Page 8-Tuesday, May 11, 1982-The Michigan Daily
(Continued from Page 7)
the perfection Leonardo strived for in
his work. Several of the studies,
however, have been indirectly
associated with his Enunciation.
The drapery studies show Leonardo's
mastering of the chiaroscuro
technique - the contrast of light and
dark. The whole process involves for-
ming small models of clay with a
human likeness and then draping them
in cloth dipped in plaster, thus creating.
working models for the artist's studies.
Leonardo's studies are
monochromatic works painted in egg
tempera on linen. The capturing of the
light and the shadowing of three-
dimensional articles is done in a most
elegant manner. It is easy to see how
these works have affected artists of
every subsequent generation.
Included to show the immeasurable
effects of Leonardo and other Italian
Renaissance artists are works by
Flemish Baroque artist Peter Paul
Rubens and French Classicist Nicolas
Poussin. Ruben's Theory of the Human
Figure originated after he toured Italy
and studied Leonardo's anatomical
drawings; the works undoubtedly show
Leonardo's influence on the portrayal
of motion and anatomy. The book was
first published in 1773, 133 years after
Ruben's death. Poussin's Treatsie on
Painting was an attempt to recreate
Leonardo's original, which had been
destroyed by a fire at the Louvre.
The art exhibit isn't the only ex-
travaganza of what has been
proclaimed 'Leonardo da Vinci Month
in Michigan" by the governor. A film
festival and a symposium devoted to
Leonardo and his times will be
presented in conjunction with the
exhibit. For more information, call 763-
Featured in the exhibit are several models based on Leonardo's designs, including this one of a double crane canal digger.
Models bring Leonardo to life
(Continued from Page7) r
which built most of the models as an
educational example of Leonardo's
mechanical genius. "But four men
could not create the lift needed to
propel it into the air," Brace explained.
The Leonardo exhibit, along with the
26 scale mock-ups of Leonardo's inven-
tions, show that Ann Arbor is both a
center of technology and culture, said
William Ince of the Michigan
Technology Council which is helping to
sponsor the exhibit.
But the kids are much more in-
terested in turning the cranks and
moving the levers of Leonardo's inven-
tions, all of which are marked "Do not
There's the 15th century variable
speed gearshift that Leonardo
designed. It's now a standard part of
any car's transmission. Each gear has
a different diameter to create a dif-
ferent speed, and the model has a han-
dy, but forbidden, crank to illustrate
In the glass case there's a wooden
dirt scoop which far outclasses
anything built with the standard pop-
sickle stick. Leonardo designed a series
of ropes and pulleys to haul dirt quickly
and easily. In the 15th century it was
simply a drawing, but "the technology
is applicable today as the precursor to
the modern construction crane," said
Mario Cutruvo of Bechtel Power Corp.
which built the model as "a labor of
If your interests are more military
there's a slew of combat inventions
Leonardo made for his conquest-
In the corner sits the turtle-like
wooden tank with turrets poking out at
the bottom ready for the fiercest in-
Next to the tank, looking something
like a musical instrument, is the three-
tiered gun that Leonardo designed to
please his patrons' never-ending
demands for more fire power. Each tier
has eleven guns. One tier fires while the
other cools and the third is reloaded.
Three hundred years later in the civil
war, Leonardo's design was refined to
make the Gattling gun which preceeded
the modern machine gun.
Perhaps Leonardo's most far-sighted
design is the spring-driven automobile.
It looks like a three wheeled
mechanical go-cart, but Henry Ford
would be proud of the way Leonardo
created a power source with in-
terlocking tightly wound springs. Like
most of Leonardo's mechanical
designs, except the military ones, the
spring-driven car. was not given a
physical presence until IBM decided in
the late thirties to make a full-scale
model as an educational example of
Unfortunately the original full-scale
models were in Tokyo at the start of
World War II and were quickly
destroyed by angry Japanese mobs.
But in the early fifties IBM recon-
structed the models on a smaller scale
to further the public's awareness of
Leonardo as a true renaissance man
who excelled in the sciences as well as in
Professional Theatre Program
University Players Summer 82
ANDROCLES AND THE LION, June 2-5
THE GLASS MENAGERIE, June 9-12
THE HAPPY HUNTSMAN, June 16 - 19
Sign-up sheets at the PTP Office
in the Michigan League - Hours: 9am-5pm
* HOLLYWOOD (AP) - Michael
Douglas, Sharon Glass and Yaphet Kot-
to will star in Star Chamber for 20th
Peter Hyams, who also wrote the
screenplay, will direct the contem-
porary drama for produced Frank
Yablans. It will go before the cameras
May 24 in Los Angeles and at the studio.
Hyams' screenplay is based on a
story by Rod Taylor.
" HOLLYWOOD (AP) - Jean Sim-
mons has been signed to play Fiona
Cleary in the ABC miniseries based on
Colleen McCullough's best seller, The
The series also stars Richard Cham-
berlain, Rachel Ward and Barbara
Read and Use
Carmen Culver wrote the adaptation
and Darryl Duke will direct on location
around Los Angeles beginning in June.
" HOLLYWOOD (AP) - Steven
Spielberg's E.T.-The Extra-
Terrestrial In His Adventure on Earth,
has been selected as the closing night
film for the 1982 International Film
Festival in Cannes.
The movie, which stars Dee Wallace,
Peter Coyote and Henry Thomas, will
open in this country in June.
" HOLLYWOOD (AP) Sondra Locke
will play the title role in the CBS movie,
"The Rosemary Clooney Story," based
on the life of the singer.
The film, adapted from Miss
Clooney's autobiography, also stars
Tony Orlando, Penelope Milford,
Katerine Helmond and Joey Travolta.
Jackie Cooper is directing from a
screenplay by Katherine Coker.
Miss Clooney was known as
"America's Sweetheart" in the 1950s,
but suffered a mental breakdown in
*1968 and successfully fought her way