of Regents.
Commenting on the correlation of summer studies
with the program of the regular winter term, Dean
E. H. Kraus of the Summer session pointed out that
the "notion that the summer term represents some-
thing extra and. is operated solely to allow delin-
quents to make up work, has long ago disappeared.
That was the conception of the summer session of
25 years ago. Today, in many colleges the summer
program assumes an importance even beyond that
of the regular term, and draws to it students in far
greater numbers than does the winter session. More
than 350.000 students now attend summer school at
various American institutions every year."
"More and more, students are realizing that
through attendance at the Summer session, grad-
uation requirements may be met earlier. The en-
vironment is considerably superior to that of the
r6egular academic term, for it is a fact that the
average summer student is of serious type interest-
ed in getting the most out of his college course,"
Dean Kraus pointed out.
"The standard of scholarship in the Summer ses-
sion is above that of the regular school year," Dean
John R. Effinger of the literary college said, giving
_ as his reason the fact that there "are fewer diverting
interests to distract the student from his work. There
are fewer publications, no Varsity athletic contests,
and the atmosphere is one of scholarly endeavor."
Growth of the Summer session at Michigan has
not been phenomenal. It has however, registered
constant increase in enrollment from year to year,
and according to Prof. T. E. Rankin, secretary of
the Summer session during the last 13 years, "the
number of graduate students this year will show
considerable increase, judging chiefly from the cor-
respondence. There is no doubt but that the at-
tendance in the School of Education will also in-
crease somewhat," Professor Rankin continued,
"chiefly because of the new demonstration courses to
be given there. We do not expect any large and
sudden increase in attendance at any time, but we
do expect gradual growth to come with the gradual
development of the University. Almost every Junior
college, small college, and Normal school in the.
country now conducts a summer session, along with
the larger universities; but we believe it is the
fact that we constantly emphasize the purpose to
keep summer work of the same character and qual-
ity as during the regular year that draws so many

to Michigan."
All courses offered in the Summer session are
equit alent in method, character, and credit value to
similar work offered during the regular academic
year. The work may be classified in three groups,
divided along the following lines: (1) undergraduate
courses intended for students regularly matriculat-
ed in other colleges or in this University; (2) spec-

Summer session should communicate with the sec-
retary of the school or college they plan to enter,
before June 13.
The faculty of the Summer session will include
291 professors and instructors of the regular aca-
demic session, and in addition 33 non-resident me.
and women, who hold positions of recognized lead-
ership in other institutions. The list of visitng
instructors will include Edward R. Turner, now
professor of history at Yale; James C. Ballagh, pro-
fessor of political science, University of Pennsyl-
vania; Wilford L. Coffey, deputy superintendent of
public instruction, Lansing; George P. Costigan,
professor of law, University of California; Charles
W. Creaser, professor of zoology, College of the
City of Detroit; W. H. Davey, physicist, research
laboratories, General Electric company, Schenec-
tady, N. Y.;* Dr. William J. V. Deacon, director of the
bureau of vital statistics of the state board of health,
Lansing; Homer Bliss Dibell, associate justice of the
Supreme court of Minnesota; Allen W. Freeman,
professor of public health administration, School of
Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins univer-
sity; Paul D. Foote, physicist, Bureau of Standards,
Washington, 1). C.; Frank C. Gates, professor of
botany, Kansas State Agricultural college; Herbert
B.- Hungerford, professor of entomology, University
of Kansas; R. Clarence Hunter, professor of ora-
tory, Ohio Wesleyan university; Theodore W. H.
Irion, professor of education, Michigan State Normal
college, Ypsilanti; Thad J. Knapp, superintendent
of schools, Highland Park; George E. Little, now
director of intercollegiate athletic at the University
of Wisconsin; Edgar H. McNeal, professor of history,
Ohio State University; John Lloyd Meacham, pro-
fessor of history, Washington University; George E.
Nichols,, professor of botany, Sheffield Scientific
school, Yale University; Grace W. Nichols, Dean of
women at the biological station, New Haven, Conn.;
Marvin S. Pittman, professor of rural education,
Michigan State Normal college, Ypsilanti; Paul T.
Rankin, assistant director of research, Detroit
board of education; L. B. Shippee, professor of his-
tory, University of Minnesota; Jean P. Slusser,
lecturer in freehand drawing and painting, New
York; Ernest R. Smith, state supervisor of industrial
education, Lansing; Warren D. Smith, professor of
Geology, University of Oregon; Kenneth G. Smith,
state supervisor of industrial education, Lansing;
Perna Stine, State Normal school, Minot, North
Dakota; George W. Willett, principal Township high
school, I.aGrange, Ill.; Frank L. Tolman, reference
librarian, New York state library, Albany, N. Y.;
Julia E. Elliott. director, The Indexers, Chicago; and
Helen Martin, children's librarian, East Cleveland, O.
In the Graduate school where enrollment will
probably run close to the 800 mark, facilities are
being gradually broadened to allow extensive work
in advanced and research courses. Privileges of the
Graduate school are open to graduates of any school
or college of the University requiring a four-year
course for graduation, and to graduates of other
universities and colleges of recognized standing
who are qualified. Graduates of other institutions
where the course of study is not substantially the
same as at the University, are required to do addi-
tional undergraduate work before being admitted to
formal candidacy for a degree. Undergraduates of
the University who at the opening of the Summer
term, are within two hours of graduation, may
register in the Graduate school. Those interested in
graduate study, but are not candidates for a degree,
may register as special students.
Acting President Lloyd, dean of the Graduate
school, urges that graduate students "inform them-
selves as to the work offered and the men on the
staff before coming, since it sometimes happens that
opportunities are not the same in particular fields
of study during the summer as for the regular
academic year. The Graduate School in its summer
registration is always nearly as large as from
October to June. In many subjects the opportunities
of advanced study are unique."
The degrees conferred on completion of the ap-
proved courses, are master of arts, master of science,
master of arts and science in municipal adminis-
tration, master of science in chemistry, in forestry,
in engineering, in architecture, in public health,
master of landscape design, mechanical engineer,
civil engineer, electrical engineer, chemical engi-
neer, naval architect, marine engineer, aeronautial
engineer, doctor of philosophy, doctor of science,
and doctor of public health.
In the literary college courses may be classified
in four general groupings: (1) undergraduate
courses for students regularly matriculated in the
University; (2) graduate courses; (3) special or
technical courses for teachers and librarians; (4)

special courses for college entrance. The special or
technical courses will attract chiefly superinten-
dents and principals of high schools, teachers, can-
didates for state certificates and librarians inter-
ested in library methods. Study will be offered in
astronomy, botany, chemistry, classical archaeology,
political economy, sociology, English, general lin-
guistics and comparative philology, geography, geol-
n flCn n-,n rio in-, Cand Aitnrn ,.tnc (alr

.ire fummer
On Commencement week-end, the
Summer Michigan Daily will publish
three editions as souvenirs of the occas-
ion. Then with the opening of the
Summer session, the paper will be pub-
lished rcgularly every morning except
Monday as during ih regular college
As a means of 1beeping in touch with
thc campus and with friends attending
summer school, the Summer Michigan
Daily has arranged to take subscriptions
for foreign circulation before the close of
the regular session so that students desir-
ing to tale the Summer Daily may
arrange to do so at the Press Building
before leaving for the vacation period.
For students on the campus during the
Summer session, the Summer Daily has
become almost indispensable. During the
summer, the University provides far more
entertainment and liberal educational
opportunities than can be provided for
the larger group during the winter term,
and the announcements of these various
cntertaining and educational affairs are
made solely through the columns of The
Summer Daily. An editorial page with
a Campus Opinion department and a
humor column is maintained throughout
the summer, and national as well as local
news is supplied through Associated
Press service.
field camps in Kentucky and Tennessee. Courses
in the two departments will be separate, though
given in the same area. In geography the field work
is planned for those specializing in the work, and
is especially valuable to teachers as field methods
are stressed.
At the geology field camp, the object will be to
give practical application to principles taught in the
classroom. The area for field work in both geology
and geography is in southern Kentucky on the upper
course of the Cumberland river. The camp is lo-
cated at Mill Springs on the river ten miles west of
Burnside, the nearest railroad point.
In the Colleges of Engineering and Architecture,
the Summer session is a regular part of the college
program and is definitely included in the programs
of study in the durricula. The numerous courses
are offered chiefly to four classes of students: (1)
those desiring to shorten their course by a semester;
(2) those who have not completed entrance require-
ments; (3) those who have failed work in any of
the several courses; and (4) for engineers and teach.
ers wishing laboratory facilities for advanced tech-
nical work.
Engineering students registering for the Summer
session should report to room 263 West Engineering
building, while those enrolling in the College of
Architecture should report to room 205. The col-
lege will offer study in architectural design, free-
hand drawing and painting, chemical engineering,
civil engineering, drawing, electrical engineering,
engineering mechanics, English, French, German,
mathematics, mechanical engineering, military
science and tactics, shop practice, and surveying.
Medical school classes during the Summer ses-
sion will be open to practitioners, undergraduates
registered in recognized medical schools, and all stu-
dents qualified to pursue medical studies to advan-
tage. The courses offered will duplicate some of the

work which is given during the regular academic
year, and include: all laboratory and some of the
lecture courses of the first two years; some of the
demonstration courses of the third year; certain
clinical courses of the senior year; elective courses
which may be pursued to advantage by medical
students and technicians.
"The summer medioal courses are of special
value to two grouns of students." declared Dean

of the smaller classes in the summer, affording
greater opportunity for experience with patients.
In conclusion, Dean Cabot stated that the sum-
mer enrollment is increased somewhat because of
the fact that southern medical schools such as Johns
Hopkins can not hold summer sessions due to the
extreme heat.
Courses offered include those in anatomy, bac-
teriology, dermatology and syphilology, homoeo-
pathic materia medica, internal medicine, obstetrics
and gynecology, pathology, pharmacology, physio-
logical chemistry, physiology, roentgenology, surg-
ery, and courses for technicians.
In the Law school the Sumn r term will be
divided into two periods of five weeks each, the work
being planned so as to offer in successive summers
most of the prescribed courses of the first two years
of the work leading to a degree. The summer's pro-
gram of study will include the following courses:
contracts, pleading, conflict of laws, evidence, mort-
gages, municipal corporations, partnership, prop-
erty-- uture interests, property-rights in land,
property -wills and administration, public utilities,
and trusts.
Study in the College of Pharmacy has been ar-
ranged to meet needs of students planning to enter
the field of drug analysis, drug clerks seeking to
qualify for'registration, students of pharmacy seek-
ing to shorten the regular prescribed course. In-
struction will cover the fields of chemistry and
The program in the School of Education will
cover ten special methods courses which have been
introduced into the curriculum for the first time thh
year, in addition to study in history and principles
of education educational administration, supervision,
educational psychology, mental measurements and
statistics, vocational education and guidance,
hygiene and public health, athletic coaching and ad-
In reference to the School of Education program,
Dean A. S. Whitney said, "the enrollment of the
educational summer session has steadily increased
and present indications that- this year's session wlle
break all previous records are extremely-satisfying.
Not only are the usual standard courses offered
again but for the first time the new University high
school will be open. Wth these increased facilitik,
many demonstration courses will be offered for stu-
dents and visitors.
"These demonstration courses are a new feature,
and one which has been very popular in other in-
stitutions. Such courses give the teacher a vivid
picture of how experts conduct educational classes.
If correspondence is any indication, these classe.
will be very popular during the summer.
"The stage for this work has been very carefully
selected, since the successful realization of this de-
parture from former courses demands the services
of the best men obtainable."
"Never before in the history of the Summer ses-
sion have more ample and generous opportunities
been agorded the teachers of Michigan," Prof. C. O.
Davis of the School of Education, said, "to improve
their professional training. The privilege of elect-
ing subject matter courses, special methods courses,
and general professional courses will be extended to
many individuals who hitherto have been deprived
of the opportunity.
"This summer an appeal will be made as never
before, to classroom teachers. However, the special
methods courses are not designed solely for. indi-
viduals of this class. Superintendents of schools,
principals, and supervisors of instruction in general
ought to profit from the work of the kind that is
"The notable expansions are in line with the
general policy of the School of Education to provide
most ample opportunities for teachers of the state,"
Professor Davis concluded.
The program in the School of Business Adminis-
tration is planned to provide instruction of profes-
sional grade in the basic principles of management;
to afford training in the use of quantitative meas-
urements in the solution of management problems;
and to assure education in the relationships between
business leadership and the more general interests
of the community as represented by both public and
private agencies.
In the Summer Session, all of the required
courses in the curriculum for the first year, are of-
fered, along with a selection of the more important
second year studies.
Between 90 and 100 students will enroll in the
courses in Library methods which will be offered
during the Summer session, according to William W.
Bishop, librarian, and director of the course in

Library methods. "The study as we will offer it
here differs from most summer library courses in
two particulars," Librarian Bishop said. "In the
first place, the courses continue for eight weeks in-
stead of the usual six and counts toward college
credit. In the second place, the Library methods
courses here offer both elementary and advatved
instruction, requiring different degrees of prepara-
tion for different courses.

mer will be in operation for the seventeenth season
as a part of the regular Summer session. Douglas
Lake is equidistant between Cheboygan, Mackinaw
City and Petoskey, and is located in a part of Michi-
gan which is largely diversified by hills and valleys
and where small tracts of the virgin growth of hard-
woods remain. The region contains many lakes of
clear water unsurpassed in the state for size, depth
and beauty of setting.
Both the biological station and Camp Davis, the
University's summer station for surveying, are lo-
cated on the Bogardus tract of more than 3,200
acres, which extends from Douglas lake to Burt
lake on the south.
The location of the biological station in the
transition zone between the region of evergreen
coniferous forest to the north and that of decidious
hardwood forest to the south, gives easy access for
the study of vegetation-types characteristic of both
regions. No other biological station i the United
States is so well situated for this kind of study,
it is said.
Buildings of the station include six frame lab-
oratories, a stock room, store, two smaller log
buildings, an aquarium shelter, dining hall, kitchen
and 33 smaller houses. Laboratories are well fitted,
and a good working library is maintained at the
At Camp Davis. where students in surveying each
summer, spend the -summer, extensive construction
work has been done in the past year, giving the
station an excellent physical equipment. Here stu-
dents have opportunity to become familiar with
many common things in connection with camp or-
ganization, along with acquaintance with actual
problems in the field.
Among the excursions which will be made will
be one through the city of Ann Arbor. Other trips
on the program of summer excursions are: one to
the Ford Motor plant at Highland Park;. one to
Cass Technical high school in Detroit; one to
Niagara Falls and vicinity; one through the Detroit
News plant; one to the BurroughsAdding Machine
and the. General Motors plants in Detroit; one to
Put-in-Bay on Lake Erie; one to the State. prison
and Consumer's Power plant at Jackson; and sever-
al others.
"It is such features as this that have added ma-
terially to the attractiveness of summer study
throughout the United States during he past years,"
Dean E. H. Kraus of the Summer session said.
"During the last.30 years no phase of University
instruction has developed as rapidly as that relat-
ing to summer study," Dean Kraus continued.
"The modern summer session is a distinctly Am-
erican contribution to education. The first attempts
at summer education were made at Harvard Uni-
versity in 1869. The idea made but little headway at
first, but gradually was taken up by other institu-
"The summer session as we understand it tudiv
dates back to 1892 when Dr. W. R. Harper became
president of the University of Chicago and intro-
duced the four quarter plan at that University.
Soon other institutions began to follow Chicago's
lead and strengthened their summer courses, with
the result that summer sessions grew rapidly in
numbers and attendance.
"The summer session has been referred- to as th
great fertilizer of university thought during th. lua
25 years. It has also been called the educational
experiment station of our universities, in that many
conservative college faculties would without much
hesitation permit new courses to be given or new
methods to be tried during the summer months,
where they would have denied such permission for
the regular session.
"At Michigan the first smmer instruction was
first given in 1894, when 91 students enrolled. Last
year the enrollment was 3,147, an increase of over
3,200 per cent.
"During this period there has been a marked
change in the character of the summer student-body
More and more, regular students of the University
are taking advantage of summer instruction to do
advanced work, thereby meeting degree require-
ments earlier than would be possible otherwise. In
general, approximately two thirds of Michigan's
summer enrollment is composed of students who
were either in attendance during the spring semes-
ter or who return to the University in the fall. The
function of the up-to-date summer session then is to
provide instruction which will meet the demands of
the regular students of the institution, and als to
give courses of special interest to teachers of the
state and those parts of the country which the in-
stitution serves.

"On account of the fact that undergraduate stu-
dents of the Summer session are apt to be drawn
from the more ambitious group of university stu-
dents, and also because teachers who usually pursue
summer study are very discriminating, faculties
must be selected with the greatest care. Only ma-
ture and experienced men can be appointed for
summer instruction.
"At Michigan every effort isnmade to utilize all

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