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from AP and UPI
Undaunted by a devastating Argen-
tine air attack on its landing craft and
fears that 250 civilians could be held
hostage in Stanley, Britain vowed
yesterday to take the Falkland Islands
capital from its Argentine defenders.
But the Buenos Aires junta declared
it will hold Stanley, and with church
bells pealing, celebrated a "National
Day ofSovereignty" to drive the point
BRITISH Defense Secretary John
Nott told the House of Commons the air
strikes Tuesday that damaged four
ships and killed at least six men had
"not prejudiced" the plans of the
estimated 9,000 British troops to recap-
ture Stanley, defended by an estimated
7,000-7,500 Argentine soldiers.
The British have been closing in
around Stanley for more than two
weeks, during which there have been a
series of rumors that a final attack was
imminent. Britain has urged the Argen-
tines to surrender.
Nott said British units were in "firm
control" of high ground in an arc
surrounding Stanley, that losses of
stores and equipment from Tuesday's
attacks "are already being made good
from other stocks held ashore," and
"British troops will go forward with
another victory very soon."
HE REFUSED to divulge the full ex-
tent of British casualties Tuesday at
Fitzroy, saying the information "could
be of assistance" to the Argentines,
whose air force has taken swift advan-
tage of clearing skies.
Nott said Britain is asking the Inter-
national Red Cross to see if the
estimated 250 Britons still in Stanley
can be evacuated before any fighting.
Defense Ministry spokesman Ian Mc-
Donald, asked if it was possible
civilians could be used as hostages,
replied: "Yes, it's a possibility."
The rest of the approximately 900
islanders who lived in Stanley before
the Argentine invasion April 2 are
believed to have taken shelter inland,
away from the fighting.
THE BRITISH said yesterday the
final death toll would be "much
heavier" than the five wounded initially
reported at Fitzroy, 15 miles from
Stanley, and British correspondents
estimated 20 to 40 crewmen died.
Nott refused to say how many were
killed or injured on three other British
vessels hit during what military sour-
ces called one of the task force's
"blackest days" on the Falklands.
Britain said at least seven and
possibly 11 Argentine planes were
downed in Tuesday's attack on the
Falklands and that the British frigate
HMS Plymouth and landing ships Sir
Tristram and Sir Galahad were hit and
Daily Photo by DEBORAH LEWIS
Stump the stars
Television shows are a bit more fun when the set is perched on a stump
during a foggy day, in the manner shown by this home on E. University.
CIA names to
(continued from Page 1)
"responsible journalistic sources"
would be minimal. "It's not at all
repressive," Hoffman said. "There's.
nothing in here that's repressive."
But critics of the bill, which is expec-
ted to be signed by Reagan, say it is a
"dangerous" erosion of the rights of
SENATOR Daniel Moynihan (D-New
York), one of four senators who voted
against the bill, said, "It now appears
that we will soon have a law which,
while making it easier to convict
scoundrels, will chill the exercise of
First Amendment rights."
"It's very dangerous," said Jay
Peterzell, of the Washington legislative
research bureau of the American Civil
Liberties Union. "There's a threat the
bill will be used to punish exposure of
intelligence abuses or failures."
The new law would make it possible-
for the first time-for someone to be
prosecuted for revealing publicly
available information. In other words,
no matter how a journalist or scholar
comes across the name of an agent, it
would be illegal to publish it.
FOR EXAMPLE, some publications
have taken government listings of CIA
and State Department employees,
figures out codes identifying their job
specialties, cross-referenced them with
other registers of U.S. embassy
workers, and deduced they were agen-
ts. ,Under the new law, that would be
punishable, even though such documen-
ts are public information.
Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz.),
chairman of the Senate Intelligence
Committee, said enactment of the
legislation was delayed "over the
misperception that it might interfere
with the First Amendment rights of
"This act sends outa clear signal that
U.S. intelligence officers will no longer
be fair game for those members of their
own society who wish to take issue with
the existence of the CIA," he said.
SUPPORTERS of the bill, who fought
a year-long battle for its passage, said
it was necessary because of a pattern of
attacks on the lives of U.S. intelligence
In past years, a number of
publications, some edited by former
CIA employees who turned against the
agency, sought out the identities of U.S.
intelligence agents and published their
names. In some cases, attacks followed
against the agents or their families.
In one such case, Richard Welch, the
former CIA chief in Athens, was
assassinated in 1975 after his name ap-
peared in the magazine Counter Spy.
Critics of the legislation said Welch's
identity was widely known in Greece
because he lived in a house
traditionally occupied by the senior CIA
CIVIL LIBERTIES groups are vir-
tually certain to challenge the bill in
court. Peterzell of the ACLU,
however, said the exact implication of
the bill's passage is, as yet, uncertain.
House and Senate negotiations said in a
report that legitimate journalistic
inquiry and criticism of U.S. intelligen-
ce activities will not be discouraged un-
der the bill.
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