Page 4 Friday, June 18 1982.-Ttie Mitchigan Daily
out of army post
By The Associated Press
Gen. Leopoldo Galtieri, Argentina's
military president and army comman-
der, was forced by fellow officers to
resign from the army yesterday. His
removal from the presidency is expec-
ted to follow in the aftershock of the
humiliating defeat in the Falkland
In London, a British Broadcasting
Corp. television commentator said,
"The man who started the war in the
Falkland Islands has become its latest
AT BRITISH Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher's 10 Downing St. of-
fice, a spokesman said, "We hope the
new regime will be more humanitarian
toward its young men on the Falklan-
ds." He referred to Galtieri's refusal to
agree to a total cease-fire in the South
Atlantic that would allow the British to
return more than 10,000 cold and
hungry prisoners seized when the
Argentine defenses collapsed Monday.
Galtieri, as army chief, exerted more
power in the three-man junta than the
commanders of the navy and air force,
and had taken responsibility for the
crushing loss to the British in the 74-
day, undeclared war.
Argentine military sources said the
decision to remove the 55-year-old
Galtieri came before dawn yesterday
during a meeting of army generals.
They said Galtieri was given the choice
of being kicked out or resigning, and he
agreed to resign. A communique said
only that he had "voluntarily retired."
IT SAID Gen. Cristino Nicolaides,
chief of the Buenos Aires-based First
Army Corps, would replace Galtieri as
army commander today. He then will
automatically becomea member of the
junta, joining navy commander Adm.
Jorge Anaya and air force Gen. Basilio
... loses post after defeat
According to the constitution, the in-
terior minister, Gen. Alfredo Saint
Jean, will be the interim president until
the junta selects a new chief of state.
Galtieri's resignation was reported
as British forces on the Falklands,
which Argentina seized April 2, were
loading 5,000 restive an'b sick Argentine
prisoners aboard the liner Canberra for
repatriation. Some POWs reportedly
had foot wounds, shot by their officers
trying to stop them from deserting, and
others went on a rampage in the
Britain said yesterday it was up to
Argentina when the troops would sail
"We're trying very hard to return the
younger conscripts as soon as
possible," Thatcher told the House of
Commons in London. "But so far,
Argentina has not agreed a safe con-
duct to allow those prisoners to be
repatriated to any Argentine port. She's
attempting to insist that they go to Mon-
tivideo, Uruguay which is a lot further
and would take a lot longer."
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Arafat vows to eontinue fight
Palestinian and Israeli forces battled near Beirut airport yesterday as
Yasser Arafat vowed to turn his besieged enclave near the terminal into a
"graveyard of the invaders."
Meanwhile, U.S. diplomatic efforts to avert a showdown between Israel
and Arafat's guerrillas in west Beirut intensified.
Palestinian guerrillas were seen planting minefields at the approaches to
their stronghold next to the airport. "The battle for Beirut is just beginning,"
said Arafat ina 15-minute radio speech said to have been delivered from his
west Beirut bunker. "Beirut, the graveyard of the invaders, shall be the
Stalingrad of the Arabs," he said.
Helms eases Voting Rights Act
filibuster under Senate fire
Sen. Jesse Helms gave in to pressure from Senate leaders and fellow
Republicans yesterday and surrendered the first stage of his filibuster
against renewal of key provisions of the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
There was a strong chance that Helms might call off the filibuster and
permit the Senate to approve critical enforcement provisions which expire
One Republican, John Warner of Virginia, said it was "highly unlikely"
that Helms and a few other Senate conservatives would continue to filibuster
the bill under which more than one million blacks and other minority voters
had been registered over the last 17 years.
Helms relented after a day in which he and his followers were assailed as a
"small band of civil rights opponents" and Senate Majority Leader Howard
Baker began invoking hardball tactics to break the filibuster.
Sen. Bob Dole (R-Kan.), a principal author of the compromise civil rights
bill before the Senate, said Helms reacted to pressure from colleagues that
they wanted quick action on the measure.
Hinckley weeps during trial
John Hinckley hid his eyes and wept yesterday as his lawyer described his
gunshot assault upon President Reagan and three others as "the actions of a
psychotic who had a fear he was sick and was afraid to disclose it."
The 27-year-old defendant had held up stoically-almost as if he were in a
trance-all day, but the closing arguments in his trial finally appeared to get
U.S. District Judge Barrington Parker hastily called a recess and Hin-
ckley was led into the cell behind the courtroom. There, a glass of water and
a box of tissues were brought to him.
Apparently, Hinckley was not able to return to court. A few minutes later
the judge recessed the trial for the day. Chief defense lawyer Vincent Fuller
still had not finished with his closing arguments.
The Pill may reduce cancer risk
Women who use birth control pills are about half as likely to get cancer of
the ovaries as other women, according to a four-year study to be published
The authors of the study, done at the Drug Epidemiology Unit of the
Boston University School of Medicine, say their work suggests that oral con-
traceptives somehow protect against ovarian cancer.
The protection appears to persist for as long as ten years after the con-
traceptives are taken, and it appears to be greater for women who have used
birth control pills longer. But these findings were not as clearly demon-
strated as the overall result, the researchers say.
The new research, appearing in the June 18 issue of the Journal of the
American Medical Association, is based on an analysis of interviews with 675
women less than 60 years old, 222 of whom used birth control pills. The users
of oral contraceptives were estimated to have a rate of epithelial overian
cancer-by far the most common ovarian cancer-that was about 60 percent
of the rate of non-users, the study's authors say.
Mouse brain transplanted
A piece of brain has been successfully transplanted from one mouse into
another, where it not only survived but correctly hooked itself up and fun-
ctioned near normally, a scientist reports.
"This is what I call my science fiction experiment-except that it works,"
said Dr. Dorothy Krieger, chief of endocrinology at Mount Sinai Medical
Center in New York City.
Although the partial brain transplant succeeded in seven out of eight tries
with mice, Krieger said, "I will make no speculation as to any possible
relation of this procedure to humans. I wouldn't touch that with a 10-foot pole
... This is only the first experiment."
The research, the most dramatic ever done with such transplants, is to be
described this month in the British journal Nature. Krieger outlined the
project in an interview Wednesday during the annual meeting of the En-
She said the transplant recipients were from a mutant strain of mice that
completely lacks a crucial substance called luteinizing hormone releasing
hormone. LHRH, produced in the brain, controls production of yet another
set of hormones, the gonadotropins that affect development of sex organs.
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