Page 4 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, July 26, 1985
Officials defend S. African licy
From United Press International
WASHINGTON (UPI) - Apartheid is "the basic cause"
of violence in South Africa, the Reagan administration
said Wednesday, but officials insisted the U.S. policy of
"constructive engagement" is the best way to encourage
"I think we have a policy that hopefully will result in
change," said Vice President George Bush, noting
repeated U.S. denunciations of the policy of racial
separation as "repugnant" and "abhorrent."
ANSWERING REPORTERS' questions at a picture-
taking session with Caribbean prime ministers, Bush
said, "We are well-positioned on that and indeed some
change has taken place."
Washington's "constructive engagement" policy has
relied on maintaining political and economic ties with
South Africa while using behind-the-scenes persuasion to
encourage relaxation of its rigid racial barriers. White
House spokesman Larry Speakes said Wednesday that
approach has paid off with some changes in South African
"We believe our policy is the most effective policy to
achieve the ends we alliwant," he said after another day of
violence in South Africa sparked by the government's im-
position of a state of emergency.
Asked when the United States could expect South Africa
to move away from apartheid, Bush said, "The sooner the
SPEAKES WOULD not say how the United States might
vote on a French-backed move before the U.N. Security
Council to impose sanctions against South Africa. The
administration has opposed sanctions in the past.
Speakes also declined to criticize the state of emergency
invoked by South African President Pieter Botha.
In the past, President Reagan has suggested some
blame for the unrest in South Africa lies with anti-gover-
nment demonstrators and black leaders.
Reagan refused to answer questions on the subject
South African Bishop Desmond Tutu, winner of the 1984
Nobel Peace Prize, accused Reagan Wednesday of giving
"aid and comfort to the perpetrators of one of the most
racist systems since Nazism and communism."
"We will not forget what has happened to our people and
where the American administration stood at a time when
we needed them desperately," Tutu said in an interview.
'U'follos divestment compronr
(continuedfrom Page1) said is that "they're taken from their THE THIRD studi
junior from Transvall, South Africa, families during a worrisome time in Makhambi, a junior from
is only one of three black South South Africa, taken across the Atlan- troubles in engineering, b
African students the University has tic, and dropped in Michigan. They're bush says that he found
sent through school as part of a going to feel isolated, and they have a LSA.
national "South African Education real concern with what's going on Quackenbush said that
Program," said Susan Lipschutz, with their families in South Africa." program dictates that 1
assistant to University President "Most of these students have never must always be either in
Harold Shapiro. traveled very far from their villages volved in an internship,
The University now in its third year and cities," Quackenbush said. "And are "working fall term, i
of the program, pays for the students' having to come here and face that spring term, and summer
tuition and room and board, Lipschutz Michigan winter - now that's a Although no new stu
said. The education program itself shock." requested to come to the
pays for the students' travel expen- Another obstacle the students have. Smok said that nati(
ses, as well as interviewing and to face, Smok said, is that they're of- program is expected to
placing the students. ten not as prepared for the level of students this fall.
IN ALL, nearly 300 black and education at the University as their
"colored" South African students American counterparts. SO=FAR, Smok said,
have participated in the program, "THE education there is not only program's graduates ha'
said director David Smok. Nation- segregated but inadequate in the return to South Africa
wide, 118 colleges and universities amount of money they give it. There's though some have stayed
have participated in the program, he an overall poor quality of teachers, additional degree. All thi
said. buildings, and equipment," Smok have been able to find ji
Smok said the students are inter- said. Africa, he said.
viewed and selected by the But on the wholeSmok says that the, p
Educational Opportunities Council in students in the program around the However, "What happe
South Africa - the coordinating country have done "very well program gets bigger will
organization for the world-wide academically. A shade below a B wait and be seen," Smok
program began by Nobel Peace Prize average. This is remarkable con- Neither Smok nor Q
winner Bishop Desmond Tutu. sidering the inadequate education would comment on dive:
None of the students participating they get in South Africa." sell all of an institutior
in the program at the University At the University, Quackenbush companies that do busts
wished to be interviewed, but Smok agreed that students in the program Africa. But Lipschutz
and Prof. Leland Quackenbush, an were doing well. He said on student, although the dividendss
assistant dean of engineering, said the Abel Khashane, from Johannesburg, student are only a smal
students have had to overcome had just completed her studies, while expenses, the Universit;
problems specific to students from Tshivhase has gotten an internship have been able to sen
countries like South Africa. with the Burroughs Corp. as an elec- student through the prog
A MAIN problem, Quackenbush trical engineer this summer. the dividends.
Varner was unavailab
ment, but former Reg
Dunn, who had advo
divestment before going
" ~the compromise, saidt
t o mssupports "complete and
I Sat. ;
Reagan attacks new
Senate budget plan
WASHINGTON - Senate
negotiators yesterday agreed on a
budget that would tax oil imports
and limit Social Security raises to
one every two years, but President
Reagan promptly attacked the tax
and the House hammered the
Social Security equation.
Senate budget negotiators from
both parties, who agreed on the
proposal in a private meeting
yesterday; said the plan
would cut $340 billion from the
deficit in the next three years.
They hoped the new proposal
would get budget talks, stalled for
nearly seven weeks, going again.
.But the immediate criticism from
both the House and Reagan again
stood in the way.
Men indicted for
BEIRUT, Lebanon - A judge
yesterday charged five men with
planning two suicide bombings
that killed more than 120 people at
the U.S. and Iraqi embassies in
Beirut, and recommended the
death penalty if they are convic-
The investigating magistrate
issued the indictments against
three suspects arrested after a
April 18, 1913, attack on the U.S.
Embassy in west Beirut that killed
more than 60 people. Also charged
were two others after a Feb. 15,
1981, blast that killed 61 people at
the Iraqi embassy, judicial sources
10 OPEC nations
lower their prices
GENEVA, Switzerland - OPEC
ministers, ending a summit
marred by bitter dissension, an-
nounced yesterday that 10 nations
had agreed to lower the price of
heavy crude oil by 50 cents a barrel
and medium-grade crude by 20
Algeria, Libya and Iran refused
to go along with the majority
decision by the Organization of
Petroleum Exporting Countries to
cut prices for the third time in its
25-year history, leaving the 13-
member cartel seriously split.
Analysts said the cosmetic price
cuts would have no impact on U.S.
pump prices and were unlikely to
boost slack demand for OPEC's
heavy crude, which still is $1-$1.50
a barrel above free market levels.
Rescuers find no one
after Columbia crash
BOGOTA, Colombia -
Rescuers yesterday reached the
jungle crash site of an air force
cargo plane put into commercial
passenger service because of a
pilots' strike and confirmed all 81
people aboard were killed,
military officials said.
"There are no signs of life. There
are no survivors," Col. Luis Ber-
nal, military commander for the
region in southeastern Colombia,
The Colombian air force DC
Cargo plane was pressed into
commercial service because of the
three-day strike by pilots em-
ployed by Colombia's two largest
The pilots announced an end to
the strike yesterday, just 12 hours
after the plane crash. .
Official hopes Mich.
will land Saturn plant
LANSING, Mich. - Commerce
Director Doug Ross said yesterday
he remains optimistic about
Michigan's chances for landing the
Saturn and Chrysler-Mitsubishi
projects, and does not believe
Toyota Motor Corp. is limiting its
search to sites along the Mississip-
In an interview with UPI, Ross
said the intense competition for
such "super-projects" gives the
public a distorted impression of
economic development issues.
But the director, a key economic
adviser to Gov. James J. Blan-
chard, admitted there are definite
plusses in winning.
pent for the
1 part of his . i*t t.
y would not
id the third
ram without Vol. XCV - No. 39-S
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