From United Press International
South African Bishop Desmond
Tutu's efforts to defuse an angry con-
frontation between heavily armed
white police and black mourners is not
the first time he has personally step-
ped in to save lives.
The Nobel Peace Prize winner, a
passionate crusader against his coun-
try's white rule and apartheid policy
of racial segregation, is quickly
becoming known as South Africa's
YESTERDAY he persuaded police.
enforcing a ban on mass funeral mar-
ches in the black township of
Daveyton to hire buses at their own
expense to ferry 1,000 black mourners
to a nearby cemetery.
The compromise avoided a poten-
tially explosive clash between an ex-
cited black crowd and heavily armed
police who had forbidden them to
march the 300 yards to the cemetery.
In earlier confrontations, Tutu
saved the lives of two black people -
one a policeman and the other a
suspected police informer - as angry
black mobs theatened to kill them.
ALTHOUGH Tutu has calmed black
anger in the townships, the white-
minorty government so far has rejec-
ted his offers to mediate for peace
with the 22-million black majority.
Blacks see Tutu as the voice of
moderation. Most whites see him as a Angelican Bishop Desmond Tutu conl
dangerous radical. for a black victim of racial violence
Tutu was a primary school teacher
in his native Johannesburg when, in world attention as a critic of his coun-
1958, he began his studies to be 50 try's policy of racial segregation
THE SMALL bespectacled known as apartheid.
clergyman, now 54, served in Britain Representing more than 10 million
until he was appointed Bishop of South African Christians, most of*
Lesotho in 1976. them black, Tutu traveled the world
Two years later, he became leader to condemn apartheid, equating the
of the fiercely anti-government South country's white rulers with Hitler's
African Council of Churches and won Nazis.
The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, August 7, 1985 -Page 3
DAVEYTOWN, South Africa (UPI)
- Bishop Desmond Tutu stood with hun-
dreds of black mourners on a red dirt
road yesterday and defused a potentially
explosive confrontation with heavily.
armed security forces intent on enfor-
cing a government ban on mass
At the same time, police raided the
home of black activist Winnie Man-
dela, wife of jailed African National
Congress leader Nelson Mandela, and
arrested 30 black people, including
IN DAVEYTOWN, a settlement
about 30 miles east of Johannesburg,
soldiers used armored cars to block
entrances to the township and banned
hundreds of blacks from marching to
funerals for two black teenage girls
Tu.u.uru.e..1-0 L__V_ si.iiuuii Uc
mourners to the cemetery along a
route lined with armored personnel
carriers and past dozens of nervous-
looking soldiers armed with rifles,
shotguns, and tear gar launchers.
IN A MOVING address to the
mourners, Tutu said he would not stay
away from funerals despite a gover-
nment ban against mass demon-
strations at the services.
The white-minority government
banned mass funerals for victims of
racial unrest under sweeping police
powers authorized under a state of
emergency declared around black
townships July 21.
"There is nothing that can stop our
freedom," he-said. "I do not want to
go to jail, but if I have to go to jail, but
if I have to go to jail for preacing the
gospel of Our Lord Jesus Christ, so be
Tutu broke the tense standoff bet- "u eped o att ih,
ween police and the black mourners "Our people do not want to fight,"
determined to march 300 yards to the Tutu said. "Our people want a share
unel of Eab K ao 1by of the land that God gave them."
persuading police to provide buses to About 1,000 people who gathered at
the graveside sang a funeral dirge
take the mourners to the service Goodbye, Little Sister" and the
As Brown army helicopters clat- Go od Blester," andoth
tered over the town, Tutu stood with hymn "God Bless Africa" before
Associated Press tedouerheontTeuroad withdispersing quietly.
fers with a police officer at a funeral the mourners on the road and Khumalo was one of four young
yesterday near Johannesburg. ficers. blacks shot by police after a funeral
July 24. Agnes Mgobane, aged 18, was
IN 1984, Tutu won the Nobel Peace "IF IT weren't for the bishop buried under police supervision
Prize in recognition of his tireless ef- people would have died bidhy , earlier that day.
Poriztoe i ecntind ofuhisttoay,"said In Brandfort, about 160 miles
forta to see peace and equality in his one young black mourner who asked southwest of Johannesburg, security
country. not to be identified. forces fired tear as into Mandela's
The Pretoria government has A senior white police officer gavehg
ignored the accolade and is careful to Tutu a crisp salute, apparently in home to allegedly flush out anti-apar-
.avoid anything that could increase his acknowledgement of his mediation. ctu iemon trators who took san
credibility, but the Nobel prize has A convoy of seven buses took the
made it difficult to act against him.
Trial begins for FBI agent accused of espionage
LOS ANGELES (UPI) - An un- hours. agents, who first covered for him and nikovs and passing secret documents plea bargain that brought her 18 years
precedented trial began yesterday in Miller, linked to the Soviet im- then turned on him because of his ad- to Svetlana in exchange for sex, $65000 and him eight years in fedeal prison.
federal court to decide -whether the migants who have already pleaded mitted sexual affairs. in gold and a Burberry trench coat. The husband has since decided to
only FBI agent ever charged with guilty, has admitted to a litany of Miller is accused of conspiring to The Soviet couple ended their spy challenge the plea bargain, claiming
espionage conspired to pass secret blunders, misdeeds and indiscretions, commit espionage with the Ogorod- trial June 25 when they agreed to a he was coerced.
documents to the Soviet Union. but has always maintained he is in-
U.S. District Judge David Kenyon, nocent of spying for the Soviets.
p reading the indictment to the Jury, MLE' ayr r ohfre i o e~~ ~ ' ~ ~ ~ -1--
said the charges against Richar fedea ILLER'S lawyers are bth forme i o r mina e d s i e t ii n h k
Mleinldpaigasichrd fedra prosecutors, including one 1 L U Ak ,'L J U 9 L L L1 iIIL~
Miller include pssing classified in- who helped convict Christopher Boyce
formation to the Soviet KGB and and Daulton Lee in the 1977 spy case csnsnnedirsmPaeei) sophomores will pay $1,086 per term payers help support the University
sollciting and accepting a bribe, that led to the best-selling book and hit students. while their counterparts from out-of- through state appropriations,
KENYON warned the jurors they movie, "The Falcon and the The University grant program, paid state will pay $3,366 per term. For Michigan officials press state univer-
must presume Miller is nnocent Snowman." out of general funds, takes care of juniors and seniors, the difference is sities and colleges to keep costs down
unless the government can prove Miller, 48, claims he got involved about 90 percent of in-state students $1,214 to $3,620 per term. for Michigan students. Gov. James
"gsbeyond a i.reasonabledob"tewh
charges aainshi.He asked for the with convicted Soviet spies Svetlana need, but rarely covers the need of The $4,800 cap for all students is Blanchard threatened this year to
jurg's patience and cautioned the and Nikolai Ogorodnikov in order to out-state students, Grotrian said. designed to help pay for other costs, veto increases in state aid to higher
jury's d penetrate the KGB and salvage a 20- CURRENTLY, in deciding the such as room and board. education if the state's schools did not
the trial will be fraught with delays year FBI career dulled by incom- maximum size of grant awards for "This does seem unfair," Grotrian freeze in-state tuition.
because "it is a slow process iheren- petence and petty transgressions. students, the office does not take into said, "especially since the University
The trial is expected to last about An excommunicated Mormon with account the disparity in tuitions, is perceived by many to be a national But Grotrian pointed out that most
sdtat nt eight children, Miller is expected to Grotrian said, institution. But we can't present our- public universities do not offer any
eight weeks. Opening statements claim he was victimized by a so-called Under the tuition plan approved by selves that way in Lansing." university financial aid to out-of-state
from both prosecution and defense at- ,,Mormon Mafia" of top local FBI the regents freshmen and Grotrian said that because tax- students.
torneys were expected to last five