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July 31, 1985 - Image 3

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1985-07-31

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The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, July 31, 1985- Page 3
Superpowers
clash over
human rights
HELSINKI, Finland (UPI) - The important promises of a decade ago
United States and Soviet Union ac- have not been kept," Shultz said.
cused each other yesterday of SHULTZ singled out by name
violating the Helsinki Accords with people imprisoned and exiled n the
Secretary of State George Shultz Soviet Union because they tried to
charging Moscow has "totally monitor compliance with the Helsinki
isolated" dissident Andrei Sakharov. Accords or sought to practice
The clash between the superpowers religious freedom, and also referred
dominated the first day of ceremonies to the dwindling number of Soviet
marking the 10th anniversary of the Jews allowed to leave the country.
signing of the Helsinki Agreement On Despite the violations, Shultz said,
European Security and Cooperation. the United States and most nations
But Eastern and Western diplomats that signed the accords "remain
noted the speeches contained oredic- committed to the goal of puttng the
able and not unusually hostile program of the (Helsinki) final act in-
language. to practice in all of its provisions."
The Helsinki Accords - signed Aug. Shevardnadze in his speech rejec-
1, 1975, by the United States, Canada ted accusations of Soviet human
and all European nations except rights violations, calling the charges
Albania - recognized the post-war attempts to interfere in Soviet internal
borders of Eastern Europe in return affairs.
for promises of improved human He said the Helsinki pact's human
rights. rights provisions are honored in the
SHULTZ and Soviet Foreign Soviet Union, where there is no
Minister Eduard Shevardnadze met "unemployment, poverty,
for the first time yesterday in Finlan- homelessness, or discrimination
dia Hall at the opening of the an- based on race or nationality."
niversary ceremony. They shook Shevardnadze, in his first ap-
hands and chatted for about two pearance abroad since becoming
minutes through an interpreter, foreign minister a month ago, ac-
laughing heartily at each other's cused Washington of "writing off'
remarks, past restraints on nuclear weapons
In his address, Shultz sharply con- and launching an arms race in space
demned Moscow for what he claimed through President Reagan's Strategic
was a pattern of breaking pledges to Defense Initiative missile defense
honor human rights and freedoms. research program, popularly known
Citing "the barriers, the walls, the as "Star Wars."
barbed wire and the weapons" erec- He said Western countries in gen-
ted by the East to divide Europe, eral and the United States in par-
Shultz warned that "tensions will ticular violate economic provisions of
exist so long as some persist in the Helsinki Accords through "san-
violating the most fundamental ctions and embargoes and
human rights." discrimination and arbitrary refusal
"Despite the real value of the final to abide by the deals and agreements
act as a standard of conduct, the most concluded."
Tanter denies report1
that he may leave 'U'

U.S. Secretary of State George Schultz and Soviet ambassador to the U.S. Anatoni Dobrynin both seem to have
ear-aches yesterday prior to the opening of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Helsinki yes-
terday.
Investors dump S.A. shares
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa The market rallied Monday from ban and Port Elizabeth, police said.
(UPI) - U.S. investors are dumping what Johannesburg dealers con-
South African gold shares at a rapid sidered an "overreaction" to the state BOTHA'S declaration of emergency
pace in response to a state of of emergency, but shares slid rule prompted the U.S. Security
emergency that has led to the arrest dramatically again yesterday. Council Thursday to call for voluntary
of 1,259 people in 10 days, officials said Shares in the giant Vaal Reefs sanctions against South Africa to
yesterday. mine, the world's biggest gold mine, protest apartheid - The gover-
nment's policy of racial segregation
- and the state of emergency.
In Washington, Senate and House
'Botha's refusal to talk to Tutu seems to negotiators were scheduled to meet
today to draft compromise legislation
have gone down particularly badly in the imposing economic sanctions on
United South Africa. Congressional leaders
U States hoped to enact a bill before week's
-South African stock dealer end.
The French government last week
recalled its ambassador from South
Africa and suspended new investmen-
ts to the country.
Dealers on the Johannesburg Stock lost $3.25 overnight to open at $81 Botha, in a speech Monday, warned
Exchange said a cautious rally was yesterday, dealers said, more sanctions would spark
thrown into reverse by President THE HEAVIEST selling came from retaliation by South Africa. He said
Pieter Botha's refusal Monday to the United States, where investors the government may expel the
negotiate with Nobel Peace Prize appeared to have lost confidence in estimated 1.5 million foreign blacks
winner Bishop Desmond Tutu over the the South African market working in South Africa if sanctions
crisis. The rapid erosion appeared to have are imposed.
"Botha's refusal to talk to Tutu been sparked by Botha's refusal Mon-
seems to have gone down particularly day to hold direct talks with Tutu to In a related development, the
badly in the United States," one end the racial crisis in white-ruled Roman Catholic Church denied a
dealer said. "U.S. investors are dum- South Africa. report by the small Italian newspaper
ping major gold shares on a massive Police announced yesterday 54 Il Manifesto that the Vatican bank has
scale." more arrests of blacks, brining to made loans totaling $172 million to the
STOCK EXCHANGE dealers said 1,259 the total number of people jailed South African government.
total capitalization fell almost 10 per- since July 21. Racial unrest also was
cent last week as the market shed $5.8 reported in three segregated provin- "The Institute for Religious Works
billion in the wake of Botha's decision ces. At least 20 blacks have been (the Vatican bank) has never granted
to invoke emergency rule in 36 regions killed since the state of emergency loans directly or indirectly to the
of the country. began. government of South Africa," Vatican
American and British investors sold Two blacks were arrested overnight spokesman Joaquin Navarro Valls
South African holdings and went into as two houses, a school, two trucks said. "The report published by I1
Canadian and Australian gold, they and a bus were damaged by mobs in Manifesto is completely without foun-
said. townships near - Johannesburg, Dur- dation."

By KERY MURAKAMI
The rejection of political science
Prof. Raymond Tanter's research
proposal on arms control earlier
this month has not prompted him
to consider leaving the University,
despite a newspaper article which
said he might.
"I am not upset, and I have not
threatened to quit," Tanter said.
"I consider myself a lifetime
member of the University of
Michigan."
IN AN article in the Ann Arbor
News Sunday, Tanter said, "The
decision (to reject the proposal)
could have a profound influence on
my career. I may not be able to
study what truly interests me ... I
would like to continue my roots
here, but eventually I may have to
leave the University."
Tanter's research would have
focused on arms control
agreements without formal

treaties, and was rejected by
Alfred Sussman, vice president for
research, after the Research
Policies Committee voted
unanimously that it violated the
University classified research
guidelines.
Sussman said the research
proposal was "an excellent
proposal," but because Tanter
would use classified materials for
it, there was no guarantee that
Tanter's results would not also be
classified. The research guidelines
state that researchers doing
classified research must be able to
publish freely.
Tanter said yesterday that he
could have matched any infor-
mation he got from classified
documents with information
readily available, which probably
would have allowed him to publish
his results openly later. "Using
multiple sources is an integral part
of classified research," he said.

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