Wednesday, May 21;1997 - The Michigan Daily - 3
For women in abusive relationships,
suffering often extends well beyond
A recent study conducted by two
researchers, including Daniel
Saunders, associate professor of Social
Work at the University, concluded that
zmotional abuse can be just as harmful
to victims' psyches as physical abuse.
Saunders, in collaboration with
ie Sackett, assistant professor of
tal work at Columbia College in
South Carolina, concluded that both
psychological and physical abuse have
a negativeimpact on battered women's
self-esteem and may lead to depres-
Saunders said that "psychological
abuse and physical abuse go hand-in-
Emotional abuse often takes on sev-
e4different characteristics, according
to the study. Among 60 victims of
domestic violence, ridicule had a more
profound negative effect than any other
form of psychological abuse.
Sackett said that "ridiculing of
women's traits - an attack on her char-
acter - is more likely to shatter her!
sense of hope, security in the relation-
ship and even her sense of self."
Joyce Wright, interim director of the
ersity's Sexual Assault Prevention
a Awareness Center, said isolation
tends to amplify this phenomena.
"(Isolation) effectively prevents sur-
vivors from reaching fnends and fami-
ly members who can offer support"
Joyce said. Consequently, victims
begin to believe their partner's name-
calling and insults.
Jealousy is another warning sign of a
psychologically abusive relationship,
a rding to the study. Saunders said
"o er studies have shown that one-
third of college women take jealousy
and even the abuse itself as a sign .f
Wright believes that preventing the
onset of such jealousy is essential in a
"Don't give up the kinds of things
you enjoy; maintain relationships and
who you are," Wright said.
She also advises students "when
ewing a relationship with someone,
first get to know them and how they
interact with family members and
peers" These are indicators of how
they might treat the person they are dat-
ing, Wright said.
Saunders said victims of emotional
and physical violence have many
resources available in the Ann Arbor
area, including SAPAC and Safehouse.
"Women don't need to leave a rela-
t hip to get help," Saunders said.
"They are not alone in going through
their experiences - such experiences
are common for women in violent rela-
Deans approve new
By Will Weissert
Daily Staff Reporter
The University's academic deans
unanimously endorsed University
President Lee Bollinger's proposed
changes to the way in which tuition dol-
lars are allocated to each school and col-
Currently, the tuition money that each
school receives depends upon the num-
ber of credit hours each school compiles.
Starting this fall, Bollinger's modifi-
cation to the proposed Value Centered
Management system will ensure budget
appropriations are based on total enroll-
ment numbers per school rather than the
The changes are expected to decrease
the competition between the University's
schools that could have occurred under
the earlier imposed system.
LSA associate Dean John Cross said
the credit hour system had a number of
bugs that the newly system should fix.
"From looking at other colleges and
universities around the country we deter-
mined that under the credit hour-based
system there were some fairly perverse
incentives within each instructorial
unit," Cross said. "We decided that these
incentives were just too perverse."
Provost J. Bernard Machen said that
neither VCM system is perfect, and
most deans will support either one.
"By making this modification we
traded one set of concerns for another-
this system will not solve all of our prob-
lems," Machen said. "The reason the
deans support this change is because
they would support either system."
Traditionally universities who have
implemented VCM programs have
relied on credit hour-based programs.
However, the credit-hour based system
has often created nrnhems with individ-
ual schools within a university compet-
ing to increase class sizes to compile
higher credit-hour totals.
Cross said competition between the
University's 17 schools was a major rea-
son the deans supported the enrollment-
"That was a problem in a big way,'
Cross said. "Under this system that
problem will be eliminated."
Chemistry Prof. Tom Dunn, who
serves on the University's VCM
Oversight Committee, said under the
credit-hour system the College of
Engineering had considered teaching its
own non-engineering core classes to pre-
vent losing credit hours to LSA.
"Now that Lee's made the change the
pressure is off Engineering - they no
longer have to consider teaching English
Composition," Dunn said. "VCM will
no longer encourage each college to
strike out on their own.'
But Dunn said that under the enroll-
ment-based system, colleges may be
tempted to accept too many students.
"You bet your life that could be a seri-
ous problem," Dunn said:"But you can't
just expand the number of students up to
infinity - that won't happen."
Machen said detailed enrollment
records will prevent schools from lower-
ing admission standards to raise tuition
"We have monitored and will monitor
the characteristics of all students enter-
ing each college;' Machen said.
Another problem the newly proposed
system may present is a drop in course
availability. But Dunn said the new sys-
tem should not affect course availability.
"I don't see things like availability
being a problem unless enrollment
makes large jumps in a number of areas,"
igor Maksimov enjoys the sunset while fishing with his mother in Gallup
Continued from Page 1
loose. ends. However, the healing
process is far from complete, he said.
"The memorial service and the meet-
ing of the family members of other vic-
tims gave my
wife and I a
sense of clo-
said. "It was
talk to other
hers said they £
pleased with the Sharangpani
vice. Anand Sharangpani, Arati
Sharangpani's father, said he consid-
ered the memorial service a "class
A letter from President and Hillary
Rodham Clinton stated that there were
no words that could ease the pain, but
families and friends of the victims
should draw strength from one another
to make it through the pain and recall
memories with joy.
President Clinton wrote, "Americans
across the nation
feel your pain.?
The sound of
the bagpipes and:
the powerful .
Grace" sung by
created an air
that rang out the Jones
sense of loss and
strength the families feel.
Each family member paid individual
respects, as they laid single roses upon
the plaque that listed the 29 names of
those iost in the tradi crash.