The Michigan Daily-Thursday, May 27, 1982-Page 11
Milliken gives support
to freeze proposal
(Continued from Page 3)
will hold a voter registration drive to
help get the proposal passed.
MOST MEMBERS of the movement
are confident that the proposal will pass
in November. "I think when the vox
populi (people's voice) has a chance to
be heard, it will pass," said protestor
Malcolm Manley, of Northville.
Mike Armstrong,of Grand Rapids,said
he believes the proposal will pass, but
added "We have a lot of work to do until
November." He said he fears that
Michigan's "military-industrial com-
plex" will conduct a media blitz against
the nuclear freeze initiative.
The crowd of nearly 500 freeze sup-
porters spanned all ages. They waved
placards saying "Jobs not bombs,"
"One nuclear bomb can ruin your whole
day," and "Nobody wins a nuclear
war," among others.
A FEW disarmament supporters
wore facial make-up similar to that
worn at the European nuclear disar-
mament rallies. The make-up "sym-
bolized the grim reaper because of the
disastrous effects of a nuclear war,"
Reagan's statements on nuclear ar-
ms and a "limited" nuclear war have
helped boost the Michigan movement
supporting a nuclear freeze, according
to Manley. "When they (the Reagan
administration) start talking about an
additional 7,000 warheads, it's going to
freeze everybody's blood," Manley
said. "What we have are leaders with a
19th century morality and 21st century
Betzold rejected criticism that a
nuclear weapons freeze is naive and
emotional. "What could be more
naive," he said, "than to suppose that
the Soviet leaders will wait patiently for
us to destroy their nuclear arsenals
with our new first-strike weapons
rather than launch their own."
Much of the crucial support for a
freeze has come from the religious
community, said Debbie Hejl, of Fer-
ndale. "Virtually every major
established religion is actively working
for the arms freeze," she said.
According to Associate Pastor Robert
Roth of the Methodist Church, Judeo-
Christian religious tradition has a faith
in creation that is contradicted by the
destructive power of nuclear weapons.
"Jesus never gave any grounds for
violence," Roth added. "He said we
must significantly alter our whole
system of the creation and use of
Daily Photo by DEBORAH LEWIS
This family of ducks struts its stuff yesterday on the Huron River by Argo Park.
'U' bends on anti-apartheid investment policy
(Continued from Page 10)
requirements first (such as those for
wages and fringe benefits) before it can
be accepted," Weedon said.
UNIROYAL REPORTED to the
University in December, 1981 that its
South African subsidiary "is a
relatively small warehousing and
marketing business located in several
facilities throughout the country and
with a head office employing no more
than 15 people."
Because of its small size, the letter
explained, Uniroyal was unable to
make significant gains inside the work-
place and has chosen to place its em-
phasis on educational assistance.
In August, 1981, however, Uniroyal
told the Little group that it had a total of
196 employees in South Africa.
Although a note penciled in on the in-
vestment office copy of the Uniroyal
letter to the University questioned the
discrepancy, the Herbert/Brinkerhoff
report to the Regents reflected only the
Asked why the figures differed, Her-
bert said recently, "I don't know any
answer to that."
I NA Corp. told the University
that it received a substandard
rating because its "small size of
operation prevented it from increasing
its activity with respect to the Prin-
ciples," the Herbert/Brinkerhoff report
Weedon, however, said that Little has
heard that argument and addressed it.
"We bend over backwards to take into
account the size of the company. I don't
feel that's a justifiable complaint."
Asked if a company could use its
smaller size continually as an excuse
for not making improvements, Herbert
said, "If and when we get more detailed
information, then we'll see. If there's no
'It seems like (the administration) relies com-
pletely on what the company says. '
-Regent James Water
turnover, then it's difficult to effect
COMPANIES SUCH as ITT, INA, and
Monsanto-which also has a small sub-
sidiary in South Africa-argue that
Little overlooks the progress they make
in areas outside those outlined in the
basic principles. Other, larger com-
panies argue that Sullivan's
"unilateral" expansions of the Prin-
ciples are unfair. Motorola, for instan-
ce, told its investors, "We believe (the)
evaluation should have been confined to
the initial six principles. That is what
all of us contracted for, and a contract
should not be unilaterally amended."
Although Herbert said he interprets
amplifications as a part of the prin-
ciples, he accepts both arguments.
The six Sullivan Principles are:
" Non-segregation of the races in all
eating, comfort, and work facilities;
" Equal and fair employment prac-
tices for all employees;
* Equal pay for all employees doing
equal or comparable work for the same
period of time;
" Initiation of and development of
training programs that will prepare, in
substantial numbers, blacks and other
non-whites for supervisory, ad-
ministrative, clerical, and technical
" Increasing the number of blacks
and other non-whites in management
and supervisory positions; and
e Improving the quality of em-
ployees' lives outside the work en-
vironment in such areas as housing,
transportation, schooling, recreation,
and health facilities.
HERBERT JOINED several com-
panies in their criticism of the Little
evaluation. Herbert called the
evaluation "inadequate and incom-
plete." He said he uses the Little survey
to "raise a flag to identify an issue that
should be further examined."
Herbert also hinted that the Little
company, which is primarily a business
consulting firm, has a potential conflict
of interest when it evaluates a company
in an industry with which it regularly
The primary responsibility for
assuring that companies comply with
the Regents resolution rests with Her-
bert. "Brinkerhoff and myself are those
who review (the South African issue)
most closely, though Brinkerhoff does
not look at all the correspondence. He
leaves it up to the investment officer,"
BECAUSE "THERE are only so
many hours in the day," Herbert said
he employs a graduate student to help
him in the monitoring project. He said
that person is responsible for conduc-
ting most of the research.
The report he prepares ap-
proximately every year is submitted to
the faculty Senate Advisory Committee
on Financial Affairs (SACFA) before it
goes to the Regents. The committee's
chairman, Physics Prof. Lawrence
Jones, said his group reviewed the
latest report at a meeting earlier this
year and was "satisfied" that all the
investments met the University
guidelines. Aside from that meeting,
the group has not looked at the South
Africa issue this year, Jones said.
Unlike several years ago, when the
divestment controversy sparked a
number of large demonstrations on
campus, outward concern about the
University's investments appears to
have declined recently. Jones said he
thought Herbert headed a committee to
keep tabs on the University's progress.
There is no such committee.
BUSINESS SCHOOL Prof. Thomas
Giles, a SACFA member, said that his
group's interest was strictly financial.
"There may be people in the world who
can indulge themselves in these
questions," he said, "but I'm not sure
we'll be able to afford to."
At the March Regents meeting,
however, two board members
questioned why the University kept its
investments if the companies did not
meet up to standards.
"We're falling down on our objec-
tives," said Regent Nellie Varner (D-
Detroit), "We have a policy that's
workable, and it's good enough that we
can follow it."
Summing up the way in which the
University completes its analysis,
Regent James Waters (D-Muskegon)
said recently, "It seems like (the ad-
ministration) relies completely on what
the company says."