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August 06, 1997 - Image 3

Resource type:
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Publication:
Michigan Daily Summer Weekly, 1997-08-06

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Wednesday, August 6, 1997 - The Michigan Daily - 3

Cinton s
ancer
xperts
eetat'U'
eather Wiggin
a y StaffReporter
Members of the President's Cancer
anel came to the University Medical
enter Thursday to discuss the current
tate of cancer research and treatment of
lderly patients.
The meeting was a public summit
titled "Cancer and the Aging
Population" featuring presentations out-
lining issues that affect older Americans.
Topics included new research findings,
ods of preventing and managing
ca er among the elderly and survivor-
ship.
The PCP attended to "monitor the
National Cancer Program and to report
on barriers to achieving goals" PCP
Executive Secretary Maureen Wilson
said.
The summit was one of four meetings
taking place this year that will identify
the needs of special populations affected
1ancer. Information from each meet-
ing is compiled by the PCP and annual-
ly reported to President Clinton.
The summit was held at the University
Medical Center because it is the "only
site in the country that has cancer and
geriatrics in one site," said Max Wicha,
director of the Comprehensive Cancer
Center
Wicha said that cancer experts need to
recognize the special needs of elderly
p ents because the disease is most
c imon in the older population.
"The elderly are often under-treated
and under-diagnosed," UCLA Prof.
Patricia Ganz said.
Ganz said more joint research in
oncology and geriatrics is necessary.
"Geriatric researchers are not usually a
part of the cancer center"

'U' profs discover
future of North Star

FILE PHOTO
Max Wicha, director of the Comprehensive Cancer Center stands outside the
President's Cancer Panel meetings last week in the University Medical Center.

By Tina Zanier
Daily Staff Reporter
When some people think of the North
Pole of the sky, they also think of Polaris,
also known as the North Star.
Many say that Polaris exactly marks
the North Pole of the sky, however, sev-
eral professors and graduate students
from the University's astronomy depart-
ment believd otherwise.
Astronomy Prof Richard Teske's stud-
ies have shown that Polaris is actually a
small distance away from the North Pole.
The separation
between them is
changing from The E
one year to the
next. The star ike aspi
current distance
from the exact op
North Pole isthe
width ofone and
one-half full Astron
moons.
"The Earth's
axis of rotation is an imaginary line that
points upwards" Teske said. "The bright-
est star closest to where the axis points is
Polaris. The unusual thing is that the
Earth's rotational axis toward which it
points is changing.
"The Earth is like a spinning top. The
axis toward which it points is changing,
the wobbling rotation causes it to point at
different areas of the sky. It makes a com-
plete rotational circle every 26,000 years"
Teske said that itsis important to note
that the reason why Polaris is displaced
is, "not because you are moving nor
because the star is moving, but rather due
to the Earth wobbling like a top:'
There is a reason that the Earth wob-
bles, Teske said, "if the sun and moon

s
n
1i

were not around, it would not happen due
to the loss of gravity pull."
Astronomy Prof. Gary Bemstein said
that the changing of the North Star was
first noticed by Hippocros.
"He guessed that the North Pole of the
Earth was going in a complete circle every
26,000 years," Bernstein said. "People
have been able to observe this ever since.'
Aside from the changing distance
between Polaris and the exact point ofthe
celestial North Pole, Polaris is also drift-
ing very slowly away from it.
"It will be thou-
sands of years
rt h is before any other
star as bright as
in g o Polaris will be at
the North Pole;'
Bernstein said.
Richrd Tske Astronomy
R ichard Teske Prof. Richard
omy professor Sears saidit is evi-
dent which star
will become the
next North Star.
"Vega will be the next North Star in
11,000 years," Sears said. "Other than
that, there will not be any other North
Stars after Polaris."
Changes in the position of the North
Star can be detected, said astronomy
graduate student Carrie Smith.
"Using the proper equipment, you
could observe changes in it, but not by
using the naked eye" Smith said.
Sears said that changes can only be
detected by the eye after years of study.
"We have to observe it dver periods of
time' he said. "We can measure changes
to one one-thousandth of an arc second. It
has been calculated that you can observe
changes in it over a period of years."

University of Wisconsin Prof. Paul
Carbone said that surgeons are willing to
operate on older patients. However, the
elderly may not receive all forms of ther-
apy due to lack of information about
cancer treatment for older generations,
including knowing the appropriate doses
of drugs and chemotherapy for the elder-
ly.
"In my opinion, chronological age is
not so important - treat the patients
based on physiological factors;' Carbone
said.
Cancer has been an important concern
of Americans since 1971 when President
Nixon signed the National Cancer Act.
The act began the war on cancer and
aimed to make the "conquest of cancer a
national crusade."
Currently, about 7.4 million
Americans alive today have cancer or are
in remission, according to American
Cancer Society projections. In 1997
alone, an estimated 1,382,400 new cases
of cancer in the United States are expect-
ed.

Even with modern advances in cancer
research, one in three women and one in
two men will be diagnosed with cancer
during their lifetime. Currently, about 40
percent of people with cancer are alive
five years after the diagnosis.
There are many opportunities to get
involved in cancer education at the
University. For example, students can
join University Students Against Cancer
or volunteer at the Cancer Center.
Learning about cancer is an important
step to staying healthy, many cancer
experts said.
"The first issue to deal with is preven-
tion- there are a lot of students that
think cancer won't happen to them;' for-
mer USAC President Brian Drozdowski
said. "There's a lot we can do right now,
such as quitting smoking, increasing
fruits and vegetables in our diets and
exercising"
Interested persons also can call the
University Cancer Answer Line to get
information about the disease. The num-
ber is 1-800-865-1125.

4RCADE
tned from Page 1
leaving the other day" White said, "They are currently ona one-
year lease, but were offered a long-term lease if they wanted it.
We even talked to (the post office) about accommodating reno-
vations and upgrades."
Instead, White was told during discussions with regional post
offee officials in Chicago that the real reason for the move was
to make space for additional marketing.
Location was a major selling point in the Galleria mall site's
selection, Fuller said.
The South University Avenue district has lacked a full-ser-
post office since the postal service's East University station

closed more than three decades ago.
"The Arcade is only three blocks from Liberty station"
Fulmer said. "This way, we'll be able to serve the other side of
campus too."
But this line of reasoning has not deterred Nickels Arcade
merchants from continuing efforts to keep the old station intact.
"We hope to keep the post office through enough general
public support," Seifman said. "We're trying to contact all the
(newspaper) and in our store we even have a petition going"
White said any fears of a significant drop in sales may be
exaggerated.
"The post office created traffic through the arcade," White
said. "I think an addition like a good retail shop could accom-
plish the same thing."

CLINTON
Continued from Page i
implementation of the bill and its compo-
nents, remembers her days as a mother
going to school and applauds the deci-
sion.
"I am extremely pleased with the edu-
cational tax breaks," Rivers said. "To see
r*ey finally going to education is great
news, in my opinion"
Other benefits are provided by the
bill, including tax-free education sav-

ings accounts into which families may
deposit $500 annually for each child of
18 years or younger. This account may
only be used for college expenses,
becoming a penalty-free liquid account
only when money is withdrawn for
post-secondary education.
Michigan Student Assembly Rep.
Dan Serota said the assembly has met
with some Michigan delegates to dis-
cuss these bills. Although there is an
income cutoff, Serota said these bills
will benefit most students.

"I think this is a really great benefit
for students," he said. "It's an advantage
for most students, not all, because there
is an income cutoff, this is a big break
on taxes.
It effectively lowers costs, which is
something that has been needed for a
long time."
Clinton, who proposed the bill and has
long been a strong advocate of education
for all high school graduates, has
received praise for his emphasis on
schooling.

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