Page 4-Thursday, July'15, 1982-The Michigan Daily
By The Associated Press
Iranian forces struck across the
broad Shatt a-Arab estuary and held a
beachhead near the Jraqi oil city of
Basra yesterday in a long-threatened
invasion to "liberate" Iraq.
Iraqi and Iranian warplanes attacked
towns on the two sides of the war-torn
border, communiques from Tehran and
Baghdad said,. and hundreds of
casualties were reported.
THE BAGHDAD government
claimed its troops, on the counterat-
tack, halted the Iranian offensive along
a six-mile front in the area of Basra, at
the head of the Persian Gulf in Iraq's
The claims of the two sides could not
be independently verified since no
reporters were allowed in the war zone.
The new explosion of fighting in the
22-month-old border war between two
of the Middle East's oldest enemies
heightened tensions in a region already
shaken by the Israeli invasion of
IRAN'S STATE-run Tehran radio
declared the invasion force would top-
ple the "infidel" Iraqi government of
President Saddam Hussein. Arab
governments in the Gulf region fear
that Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and
his Shiite Moslem revolutionaries in
non-Arab Iran are determined toiun-
dermine other Sunni Moslem regimes
in the area as well.
In Washington, White House
spokesman Larry Speakes said the
United States would remain neutral in
the renewed Iran-Iraq war. U.S. Senate
Majority Leader Howard Baker said
the prospect of Shiite rule in Iraq,
whose population is about half Shiite,
"would have a distinctly unsettling im-
pact in the region."
In Cairo, the Egyptian government,
which has provided military supplies to
Iraq for the border war, expressed
"deep concern" about the Iranian in-
vasion, but said nothing about stepped-"
Lebanon calls for
Withdrawal of forces
From United PressInternational negotiate a settlement of the 39-day-old
Fearing an invasion of west Beirut, war.
the Lebanese government met for the Israeli officials said Prime 'Minister
first time in three weeks and united in Menachem Begin had agreed to a U.S.
demanding the withdrawal of all request to gie Habib more time. But
Israeli, Palestinian, and Syrian forces Habib himself was reported to have told
from Lebanon. Lebanese officials the Israelis had
Meanwhile, the latest three-day-old given him "only a few more days"
truce began to crumble with exchanges before launching an assault on the 6,000
of artillery fire across the length of the PLO guerrillis trapped in west Beirut
capital. along with several hundred thousand
During its sessionthe Cabinet endor- civilians.
sed a peace plan tht also called for the Underscoring tht impatience, Israeli
establishment of a multi-national force jets swooped low over west Beirut for
in Lebanon amid reports that Israel the first time Since June 25, screaming
was quickly losing patience with U.S. past in repeated runs that sent panic-
envoy Philip Habib's efforts to stricken civilians fleeing for cover.
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TH UU A TWO-WEEK WORKSHOP ON READING
flAND WRITING POEMS, OFFERED FOR
TWO CREDITS UNDER EITHER ENGLISH
578 OR EDUCATION D-508.
" JULY 19-30, WEEKDAYS FROM 1:00 TO
WHEN.* 4:30 PM.
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INSTRUCTOR-STE PH EN DUNN ING
W HO: SENIORS, GRADUATE STUDENTS, AND
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ENGLISH 578/EDUCATION D-508 WILL FEATURE READINGS BY REGIONAL
POET, MALCOLM GLASS, AND OTHER LOCAL WRITERS. STUDENTS WILL READ
WORKS OF WELL-KNOWN CONTEMPORARY POETS AND WRITE POEMS RE-
SPONDING TO EXERCISES AND DISCUSSIONS.
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Shultz endorsed by panel
WASHINGTON- George Shultz, headed for swift and virtually certain
confirmation by the Senate as secretary of state, was unanimously endorsed
by the Foreign Relations Committee yesterday after vowing to pursue "as
constructive and beneficial relationship as possible" with the Soviet Union.
The panel recommended Shultz by a 17-0 vote upon the conclusion of two
days of questioning over his appointment. In all likelihood, approval by the
full Senate will come tomorrow, meaning he could then step immediately in-
to the office vacated in protest by Alexander Haig.
Haig officially moved out more than a week ago.
The committee's chairman, Charles Percy (R-Ill.) sought a vote by the
full Senate before the day was out, an unusual parliamentary step which
would have required unanimous consent from his colleagues. Sen. William
Proxmire (D-Wis.) objected, saying he wanted time to study a transcript of
House ethics panel to investigate
drug use and homosexuality
WASHINGTON- The House ethics committee chirman promised
yesterday a thorough investigation into alleged Capitol Hill drug use and
homosexual acts between lawmakers and teen-age pages, but the panel's
staff director was overheard saying the matter can be wrapped up in two
Rep. Louis Stokes (D-Ohio), chairman of the panel, said he and the panel's
ranking Republican, Rep. Floyd Spence of South Carolina, will name a
special counsel with broad subpoena powers to conduct "a thorough,
professional investigation" into "all facets" of the charges.
After a 90-minute, closed-door committee meeting, Stokes declined to an-
swer questions about remarks reporters overheard being made by John
Swanner, the committee's staff director, just as the meeting was getting un-
Woman on rampage shoots 5
LIVE OAK, Texas- A woman went on a shooting rampage at a housing
complex in this San Antonio suburb yesterday, killing one person and woun-
ding four. Authorities said she was arrested a mile away, muttering that she
had been "shooting snakes or rats."
Mayor Ralph Cullip said one of the five wounded people had died, but he
declined to identify the victims.
A young boy, Chuck Boltz, said a woman burst into his family's house in
Farrell Apartments and screamed, "You killed everybody and you're going
to pay." The woman then shot at his parents, he said.
The child said the woman was a security guard at the housing complex,
which includes six houses and a two-story building with four apartments.
But Cullip said the woman arrested did not work at the complex, although it
is believed she lived thereand knew the victims.
Kenner crash jet was near
weight limit when it took off
KENNER, La.- A Pan Am 727 jetliner was just 200 pounds under the
airline's own weight limit when it took off ina thunderstorm and crashed ina
residential area, federal investigators said yesterday.
Brad Dunbar, a spokesman for the National Transportation Safety Board,
said Flight 759 was laden with an estimated 171,000 pounds in passengers,
luggage and fuel when it plunged into a residential section Friday near New
Orleans International Airport, killing 154 people. It was the nation's second-
worst air disaster.
He said the weight limit Pan Am had set for the three-engine jet on the
t,255-foot New Orleans runway was 171,200 pounds, lower than that set by the
Federal Aviation Administration.
"The FAA's is higher," he said. "I don't know how much higher." Mean-
while, NTSB investigators attempting to determine the plane's exact angle
as it plunged to earth rode in truck-mounted "cherry pickers" yesterday to
inspect treetops damaged as the plane went down two miles east of the air-
The investigators made pictures along an apparent line from the broken
tree limbs to the wide swath of destruction left as the plane crashed.
Auto sales fall in early July
Sales by the major domestic automakers pummetted in the first ten days
of July after a sharp drop the month before, the companies said yesterday as
the U.S. steel industry was hit with a new round of cutbacks.
Meanwhile, the government reported that business inventories fell 0.9
percent in May, aided by the fastest sales pace since 1980. It was the biggest
decline in at least 15 years. Total sales in May rose 2.5 percent over April's
Plunging inventories mean relatively slow production, but economists say
inventory cutbacks can be good news for the future since manufacturers are
unlikely to increase production and hire back laid-off workers while facing
big stocks of unsold goods.
The five largest U.S. automakers reported that inew car sales in the first 10
days of July fell 16.4 percent from the period a year ago. they sold 108,318
cars in the July 1-10 period, down from 129,572 in the 1981 period.