8 - The Michigan Daily - Monday, July 3, 2206
due to att
Continued from Page 3 Some c
The M-PACT program, a year-old financial aid pro- the Unive]
gram, has boosted need-based financial aid by $3 million, Some de
increasing Pell grant recipients' total grant aid to more than that suppor
$13,000 per year. M-PACT is funded by private gifts,some ing profess
of which are a result of The Michigan Difference Cam- Routine
paign - a fund-raising effort launched by Coleman in scaled ba
2004 with a goal of raising $2.5 billion. the librar
Wilbanks said that with initiatives like The Some d
Michigan Difference Campaign, the University has the amoui
been able to depend less on state appropriation. attributed
As a testament to the University's ability to cation ofi
provide financial aid, the University was able to The Un
decrease the average cost of attendance to $9,695 web techn
from $17,567 this year, according to data from posting pa
Kiplinger's Personal Finance Magazine. In com- mail. The
parison, Michigan State University was able to and filing
decrease the average cost of attendance to $11,045 The Un
from $14,607. costs. Nati
Peterson said the University and MSU determine cost incre
financial need in the same way, but the University is ty's costs1
able to commit more resources to financial aid. Hanlon
Hanlon said in order to continue to provide rates with
financial assistance while remaining on the cut- offering lo
ting edge in research and instruction, the Universi- Most re
ty has taken a variety of measures to contain costs ate metho
in the last two years. He said that although the Hanlon
impact was minor, some cuts were made - par- at contain
ticularly those made in 2004 - that compromised the state.
the quality of the University. But, he
More than 400 staff positions were eliminated out of pla(
rition and layoffs, in addition to almost
ty piosi ians- eliminated due to attrition.
ourses have been"'eliminated or offered Ib e b
ently and class sizes hive increased across
rsity's schools and colleges.
epartments experienced a reduction in funds
t internships, faculty travel and bringing visit- 3%*
ors and guest lecturers to the University.
e maintenance in campus buildings was
ck and service hours were reduced in
epartments, such as psychology, reduced.o'
nt of first-year seminars - cuts Hanlon
less to cost-cutting and more to the allo- . 9% - 1%
instructional resources more effectively.
iversity has moved to rely much more on
ologies. Paychecks are now delivered by
ay stubs online instead of being sent via
Internet is also used for student billing GnIr1Oi" fund revenue sourcs
University job applications.r
iversity has also worked to manage health ersrs:
ionally, universities are undergoing health Indirect Cost Recovery 14% m
ases of 10 to 11 percent, but the Universi-!($165m)
have risen by about 4 to 5 percent.
said the University negotiates purchasing
preferred vendors, which results in vendors
wer prices to be on the "preferred list."
cently, the University is working to cre-
ds to use space more efficiently. St pespdateo:26%
said the University has been successful (Sm5im :
ing costs despite the heavy strains from Bdgeted amut as Studentfees:59%
said, "Eventually the University will run ~iginlly~
ces to cut." **Projected SOURCE:tUNVER$ITYOF MICHIGl
Students faculty debate
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By flying its red and gold flag and
declaring independence from Ser-
bia in a broadcast assembly session
June 3, Montenegro became the first
nation born in the 21st century.
But with the population split on
independence from Serbia, the effects
of the secession remain to be seen.
University students and faculty
with interests in the area do not agree
on whether the secession will bring
peace or violence to the region.
On May 21, Montenegro held a refer-
endum to seek full independence. The
independent Center for Monitoring
announced that 55.5 percent of Mon-
tenegro voters favored independence,
meeting the controversial threshold
requirement - 55 percent approval
- set by the European Union.
The Republic of Montenegro is
located in southeastern Europe and
landlocked by Croatia and Serbia on
the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina to
the north and Albania to the south.
The secession of Montenegro
from Serbia marks the complete
disintegration of the former six-
member Yugoslavia Federation
- Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and
Macedonia departed from Yugosla-
via in the 1990s.
Some political analysts worry
that conflict similar to the Bosnian
War - which killed 100,000 people
- will break out in the Balkan Pen-
insula because the referendum result
was only slightly higher than the
Ivan Duric, a University alum
from Croatia, said he is worried
about the political situation in the
Duric said he supports the inde-
pendence of Montenegro, but he said
the relationship between the two
countries is still very fragile.
"If both the governments (Mon-
tenegro and Serbia) handle the sen-
sitive political issues negatively,
I won't be surprised for a new war
like the Bosnia War," he said.
The Serbian population in Montene-
gro is 32 percent, and according to an
independent study, nearly all Serbians
think that the Montenegro secession
from Serbia is unnecessary.
Robert Donia, a lecturer in the
University's Russian and East Euro-
pean Studies department, disagreed
with Duric, saying the secession will
likely remain peaceful.
"I would say that I see the Mon-
tenegrin separation from Serbia
proceeding smoothly and posing no
particular threat to stability in the
region," Donia said. "Montenegro
is in an entirely different position
from Bosnia and Croatia earlier in
Donia said Montenegro is eager to
reform and meet the requirements of
the European Union.
"All states in the region are inter-
dependent, none can stand economi-
cally alone and no leaders recognize
that more than those in Montenegro,
who are aggressively courting West-
ern investment, promoting trade
and encouraging tourism along its
less developed coastal region and
in its pristine interior mountainous
parks," he said. "This looks to be
a peaceful and successful transition,
albeit only one step on the road to
greater integration into Europe."
LSA Sophomore Vasilia Kilibar-
da, who is half-Montenegrin, sup:
ports the move for independence and
does not believe war will break out.
"The civil war won't happen again.
The fact is that so many Montene-
grins live in Serbia and visa versa -
the people have neither the resources
nor enough willpower to start a war,"
said Kilibarda, whose aunt is Monte-
negro's Minister of Culture.
Kilibarda said family ties
between pro- and anti-indepen-
dence groups will keep people from
going to war.
"I truly believe that independence
is a fair demand," Kilibarda said.
"Montenegrins were bullied and suf-
fering the brunt of Milosevic's actions
both economically and psychologically
for years. Now, Montenegro is opening
up to the rest of the world."
Slobodan Milosevic was the former
president of Serbia from 1989 to 1997
and president of the Federal Republic
of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000.
After instigating the Balkan
wars in the 1990s, Milosevic was
arrested in April 2000 and charged
with crimes against humanity at the
United Nations war crimes tribunal
at The Hague. He was found dead in
his prison cell in March.
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