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41

Tuesday, May 1, 2012
The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com
Che fichian 4ai*

Edited and managed by students at
the University of Michigan since 1890.
420 Maynard St.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
tothedaily@uinich.edu

JACOB AXELRAD
EDITOR IN CH IEF

GIACOMO BOLOGNA
MANAGING EDITOR

ADRIENNE ROBERTS
EDITORIAL PAGE EDITOR

Unsigned editorials reflect the official position of the Daily's editorial board.
All other signed articles and illustrations represent solely the views of their authors.
Stop student loan hi~kes
Students can't afford a 6.8 percent interest rate on loans
Jn todajy's economy, college has become an almost necessary invest-
ment in order to secure a job. It's an enormous expense that millions
of students have to deal with every day. Student loans, such as the
Stafford loan and Pell Grants, can take many years to pay off and contin-
ue to be a financial burden after graduating from college, with increasing
interest rates not making payments any easier. The House of Represen-
tatives voted on Friday to put a freeze on the student loan interest rate
increase and continue to subsidize at a lower rate. While it is commend-
able that the House is working to put a freeze on these loans in a fiscally
responsible manner, money should not be taken out of the Prevention and
Public Health Fund in order to compensate for the subsidy.

Access denied
I've researched and written too resources to both researchers and
many papers during my time here, students here on campus. Those
yet have only been to the library profits break down to about $4,000
once to actu- per article. Let's indulge in a very
ally get my general estimate: a significant sub-
hands on set of the 21 million citations in
some physi- PubMed are full-text articles, and
cal reference to those we would be adding about
material. $4,000 each, which entails adding
Once. This a lot of extra cost to the process.,
isn't because The typical argument here is
the library that taxpayers have already had
system isn't to pay for this research because it
useful; in MICHAEL is funded by federal money. Elimi-
fact, it's the SMALLEGAN nating public access would mean
opposite. The making citizens pay again for the
University same resources. It's not the most
of Michigan convincing argument to me, but
library system is doing everything here's one that hits home: Public
right. Only once was a resource, university libraries would need to
in all those Mirlyn searches, not come up with a way to pay for all
available electronically. The Uni- this material at a time when gov-
versity's library system is .leading ernmental financial support is rap-
the way in the digital revolution, idly eroding.
yet all of this forward momentum
is threatened ... and nobody is talk-
ing about it.
Over the past few months, the * a c
latest instance of the public access P bh access
battle played out in Congress, and
hardly anyone around campus even to research is
noticed. The showdown unraveled
the same as it did in 2008, and threatened
again in 2009, ending in a stale-
mate. It would be a shame though,
for us to only hear about this drama
after the chips fall since, as you It has taken a hit by the $40
will see, we as University students million reduction in state funding
have some skin in the game. from fiscal year 2011. We need to
Late last year, U.S. Representa- listen for round four of this debate
tives Darrell Issa (R-Calif.) and and speak for our interests. Round
Carolyn Maloney (D-N.Y.) intro- three has simmered down, but it is
duced the Research Works Act not entirely over yet.
(RWA) to Congress. It's a short, In February of this past year,
easily understood bill, which in lawmakers re-introduced for the
plain language sounds the death third time a dueling bill, the Fed-
knell for public access to feder- eral Research Public Access Act
ally fundedresearch. If passed, it (FRPAA). The bill, if passed, would
would reverse the National Insti- mandate open access for research
tute of Health's Public Access funded by any federal agency with
Policy, putting the 21 million freely research expenditures over $100
available citations in the PubMed million. These terms encompass 11
library into a fee-to-see system. federal agencies and would re'pre-
Supporters of the bill argue the sent a huge step forward for public
obvious. They say that open access access of science findings.
to research infringes on the rights Both the RWA and FRPAA have
of publishers and will put them out been largely abandoned, and in an
of business. Academic publishing election year they are unlikely to be
is big business indeed and it would revisited. We cannot wait until the
hurt to have that sector disappear. system is broken to pay attention.
But let's be clear, though the move The next time a Mirlyn search
to digital has put the publishing brings you to an "Available Online"
industry into a state of flux, the link, think of how easy it is to
industry is not in danger. The four access that content. Then think of
top scientific publishers-Elsevier, how legislation that affects this
Springer, Wiley and Informa-all system could've passed into law
boast profit margins of over 30 per- without you even knowing about it.
cent In the first quarter of 2001, Tell someone, tellyour congress-
Wiley, appallingly, made 42 per- man, but, most of all, listen up for
cent profits as a percentage of reve- round four. We can't let the public
nue. The averageprofit margins for access debate slide by again unno-
general publishing companies on ticed.
the Fortune 500 list is 8.8 percent.
What is in danger is the rate Michael Smallegan can be
at which scientific discovery reached at smallmic@umich.edu.
proceeds and the availability of

Tuesday, May 1,2012
The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com
Wolverines lose two of three to Illinois

By GREG GARNO
Daily Sports Writer
Members of the No. 22 Michigan
softball team walked off the field on
Sunday with their heads held low,
frowning and ILLINOIS
averting their MICHIGAN
eyes from the - -
crowd. They I -LLINOI 1
were silent IIHIAN 2
walking into
the club- ILLINOIS 21
house. The MICHIGAN 01
disappoint-
ment covered their faces.
The Wolverines (13-5 Big Ten,
33-15 overall) lost two of three
games against Illinois (7-11, 23-23)
at Alumni Field this weekend,
managing only three runs overall.
Originally delayed by rain, Saturday
began with gloomy weather and set
the tone for the series. Michigan
ended the weekend with a 2-0 loss
to the Fighting Illini, marked by the
Wolverines' four total hits.It was an
uncharacteristic showing for the
Wolverines, who needed a strong
performance against a mediocre
team to stay on top of the Big Ten,

in which they currently hold a half-
game lead.
"I told the kids we get what we
deserve," said Michigan coach
Carol Hutchins. "When we. play
with passion, when we play with
genuine enthusiasm, when we're
excited to be out there, we'll get
what we deserve."
Freshman right-hander Sara Dri-
esenga took the loss in the circle
in the final game despite giving up
only four hits and one earned run.
Neither team was able to pro-
duce much, but Illinois struck first
in the second inning. Senior first
baseman Amanda Chidester fielded
a grounder at first base, and tagged
it for the out, but the throw home
to freshman catcher Lauren Sweet
was not in time. Illinois scored
again in the fourth inning, when
Jess Perkins ran home after a wild
pitch by freshman left-hander Hay-
lie Wagner hit the backstop.
Michigan was unable to get any-
thing going during the game, leav-
ing eight runners stranded on base
- two of which came in the final
inning. Michigan still struggled in
the second game of the series, but

took advantage of base runners
when it counted, winning 2-1.
The game moved slow up to the
fourth inning when Driesenga got
the offense started with one of her
two walks on the day. With junior
Jaclyn Crummey pinch running
for Driesenga, Wagner came up to
bat and remained alive in the count
after hitting several foul balls, until
she crushed her fourth home run of
the season into the outfield stands.
But the Wolverines were unable
to hold the momentum after the
home run, and managed to produce
just six total hits.
"We're playing with fear and
fear is not acceptable in sports.
You can't be afraid that you're not
going to win, and we seem very
fearful," Hutchins said. "We're not
very attacking and we need to pick
up our level and our approach to
enthusiasm."
The lack of enthusiasm was most
evident in the first game of the
series, where Michigan lost, 5-1. As
usual, the Wolverines pitchingstaff,
ranked first in the Big Ten, held the
Fighting Illini in check, but Illinois'
Pepper Gay held Michigan in check

TERRA MOLENGRAFF/Daily acr
Senior outfielder Bree Evans was left on base a few times in the weekend series.

as well. Both teams remained score-
less through seven innings after
stranding runners on base in all but
two innings, forcing the game to go
into the eighth inning. In relief, Dri-
esenga allowed two runs to begin
the eighth before Perkins blasted a
three-run home.run to give Illinois
a 5-0 lead.
Michigan could only muster one
run in the fifth, after sophomore

left-fielder Nicole Sappingfield sin-
gled to score Sweet with two outs.
Chidester came up to bat next, but
popped out, stranding two of Mich-
igan's 14 runners left on base.
"It's probably just nerves," Evans
said. "We just have to get every-
one in the right mindset and we'll
do fine. We're going to work hard.
We're going to figure it out. We
always do."

Multiple woes plague Michigan in two weekend losses

The College Cost Reduction and
Access Act, passed five years ago,
lowered the interest rate on Staf-
ford student loans from 6.8 per-
cent to 3.4 percent. For the average
student loan balance of $23,000,
this increase in interest rate would
cost about $40 extra per month
for 10 years following graduation.
The College Cost Reduction and
Access Act is set to expire on July
1st of this year. The House of Rep-
resentatives, however, has passed
a measure that would keep inter-
est rates at 3.4 percent. To fund
this, they would pull money from
the Prevention and Public Health
Fund, which supports breast and
cervical cancer screenings, prena-
tal tests for birth defects and child
immunizations.
Maintaining low interest rates
for college students should not be
a partisan issue. Many students
are deterred from attending col-
lege because of the sheer amount

of money they will have to pay
back in the future from student
loans. Unfortunately, for many
prospective college students, bor-
rowing money from parents is
simply not an option. According
to Rob French of Bridge Maga-
zine, University of Michigan stu-
dents graduate with an average
debt of $27,828. This substan-
tial amount of money cannot be
repaid quickly, and thus causes
students to live with this finan-
cial burden through their 20s and
beyond. Measures to reduce these
interest rates on student loans
should be thoroughly explored.
This is a pressing issue that the
House of Representatives, the
Senate and the President need to
come together to solve. While the
House of Representatives voted
to extend the subsidy for one
year, they argue that the only way
to finance this measure is to cut
funding from the Prevention and

Public Health Fund. Many have
coined this as a "politically moti-
vated" move that takes money
away from services important
to women. Approval ratings for
Congress are already extremely
low, and this inability to commu-
nicate and cooperate exemplifies
their ineffectiveness and blatant
disregard for a suitable compro-
mise.
A college degree is invaluable
in today's economy. It is the gov-
ernment's responsibility to help
reduce interest rates on these
loans and to make the finan-
cial burden of paying for college
as feasible as possible. Afford-
able student loans are an issue
that should extend beyond party
lines. The future workforce of our
nation may have to pay for the
government's inability to form a
viable solution on how to reduce
interest rates for students.

By COLLEEN THOMAS
Daily Sports Writer
The Michigan softball team is
slowly falling apart.
After a strong start to their Big'
Ten schedule, the 22nd-ranked
Wolverines have cooled off.
They began the conference sea-
son by sweeping Penn State and
Michigan State and dropping just
one game to Indiana. But since
classes ended on April 17, the squad
has lost its series to Minnesota and
Illinois.
On Sunday, the Wolverines lost,
the rubber game to the Fighting
Illini in a 2-0 decision after beat-
ing them 2-1 in the first game of the
doubleheader. They also lost a 5-1
game in extra innings on Saturday
after holding off Illinois' offense for
a full seven innings.
Michigan is starting to falter late
this season and it's time to take a
look at the areas that have been
struggling as of late - highlight-
ed by the weekend performance
against Illinois.
HITTING
The Wolverines have been con-

necting on pitches several times in
games - they tallied a total of 16
hits over the three games this week-
end - but haven't been consistent
across the board.
Michigan's power hitters, senior
first baseman Amanda Chidester
and junior second baseman Ashley
Lane, haven't produced as well as
they did last year. Lane went 0-for-5
against Illinois and hasn't recorded
a hit since April 22. Chidester's bat-
ting average is about 70 points lower
than last year's .432 average, due in
part to a 3-for-10 performance this
weekend.
The rest of the lineup hasn't
helped much, either. Freshman
pitcher Sara Driesenga seemed to
be hinting her stride at the plate
after earning a permanent spot in
the lineup as the designated player,
boosting her average to .380. But in
the past six games, she's gone 5-for-
16.
But sophomore Nicole Sapping-
field has stepped up recently, and
her performance earned her the
number-two spot in the lineup. Her
batting average has recently bro-
ken .300, good for third best on the

team, and has been one of the most
consistent hitters for the Wolver-
ines all season. But against Illinois,
she went 2-for-12, though Sapping-
field did record Michigan's only RBI
on Saturday.
In comparison to the recent
struggles on offense, the Wolver-
ines tallied a season-high 13 hits in a
game against Penn State on March
25 and have averaged almost eight
hits per game over the course of the
season.
RUNNERS LEFT ON BASE
Though the bats may be making
contact, the runs aren't pouring in.
Despite a six-hit game against
Illinois on Saturday, the Wolverines'
managed just one run.
Recently, the squad has left
quite a few runners on base. Michi-
gan stranded a total of 23 run-
ners against Illinois and left 18 on
base against Minnesota - runners
which could've easily turned into
tallies on the scoreboard.
In Saturday's game against the
Fighting Illini, the Wolverines had
a couple of chances early to put runs
on the board, but failed to do so. In
the second inning, two walks put

runners on first and second with no
outs, and a sacrifice bunt by junior
shortstop Amy Knapp advanced the
runners to second and third:
But two consecutive outs - a
strikeout and a ground out -
stranded two on base and ended any
chance of scoring.
In the third inning, Michigan
loaded the bases with one out and
again, the Wolverines couldn't con-
vert.
Michigan also had that problem
earlier in the season when it trav-
eled to Louisville. The Wolverines
left seven runners on base in both
losses that weekend, to the then-
16th-ranked Cardinals and St.
Louis.
Though stranding runners is
an obvious problem to a faltering
Michigan offense, Hutchins doesn't
believe that runners left on base is
the problem.
"We have to have quality at bats
whether there is a runner on base
or not," Hutchins said after the Red
and Black Tournament in March.
"The game doesn't know there are
runners on base.... We need to have
some quality at bats and make bet-

ter contact whether there (are) run-
ners on base or not."
DEFENSE
Michigan hasn't had difficulty
fielding, but sometimes errors can
be costly. And against Illinois this
weekend, errors hurt the Wolver-
ines.
The squad combined for five
errors over the weekend - not a
significant amount - but the errors
came at unfortunate times.
A fielding error in the second
inning of Sunday's second game
allowed an Illinois runner to reach
first. The Fighting Illini proceed-
ed to load the bases with no outs,
but a throw to freshman catcher
Lauren Sweet by Lane caught the
runner out at home. Michigan did
allow one run that inning, and the
error helped get the Fighting Illini
offense rolling. This was enough for
Illinois to win the game.
Though errors are a normal part
of the game, Evans knows it's not
the biggest issue.
"We're going to have some errors
in the game," Evans said. "But the
hitters have to back it up. We can't
dwell over little crors."

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